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THE PUBLIC DEBT, Sept. 1, 1881.
At Six per ct. cont'd at 3 p.c.) $178,055.150 00
410,6334,950 00 At Five per cent.
21,304,900 00 At Four one-half per ct. 250,000,000 00 At Four per cent.
738,703,900 00 Refunding Certificates
613,900 00 Navy Pension Fund, at three per cent.
1,603,342,500 DO Debt on which int. har ceased since maturity 14,198,665 26 Debt bearing no mterest
Old Dem'd and Leg. Tend. $346,741,076 00
7.098.559 02 Gold and Silver Certificates. . 62,979,230 00
426,443,865 02 Total principal
$2,043,985,330 28 Total accrued interest
12,853,026 11 Total debt
$2,056,838,356 39 Cash in the Treasury
240,498,788 96 TOTAL DEBT less amount of cash in the Treasury $1,816,339,567 43
Total debt, less amount in the Treasury Sept. 1, 1880
The following table contains the approximate difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places. The reader is warned that this table will not always give the exact time of the tide, as the difference varies from day to day. It is hoped, however, it will be near enough to be useful.
The difference, if preceded by t, is to be added to, or if preceded by subtracted from, the time as given in the Calendar pages.
+7 30 New Bedford, Mass. ....-3 30 Portsmouth, N. H. .......-006
3 06 310 Newport, R. I.
3 44 Stonington, Conn........ - 2 22 4 115 New Rochelle, N. Y. 07 Vineyard Haven, Mass. . +0 14 +3 08 New York. Gov. Island.. 3 22 Washington, D. C., Navy - : 57 Norfolk, Va... - 2 16 Yard.
+8 41 --- () 21 Philadelphia, Pa......... +2 15 West Point, N. Y........-027 + 0 +7 Plymouth, Mass...
Wilmington, Del........ - 223 159 Point Judith, R. I........-3 57 Wood's Hole, north side. - 3 36 + 0 55 Portland, Me...
south side. -2 53
CARRIAGE FARES IN BOSTON. For one adult, from one place to another within the city proper, (except as hereinafter provided), or from one place to another in East Boston, or from one place to another in South Boston, or from one place to another in Roxbury, 50 cents. Each additional adult, 50 cents.
For one adult, from any place in the city proper, south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Street, to any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets. or from any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, to any place south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Strect, One Dollar. For two or more passengers, 50 cents each.
Children under four years, with an adult, no charge.
From twelve at night to six in the morning, the fare is 50 cents above the preceding rates for each passenger.
No charge for one trunk, each additional trunk, 25 cents.
POETRY, ANECDOTES ETC.
THE HONEST FARMER.
MODERATION IN DIET. HAPPY I count the farmer's life,
If you wish for anything like happiIts various round of wholesome toil; ness in the fifth act of life, cat and An honest man with loviny wife, drink about one half what you could And offspring native to the soil. eat and drink. Did I ever tell you
my calculation about eating and drinkThrice happy, surely!- in his breast, iny? Having ascertained the weight
Plain wisdom and the trust in God of what I could live upon, so as to preHis path more straight from cast to serve health and strength, and what I west
did live upon, I found that, between ten Than politician ever trod.
and seventy years of age, I had caten
and drunk forty four-horse wagonHis gain's no loss to other men; loads of meat and drink more than
His stalwart blows inflict no wound; would have preserved me in life and Not busy with his tongue or pen, health! The value of this mass of
He questions truthful sky and yround. nourishment I considered to be seven Partner with seasons and the sun,
thousand pounds sterling. Nature's co-worker; all his skill
SYDNEY SMITH. Obedience, ev'n as waters run, Winds blow, herb, beast their laws. RING OUT, WILD BELLS! fulfil.
Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky, A vigorous youthhood, clean and bold; The flying cloud, the frosty light;
A manly manhoodl, cheerful age; The year is dying in the night,
Ring out the old, ring in the new –
The year is going, let him go :
Ring out the false, ring in the true. IN the disinterment of the buried Ring out the grief that saps the mind, city of Herculaneum was found the For those that here we see no more; skeleton of a doy, stretched over that of Ring out the feud of rich and poor, a boy about twelve years old. The Ring in redress to all mankind. dog seemed in the act of clasping or sheltering the boy from the suffocat- Ring out a slowly dying cause, ing ashes.
And ancient forms of party strife : The doy's collar relates that he had
Ring in the nobler modes of life, three times saved the life of his master With sweeter manners, purer laws.
from the sca, from robbers, and Ring out the want, the care, the sin, from wolves. He died at bis post. The faithless coldness of the times;
Ring out, ring out my mournful
rhymes, THE DIFFERENCE.
But ring the fuller minstrel in. SOME murmur when the sky is clear, Ring out false pride in place and blood, And wholly bright to view,
The civic slander and the spitc; If one small speck of dark appear. Ring in the love of truth and right,
In their great heaven of bluc. Riny in the common love of good. And some with thankful love are filled, Ring out old shapes of foul disease, If but one streak of light,
Ring out the narrowing lust of gold; One ray of God's good mercy, gild. The darkness of their night.
Ring out the thousand wars of old,
Riny in the thousand years of peace. In palaces are hearts that ask,
Ring in the valiant man and free, In discontent and pride,
The larger heart, the kindlier hand; Why life is such a creary task,
Ring out the «larkness of the land And all good things denied ?
Ring in the Christ that is to be. And hearts in poorest huts admire
A. TENNISON. How love has in their aid (Love that not ever seems to tire) Such rich provision made.
THERE should be two hears in every RICHARD C. TRENCH. home - bear and forbear.
THE RIVULET. He is the continuous benefactor. Ile And I shall sleep; and on thy side, who digs a well, constructs a stone As ages after ages glide, foundation, plants a grove of trees by Children their early sports shall try, the roadside, plants an orchard, builds And pass to hoary age, and die. a durable house, reclaims a swamp, or But thou, unchanged from year to year, so much as puts a stone scat by the Gayly shalt play and glitter here, wayside, makes the land so far lovely Amid young flowers and tender grass and desirable, makes a fortune which Thy endless infancy shalt pass; he cannot carry away with him, but And, singing down thy narrow glen, which is useful to his country long Shalt mock the fading race of men. afterwards. R. W. EMERSON.
HOW TO FIND FAULT.
FIND fault, when you must find I CAME here to perform my duty, fault, in private, if possible: and some and I neither do nor can enjoy satis- time after the offence, rather than at
faction in anything except the perform the time. The blamed are less inclined ance of my duty to my own country:
to resist when they are blamed without WELLINGTON in Portugal.
witnesses : both parties are calmer, and the accused party is struck with the
forbearance of the accuser, who has HESTER.
scen the fault, and watched for a priWHEN maidens such as Hester die, vate and proper tinie for mentioning it. Their place ye may not well supply,
SYDNEY SMITH. Though ye among a thousand try; With vain endeavor.
THE BABY. Her parents held the Quaker rule,
FIVE pearly teeth and a soft blue cye, Which doth the human feeliny cool,
A sinless eye of blue But she was trained in Nature's school, That is clim or is bright, it scarce knows Nature had blest her.
why, A waking eye, a prying mind,
That, baby clear, is you: A heart that stirs, is hard to bind,
And parted hair of a pale, pale gold A hawk's keen sight ye cannot blind,
That is priceless, every curl,
And a boldness shy, and a fear half
bold, My sprightly neighbor, gone before Ay, that's my bahy girl. To that unknown and silent shore.
W.C. BENNETT. Shall we not meet, as beretofore, Some summer morning,
TRAIN THE WILL. When from thy checrful eyes a ray But “ the child's will must be broHath struck a bliss upon the day, ken." There is no greater fallacy than A bliss that would not go away,
this. Will forms the foundation of A sweet forewarning ?
character. Without strength of will CHARLES LAMB. there will be no strength of purpose.
