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DISTRICT COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS.
No. Berkshire. For Adams, No. Adams, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Florida, and Savoy, at No. Adams, crim., daily, 9 A.M.; civil, weekly; at Adams, crim., daily; civil, 1st and 3d Wed. each month. Central Berkshire. For the towns of Dalton, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanesborough, Peru, Pittsfield, Richmond, Washington, and Windsor, at Pittsfield, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat.
So. Berkshire. For Alford, Egremont, Great Barrington, Monterey, Mt. Washington, New Marlboro', and Sheffield, at Great Barrington, crim., daily, at 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat. at 10 A. M. 1st of Bristol. For Taunton, Rehoboth, Berkley, Dighton, Seekonk, Attleborough, Norton, Mansfield, Easton, and Raynham, at Taunton and Attleborough, crim., daily; civil, every Mon. 2d of Bristol. For Fall River, Freetown, Somerset, and Swansea, at Fall River, crim., daily; civil, every Mon.
[2d and 3d Dist. Courts of Bristol have concurrent jurisdiction in Westport and Freetown.] 3d of Bristol. For New Bedford, Fairhaven, Acushnet, Dartmouth, and Westport, at New Bedford, crim., daily; civil, every Monday.
East Boston. For E. Boston and Winthrop, crim., daily; civ., every Sat. 1st of Essex. For Salem, Beverly, Danvers, Hamilton, Middleton, Topsfield, and Wenham, at Salem, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Wednesday." E. Hampden. For Palmer, Brimfield, Monson, Holland, and Wales, at Palmer, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, 1st
and 3d Sat. of each month.
3d of E. Middlesex. For Cambridge, Arlington, and Belmont, at Cambridge, crim., daily; civil, every Th.
4th of E. Middlesex. For Woburn, Winchester, and Burlington, at Woburn, crim., daily; civil, every Sat.
1st of S. Middlesex. For Ashland, Framingham, Holliston, Sherborn, Sudbury, and Wayland, at S. Framingham, crim., daily; civil, every Mon.
E. Norfolk. For Randolph, Braintree, Cohasset, Weymouth, Quincy, Holbrook, and Milton, at Quincy, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Mon.
2d of Plymouth. For Abington, South Abington, Rockland, Hingham, Hull, Hanover, Scituate, So. Scituate, and Hanson, civil and crim. at Abington, every Mon., Wed., Th., and Sat.; at Hingham, every Tu. and Fri.
3d of Plymouth. For Plymouth, Kingston, Plympton, Pembroke, Duxbury, and Marshfield, at Plymouth, crim., daily; civil, every Mo.
4th of Plymouth. For Middlebor-
1st of N. Worcester. For Athol,
1st of S. Worcester. For Stur
bridge, Southbridge, Charlton, Dudley, Oxford, and Webster, crim., at Southbridge, Mo., Wed., and Fri., at Webster, Tu., Th., and Sat.; civil, at Southbridge, Mo., Webster, Tu., weekly.
W. Hampden. For Westfield, Chester, Granville, Southwick, Russell, Blandford, Tolland, and Montgomery, at Chester, civil and crim., 2d Wed. each month; at Westfield, crim., daily (except 2d Wed. each month); civil, every Mon. Hampshire. At Northampton, on Mo. and Tu. each wk; at Amherst, 1st 2d of S. Worcester. For Blackstone, and 3d Wed. each mth; at Cumming for trials by jury, in Blackstone or UxUxbridge, Douglas, and Northbridge; ton, 2d Wed. each inth; at Belchertown, bridge, at times of public convenience; 1st and 3d Th. each mth; at Huntington, when not in sessons for trials by jury, 2d and 4th Th. each mth; at Ware, 1st, the court shall be held for crim. busi2d, and 3d Fr. each mth; at Easthamp-ness in Blackstone every Mo., Wed., and ton, 2d and 4th Sat. each mth.
[The terms at Cummington may be held or not, at the discretion of the justice.]
