A Tablo of tho Number of Days from any Day of ono Month to

the same day of any other Month.
Jan. Tel., Niar. Ar. May. Jurre. July. Aug. Seps. Oct.

Nov. Dec. January 305 3i 5:) 90 120 151 181 212 <3


3:34 February

337 305 28 50 89 120 150 181 212 242 273 303 March

303 337 365 31 01 92 122 153 124 214 245 275 April

275 300 3:34 305 30 61 91 122 153 183 214 214 May 215 276 301 3:35 305 31 61

123 153 184 214 21+ 245 27. 304 334 365


122 153 183 July

184 215 243 274 301 335 36) 31 62 92 12:3 153 August

153 181 212 243 273 30+ 334 365 31 61 92 122 September

122 153 181 212 242 273 303 334 365 30 61 91 October 123 151 182 212

273 30+ 335 365 31 61 November

61 92 120 151 181 212 24 273 30+ 3:34 305 30 December

31 62 90 121 151 182 212 243 274 304 3:5 365 For leap-years, add one to the figures when February 29 comes between the dates.






Standard Weight of a Bushel of Various Grains, etc., in the New

England States.

Maine. N. H. Vt. Mass. R. I. Conn. Barley.


48 48 48 48 Bcans

62 60 62 60

60 Carrots


50 55 Corn

56 56 56 56 56 56 Corn Meal

50 50

50 50 50 Oats

30 32 32 32 32 32 Onions


52 52 50 50 Pcasc

60 60 00

60 Potatoes

60 60 6) 60 60 60 Ryc

56 56 36

56 56 Wheat

60 60 60 60




TIDE TABLE. The tides given in the Calendar pages are for the port of Boston, The following table contains the approximate difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places. The reader is warned that this table will not always give the exact time of the tide, as the difference varies from day to day. It is hoped, however, it will be near enough to be useful.

The difference, if preceded by t, is to be added to, or if preceded by subtracted from, the time as given in the Calendar pages.

h. m.

h. m. Baltimore, Md.......... +7 30 New Bedford, Mass. ....-3 30 Portsmouth, X. II. .......-006 Bath, Me..... +041 Newburyport, Mass...... - 007 Salem, Mass.

016 Beaufort, N. C. ...

- 403 Newcastle, Del......... + 0 29 Sandy Hook, N. Y....... 3 58 Bridgeport, Conn. 0 18 New Haven, Conn.

0 13 Savannah, Ga., Dry Dock.- 3 16 Cape Henry. Va.

New London, Conn......

2 06
St. Augustine, Fla.......

3 08 Cape May, N. J. 3 10 Newport, R. I.

3 41 Stonington, Conn.... 2 2: Charleston, SC.

4 05 New Rochelle, N. Y. ... O 07 Vineyard Haven, Mass.. +014 City Point, Va..... +308 New York. Gov. Island.. 3 22 Washington, D. C., Navy Cold Spring, N. J.. 3 57 Norfolk, Va....

2 16

+ 8 11 Eastport, Me... 021 Philadelphia, Pa... + 2 15 West Point, N. Y..

0 27 Edgartown, Mass. +047 Plymouth. Mass... ......-010 | Wilmington, Del...... 2 23 Key West, Fla.... 1 59 Point Judith, R. I.....

- 3 57

Wood's Hole, north side. 3 36 Nantucket, Mass. + 0 55 Por:land, Me


south side. 2 53


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CARRIAGE FARES IN BOSTON. For Carriages drawn by more than one Horse. - For one adult, from one place to another within the city proper, (except as hereinafter provided) or from one place to another in East Boston, or from one place to another in South Boston, or from one place to another in Roxbury, Fifty Cents. Each additional adult, Fifty Cents.

For one adult, from any place in the old portion of the city, south of lover Street and west of Berkeley Street, to any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, or from any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, to any place south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Street, One Dollar. For two or more passengers, Fifty Cents cach.

For one-horse carriages, when the above fares arc fifty cents. the fare shall be Thirty-five Cents: whenever the fares are over fifty cents, the farc shall be two-thirds of the fare for a two-horse carriage.

Children under four years, with an adult, no charge.
Children between four and twelve years old, with an adult, half price.

From twelvc at night to six in the morning, the fare is Fifty Cents above the preceding rates for each passenger.


(Corrected Sept., 1880, at the P. O., Boston, from the latest information received from the Depart.)

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NOTE. All domestic mail matter (except newspapers, magazines, and periodi- CTB.

cals sent to actual subscribers from a knurin office of publication) must be

prepaid by postage stamps. Letters. - Matter which is in writing, or containing writing in the nature of

personal correspondence, and matter which is sealed against inspection. For each half ounce, or fraction thereof, no limit to the weight

.03 Drop or Local Letters. - (To be sent within the delivery of the office

where deposited.) At offices where free delivery by carrier is established, for each half ounce or fruction

.02 At other offices, for euch half ounce or fraction

.01 Registered Letters. — The fee for registered letters, (in addition to the reg. ular rate of 3 cts. for each half ounce, or fraction,) is, per letter

Postal Cards, issued exclusively by the P. O. Department, with no writing
on the face but the address, each

Newspapers, Magazines, &c. (Regular subscribere:) --All newspapers to

subscribers only, one copy to each actual subscriber within the county where
they are printed and published, wholly or in part, except those deliverable at
letter-carrier offices

free, Newspapers and periodical publications exclusively in print, mailed from a known office of publication or news agency, addressed to regular subscribers or news agents, issued four times a year, or more frequently, for each pound, or fraction thereof.

