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THE PUBLIC DEBT, Sept. 1, 1883.
At Five per ct. (con'd at 34%) $21,404,550 00
305,529,000 00 At Four and one-liali per ct. 250,000,000 00 At Four per ct.
737,610,550 00 Refunding Certificates
334,850 00 Navy Pension Fund at 3 % 14,000,000 00
$1,328,878,950 00 Debt on which int. has ceased since maturity $6,583,165 26 Debt bearing no interest
Old Dem’d and Leg. Tender $346,739,891 00
$1,876,989,523 57 Total accrued interest
$1,888,022,751 31 Cash in the Treasury .
$351,503,986 22 Total debt, less an't of cash in the Treasury, Sept. 1, '83, $1,536,518,765 09
Total debt, less ain't of cash in the Treasury, Sept. 1, '82, 1,658,926,171 96 Decrease the past year. ..
The following table contains the approximate difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places. The reader is warned that this table will not always give the exact time of the tide, as the difference varies from day to day. It is hoped, however, it will be near enough to be useful.
The difference, if preceded by t, is to be added to, or if preceded by -, subtracted from, the time as given in the Calendar pages. h. m.
h. m. Baltimore, Md..
+ 7 30 New Bedford, Mass. - 3 30 Portsmouth, N.H. Bath. Me. +041 Newbury port, Mass.
Salem, Mass. Beaufort, N.c. -403 Newcastle, Del.
+ O 29 Sandy Hook, N.Y. Bridgeport, Conn. 0 18 New Haven, Conn. .-013 Savannah, Ga., Dry Dock
3 16 Cape Henry, Va. 3 34 New London Conn. 2 06
St. Augustine, Fla.
-222 Charleston, S.C. -405 New Rochelle, ni.
- 007 Vineyard Haven, Mass. City Point, Va.
. + 308
New York, Gov. Island - 3 22 Washington, D.C., Navy
- 2 16
+ 215 West Point, NY. Edgartown, Mass. +0 47 Plymouth, Mass.
2 23 Key West, Fla..
- 010 Wilmington, Del..
3 36 Nantucket, Mass.. +0.55 Portland, Me.
- 2 53
h. mi - 096
+ 0 14
+ 8 41
.- 1 59
CARRIAGE FARES IN BOSTON. For one adult, from one place to another within the city proper (except as hereinafter provided), or from one place to another in East Boston, or from one place to another in South Boston, or from one place to another in Roxbury, 50 cents. Each additional adult, 50 cents.
For one adult, from any place in the city proper, south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Street, to any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, or from any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, to any place south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Street, One Dollar. For two or more passengers, 50 cents each.
Children under four years with an adult, no charge.
From twelve at night to six in the morning, the fare is 50 cents above the preceding rates for each passenger.
No charge for one trunk; each additional trunk, 25 cents.
By the Carriages of the Herdic Phaeton Co., and by any of the one-horse cabs, you can ride for 25 cents for ordinary trips.
POETRY, ANECDOTES, ETC.
UNCOMMON COMMON SENSE. THE PRESSED GENTIAN.
The time of gifts has come again,
And, on my northern window-pane,
Outlined against the day's brief light, Is making ready to commence,
A Christmas token hangs in sight. Its plough las furrowed half the land. The wayside travellers, as they pass, Toil that no tasks defer,
Mark the gray disk of clouded glass;
And the dull blankness seems, per-
Folly to their wise ignorance.
They cannot from their outlook see
The perfect grace it hath for me ;
The frosty breath of autumn blew,
To the warm tropic of my room,
As fair as when beside its brook
The hue of bending skies it took.
So, from the trodden ways of earth, With sunbrowned hands it reaps the Seem some sweet souls who veil their grain
They blossom best where hearth-fires
To loving eyes alone they turn
The flowers of inward grace, that hide
Their beauty from the world outside.
But deeper meanings come to me,
My half-immortal tower, from thee!
