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POETRY, ANECDOTES, &C.
for dianer, from which he or someone else At every stroke the golden sea
had taken off a leg; on which his master Recedes to give them way,
summoned him to inquire who had deThe heavy ears fall bowing down spoiled the goose of his leg. Johu replied And nestle at their feet:
that all the geese had but one leg ; and in Such will, such work, as theirs perforce support of his assertion pointed to a
Must win — nust homage meet. whole flock before the window, who were, Ply, bonny men, your sickles bright, happily, asleep on one leg. The laird And give the people bread!
clapped his hands and cried whew, on At every conquering stride you take, which they got upon both legs and flew On want and woe you tread;
off. But John, no way disconcerted, told Drop, heavy ears, and give the strength his master if he had cried whew to the one You gathered from the plain,
on the table, most likely it would have That man may rise refreshed and firm, done the same. And do great things again!
THERE was a certain idiot known as
That guide the cleaving plough, haunter of Eglinton Castle and grounds.
taking a near cut and crossing a fence. They rear the bread our children eat; The Earl called out,“ Come back, sir, 'Tis by their toil we live;
that's not the road." “Do ye ken," said Hurrah? give them the loudest cheer Will, “ whaur I'm gaun?". "No," re. That grateful hearts can give!
plied his lordship. “Weel, how the deil
Jer hair is white and her eyes are dim, love, with a love coeval with life, what do I say but love innocence, - love virtue,
But her life is like a quiet hymn, love purity of conduct, - love that which
Chanted low at the close of day will comfort you, adorn you, never quit
When the light is fading away. you; - which will open to you the king- As she sits in her corner knitting, knitdom of thought, and all the boundless
ting, regions of conception, as an asylum
The tiny and delicate links that fall against the cruelty, the injustice, and the From her shining needles, each one fitting
Into a perfect whole, pain that may be your lot in the outer
She thinks how from deeds as noiseless world,- that which will make your mo
And the stature of the soul.
The children's children throng around her SYDNEY SMITH.
Fair faces and locks of gold;
For many a cord of love has bound her
To the new as well as the old.
Rich with the blessing of God,
Their lights and shadows together cast
O'er the long, long pathway trod; He shall fly thee and shall fear thee,
Then opens the boundless future before Call on us!
With its trembling hope of bliss,
And the holy light of the land immortal
Beams on that time-worn face,
As her steps draw near to the heavenly
The goal of the earthly race. (portal,
DON'T BE AFRAID OF WORK.
requires toil and activity, and both my O, and if thou dost not call,
body and mind must adapt themselves to Be but faithful, that is all.
their duty. It is not necessary that Go right on, and close behind thee should live, but it is necessary that There shall follow still and find thee, should act. I have always found myself Help, sure help. A. H. CLOUGII.
the better for this method.”
THE SOUL'S PROPHECY.
KEEP a brave heart. It matters not ALL before us lies the way;
whether the sun shines on you or not, if Give the past unto the wind:
you only have sunshine within. Look All before us is the day,
at the sunny side of things, and laugh Night and darkness are behind. at storm or misfortune. Should trouble
overtake you, look it out of countenance, Eden with its angels bold,
- it will soon disappear. Love and flowers and coolest sea, Is less an ancient story told
To be pure-minded, and cheerfully disThan a glowing prophecy.
posed at hours of meat, and of sleep, and
of exercise, is one of the best precepts In the spirit's perfect air,
of long-lasting.- Bacon. In the passions tame and kind, Innocence from selfish care,
WIT AND HUMOR. The real Eden we shall find,
THE “ WORST OF I'r." - A few years When the soul to sin hath died,
since there pervaded Chicago a speculaTrue and beautiful and sound,
tor in grain, the boldness and magnitude Then all earth is sanctified,
of whose operations were worthy even Up springs paradise around.
of that city. This gentleman, Mr.
had gone into one corFrom the spirit-land afar
nering operation in wheat by which he All disturbing force shall flee; became slightly “hurt." In alluding to Stir, nor toil, nor hope shall mar
it a few weeks ago, he remarked with Its immortal unity.
characteristic blandness and frankness, R. W. EMERSON.
