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COURTS IN THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND.
(Corrected Sept., 1881. Legislature meets in January and May, and may make changes.)
Supreme Court.

Court of Common Pleas. Bristol Co., at Bristol, 18: Mond. in Bristol Co., at Bristol, 1st Mon, in Mar., and 20 Mon, in Sept.

May, and last Mon. in Oct. Kent Co., at E. Greenwich, 2d Mon. Kent Co., at E. Greenwich, 2d Mon. in March and 4th Mon. in Aug.

in Apr. and Oct. Newport Co., at Newport, 3d Mon. Newport Co., at Newport, 3d Mond. in Mar., and 3d Mon. in Sept.

in May and November. Providence Co., at Providence, 4th Providence Co., at Providence, 1st Mon. Mar., and 1st Mon, in Oct.

Mon. in Mar., June, Sept., and Dec. Washington Co., at 8. Kingstown, Washington Co., at 8. Kingstown, 30 Mon, in Feb., and 3d Mon. in Aug.

20 Mon. in May, and 1st Mon. in Nov.

SUPREME JUD. AND SUPERIOR COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS.

(Corrected Sept, 1881. legislature meeto in January, and may make changes.) Supreme Judicial Court. HAMPSHIRE, and HAMPDEN, and of all JURY TERMS.

matters pending in said counties in equity Barnstable Co., at Barnstable, 1st and otherwise, which may be heard and Tuesday of May.

determined at chambers, one of the jus. Berkshire Co., at Pittsfield, 2d Tu. tices shall attend at Springfield on the 1st May,

Mon, of Feb., June, Aug., and Dec.
Bristol, Nantucket, and Dukes
Cos., at New Bedford, 2d Tues. Nov.;

Superior Court. also at Taunton, 3d Tues. April.

Barnstable Co., at Barnstable, Tues. Essex Co., at Salem, 3d Tu. April and next after 1st Mon. of April, and 2d Tues. 1st Tues. Nov.

of Oct. Franklin Co., at Greenfield, 20 Tu. Berkshire Co., at Pittsfield, (civil) April.

4th Mon, of Feb., June, and Oct. ; (crim.) Hampden Co., at Springfield, 4th 2d Mon. of Jan. and July. Tues, of April.

Bristol Co., at Taunton, 1st Mon. of Hampshire Co., at Northampton, 30 March and Sept., and at New Bedford, 1st Tues. of Apr.

Mon. of June and Dec. Middlesex Co., at Lowell, 3d Tues. Dukes Co., at Edgartown, last Tues. April; also at Cambridge, 3d Tu. Oct. of May and Sept.

Norfolk Co., at Dedham, 3d Tues. Essex Co., (civil) at Salem, 1st Mon. Feb.

of June and Dec., at Lawrence, 1st Mon. Plymouth Co., at Plymouth, 2d Tu. of March, and at Newburyport, 1st Mon. May.

of Sept.; (crim.) at Lawrence, 1st Mon. Suffolk Co., at Boston, 2d Tu. Sept. of Oct., at Newburyport, 2d Mon. of May, and 1st Tues. April.

and at. Salem, 4th Mon. of Jan. Worcester Co., at Worcester, 2d Tu. Franklin Co., at Greenfield, 3d Mon. April.

of March, and 20 Mond. of Aug. and LAW TERMS.

Nov. A law term for the Commonwealth shall Hampden Co., at Springfield, (ciril) be held at Boston on the 1st Wednesday of 2d Mon. of March and June, and 4th Mon. January of each year, which term may be of Oct.; (crim.) 3d Mon. of May, and 1st adjourned, from time to time, to places and Mon. of Dec. times most conducive to the dispatch of Hampshire Co., at Northampton, business and the interests of the public; (ciril) 3d Mon. of Feb., 1st Mon. of June, and there shall be entered and determined and 3d Mon. of Oct.; (crim.) 20 Mon. of therein questions of law arising in the June, and 3d Mon, of Dec. counties of Barnstable, Middlesex, Nor- Middlesex Co., (riril) at Lowell, 2d folk, and Suffolk; and also all questions Mon. of March, and 1st Mon. of Sept.; of law arising in other counties where at Cambridge, 1st Mon, of June, and 2d special provisions are not made there. Mon. of Dec. ; (crim.) at Cambridge, 2d for.