Matter, in all cases, to be weighed in bulk at office of mailing. No limit to the weight.

Periodicals not exceeding 2 oz. in weight, and newspapers without regard to weight, to regular subscribers, deposited in carrier offices, for delivery there, each one .

Periodicals, for regular subscribers, over 2 ounces in weight, deposited
in carrier offices for delivery there, each one .

Pamphlets, circulars, occasional publications, transient newspapers, maga.

zines, handbills, posters, prospectuses, proof-sheets or corrected proofs, en.
gravings, lithographs, photographs, stereoscopic views, printed music, and
maps, and all matter wholly in print not issued regularly to subscribers, and

not exceeding four pounds in weight, for each two ounces, or fraction .. .01 Books (printed or blank).- For each two ounces, or fraction, pot to exceed

four pounds in weight, (except in cases of single volumes, which may be in excess of such weight,).

.01 Fee for registration, in addition to the postage, for each package,


MERCHANDISE in the U. S. Merchandise. - Samples of metals, ores, minerals, merchandise, flexible

patterns and sample cards, photographic paper, plain letter envelopes, paintings in oil or water colors, plain and ornamental paper, cards; also seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, and scions, and also any matter not belonging to the first, second, or third classes, and in nature or form not liable to damage the mails, or injure any person, not exceeding four pounds in weight, for each ounce, or fraction thereof.

.01 Fee for registration, in addition to the postage, for each package,


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Money Orders, for any amount pot over $150, and not exceeding $50 on one
order, are issued in the principal offices, on payment of the following fees :

For orders not exceeding $15, . .10 Over $30, and not exceeding 810, .20
Over $15, and not exceeding $30, .15 | Over $40, and not exceeding $50, .28


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*.05 *.05






• *.05

Foreign Letters should indicate on the outside the route by which they are

to be sent, as the difference by various routes is great. The rate given is for
15 grammes or under (15 grammes is a little over an oz.), unless otherwise
specified. A star (*) against the rate denotes that prepayment is optional, ex-

cept for registered letters; if there is no star, the postage must be prepaid. Africa (West), British, French, Spanish, and Portuguese

*.05 Africa (South), Cape of Good Hope, Natal

*.15 Australia, New Zealand, New South Wales, Queensland, and Victoria, via San Francisco, each half ounce

.12 Australia, except New Zealand, Queensland, Victoria, and New South Wales, via San Francisco, each half ounce,

.05 Aspinwall, each half ounce

.05 Bermuda

*.05 Brazil, via England or direct steamer

Buenos Ayres and Argentine Confederation
Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, P. E. I., Brit. Columbia, and Manitoba, .03
Chili, cach half ounce, .

.17 China, via San Francisco.

European States, including Belgium, Denmark, France, German Empire

and Austria, England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales, Greece, Holland, Italy,

Norway, Portugirl, Russia, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland
Fiji Islands, each half ounce

.05 Gibraltar and Malta

*.05 Guiana, British, French, and Duteh, via St. Thomas Honduras, British, and Republic of

*.05 India, British, Portuguese, also French Colonies, and Ceylon

*.05 Java and Japan

*.05 Madeira Islands


Nassau, Bahamas
Mantila, Philippine Islands


*.05 Mauritius, via England *.05 Panama, each half ounce

.05 Mexico, by steamer or overland

*.05 Peru Sandwich Islands, each half ounce

.06 Singapore, Malacca, and Penang, via San Francisco or England

*.05 Turkey, European or Asiatic

*.05 Venezuela, via St. Thomas, or direct steamer

.05 W. Indies, via St. Thomas .

.13 W. Indies, via direct steamer, each half ounce .


United States Postal Cards may be sent to Newfoundland, Miquelon,

Bahamas, Cuba, Bermudas, Buenos vyres, Brazil, Nlexico, Ecuador, Uru-
guay, Peru, England, Irekind, Scotland, and Wales, the Continent of Ex-
rope, China, Japan, Java, India, Straits Settlements, Egypt, and North and
West Africa, by affixing a 1.cent stamp on the face thereof, and writing

nothing but the address on the face. To Canada no extra stamp is required.
Printed Matter and Samples for Foreign countries. - News-

papers, Circulars, Pamphlets, Magazines, Books, miscellaneous
Prints, and samples of merchandise, to any country in Europe, to
Newfoundland, Miquelon, Bahamas, Bermudas, Brazil, Buenos Ayres,
Cuba, Mexico, Uruguay, Peru, Ecuador, Japan, China, Java, India,
Egypt, North and West Africa, and the Strnits Settlements (weight

of samples limited to 874 ounces), each 2 ounces, and fraction i hereof, .01 To Canada (not Newfoundland), the postage on printed matter of all

kiuds, wirether transieut or to regular subscribers, is the same as the
domestic rates for the same. Samples limited to 8 ounces

Foreign Money Orders not exceeding $150, and not exceeding $50 OB OBE
order, are issued as follows:
To Great Britain and Ireland, for orders not exceeding $10;

.25 For orders from $10 to $20, . .50 | For orders from $30* to $49 .85

For orders from $0 to $30, 70 For orders from $40 to $50 1.00 To Switzerland, and Italy, for each $10 or fraction thereof

.16 To France, Germany, Canada and Newfoundlabd, for orders not exceeding $10..

