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DISTRICT COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS.
No. Berkshire. For Adams, No. Adams, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Florida, and Savoy, at No. Adams, crim., daily, 9 A.M.; civil, weekly; at Adanis, crim., daily; civil, 1st and 3d Wed. each month. Central Berkshire. For the towns of Dalton, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanesborough, Peru, Pittsfield, Richmond, Washington, and Windsor, at Pittsfield, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat.
So. Berkshire. For Alford, Egremont, Great Barrington, Monterey, Mt. Washington, New Marlboro', and Sheffield, at Great Barrington, crim., daily, at 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat. at 10 A. M.
1st of Bristol. For Taunton, Rehoboth, Berkley, Dighton, Seekonk, Attleborough, Norton, Mansfield, Easton, and Raynham, at Taunton and Attleborough, crim., daily; civil, every Mon. 2d of Bristol. For Fall River, Freetown, Somerset, and Swansea, at Fall River, crim., daily; civil, every Mon.
[2d and 3d Dist. Courts of Bristol have concur rent jurisdiction in Westport and Freetown.] 3d of Bristol. For New Bedford, Fairhaven, Acushnet, Dartmouth, and Westport, at New Bedford, crim., daily; civil, every Monday.
1st of Essex. For Salem, Beverly, Danvers, Hamilton, Middleton, Topsfield, and Wenham, at Salem, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Wednesday.
E. Hampden. For Palmer, Brimfield, Munson, Holland, and Wales, at Palmer, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, 1st
and 3d Sat. of each month.
Hampshire. For the towns of Hampshire Co., at Northampton, on Mo. and Tu. each week; at Amherst, 1st and 3d Wed. each month; at Cummington, 2d Wed. each month; at Belchertown, 1st and 3d Th. each month; at Huntington, 2d and 4th Th. each month; at Ware, 1st, 2d, and 3d Fri. each month; at Easthampton, 2d and 4th Sat. each month.
[The terms at Cummington may be held or 1st of N. Middlesex. For Ayer, Groton, Pepperell, Townsend, Ashby, Shirley, Westford, Littleton, and Boxborough, at Ayer, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, 1st and 3d Mon. of each month.
not, at the discretion of the justice.]
Central Middlesex. For Acton, Bedford, Carlisle, Concord, Lincoln, Maynard, Stow, Lexington, at Concord, crim., daily; civ., 1st and 3d Wed. ea. mo. 1st of E. Middlesex. For Wilmington, No. Reading, Reading, Stoneham, Wakefield, Melrose, Malden, Everett, and Medford, crim., at Malden every Mo., Tu., Fri., and Sat., at Wakefield every Wed. and Th.; civil, weekly, at Malden, Sats., and Wakefield, Weds.
2d of E. Middlesex. For Watertown, Weston, and Waltham, at Waltham, crim., daily; civil, every Sat.
3d of E. Middlesex. For Cambridge, Arlington, and Belmont, at Cambridge, crim., daily; civil, every Th.
4th of E. Middlesex. For Woburn, Winchester, and Burlington, at Woburn, crim., daily; civil, every Sat.,
1st of S. Middlesex. For Ashland, Framingham, Holliston, Sherborn, Sudbury, and Wayland, at S. Framingham, crim., daily; civil, every Mon.
E. Norfolk. For Randolph, Braintree, Cohasset, Weymouth, Quincy, Holbrook, and Milton, at Quincy, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Mon.
1st of Plymouth. [Abolished. Police court established at Brockton.]
2d of Plymouth. For Abington, South Abington, Rockland, Hingham, Hull, Hanover, Scituate, So. Scituate, and Hanson, civil and crim. at Abington, every Mon., Wed., Th., and Sat.; at Hingham, every Tu. and Fri. Writs returnable on Wed.
3d of Plymouth. For Plymouth, Kingston, Plympton, Pembroke, Duxbury, and Marshfield, at Plymouth, crim., daily; civil, every Mo.