“I lost in that speculation one million
five hundred thousand dollars, and the LUTHER'S BIRD LESSON.
worst of it was that fifteen hundred dolTHE great Luther said: "How glad- on the start !»° EDITOR'S DRAWER, in
lars of it was good money that I put in some are th
little birds; they sing so Harper's Magazine for April. deliciously,"and hop from one branch to another. They have no anxious cares
“A POLITICIAN, wishing to compliabout any want or scarcity that may
ment a well-to-do farmer, said, “You come; are so content in themselves, and must have begun life early to accumusing with a glad heart their morning and
late such an estate as this, “ Yes," rėtheir evening song. Well might we take plied the farmer, “I began life when I off our hat to one of them and say, My
was a mere baby, dear Sir Doctor, I must confess I have A CONTEMPORARY speaks of a weaver not acquired this art of which thou art a who, in praising his minister, wound up master. Thou sleepest all night in thy by saying, “ An' I specially like your little nest without any care; in the morn- sterlin' independence, sir. I always said ing thou risest again, art joyful and well of you, sir, that you neither fear God nor off'; settest thyself on a tree, and singest man.”
and praisest God; seekest after thy daily “SAM, why don't you talk to your food, and findest it. Why cannot I, old master, and tell him to lay up treasures fool that I am, do the same, when I have in Heaven ?" " What's de use of him so much reason to do it?'"
laying up treasures up dar?
A FARMER, writing to the secretary of
have the goodness to enter me on your I rave no more 'gainst time or fate,
list of cattle for a bull." For lo! my own shall come to me, “ Now, Willie dear,” says Fanny,“ do I stay my haste, I make delays,
have a little courage; when I have a For what avails this eager pace?
powder to take, I don't like it any more I stand amid the eternal ways,
than you do, but I make up my mind And what is mine shall know my face. that I will take it, and I do.»
when I have a powder to take,” replied Asleep, awake, by night or day, The friends Í seek are seeking me;
Willie," I make up my mind that I won't No wind can drive my bark astray,
take it, and I don't." Nor change the tide of destiny.
A WINDY orator in the legislature,
after a lengthy effort, stopped for a What matter if I stand alone?
drink of water, “I rise,” said Bloss, I wait with joy the coming years; My heart shall reap where it has sown,
to a point of order." Everybody stared,
wondering what the point of order was. And garner up its fruit of tears.
6. What is it?" asked the speaker, “I The waters know their own, and draw think, sir,” said Bloss, “it is out of order
Thebrook that&pringsin yonder height, for a windmill to go by water ! ». So flows the good with equal law
A QUAINT old gentleman, of an active Unto the soul of pure delight,
disposition, had a man at work in his garThe stars come nightly to the sky; den who was quite the reverse, “ Jones," The tidal waye unto the sea;
said he, “ did you ever see a snail ?" Nor time, nor space, nor deep, nor high,
“ Certainly,” said Jones, " Then," said Can keep my own away from me, the old boy, “you must have met him,
JOHN BURROUGIIS. for you never could overtake him."
AN UNWORDED PRAYER,
RIDE on, ride on, thou traveller bold,
And cast thy looks on first :
See how the tempest-clouds do lower,
That soon in storm shall burst.
Ride on, ride on; thy second leads means the sound I
Across the lonely heath,
Where gibbets tell of darksome deeds,
And culprits swing beneath.
Ride on, ride on; my third thou art -
An honest one and true,
Ride on, ride on, ride for thy life, " I have no better way to pray ;
Spur on thy faithful steed;
For now my whole thy second bars,
Nerved for his lawless deed,
But I never call you by it when you are by. KEEP the hands employed in some If my second you still are resolved to useful avocation, the feet dry and warın, reject, the head cool, body clean, and the stom- As dead as my whole I shall presently lie. ach supplied with plain, healthful food, taken at suitable intervals. Keep good
ENIGMA, hours, and remember that night is the
On the bridal day time to sleep and rest. Store the mind
People think of me; with proper mental food, carefully avoid
Ere men come to pray, ing every kind of trashy literature that
Well heard I must be; would act upon and stimulate the animal
My end you shall never see, passions. Keep the thoughts pure, and
Emblem of eternity.
My whole is a circle complete; and body.
Beheaded I'm part of the feet;
Behead me again if you wish, -
great antiquity, and is good English. Do not accustom yourself to swearing. DOUN TOOTH ERS A SY There are words cnough in the English
OUW OULD BED ONE BY. language sufficiently expressive of all passions.
Place four fives in such a manner as to
MAS, &c., IN LAST YEAR'S AL- make four times four and forty.
Four s's, four i's, two p's, and an m,
Please tell me what you can make of them. 1. A tree, 2. A bed.
2. ANSWER TO RIDDLE.
It's found in the house, though it be but The man had but one eye, the tree but
a hut, two apples, of which the man took one. And without it no razor, howe'er sharp,
ANSWER TO ARITHMETICAL PROB- can cut; LEM.— If the flock is divided into parts, It's always in sugar, but never in tea; the farmer has 1 part; Smith, 2 parts; It's a part of yourself, but no part of me. Jones, 6 parts; Dow, 12 parts; and all others as many as all the last three, that
CONUNDRUMS. is, 12+6+2=20; then the whole flock is
1. What interjection is of the feminine divided into 20+12+6+2+1=41 parts, gender? and one part, or what the farmer owned, 2. When is your head like the letter A: is, 4920- +1=120.