What is necessary is not to break the
chill's will, but to educate it in proper DON'T NEGLECT THE FOOLS.
directions : and this is not to be done It is often worth while to bestow through the agency of force or fear. much pains in gaining over foolish
S. SMILES in “ Duty." people to your way of thinking; and yon should do it soon. Your reasons
TITO WORLDS. will always have some weight with the wise. Bút if at first you omit to put TWO WORLDS are ours: 'tis only sin your arguments before the foolish, they
Forbids us to descry will form their prejudices; and a fool The mystic heaven and earth within, is often very consistent, and very fond
Plain as the sea and sky. of repetition. He will be repeating his Thou, who hast given me eyes to see folly in season and out of season, until And love this sight so fair, at last it has a hearing: and it is hard | Give me a heart to find out thee, if it does not sometimes chime in with And read thee everywhere. external circumstances. - HELPS.
given him. The man said he hadn't He clasps the crag with hooked hands, got it. “ Where is it?” “I took it, Close to the sun in lonely lands,
“Took it! what have you done Ringed with the azure world he'stands. with it?".. “ I ate it, sir : you told me
to take it."
ANSWERS TO CHARADES, PUZ-
ZLES, FC., IN LAST YEAR'S AL
ANSWERS TO CHARADES.
2. Roe-buck. sessed, gives affability and modesty to
3. Suri-shine. the manners, illumines the countenance with a divine serenity, and diffuses
ANSWER TO ENIGMA. over the whole external form an air of The letter “T.” dignity and ease. PLOTINUS.
ANSWERS TO CONUNDRUMS. He that neither coveteth to please 1. A shadow. men, nor feareth to displeasc them, 2. She forms lasses into classes. shall enjoy sweet peace. — THOMAS Á 3. Because it keeps you dry all day. KEMPIS.
4. Misprint - For rich real sick.
The answer is, Flattery.
CHARADES. peatedly and at last angrily demanded 1. My first's a useful instrument of the pupils “Who signed Magna To lawyers when on business bent; Charta ? à little girl tremblingly re- My second's lord of all creation, plied, “ Please, sir, it was na me. Sca and land in every nation:
A SCOTCH boy had «lelivered a mes- My third my second made with art, sage to a laily, but did not-scem in a To trade with many a foreign part. hurry to yo. "Being asked if there was My whole you'll see that, when comanything else that his mother badle him bined, say, Jock whimpered out, “She said I A useful art to all you'll find. wasn't to seek anything for comin':
2. My first is a jump, my second can but if ye gied me't, I was to tak’ it."
jump, and my whole is a game at jumpA young man with an extremely ing. powerful voice was in doubt what branch of musical art to aclopt. He
3. My first is chance, my second is went to the composer Cherubini for chance, and my whole is chance. advice. Suppose you sing me a few bars," said the master.
ENIGMAS. fellow sang so loud that the walls 1. I'm found in loss, but not in gain, fairly shook.
“Now,” said he, “what If you search there, 'twill be in vain : do you think I am best fittel for? "I'm found in an hour, but not in a day : " Auctioncer,” dryly said Cherubini. What I am, perhaps you'll say.
An Irishman once jumped into the 2. A word of one syllable, easy and water to save a man from drowning. short On receivin sixpence from the rescued Which reads backwards and forman as a reward for the service, the warıls the same: Irishman looked first at the sixpence, It expresses the sentiments warm from then at the man, and finally exclaimed,
the heart, ** Bc jabers, but I'm overpaid for the And to beauty lays principal claim. | job. MANY years ago a countryman called
CONUNDRUMS. on a physician in York. He was in the depths of slyspeptic despair. The 1. Why is a cow's tail like a swan's doctor gave him some plain advice as breast ? to his fool, making a thorough change, 2. Why is a thief in a garret like an and cndeci by writing a prescription honest man? for some tonic, saying, "Take that and 3. What sea would you choose for a come back in a fortnight.” In ten bed-room? days the patient came in, blooming and 4. What English word of one syllahappy, quite well. The doctor was ble is that which, if delighted, and not a little proud of his first two letters, becomes a word of two skill. He asked to see what he had | syllables ?