4th of Plymouth. For Middleborough, Wareham, Lakeville, Marion, Mattapoisett, and Rochester, civil and Wed., and Sat., and at Wareham, every crim., at Middleborough, every Tu., Mon., Th., and Fri. Writs returnable at Middleborough, 1st and 3d Tu., at Wareham, 2d and 4th Th., each month. Petersham, 1st of N. Worcester. For Athol, Fuillipston, Templeton, Gardner, and Hubbardston, Royalston, and Fr.; at Athol every Tu., Th., and crim. at Gardner every Mon., Wed., Sat; civil, return days for writs, at Gardner, 1st and 3d Wed., at Athol, 2d and 4th Th. every month.
1st of So. Worcester. For Stur
bridge, Southbridge, Charlton, Dudley, Oxford, and Webster, crim., at Southbridge. Mo., Wed., and Fri., at Webster, Tu., Th., and Sat., civil, at Southbridge, Mo., Webster, Tu., weekly.
2d of S. Worcester. For Blackstone, Uxbridge, Douglas, and Northbridge; bridge, at such times as the public confor trials by jury, in Blackstone or Uxvenience may require; when not in sessions for trials by jury, the court shall be held for crim. business in Blackstone every Mo., Wed., and Fri.; in Uxbridge, every Tu., Th., and Sat. ; for civil business, in Blackstone, every Mo., in Uxbridge, every Sat.
3d of S. Worcester. For Milford, Mendon, and Upton, at Milford, crim., daily; civil, 1st and 3d. Wed, each mon.
Central Worcester. For Worcester, Millbury, Sutton, Auburn, Leicester, Paxton, W. Boylston, Boylston, Holden, and Shrewsbury, at Worcester, crim., daily, 9 A. M.; civil, every Sat.
1st of E. Worcester. For Northborough, Southborough, Westborough, and Grafton; crim., Westboro', ev. Mo., Wed., and Fri.; at Grafton, every Tu., Th., and Sat.; civil, at Westborough, every Mo., at Grafton, every Tu.
2d of E. Worcester. For Clinton, Berlin, Bolton, Harvard, Lancaster, and Sterling, at Clinton, crim., daily; civil, 2d and 4th Sat. of each month.
PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS. (Corrected September, 1885, Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.) When the appointed day falls on every mo. except Nov.; Northfield, 2d a holiday, or day of national or state Tu. May and Sept.; Orange, 2d. Tu. election, the court will be held on the Mar. and Dec., and 3d Tu. June; Connext secular day thereafter. way, 3d Tu. May; Shelburne Falls, 2d | Tu. Feb., 4th Tu. May, and 4th Tu. Oct. Hampden. At Springfield, 1st. Wed. every month except Aug.; at Holyoke, 3d Wed. Jan., Mar., June, and Oct. at Palmer, 2d Wed. Feb., May, and Sept., and 4th Wed. Nov. and, at Westfield on the 3d Wed. Feb., May, Sept., and Dec.
Barnstable. At Barnstable, 2d Tu. Jan., Feb., Mar., Aug., Sept., Dec., and 3d Tu. Apr. and June; Harwich, 2d Mo. after 1st Tu. May, and Mo. after 3d Tu. Oct.; Wellfleet, 3d Tu. May and 4th Tu. Oct.; Provincetown, Wed. after 3d Tu. May and Wed. after 4th Tu. Oct.; Falmouth, 3d Tu. Nov.
Berkshire. At Pittsfield, 1st Tu. in Jan., Feb., Mar., Apr., May, June, Sept., Oct., and Dec., 3d Tu. July, and Wed. aft. 1st Mo. Nov.; Lee, Wed. aft. 1st Tu. in Jan., Apr., and Oct., and Wed. after 3d Tú. July; Adams, Th. after 1st Tu. Jan. and Oct., Wed. after 1st Tu. Mar., and Th. after 3d Tu. in July; Gr. Barrington, Wed. after 1st Tu. in Feb., May, Sept., and Dec.