1st of N. Middlesex. For Ayer, Groton, Pepperell, Townsend, Ashby, Shirley, Westford, Littleton, and Boxborough, at Ayer, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, 1st and 3d Mon. of each month.
Central Middlesex. For Acton, Bedford, Carlisle, Concord, Lincoln, Maynard, Stow, Lexington, at Concord, crim., daily; civ., 1st and 3d Wed. ea. mo. 1st of E. Middlesex. For Wilmington, No. Reading, Reading, Stoneham, Wakefield, Melrose, Malden, Everett, and Medford, crim., at Malden every Mo., Tu., Fri., and Sat., at Wakefield every Wed. and Th.; civil, weekly, at Malden, Sats., and Wakefield, Weds. 2d of E. Middlesex. For Watertown, Weston, and Waltham, at Waltham, crim., daily; civil, every Sat.
Fri.; in Uxbridge, every Tu., Th., and Sat.; for civil in Blackstone, every Mo., in Uxbridge, every Sat.
3d of S. Worcester. For Milford, Mendon, and Upton, at Milford, crim., daily; civil, 1st and 3d. Wed. each mo.
Central Worcester. For Worcester, Millbury, Sutton, Auburn, Leicester, Paxton, W. Boylston, Boylston, Holden, and Shrewsbury, at Worcester, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat.
1st of E. Worcester. For Northborough, Southborough, Westboro', and Grafton; crim., Westboro', ev. Mo., Wed., and Fri.; at Grafton, every Tu., Th., and Sat.; civil, at Westboro', every Mo., at Grafton, every Tu.
2d of E. Worcester. For Clinton, Berlin, Bolton, Harvard, Lancaster, and Sterling, at Clinton, crim., daily; civil, 2d and 4th Sat. of each month.
PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS.
(Corrected September, 1886. Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.)
When the appointed day falls on a holiday, or day of national or state election, the court will be held on the next secular day thereafter.
Barnstable. At Barnstable, 2d Tu. Jan, Feb., Mar., Aug., Sept., Dec., and 3d Tu. Apr. and June; Harwich, 2d Mo. after 1st Tu. May, and Mo. after 3d Tu. Oct.; Wellfleet, 3d Tu. May and 4th Tu. Oct.; Provincetown, Wed. after 3d Tu. May and Wed. after 4th Tu. Oct.; Falmouth, 3d Tu. Nov.
Berkshire. At Pittsfield, 1st Tu. in Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, Sept., Oct., and Dec., 3d Tu. July, and Wed. aft. 1st Mo. Nov.; Lee, Wed. aft. 1st Tu. in Jan., Apr., and Oct., and Wed. after 3d Tu. July; Adams, Th. after 1st Tu. Jan. and Oct., Wed. after 1st Tu. Mar., and Th. after 3d Tu. in July; Gr. Barrington, Wed. after 1st Tu. in Feb., May, Sept., and Dec.
Bristol. At Taunton, 1st Fri. Mar., June, Sept., Dec.; New Bedford, 1st Fri. Feb., May, Aug., and Nov.; Fall River, 1st Fri. Jan., Apr., July and Oct.
Dukes Co. At Vineyard Haven, 3d Mo. Apr. and 1st Mo. Sept.; Edgartown, 3d Mo. Jan. and July, and 1st Mo. Mar. and Dec.; W. Tisbury, 1st Mo. June, and 3d Mo. Oct.
Essex. At Salem, 1st Mo. each mo., and 3d Mo. each mo. except Aug.; Lawrence, 2d Mo. Jan., Mar., May, June, July, Sept., and Nov.; Haverhill, 2d Mo. Apr. and Oct.; Newburyport, 4th Mo. Jan., Mar., May, June, July, Sept., Nov.; Glo'ster 4th Mo.Ap.and Oct.
Franklin. At Greenfield, 1st Tu. in every mo. except Nov.; Northfield, 2d
Tu. May and Sept.; Orange, 2d. Tu.