Mon. of Feb., and 1st Mon. of June; and And law terms of said court shall also at Lowell, 3d Mon. of Oct. annually be held as follows:

Nantucket Co., at Nantucket, lst Berkshire Co., at Pittsfield, 2d Tues. Tues. of July and Oct. of September.

Norfolk Co., at Dedham, (civil) 4th Bristol, Nantucket, and Dukes Mon. in Apr., Sept., and Dec.; (crim.) Cos., at Taunton, 4th Tues. Oct.

1st Mon. in apr., Sept., and Dec. Essex Co., at Salem, 1st Tues. Nov. Plymouth Co., at Plymouth, 2d Mon. Hampden Co., at Springfield, 3d Mo. of Feb. and June, and 4th Mon. of Oct. after 1st Tues, of Sept.

Suffolk Co., at Boston, (civil) 1st Hampshire and Franklin Cos., at Tues. of Jan., Ap'i, July, and Oct.; (crim.) Northampton, Mon. next after 2d Tues. 1st Mon. of every month. of Sept.

Worcester Co., (ciril) at Worcester, Plymouth Co., at Plymouth, 3d Tu. 1st Mon, of March, Non, next_after 4th Oct.

Mon. of Aug., and 2d Mon, of Dec.; and Worcester Co., at Worcester, 4th at Fitchburg, 2d Mon. of June and Nov.; Tues, after 1st Tues. Sept.

(crim.) at Worcester, 3d Mon, of Jan., 2d For the hearing of probate appeals in Mon. of May, and 3d Mon, of Oct.; and the counties of BERKSHIRE, FRANKLIN, , at Fitchburg, 20 Mon, of Aug,

DISTRICT, MUNICIPAL AND POLICE COURTS IN MASS.

(Corrected Sept. 1881. Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.) No. Berkshire.- For the towns of tree, Cohasset, Weymouth. Quincy, Hol. Adams, No. Adams, Cheshire, Clarks- brook, and Milton, at Quincy, crim., dai burg, Florida, and Savoy, at Adams, ly, 9 P. M , civil, every Mon. crim., daily, 9 A, M., civil, weekly, at 1st of Plymouth.- For Brockton. north village of Adams, and 1st Wednes. Bridgewater, E. and W. Bridgewater, at of each month at south village.

Brockton, crim., daily; civil, every Tues. Central Berkshire,-For the towns 2d of Plymouth. - For Abington, of Dalton, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanesbor- So. Abiuyton, Rockland, Hingham, Hull, ough, Peru, Pittstield, Richmond, Wash. Hanover, Scituale, So. Scituate, and Han ingion, and Windsor, at Pittsfield, crim., 'son, civil, and crim., at Abington, every daily, 9 A, M.; civil, every Saturday. Mon., Wed. Thurs, and Sat; ai Hingham,

So. Berkshire. - For Alford, Egre- every Tues, and Frid. Writs returnable mont, Great Barrington, Monterey, Mt. on Wed. Washington, New Marlboro', and Shef. 3d of Plymouth. For Plymouth, field, at Great Barrington, crim., daily, Kingston, Plympton, Pembroke, Dux at 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat., at 10 A. M. bury, and Marshfield, at Plymouth,

1st of Bristol.- For Taunton, Re- crim., daily ; civil, every Monday. hoboth, Berkley, Dighton, Svekonk, At. 4th of Plymouth.– For Middlebor tleborough, Norton, Mansfield, Easton, ough, Wareham, Lakeville, Marion, Matand Raynham, at Taunton and Attlebor tapoisett, and Rochester, civil and crim., ough, crim., daily; civil, every Mon. at Middleborough, every Tues., Wed., and

2d of Bristol. - For Fall River, Sat., and at Wareham, every Mon., Thu., Freetown, Somerset,and Swansea, at Fall and Frid, Return days for writs in ciril River, crim., daily, civil, every Mon, actions at Middleborough, 1st and 3d Tu., 2d and 3d Dist. Courts of Bristol have concur

at Wareham, 2d and 4th Thurs. each mo. rent jurisdiction in Westport and Freetown

1st of Só. Worcester. - For Stur. 3d of Bristol.- For New Bedford, bridge, Southbridge, Charlton, Dudley, Fairhaven, Acushnet, Dartmouth, and Oxford, and Webster, crim., at South Westport, at New Bedford, crim., daily, bridge, Mon., Wed. and Fri., and at Webcivil, every Mon,

ster, Tues., Thurs., and Sat., 9 A, M.; 1st of Essex.- For Salem, Beverly,

cimi, at Southbridge, Mon., Webster, Danvers, Hamilton, Middleton, Tops Tues., weekly field, and Wenham, at Salem, crim.,