Bristol. At Taunton, 1st Fri. Mar., June, Sept., Dec.; New Bedford, 1st Fri. Feb., May, Aug., and Nov.; Fall River, 1st Fri. Jan., Apr., July and Oct.
Dukes Co. At Vineyard Haven, 3d Mo. Apr. and 1st Mo. Sept.; Edgartown, 3d Mo. Jan. and July, and 1st Mo. Mar. and Dec.; W. Tisbury, 1st Mo. June, and 3d Mo. Oct.
Essex. At Salem, 1st Mo. each mo., and 3d Mo. each mo. except Aug.; Lawrence, 2d Mo. Jan., Mar., May, June, July, Sept., and Nov.; Haverhill, 2d Mo. Apr. and Oct.; Newburyport, 4th Mo. Jan., Mar., May, June, July, Sept., Nov.; Gloucester, 4th Mo. April and Oct.
Franklin. At Greenfield, 1st Tu. in
Hampshire. At Northampton, 1st Tu. of every ino.; Amherst, 2d Tu. Jan., Mar., June, Aug., and Nov.; Belchertown, 2d Tu. May and Oct., and Williamsburg, 3d Tu. May and Oct.
Middlesex. At Cambridge, 1st, 2d, and 4th Tu. ea. mo. ex. Aug.; Lowell, 3d Tu. Jan., Mar., May, July, Sept., Nov. Nantucket. At Nantucket, on Th. after 2d Tu. of every month.
Norfolk. At Dedham, 1st and 3d Wed., Quincy, 2d Wed., Hyde Park, 4ɩb Wed. every month except Aug.
Plymouth. At Plymouth, 2d Mo. each mo. except Feb., July, and Aug.; Abington, 4th Mo. Feb., Mar., Sept., and Dec.; Brockton, 2d Mo. Feb. and July, and 4th Mo. May and Nov.; Middleborough, 4th Mo. Jan., Apr., Aug., and Oct.; Hingham, 4th Mo. in June.
Suffolk. At Boston, every Mo. in the year, except 1st, 2d, and 4th Mo. Aug.
Worcester. At Worcester, 1st and 3d Tu. of every mo. except Aug.; Fitchburg, 4th Tu. ev. mo. ex. July and Aug.; Milford, 2d Tu. A pr. and Sept.; Templeton, 2d Tu. May and Oct.; and Barre, Wed. aft. 2d Tu. of May and Oct.
COURTS OF INSOLVENCY IN MASSACHUSETTS.
Courts of Insolvency in Mass. are held by the Judges of Probate and Insolvency in each county, at times appointed by themselves.
JUDGES OF PROBATE COURTS IN MASSACHUSETTS.
Barnstable, H. P. Harriman, Wellfleet. | Hampden, W. S. Shurtleff, Springfield.
Franklin, C. C. Conant, Greenfield.
Hampshire, W. G. Bassett, Easthamp'n.
Middlesex, Geo. M. Brooks, Concord.
COUNTY COMMISSIONERS' MEETINGS IN MASSACHUSETTS. (Corrected September, 1885. Legislature meets in January, and may make changes.) Barnstable, at Barnstable, on the 2d | Tu. of Apr., the 1st Tu. of Oct., and the Tu. of Apr. and Oct. 4th Tu. of June and Dec.
Berkshire, at Pittsfield, on 1st Tu. Jan., Apr., July, and Oct.
Bristol, at Taunton, on 4th Tu. Mar. and Sept.