Man judges from a partial view,
None ever yet his brother knew;
The Eternal Eye that sees the whole
May better read the darkened soul,
And find, to outward sense denied,
The flower upon its inmost side!
J. G. WHITTIER.
POVERTY NOT A HINDRANCE
not train men to effort or encounter READING.
with difficulty; nor does it awaken that
consciousness of power which is so necIn short, all things are so connected essary for energetic and effective action together that a man who knows one in life. Indeed, so far from poverty subject well, cannot, if he would, fail to being a misfortune, it may, by vigorous have acquired much besides; and that self-help, be converted even into a man will not be likely to keep fewer blessing ; rousing a man to that struggle pearls who has a string to put them on, with the world in which, though some than he who picks thein up and throws may purchase ease by degradation, the them together without method. This, right-minded and true-hearted will find however, is a very poor metaphor to strength, confidence, and triumph. represent the inatter; for what I would
SMILES. aiin at producing, not merely holds together what is gained, but has vitality
SECRECY. in itself, is always growing. And any. Your purpose told to others is your own body will confirm this who, in his own No longer; with your will once set at case, has had any branch of study. or large, human affairs to work upon; for he Blind accident will sport. Who would must have observed how all he meets command seems to work in with, and assimilate Mankind must hold them fast by swift itself to, his own peculiar subject. Dur- surprise. ing his lonely walks, or in society, or Nay, more: even with the strongest will in action, it seems as if this one pursuit
we fail were something almost independent of To do great things, crossed by a thouhimself, always on the watch, and sand wills, claiming its share in whatever is going With petty contradiction. on. ARTHUR HELPS.
SHE WALKS IN BEAUTY.
BLUNTNESS NOT HONESTY. She walks in beauty, like the night I do not think that it makes family
Of cloudless climes and starry skies. life any more sincere, or any more And all that's best of dark and bright honest, to have the menibers of a do
Meets in her aspect and her eyes : mestic circle feel a freedom to blurt Thus mellowed to that tender light out in each other's faces, without Which heaven to gaudy day deuies. thought or care, all the disagreeable
things that may occur to them : as, for One shade the more, one ray the less, example, “How horridly you look this
Had half impaired the nameless grace morning! What's the matter with Which waves in every raven tress,
“ Is there a pimple coming on Or softly lightens o'er hier face, your nose? or what is that spot ?" Where thoughts serenely sweet express * What made you buy such a dreadfully How pure, how dear, their dwelling- unbecoming dress? It sets like a witch! place.
Who cut it?" " What makes you wear
that pair of old shoes?" "Holloa, Bess ! And on that cheek, and o'er that brow, is that your party rig? I should think So soft, so calm, yet eloquent,
you were going out for a walking adThe siniles that win, the tints that glow, vertisement of a flower-store.” Obser
But tell of days in goodness spent,- vations of this kind between husband A mind at peace with all below,
and wife, brothers and sisters, or intiA heart whose love is innocent.
mate friends, do not indicate sincerity, BYRON. but obtuseness; and the person who
remarks on the pimple on your nose is BURNS AND THE FARMER. in many cases just as apt to deceive you
as the most accomplished French woman Robert Burns was once taken to task who avoids disagreeable topics in your by a young Edinburgh blood, with whom
MRS. STOWE. he was walking, for recognizing an honest farmer in the open street. “Why, you fantastic gomeral," ex-CONSOLATION OF ONE WHO claimed Burns, “it was not the great
DISBELIEVES. coat, the scone bonnet, and the saun- In the bitter waves of woe, ders boot-hose that I spoke to, but the Beaten and tossed about man that was in them; and the man, By the sullen winds that blow sir, for true worth, would weigh down From the desolate shores of doubt, you and me, and ten more such, any | Where the anchors that faith has cast day."