2d of So. Worcester.- For Blackdaily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Wed.

stone, Uxbridge, Douglas, and North E. Hampden. For Palmer, Brim. bridge, for trials by jury, in Blackstone field, Monson, Holland, and Wales, at or Uxbridge, at such times as, in the Palmer, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, 1st

discretion of the justice, the public con. and 3d Sat. of each month.

venience may require ; when not in ses. 1st of No. Middlesex.- For Ayer, sion for trials by jury, the court shall be Groton, Pepperell, Townsend, Ashby, held for crim. busivess, in Blackstone, Shirley, Westford, Littleton, and Boxbor? every Mon., Wed., and Fri., in Uxbridge, ough, at Ayer, crim., daily, 9 A.M.; civil, every Tues., Thurs., and Sat.; for civil 1st and 3d Mon, of each month.

business, in Blackstone, every Mon., in Central Middlesex. - For Acton, Uxbridge, every Sat. Bedford, Carlisle, Concord, Lincoln, May 3d of so. Worcester.- For Milford, nard, Stow, and Lexington, at Concord, Mendon, and Upton, at Milford, crim., crim., daily, civil, 1st and '3d Wed. of daily; civil, 1st and 301 Wed. of each mon, each month.

Central Worcester.-For Worces1st of E. Middlesex.- For Wil ter, Millbury, Sutton, Auburn, Leicester, mington, No, Reading, Reading, Stone. Paxton, W. Boylston, Boylston, Holden, ham, Wakefield, Melrose, Malden, Ever. and Shrewsbury, at Worcester, crim., ett, and Medford, crim., at Maiden, every daily, at 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat. Mon., Tues., Frid., and Sat.,

at Wakefield, Ist of E. Worcester. - For North. every Wed. and Thur.; civil, weekly, at borough. Southborough, Westborough, Malden, Sats., and at Wakefield, Weds. and Grafton, crim., Westborough, every

2d of E. Middlesex.-for Water. Mon., Wed., and Fri., at Grafton, every town, Weston, and Waltham, crim., Tues., Thurs., and Sat., 9 A. M.; civit, daily, civil., once each week.

at Westborough, every Mond., at Graf1st of S. Middlesex.- For Ashland, ton every Tues. Framingham, Holliston, Hopkinton,

2d of E. Worcester-For Clinton, Sherborn, Sudbury, and Wayland, at So. Berlin, Bolton, Harvard, Lancaster, and Framingham, crim., daily civil, ev. Mon. Sterling, at Clinton, crim., daily; civil,

E. Norfolk.- For Randolph, Brain- 2d and 4th Sat. of each month.

Municipal Courts are held daily in the city of Boston as follows: In Boston (old city), Roxbury District, South Boston, East Boston, Dorchester District, Charlestown District, Brighton District, and West Roxbury District.

Police Courts are held daily at Cambridge, Chicopee, Fitchburg, Gloucester, Holyoke, Lawrence, Lee, Lowell, Lynn, Newton, Somerville, and Williamstown, Also at Chelsea, for Chelsea and Revere, Haverhill, for Haverhill, Bradford, and Moreland; Newburyport, for Newburyport, and Newbury; and Springfield, for Springfield, Agawam, Longmeadow, Hampden, West Springfield and 'Wilbraham.

PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS. (Corrected Sept., 1881. Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.) Barnstable. - At Barnstable, 2d Tu. Hampden.- At Springfield, 1st Tu. Jan., Feb., March, Aug., Sept., Dec., Jan., Feb., March, Ap., May, June, July, and 3d Tues. April and Junie; HarSep., Oct., and Dec.; Palmer, 2d Tues. wich, 2d Mo. af. 1st Tu. May, and Mo. af. Feb., May, and Sept., and 4th Tues. Nov.; 3d Tu.Oct.; Wellfeet, 3d Tu. May, and 4th Westfield, 3d Tu. Feb., May, Sept., Dec. Tu. Oct.; Provincetow, Wed. af. 3d Tu. Hampshire. -

: - At Northampton, lat May,and Wed, af. 4th Tu.Oct.; Falmouth, Tues. of every mo.; Amherst, 20 Tues 3d Tu. Nov.