Dukes Co., at Edgartown, Wed. aft. 3d Mo. May, and Wed. aft. 2d Mo. Nov. Essex, at Ipswich, on 2d Tu. of Apr.; at Salem, on the 2d Tu. July; at Newburyport, on the 2d Tu. of Oct.; and at Lawrence, on the last Tu. of Aug.; and on the 4th Tu. of Dec., at Ipswich, Salem, or Newburyport, as they shall order at their next preceding term. Franklin, at Greenfield, 1st Tu. Mar. and Sept., and 2d Tu. June and Dec. Hampden, at Springfield, on the 2d
Hampshire, at Northampton, on 1st Tu. of Mar., Sept., and Dec., and on the Tu. aft. the 2d Mo. of June.
Middlesex, at Cambridge, on the 1st Tu. of Jan. and the 1st Tu. June ; and at Lowell, on the 1st Tu. Sept.
Nantucket, 1st Wed. of each month. Norfolk, at Dedham, on the 3d Tu. of Apr., the 4th Tu. of June and Sept., and the last Wed. of Dec.
Plymouth, at Plymouth, on the 1st Tu. of Jan., the 3d Tu. of Mar., and the 1st Tu. of Aug.
Worcester, at Worcester, on the 4th Tu. of Mar., the 3d Tu. of June, the 2d Tu. of Sept., and the 4th Tu. of Dec.
It is a serious mistake to mix early and late grasses together indiscriminately, or to confine our selection to one or two kinds. It is well settled, both practically and scientifically, that the highest nutritive value of the grasses is reached at the period of blossoming, and that to obtain the best results and to make the most valuable hay, it ought to be cut and cured at that time. If allowed to stand beyond that stage it becomes more or less woody and innutritious, and, of course less palatable and less digestible.
It is easy to see that if a considerable portion of the grass in a field blossoms in advance of the rest, as will be the case if early and late grasses are mixed together, all that portion will be too mature and comparatively worthless when the balance of the field comes into condition. It is the source of serious loss.
The early grasses ought to be kept by themselves, and the late ones by themselves, that is, the mixtures ought to be made so as to bring the period of blossoming of most of the plants at the same time. There is a further and great economy in this, in that it spreads the work over a longer season. It avoids the hurry otherwise incident to this busy season. The haying can begin on the early grasses by the middle of June, or even earlier, while with the late grasses it can safely be delayed till the first of July. To contribute something to promote this great improvement, we suggest the following:
EARLY GRASS MIXTURE. (FOR ONE ACRE.)
This mixture is designed for mowing-lots, and for hay. All these are early grasses. Most of them, under ordinary circumstances, will blossom by the middle of June. They are all rich and nutritive, and will make the best of hay, if cut in season and properly cured.
LATË GRASS MIXTURE. (FOR ONE ACRÉ.)
All these are late grasses. Timothy and red-top are both late, and rarely come to blossom before July. They will not suffer if the scythe does not go into them till after the 4th. These seeds can be procured of any first-class importing seedsman, and they should be sown about the middle of August if the ground is in suitable condition, if not, as soon thereafter as may be. If a farmer has, say, ten acres to lay down, let him sow one half of it with the early mixture and the other half with the late. If he will keep an eye on the result of the experiment for two or three years, considering the quality and quantity of the hay and the value of the aftermath, he will find that, though the mixtures may cost a trifle more than he would pay for the ordinary mixtures of timothy and red-top, his outlay for these mixtures will be worth to him more than ten times the cost of
LOCATION OF WELLS.
If you are about to dig a well to obtain water for domestic use, be sure and put it far enough from the sink-drains and the vaults to give you pure water. Most soils are leachy, and carry the poisons arising from impurities considerable distances. It is a settled fact that a well is liable to drain a cone of earth the diameter of the base of which at the surface of the earth is three times the depth of the well. A neglect of this precaution is the fruitful source of typhoid and other fevers and diseases which greatly increase the doctor's bills. Many wells dug years ago, before sanitary science and the laws of health were so well understood as they are now, were located too near the sources of impurity, and the use of water from them for drinking purposes ought to be given up. This will in many cases be attended with expense, of course; but the possession of health, and avoiding danger from contamination of the water for a whole family, are important enough to justify any reasonable outlay.