Hampden. At Springfield, 1st. Wed.
Hampshire. At Northampton, 1st Tu. of every mo. ; Amherst, 2d Tu. Jan., Mar., June, Aug., and Nov.; Belchertown, 2d Tu. May and Oct.; Williamsburg, 3d Tu. May and Oct.; and Ware, 2d Tu. Feb., 3d Tu. June, and 2d Tu. Sept. and Dec.
Middlesex. At Cambridge, 1st, 2d, and 4th Tu. ea. mo. ex. Aug.; Lowell, 3d Tu. Jan., Mar., May, July, Sept., Nov. Nantucket. At Nantucket, on Th. after 2d Tu. of every month.
Norfolk. At Dedham, 1st and 3d Wed., Quincy, 2d Wed., Hyde Park, 4tb Wed. every month except Aug.
Plymouth. At Plymouth, 2d Mo. ach mo. except Feb., July, and Aug.; Abington, 4th Mo. Feb., Mar., Sept., and Dec.; Brockton, 2d Mo. Feb. and July, and 4th Mo. May and Nov.; Middleborough, 4th Mo. Jan., Apr., Aug., and Oct.; Hingham, 4th Mo. in June.
Suffolk. At Boston, every Mo. in the year, except 1st, 2d, and 4th Mo. Aug.
Worcester. At Worcester, 1st and 3d Tu. of every mo. except Aug.; Fitchburg, 4th Tu. ev. mo. ex. July and Aug.; Milford, 2d Tu. Apr. and Sept.; Templeton, 2d Tu. May and Oct.; and Barre, Wed. aft. 2d Tu. of May and Oct.
JUDGES OF PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS.
Barnstable, H. P. Harriman, Wellfleet.
Hampshire, W. G. Bassett, Easthamp'n.
COUNTY COMMISSIONERS' MEETINGS IN MASSACHUSETTS.
Berkshire, at Pittsfield, on 1st Tu.
Bristol, at Taunton, on 4th Tu. Mar. and Sept.
Dukes Co., at Edgartown, Wed. aft. 3d Mo. May, and Wed. aît. 2d Mo. Nov. Essex, at Ipswich, on 2d Tu. of Apr.; at Salem, on the 2d Tu. July; at Newburyport, on the 2d Tu. of Oct.; and at Lawrence, on the last Tu. of Aug.; and on the 4th Tu. of Dec., at Ipswich, Salem, or Newburyport, as they shall order at their next preceding term. Franklin, at Greenfield, 1st Tu. Mar. and Sept., and 2d Tu. June and Dec. Hampden, at Springfield, on the 2d
Tu. of Apr., the 1st Tu. of Oct., and the 4th Tu. of June and Dec.
Hampshire, at Northampton, on 1st Tu. of Mar., Sept., and Dec., and on the Tu. aft. the 2d Mo. of June.
Middlesex, at Cambridge, on the 1st Tu. of Jan. and the 1st Tu. June; and at Lowell, on the 1st Tu. Sept.
Nantucket, 1st Wed. of each month. Norfolk, at Dedham, on the 3d Tu. of Apr., the 4th Tu. of June and Sept., and the last Wed. of Dec.
Plymouth, at Plymouth, on the 1st Tu. of Jan., the 3d Tu. of Mar., and the 1st Tu. of Aug.
Worcester, at Worcester, on the 4th Tu. of Mar., the 3d Tu. of June, the 2d Tu. of Sept., and the 4th Tu. of Dec.
COURTS IN THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND.
(Corrected Sept., 1886. Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.)
Bristol Co., at Bristol, 1st Mon. in Mar. and 1st Mon. in Sept.
Kent Co., at E. Greenwich, 2d Mon. in Mar. and 2d Mon. in Sept.
Newport Co., at Newport, 4th Mon. in Mar. and 4th Mon. in Sept.
Providence Co., at Providence, 1st Mon. in Apr. and 1st Mon. in Oct.