Jan., Mar., June, Aug. and Nov.; BelBerkshire.- At Pittsfield, 1st Tues. chertown, 2d Tu. of May and Oct.; and in Jan., Feb., March, April, May, June, Williamsburg, 3d. Tucs. May and Oct. Sept., Oct., and Dec., 3d Tu. July, and Middlesex. - At Cambridge, 1st, 2d, Wed. after 1st Mon. Nov., Lee, Wed, aft. and 4th Tu. ea. mo. ex. Aug.; Lowell, 3d 1st Tu.in Jan., Ap., and Oct., and Wed. af. Tu. Jan., Mar., May, July, Sep., and Nov. 3d Tu. July; Adams, Th. aft. 1st Tu. Jan. Nantucket. – At Nantucket, on Th. and Oct., Wed. af. 1st Tu. Mar., and Th. aft. 2d Tu. of every mo. af. 3d Tu. in July; Gr. Barrington, Wed. Norfolk. - At Dedham, 1st and 3d after 1st Tu, in Feb., May, Sep., and Dec. Wed. ; Quincy, 2d Wed., Hyde Park, 4th

Bristol. - At Taunton, 1st Fr. Mar., Wed. every mo. exc. Aug. June, Sep., Dec.; New Bedford, 1st Frid. Plymouth.- At Plymouth, 2d Mon. Feb., May, Aug. and Nov.: Fall River, Ist ea. mo., except Feb., July, and Aug.; Fri. Jan., Apr., July, and Oct.

Abington, 4th Mon. Feb., Mar., Sep., and Dukes County. - At Holines' Hole Dec.; Brockton, 2d Mon. Feb. and July, village in Tisbury, 3d Mo. Ap.and 1st Mo. and 4th Mon. May and Nov.; Middlebor Sept.; Edgartown, 3d Mo. Jan. and July, ough, 4th Yon. Jan., Apr., Aug., and and 1st Mo. Mar. and Dec.; W. Tisbury, Oct.; Hingham, 4th Mon. in June. 1st Mo, June and 3d Mon, Oct.

Suffolk.- At Boston, every Monday Essex. - At Salem, Ist Mon. of each in the year, exc. 1st, 2d and 4th Mon, in mo:, and 3d Mon. of ea. mo., except Aug.; Aug. Lawrence, 2d Monday Jan., Mar., May, Worcester. - At Worcester, 1st and June, Jul., Sept., and Nov.; Haverhill, 2d 30 Tu. of every mo. except Aug.; FitchMon. Apr. and Oct.; Newburyport, 4th burg, 4ih Tu.ev'y mo.exc: July and Aug; Mo.Jan., Mar., May, June, July, Sep., and Milford, 20 Tu.of Ap, and Sep.; TempleNov.; Gloucester, 4th Mo, Ap. and Oct. ton, 2d Tu. of May and Oct.; and Barre,

Franklin. - At Greenfield, 1st Tues. Wed. next after 2d Tu. of May and Oct. in every month, except Nov.; Northfield, 2d Tues. May and Sept. ; Orange, AT When the appcinted day falls on a 20 Tu. Mar. and Dec., and 3d Tu. June; holiday, the court will be holden by adConway, 3d Tu. May; Bhelburne Falls, 20 journment at such time and pluce as the Tu. Feb., 4th Tu. May, and 4th Tu. Oct. judge may appoint,

COURTS OF INSOLVENCY IN MASSACHUSETTS. Courts of Insolvency in Mass. are held by the Judges of Probate and Insol

vency in each county, at times appointed by themselves. JUDGES OF PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS. (Cor. Sept. 1881.) Barnstable Co., Jos. M. Day, Barnstable. Hampden Co., W.8.Shurtieff, Springfield. Berkshire Co., J. T. Robinson, No.Adams. Middlesex Co., Geo. M. Brooks, Concord. Bristol Co., Edm. H. Bennett, Taunton, Nantucket Co., Thaddeus C. Defriez, Dukes Co., Joseph T. Pease, Edgartown. Nantucket. Essex Co., Geo. F. Choate, Salem.

Norfolk Co., G. White, Newton L. Falls. Franklin Co., C. C. Conant, Greenfield. Plymouth Co.,Wm.H.Wood, Middleboro' Hampshire Co., William G. Bassett, Suffolk Co., John W. McKim, Boston. Easthampton.

Worcester Co., Adin Thayer, Worcester. COUNTY COMMISSIONERS MEETINGS IN MASSACHUSETTS.