TIME TO HARVEST GRAIN.
AMONG the numerous mistakes that lead to enormous wastes on the farm, few are more worthy of attention than that of letting grain, oats, rye, wheat, etc., get too ripe before harvesting. No one can ride about the country in summer without being struck and amazed at the prevalence of this error. You will notice field after field that has reached, or is approaching, the period of dead ripeness, and that ought to have been harvested several days ago.
The loss arising from this source is more appreciable and more easily estimated, perhaps, in wheat, of which we cultivate comparatively little, than it is in the other grains, like rye and oats, but the same general principle applies to all. If wheat is cut two weeks or so before it is fully ripe, it contains more starch and gluten; a bushel of it will weigh more, and it will make a larger quantity and a better quality of flour, with a less quantity of bran or middlings, than if it were allowed to ripen. This is by no means a matter of theory. It is the result of long experience, careful observation, and accurate experiment. The straw will begin to change color slightly two or three weeks before the grain comes to complete maturity. In the best and most favorable seasons it will begin to ripen and change color from the bottom; in some less favorable seasons the upper joints turn first.
In the great wheat-growing sections of the West and in England, where wheat-growing is carried on to a much greater extent than it is with us in New England, they have studied this point more carefully than we have. The best farmers begin to cut while a portion of the stalk is still green, as soon as the kernel has passed from the "milky" to the "doughy" state. The stalk has then begun to change color, sometimes from the bottom, sometimes for three or four inches below the head. A most careful and accurate experiment was made to ascertain the difference, taking wheat, first, when it was green; second, a week after, when it was changing color; and third, when fully ripe. The result was, in the first case, 19 3-4 bushels per acre; in the second, 23 1-3; in the third, 22 3-4; and the same difference was found in the straw. The total value per acre was found to be, in that cut green, the 8th of August, $62.30; in that cut one week after, when the stalk was yellow below the ear, $64.61; in that cut still a week later, when fully ripe, $56.13. The first two produced more fine flour and less bran than that cut last, showing that the gluten is converted into starch in standing to get fully ripe. When either end of the stalk turns yellow, the sap ceases to flow, and the covering or shell of the kernel thickens and becomes harder, and of course gives a larger proportion of bran and less fine flour. Besides, in early cutting there is less loss from shelling-out in handling, and from high winds, which involve a very considerable loss in ripened grain.
Now what is true of wheat is, in the main, also true of other small grains. We raise rye and oats. If we raise them for seed to sow again, they ought to be allowed to ripen, but if for grinding, or for feed for animals, they should be cut early, if we would have them in their best and most nutritive condition.
THE PUBLIC DEBT, Sept. 1, 1885.
(Not including bonds issued to Pacific Railroad companies.)
The tides in the Calendar page are for the port of Boston, in standard time. The following table contains the approximate difference between the time of High Water at Boston and several other places. The reader is warned that this table will not always give the exact time of the tide, as the difference varies from day to day. It is hoped, however, it will be near enough to be useful. The difference, if preceded by +, is to be added to, or if preceded by—, tracted from, the time as given in the Calendar pages.
CARRIAGE FARES IN BOSTON.
For one adult, from one place to another within the city proper (except as hereinafter provided), or from one place to another in East Boston, or from one place to another in South Boston, or from one place to another in Roxbury, 50 cents. Each additional adult, 50 cents.
For one adult, from any place in the city proper, south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Street, to any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, or from any place north of State, Court, and Cambridge Streets, to any place south of Dover Street and west of Berkeley Street, One Dollar. For two or more passengers, 50 cents each.
Children under four years with an adult, no charge.
Children between four and twelve years old, with an adult, half-price.
From twelve at night to six in the morning, the fare is 50 cents above the preceding rates for each passenger.
No charge for one trunk; each additional trunk, 25 cents.
By the Carriages of the Herdic Phaeton Co., and by any of the one-horse cabs