SMILES. Are dragging in the gale,
I am quietly holding fast
To the things that cannot fail,
That it is not good to lie; The wide, weird lake where the alders That love is better than spite sigh
And a neighbor than a spy;
I know that generous deeds
That the givers shall increase ;
That duty lights the way
For the beautiful feet of peace; Then I heard a noise, as of men and In the darkest night of the year, boys,
When the stars have all gone out, And a boisterous troop drew nigh. That courage is better than fear, Whither now will retreat those fairy That faith is better than doubt.
feet? Where hide till the storm pass by ? And fierce though the fiends inay fight One glance - the wild glance of a hunted And long though the angels hide, thing
I know that truth and right She cast behind her, she gave one spring; Have the universe on their side ; And there followed a splash and a And that somewhere beyond the stars broadening ring,
Is a love that is better than fate. On the lake where the alders sigh. When the night unlocks her bars
I shall see him and I will wait. She had gone from the ken of ungentle
WASHINGTON GLADDEX. men ! Yet scarce did I moan for that ; For I knew she was safe in her own
PERVERSITY. home then,
An ill-starred devil is the man, And, the danger past, would appear who will not do the thing he can; again,
Aud what he can't,
with blind ambition For she was a water-rat.
Will do, and works his own perdition. C. T. CALVERLEY.
DON'T WORRY ABOUT THE FU-| ANSWERS TO CHARADES, ENIGTURE.
MAS, ETC., IN LAST YEAR'S Do not disturb thyself by thinking of
ALMANACK. the whole of thy life. Let not thy
ANSWERS TO CHARADES. thoughts at once embrace all the various 1. Life-boat. troubles which thou mayest expect to
2. The letter E. befall thee; but on every occasion ask
3. Fishermen. thyself: “What is there in this which
ANSWERS TO ENIGMAS. is intolerable and past bearing ?” For 1. Match. 2. Lily. thou wilt be ashamed to confess.
ANSWER3 TO CONUNDRUMS. In the noxt place, remember that neither the future nor the past pains thee,
1. Because there are more of them. but only the present.
But this is re
2. S. X. (Essex). duced to a very little, if thou only cir
3. Because its capital is always doucumscribest it, and chidest thy mind, if bling (Dublin). it is unable to hold out against even
4. A cat out of a hole. this. MARCUS ANTONINUS.
5. An icicle.
1. My first is a name oft borne by my JUMP IN. - A dandy, wishing to be
second; witty, accosted an old rag-man as fol. And a noisy girl my whole is reckoned. lows: "You take all sorts of old trumpery in your cart, don't you?” “Yes, 2. Safe on my fair one's arm my first juinp in, jump in!”
And raise no tumult in a lover's breast Too LONG TO WAIT. -"When are you going to make me that pair of new My second does the
wart of legs snpply
To those that neither creep, nor walk, boots I ordered ?" asked a fop of his
nor fly; shoemaker. "When you pay for the My whole 's a rival to the fairest toast, last pair I made for you.". “ Whew! I
And when it's most admired it suffers can't wait so long as that !”
most. THE HAT STORY.-It is time the hat story was set a-going again. It is quite 3. I sent my second to my first, but many simple and the answer plain, but in a
a whole passed ere I saw him again. company of half a dozen you will probably get three different answers and you
ENIGMA. may get four or five. This is the story: - Å inan came in to a hat store ani Formed half beneath and half above
the earth, bought a hat for seven dollars and a half. In payment he offered a fifty- The smiths' and carpenters' adopted
We, sisters, owe to art a second birth; dollar bill. The hatter, not having so much money by him, took it to a neigh
Made on the earth to travel o'er the bor, got it changed, and gave his cus.
waters; tomer the balance due him, with which and with his hat he departed in good | Swifter we move, as tighter we are humor. Soon after in comes the hat
bound, ter's neighbor with the tifty-dollar bill,
Yet neither touch the water, air, nor which has proved to be a counterfeit,
ground; demanding good money for it. Finding
We serve the poor for use, the rich for no belp for it, the batter is obliged to
whim, pay this demand. The question is :
Sink when it rains, and when it What is the hatter's loss ?
freezes swim. THE CARDINAL.- Cardinal Manning
PROVERB. relates this incident. One night I met a poor man carrying a basket and smok- |(Each line contains one word of a well
known proverb.) ing a pipe. I thought over this : He
Faint not should sorrow thee assail ; who smokes gets thirsty; he who is
Your heart keep always right; thirsty desires to drink; he who drinks too niuch gets drunk; he who gets
In danger never quake nor quail, drunk endangers his soul.