(Corrected. Sept. 1881. Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.) Barnstable, at Barnstable, on the 201 Hampden, at Springfield, on the 20 Tues, of April and Oct.

Tues. of April, the 1st Tues. of Oct., and Berkshire, at Pittsfield, on 1st Tu. of the 4th Tues. of June and Dec. Apl., July, and Sept., and last Tu. Dec. Hampshire, at Northampton, on the

Bristol, at Taunton, on the 4th Tues. 1st Tu. of Mar., Sept.,' and Dec., and on of March and Sept.

the Tues, next after the 2d Mon. of June. Dukes Co., at Edgartown, on the Wed. Middlesex, at Cambridge, on the 1st next after the 3d Mon. of May, and the Tues. of Jan., and the 1st Tues, of June; Wed, next after the 2d Mon. of Nov. and at Lowell, on the 1st Tues, of Sept.

Esser, at Ipswich, on the 2d Tues. of Nantucket, 1st Wed. of each month. April; at Salem, on the 2d Tues. of July; Norfolk, at Dedham, on the 3d Tues. at Newburyport, on the 20 Tues. of Oct. ; of April, the 4th Tues. of June and Sept., and at Lawrence, on the last Tues. of and the last Wed. of Dec. Aug.; and on the 4th Tues. of Dec., at Plymouth, at Plymouth, on the 1st Ipswich, Salem, or Newburyport, as they Tues. of Jan., the 3d Tues. of March, shall order at their next preceding term. and the 1st Tues. of Aug.

Franklin, at Greenfield, on the 1st Worcester, at Worcester, on the 4th Tues. of March and Sept., and the 2d Tu. of March, the 3d Tu. of June, the Tues, of June and Dec.

2d Tu. of Sept., and the 4th, Tu, of Dec. Green Fodder in Silos. The ensilage question, of which we spoke at considerable length on page 42 of the almanac for last year, has continued to excite tlie greatest interest among farriers, and numerous experiments have been trial in various parts of the country, with results in many cascs quite satisfactory, in others quite the reverse. The general conclusion of all the experiments and the discussions upon it seems to be that the mode of preserviny green corn fodder and other forage crops in the silo offers an additional means of keeping such fodder crops, and so of increasing our stock of cattle and the resources for farm improvement.

It is found, on careful investigation, that however skilfully the process is managed, there is some loss hy fermentation, and the loss is very considerable, hoth of the nitrogenous and non-nitrogenons, and this implies some loss of organic matter. Some maintain that this loss is no greater than that to be expected from the ordinary processes of drying. It adds nothing to the feeding value of corn fodiler to pack it down in a silo, while à fermentation, of course, canses some loss of sugar and starch. Practically it is found to be good economy in feeding ont the ensilage as it comes from a silo, to supplement it with the addition of some cotton sced meal or shorts, in order to secure the best results in growth, or work, or milk, though the simple ensilage may be all that is needed to sustain life.

There is this manifest advantage in the silo system, that it is comparatively independent of the weather, and it is by no means an unimportant one in the case of juicy plants, like green corn. To cure them so as to make a first rate dry folder is often a difficult matter, and is attended with very considerable lahor and loss of quality. The green corn can be cut up at once and stored without delay, where it will keep fairly well for several months.

On the whole, therefore, we are quite ready to admit that the ensilage system of feeding offers a valuable additional means of prescrving green forage crops for winter 11se. When it is understool that the only object of building an expensive silo is to secure the most complete exclusion of the atmospheric air, farmers can devise methods to effect this ohjeet without going to great expense. We

le are glad, therefore, that the subject has been discussed, and that numerous experiments have been made.

The Jersey Cow. The growth in popularity or rather the popular appreciation of Jersey cattle, is so remarkable as to constitute one of the anomalies in agriculture. Ilie first introduction of the breed into this country, with the exception of here and there a cow brought over to supply milk on some ship westward bound, dates back only thirty years. We remember the early importations well. They were gooil animals of their kinil, perhaps as good as the average of those bred or imported since, but they did not "take" with the mass of farmers, nor were they hell in high estimation by intelligent cattle men of that day. They hari many angular points, whicli did not please the eye of judges of stock, and their progress was at first rather slow.