A New Metal. EVERY year adds something to the progress of invention and to the conveniences and comforts of civilized life. Within a year or two a new metal bas been invented to take the place of lead, much more effective for the purposes for which it is used, much cheaper and much more easily applied. It is called Spence's metal, having been invented by a gentleman of that name in England. For jointing gas and water pipes, especially for fastening all kinds of iron work into stone or wood, this metal is cheaper, and retains a stronger hold than lead, or any other substance, while it is former. It is used also for making moulds, and as a substitute for type-metal. It is a non-conductor of heat and cold, resists the action of acids, alkalies and atmospheric action, and so is useful in lining tanks, cisterns and pipes, and for coating and enamelling baths, sinks, etc. for covering brick walls and other surfaces, and for covering and repairing roofs. In fact it takes the place of lead and other substances, and, as it is less expensive, it will, no doubt, come into general use. Arrangements are made for introducing it into this country, where it will, no doubt, soon come to be appreciated as highly as it is in Europe.
Cattle Foods. We have repeatedly urged upon farmers the importance of increasing the amount of feeding substances, so as to be able to carry more stock and to do it better. We ought to cultivate forage crops to a far greater extent than we do, and to buy more cattle foods, in the shape of bran, cotton secd or linsecd meal. The purchase of such concentrated foods is good economy, on account of the greatly increased value of the manure. It is the cheapest way to fertilize a farm, and if we would buy and feed cotton seed meal to cattle at pasture, it would enrich the land, and put it in condition to carry more stock.
Some farmers have used bran and cotton seed meal directly as a top dressing, and with good results. It is considered cheaper than superphosphates, with bran at fifteen dollars a ton, and there is a season every year when it can be bought at even less than that. It is easy to calculate the difference. A ton of superphosphates will cost, say, forty-five dollars. It ought to contain from fifty to sixty pounds of nitrogen, and two hundred pounds of phosphoric acid. For the forty-five dollars we could buy three tons of bran, and they will contain one hundred and fifty-three pounds of nitrogen, eighty-seven pounds of potash, and two hundred and nineteen pounds of phosphoric acid.
The same estimate will, in the main, apply to cotton seed meal. If we credit it with the nitrogen, potash and phosphoric acid it contains, we shall find it about the cheapest food we can buy, certainly tlie cheapest source of nitrogen, and that is the most costly element of plant food.
But we should greatly prefer to feed these articles to stock, and to take good care of the manure made from it. The manure from a ton of cotton seed meal is worth four times as much as that from a ton of corn meal, both being fested in the same way, and the manure from a ton of bran, judiciously fed, is worth twice as much as that from a ton of Indian or corn mcal.
It must be evident, therefore, that to feed domestic animals with foods rich in the elements of fertility is gooi economy, that what are called concentrated foods are the chcapest source of manure, that it is better than to buy commercial fertilizers, some of which are no better than they should be, and none of which we can know much about till it is too late to help ourselves, after they fail to produce results.
It cannot be doubted that this method of keeping up and adding to the ferti). ity of our farms is worthy of the most careful study. Few farmers now-a-days can dispense with the use of soine fertilizers beyond what it is practicable to make on the farm. If we must buy, it is imperative upon us to consider the cheapest and most economical source of supply. When it comes to this, the question of a greatly increased use of concentrated cattle food must have its due weight. In a mixed system of farming, where the dairy may be said to constitute the leading specialty, the free use of manure is of the first necessity. If we cannot supply ourselves from the ordinary resources of the farm we must look beyond. We must resort to expensive commercial articles, or what seems to us far better, resort to extraordinary means to increase the quantity and improve the quality of home supplies of revenue.