This man is
Strive till you've won the fight ;.
And fair let all your dealings be, in danger of mortal sin. Let us save him. I affectionately addressed him:
Show to a lady courtesy. ". Are you a Catholic?” "I am, thanks be to God.”
CONUNDRUMS. “Where are you from?”
1. How many sticks go to the building “From Cork, your reverence."
of a crow's nest? “Are you a member of the total
2. Why is the letter N like a hot sumabstinence society ?”
mer day? “No, your reverence.” Now,” said 1, " that is very wrong.
3. Why is a baker a most improvident
man? Look at me; I am a member."
"Faith, may be your reverence has 4. What is that which occurs once in need of it."
a minute, twice in a moment, and not I shook hands with him and left him. once in a thousand years?
THE FARMER'S KITCHEN. The outside covering of a kernel of wheat, rye, barley, or corn is harder than the rest, so that it is not entirely crushed in the process of grinding. This is usually sifted out from the finer portions, and forms the bran, often called shorts or middlings. Now, as the oily or fatty parts of grain lie mostly near the surface, the bran often contains more nutritious properties than the flour itself. The less finely flour is bolted the more wholesome it is, though custom and taste, or fashion, lead us to select the finest and whitest samples.
A HUNDRED pounds of wheat flour ordinarily contain from fifty-five to sixty-eight pounds of starch, from ten to twenty pounds of gluten, and from one to five pounds of oily matters, the relative quantities varying according to the climate and soil in which the grain is grown. The proportion of gluten in wheat is largest in that grown in quite warm latitudes. Thus, Maryland or Virginia wheat usually contains more gluten than that of Michigan or Minnesota.
An experiment was carefully tried, taking two pounds of Cincinnati and two pounds of Alabama flour, each being mixed with a quarter of a pound of yeast, made into a loaf, and both baked in the same oven, when the loaf made from the first was found to weigh three pounds, and that from the second three and a half, a difference of about fifteen per cent. in favor of the Southern, a' more glutinous flour.
THE more gluten any variety of four contains the more water it will hold; for when wet the gluten does not readily dry up, but forms a close coating around the little cells formed in rising when yeast is added, and this allows neither the gas enclosed in the nor the water to dry up and escape, so that both are retained.
The larger amount of gluten in some varieties of flour not only increases its nutritive value, but its economic value also. It gives it a greater power of holding the carbonic acid gas produced in the fermentation, to which is owing the spongy lightness always characteristic of good bread, while it absorbs and holds more water, so that its weight is greater.
WHEN sufficient water is mixed in to moisten the whole mass of flour, the particles stick to each other and form a smooth and elastic dough, which consists of gluten, so called from its sticky or glutinous quality, and starch. Now, if we add a little yeast, while mixing the flour with water to form dough, the dough begins to ferment and to rise. The bulk is greatly increased, innumerable little bubbles of carbonic acid gas being set free throughout the mass, and making it porous and light by stretching or expanding the tenacious gluten.
RYE flour is of very nearly the same composition as that of wheat, but its color is grayish-brown rather than white, while the bread made of it is not so porous, nor is the dough so tough. It is easily kept fresh and moist much longer than that made of wheat flour.
In making soups, broths, beef tea, etc., the object is just the reverse of that in ordinary cooking; that is, to extract the juices, and for this purpose the meats of which they are formed are put into cold water and simmered over a slow fire, or gradually and quickly brought to a boil. Soft water is best, and has a greater solvent power than hard, but in ordinary cooking, where we wish to preserve the juices, and prevent their escape, hard water is better.