Washington Co., at S. Kingstown, 3d Mon. in Mar. and 3d Mon. in Sept.
Court of Common Pleas. Bristol Co., at Bristol, 1st Mon. in May and last Mon. in Oct.
Kent Co., at E. Greenwich, 2d Mon. in Apr. and Oct.
Newport Co., at Newport, 3d Mon. in May and Nov.
Providence Co., at Providence, 1st Mon. in Mar., June, Sept., and Dec.
Washington Co., at S. Kingstown, 2d Mon. in May, and 1st Mon. in Nov.
Every District Court is open at all times for the transaction of criminal business.
1st Judicial District (Newport Co.), civil, at Newport each Tu. and Fri.; at Tiverton each Th.
2d District (South Kingstown, N'th Kingstown, and Exeter), civil, at South Kingstown each Mon.; at North Kingstown each Th.; and at Exeter 1st and 3d Weds. each month.
3d District (Westerly, Hopkinton, Charlestown, and Richmond), civil, at Westerly each Mon.; at Charlestown 4th Sat. each month; at Hopkinton 2d and 4th Th. each month; and at Richmond 4th Wed. each month.
4th District (Kent Co.), civil, at Warwick each Tu.; at East Greenwich each Th.; at West Greenwich 3d Sat. each month; and at Coventry 2d and 4th Sats. each month.
5th District (Bristol Co.), civil, at Bristol each Mo., and at Warren each Th.
6th District (Providence and North Providence), civil, at Providence each Mon. and Th.
7th District (East Providence), civil, at East Providence each Fri.
8th District (Cranston, Johnston, Scituate, and Foster), civil, at Johnston each Mon.; at Cranston each Wed.; at Scituate 3d Sat. each month; and at Foster 2d Sat. each month.
9th District (Burrillville, Glocester, and Smithfield), civil, at Burrillville each Sat.; at Smithfield each Th.; and at Glocester each Wed.
10th District (Pawtucket), civil, at Pawtucket each Tu. and Fri.
11th District (Lincoln and Cumberland), civil, at Lincoln each Sat.; at Cumberland each Wed.
12th District (Woonsocket and N'th Smithfield), civil, at Woonsocket each Wed. and Sat.
It is a common complaint that the farm and farm life are not appreciated by our people. We long for the more elegant pursuits or the ways and fashions of the town. But the farmer has the most sane and natural occupation, and ought to find life sweeter, if less highly seasoned, than any other. He alone, strictly speaking, has a home. How can a man take root and thrive without land? He writes his history upon his field. How many ties, how many resources, he has! his friendships with his cattle, his team, his dog, his trees; the satisfaction in his growing crops, in his improved fields; his intimacy with nature, with bird and beast, and with the quickening elemental forces; his cooperations with the cloud, the sun, the seasons, heat, wind, rain, frost. Nothing will take the various social distempers, which the city and artificial life breed, out of a man like farming, -like direct and loving contact with the soil. It draws out the poison. It humbles him, teaches him patience and reverence, and restores the proper tone to the system.
Cling to the farm, make much of it, put yourself into it, bestow your heart and your brain upon it, so that it shall savor of you and radiate your virtue after your day's work is done!
"Be thou _diligent to know the state of thy flocks, and look well to thy herds.
"For riches are not forever: and doth the crown endure to every generation?
"The hay appeareth, and the tender grass sheweth itself, and herbs of the mountains are gathered.
"The lambs are for thy clothing, and the goats are the price of thy field. "And thou shalt have goats' milk enough for thy food, for the food of thy household, and for the maintenance of thy_maidens."
THE apparent object of nature in plant life is the production of seed. When the plant is mature, when the seed is formed and ripened, the purpose seems to be attained, and it is this production of the seed that exhausts the vital powers of the plant, and there seems to be an effort to preserve life till this end is reached. Prevent an annual from going to seed and there is a tendency at once to become a perennial.