Since then much money has been spent, and much intelligence devoted to the selection and importation of choice prize animals from the island of Jersey, while constant and unremitted care has been paid to intelligent breeding, till the Jerscys are now seen at the fairs of all parts of the country, while no class of đạiry stock is more popular or more highly esteemed. They have become universal favorites, not on the lawn of the country gentleman merely, but in the dairy of the farmer, wbose aim is to make and sell butter for gain.

As a breed the Jersey surpasses most, if not all, others, in the color and quantity of butter made from its milk, while it is noted for viyor of constitution, gentleness and docility of temper, and beauty of form and color. In respect to form, great and manifest improvements have been effected since the early importations, and as a brced the Jerseys are far superior in this respect to the cattle introduced here thirty years ago. This is due partly to skilful breeding here, and partly to greatly increased attention to the selection and care in breeding on the island, where choice prize animals command extravagant prices, and find ready sale. . About three thousand animals are exported to England and America every year, and that number for so small a territory, a mere dot on the map, shows how important this industry has become.

The foundation of the modern improvements of the Jersey was laid nearly a century ago, in the jealous care with which the purity of blood was guarded, and the persistent effort to preserve the original breed from all admixture. Ali importations of cattle were strictly forbid len.. Cattle shows were organized, judges appointed, prizes offered, with restrictions providing for the retention of prize animals npon the island. No person, for instance, could receive a prize for a bull till the year following the award, and all heifers receiving prizes had to be kept on the island till after dropping the first calf. Under the influence of such a stimulus the best animals were bred from, the poorer killcd.

It does not take many generations to bring about an entire revolution under such circumstances, and the change and improvement of the breed was very rapid, as might have been expected. The general average price of animals was soon doubled, then tripled, then quadrupled, and the result is a most profitable and active business, adding vastly to the prosperity of the island, and to the comfort and wealth of its farming population.

We have two islands, Nantucket and Martha's Vineyarı, each about the size of the island of Jersey, where the same thing is perfectly practicable, where the adoption of a similar course would equally promote the prosperity of the people, but we lack the intelligence to see it, and the skill and unity of action to adopt and carry out the same system. Shall we ever open our eyes to the possibilities of the future?

The Pear. A FEW years ago we were constantly hearing of the cultivation of a great variety of pears, and the exhibitor of the largest number of varieties, was heralded as a sort of public benefactor. Many growers made a serious mistake in this direction. It took some years to correct it, but it was soon discovered that the number of varieties really worth cultivating was quite small whether the design was to grow pears for the market or for home consumption. We might almost say the smaller the better.

For home use the choice should be made, of course, with some reference to a succession, that is, of varieties that ripen

at different periods, from the early to the late. No one would be without a sufficient supply of the Bartlett and the Seckel. They must be regarded as among the best we have, whether for sale or for domestic use. The former bears abundantly, is of admirable quality, is so great a favorite that it always sells, and ripens in Scptember. The latter is of the highest flavor known among pears, is productive and sells well. It ripens in October. The Sheldon grows well and bears well, ripens in October, and always sells at the highest prices. Then comes the Louise Bonne de Jersey, a good grower, very productive, ripening in September and selling readily in the market. For a winter pear the Beurre d'Anjou is most excellent, productive and profitable. It ripens from November to March. The Duchesse d'Angoulême comes next, of the highest quality, very popular, ripening from November to January:

The six varieties will cover the whole pear season, but if a little greater choice is desired, a single tree of the Beurre Clairgeau may be set. It is early, a great bearer, large and handsome in size and sells readily in market at high prices, ripening from November to January. We regard this pear as better for the market than for family use. The Beurre Bosc, ripening in October, is excellent, high-flavored and in great demand. The Lawrence, ripening in November and Decomber, is a good bearer, an excellent winter pear and sells well. The Vicar of Winkfield is another productive winter pear, ripening after others are ncarly gone. For another early pear Clapp's Favorite will not be amiss; it is of fine quality, size and beauty. The Souvenir du Congres is a large, beautiful pear, quite as early as the Bartlett, and is worthy of a place in a pear orchard.

It must be borne in mind that there can be no progress in pear culture without the selection of a suitable soil, and the study of all the conditions requisite

One of the most essential of these conditions is thorough drainage. Few farmers realize the importance of this for the cultivation of fruit. Complete fertil. ization may, perhaps, be regarded as next in importance, and as the natural resources of the farm may not be sufficient for this, there is no better plan than to consult page 44, of the Almanac of last year, where the methods of treatment by means of artificial fertilizers, are clearly stated.

to success.

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