.16 bor every additional $10, or fraction thereof, an additional

.25 Registered Letters, Printed Matter, and samples, for foreign

countries. – To any country in Europe, Newfoundland Miquelon,
Bahamas, Bermudas, Mexico, Brazil, Buenos Ayres, Urugwny, Ecuador;
Peru, China, Japan, Java, India, Struits Settlements, Egypt, Mexico,
and Cuba, in addition to the regular postage, which must be prepaid for
registered matter, each package


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On the care of Children. MANY people do not realize how much they are responsible for the health and happiness of their children. They love them dearly, work hard to support them, are full of anxiety when they are sick, and mourn them deeply if they die. But they take no pains to learn how best to keep them in health, and how to make them happy and useful members of society. To begin with the physical carc. Children need an abundance of food, to build up their growing frames; and it should be of the most nourishing and wholesome kinds. It will not do to bring up a child on pork and beans, corned beef, pies, doughnuts, and coffee. Plenty of milk should be given, for that contains essential ingredients; light, swect yeast-bread, from which the bran has not been entirely removed, oatmeal porridge, soft boiled eggs, baked apples, beet and mutton cooked rare, with such vegetables as are not hard of digestion, should form a large part of the diet. Tea and coffee should never be given to children.

Children should be dressed warmly enough; by this it is not mcant that they should be oppressed by warın clothing in hot wcather, so as to be kept in a constant perspiration, or that a long, thick, knit comforter should be wrapped round and round thcir throats in winter, by which their throats are made very sensitive.

Babies should not be allowed to wear low-neckcd and short-sleeved dresses, which makc them liable to colds and croup, and all ages should wear flannels in winter, and keep the feet and legs warm. If there is a tendency to summer complaint, a flannel band in addition, worn around the bowels all the year round, is a great preventive. If their feet are cold at night, have them warmed before thcy go to bed.

Let them have enough sleep. If they have to rise for an early breakfast, bc sure that they go to bed early enough to get thoroughly rested. They require considerably more sleep than grown people do. Never let them go to bed unhappy or in disgrace. Let their little minds have thoughts of love and kindness only to dwell upon, as they lic there in the dark before slumber closes their eyes.

This leads to the next point, ---care of their happiness. It is not necessary to indulge and spoil children in order to make them happy. Indeed, that is one of the surest ways of making them miserable for life. Children need to be taught rcady and cheerful obedience from babyhood, both for their own sakes and for all around them. But it is a great mistake to interfere continually with their pursuits, and to find fault all thc time about trifles. Many little natters can be overlooked, and will come to a natural end of themselves. It is a very serious thing to irritate a child's tcmper constantly, and it lcads to a feeling of estrangement and opposition, which is far removed from the tender love which ought to exist between mother and father and child.

It is very hard for a tired and busy mother to speak pleasantly when children are troublesome or careless, but it is a matter of duty. Reproof may be needed, but it must not be given in cross and impatient tones. Be patient with their shortcomings. Grown people are human and fallible, they are oiten forgetful and unwisc, and how can they expect children to be always careful and considerate ? Try to take a sincere interest in what interests your children, and do not make light of their little treasures and amusements. They crave sympathy, and have a right to it.

Remember that your happiness is bound up with that of your children. If they die young, your sorrow will be soothed by the thought that you have been loving and faithful to them always, and have filled their lives with sunshine. If they grow up, their affection will be more important to you than any other possession, and you will be richly repaid for all your efforts after self-control and unselfishness in your dealings with them.

It is too late to cover the well when the child is drowncd.
Empty wagons make most noise.

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SODA. Saleratus,



IMPURE SODA or Saleratus, which is the same thing — is usually of a DINGY white color. It may appear very white when examined by itself, but a comparison with pure Soda or Saleratus like

Church & Co.'s "ARM AND HAMMER" Brand,

will show the difference. To Farmers it is important the Soda or Saleratus they use is WHITE and PURE, as should be all similar substances used for food. Pure Soda or Saleratus will dissolve almost instantly, while an inferior article will take a long time to dissolve, a large proportion not doing so at all. Housekeepers making bread with yeast will find it much better to use about half a teaspoonful of Church & Co.'s “ Arm and Hammer" Brand Soda or Saleratus at the same time, thus make the bread rise better, and prevent it becoming by correcting the natural acidity of the yeast. All good books recommend this. For Dairy purposes, the “Ard Hammer" Brand Soda or Saleratus will be foi ful by farmers in the washing of milk-cans, and to k from becoming sour.

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