MOST thrifty farmers raise fodder corn to have something to feed out in case of a drought and short pastures. All who have silos, of course, raise large quantities of it, often several acres. Now this is the point to bear in mind, that, while the vital energy of an annual plant is put forth to increase its size, that is during the process of rapid growth, it lays up only a very small amount of valuable organic compounds, like starch, sugar, etc. Cut, therefore, at this stage of growth, it is of comparatively little value.
IF corn grown for fodder is allowed to stand till after the tassel has appeared and the ear is formed and has reached the point of beginning to glaze, it contains nearly twice as much nutritive vegetable matter ton for ton as it did at the time of rapid growth when the tassels first appeared.
SOME folks seem to think that the taller varieties of corn, like the southern or western corn that often grows eight or ten feet high, are all the more valuable for their size and the bulk of food they furnish. This is a great mistake. It would be wiser to doubt their superior fitness for fodder till it is better proved. The feeding value of such plants is not to be measured by their size but by the amount of valuable organic nitrogenous or non-nitrogenous ingredients stored up in their cellular structure. It is the comparative amount of dry vegetable matter left from a given weight of the same kind of fodder plant, of about the same stage of growth, that we are to look to, in most cases, for a higher or lower feeding value.
CAREFUL experiment has proved that it is better to fill a silo quickly, tramp down the material solidly and cover it up, rather than to fill it slowly and let it settle and heat before covering. The cows most decidedly prefer the ensilage from the silo rapidly filled and quickly excluded from the air, to that from a silo slowly filled. The quicker the corn fodder is cut and packed down and covered so as to keep it from the air, the better.
REMEMBER the advice of the practical old Scotchman, "Aye be sticking in a tree, Jock; it'll be growing while ye're sleeping." So about farm tools. A good coat of paint applied whenever they come to need it will pay a good interest on the cost.
SOME lazy and shiftless farmers have the habit of making a barnyard of the public highway, a sort of catchall for old wagons, carts, tools, woodpiles, compost heaps and all the old trumpery that collects about a homestead. It is a horrible sight. Take hold and clean up.
THE Common practice of throwing weeds into the hog-pen is one of the most serious mistakes that the farmer makes. The common chickweed, purslane, and some other plants blossom and bear seed at the same time. It is never safe to spare them or to let them get into the manure. Weeds are the most costly addition a man can make to the green supplies of the pig-pen. No man can afford to raise them, and to give them to the pigs is about the same thing as sowing the seed abundantly over his cultivated fields. Good superphosphate at two hundred dollars a ton would be cheap compared with the cost of the manure made from weeds in the pig
THE PUBLIC DEBT, Sept. 1, 1886.
(Including Pacific Railroad bonds, and not including fractional silver coin and minor coin held in the Treasury, $28,279,653.80.
The tides in the Calendar page are for the port of Boston, in standard time. The following table contains the approximate difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places. The reader is warned that this table will not always give the exact time of the tide, as the difference varies from day to day. It is hoped, however, it will be near enough to be useful. The difference, if preceded by +, is to be added to, or if preceded by-, subtracted from, the time as given in the Calendar pages.
CARRIAGE FARES IN BOSTON.
For one adult, from one place to another within the city proper (with the exception of distances beyond certain limits, the rates for which are $1.00, $1.50, and upwards), or from one place to another in East Boston, or from one place to another in South Boston, or from one place to another in Charlestown, or from one place to another in Roxbury, 50 cents. Each additional adult, 50 cents.
For a complete statement of the rates of fares for public carriages, the inquirer is referred to the Condensed Schedule, issued by the Police Commis
Children under four years with an adult, no charge.
Children between four and twelve years old, with an adult, half-price.
From twelve at night to six in the morning, the fare is 50 cents above the preceding rates for each passenger.
No charge for one trunk; each additional trunk, 25 cents.
By the Carriages of the Herdic Phaeton Co., and by any of the one-horse cabs,