3. When is a man thinner than a lath? ANSWERS TO CONUNDRUMS.
4. What is that which every one wishes 1. The axle tree.
for, and yet tries to get rid of? 2. Because it makes hot shot.
5. What cord is that which is full of 3. There is not a single person in it. knots which no one can untie, and in 4. A bald head,
which no one can tie another?
The Potato. Though of recent introduction, as compared with many other cultivated plants, the potato has come to be of prime necessity in the economy of the household. Its use has become universal, while its relative importance is sufficiently indicated by the efforts made to improve the quality and to increase the number of varieties.
Experience has led to the conclusion that frequent change of seed is desirable, and that in procuring new seed, or, rather, tubers, to plant, those brought from a higher latitude will, as a rule, ripen earlier than those from the south. It is equally well settled that coarse, fermenting manures will be likely to increase the tendency to rot, or to some form of disease. The ordinary methods of cultivation are sufficiently well understood. The time of harvesting or digging should be governed by circumstances. If the crop is designed for winter use, it is better to let it lie in the ground, especially if the soil is dry, till the weather is cool enough to admit of immediate storage.
Potatoes ought to be dug in dry weather, and to be kept dry, but not exposed to the sun. This last is a point too often overlooked; and we have no doubt the quality and healthfulness of the crop is injured by lying in the hot sun. The skin is corky and naturally impervious to water. It will keep external moisture from penetrating, and prevent internal moisture from evaporation. Hence, if the tuber is well ripened, and is put away dry in the fall, it will lose but little in weight in the winter; but in warm weather the starch is changed to sugar, and slowly evap: orates through the pores of the skin. It is very important, in digging, to avoid bruising. Every cut or breakage of the skin increases the tendency to decay. Though not quite so sensitive as the apple, every bruise lessens the chance of keeping well.
If the soil is wet, and there appears to be a tendency to rot, it is better to dig the crop as soon as mature, and pile up on some dry knoll, scattering over the tubers soine fresh-slaked lime, at the rate of a quart to every half dozen bushels. Then throw some potato vines over the pile, and over these a few inches of dry soil, heaped up in a conical form. The líme will check the rot, and the potatoes will keep well till cold weather, when they may be removed to the cellar, or sent to market,
Belts of Trees. EVERY farmer ought to consider that, by planting belts of trees, especially evergreens, he has it in his power to regulate and modify the climate of his place so as, practically, to move several degrees to the south. Trees planted on the most exposed borders of the farm, on the northern or western and the eastern exposures, will protect the growing crops to an extent that would hardly be believed till it'is tried and carefully observed. It is an easy matter to protect a garden in this way, so as to make it warmer and earlier, and to secure an earlier ripening of fruits in the fall. Every one knows that grapes and other fruits will ripen better in a sheltered position than in one greatly exposed to the cold, blighting winds. 'The same is true, though perhaps less perceptible, in the case of other fruits, like peaches, and in fact, of all farm crops. For these belts for protection, the Scotch larch and the white pine are among the most desirable trees, probably, though any varicty of tree is better than none. The growth of the trees, if they are protected from cattle, will pay the interest on the land, and the adjoining lands will be improved at the same time. It is worth a careful trial on every farm.
To Economize Hen Manure. THE true secret of success on the farm is to save everything that is liable to run to waste. One of the greatest of all the leaks on most farms is that of manure. It drains away, or evaporates, or goes to waste in some way from want of careful looking after, and then we have to go into the market and buy artificial fertilizers, and pay forty or fifty dollars a ton, because we have not enough to use. But it is astonishing how much we can save from a flock of hens, if we will only take proper care of it.
One of the best ways we have ever tried for economizing this strong and valuable substance under the hen roosts, almost equal to guano in its fertilizing qualities, was to take some old barrels as tight as may be, and if not perfectly tight, coat them inside with gas tar, and fill them, all but one, with fine, dry, road dust, and set them away in a dry place for winter use. If the road dust is full of clay, so much the better, as clay is one the best absorbents. To use, put a thin layer of dust into the empty barrel, an inch or two at the bottom, and then a layer of hen manure, the scrapings under the hen roost, and then another thin layer of dust, and so on, from time to time, till the empty barrel is filled, and one of those filled at the outset is empty and ready for use. The exact thickness of the layers is not important, of course, but the thinner they are the more completely will the whole mass become impregnated; but there must be dust enough to absorb all the volatile parts of the manure, and hold them without giving off an offensive odor. For fifty hens five barrels will do. If it is not possible to collect sufficient finely pulverized road dust, some very fine soil or loam would do, or some charcoal dust
mixed with dry sifted coal ashes, or fine muck, but the finely ground clay road dust is about the cleanest and best material to handle.
In the spring the whole mass may be mixed and shovelled over, and it is astonishing to see what a valuable lot of the richest fertilizer has been collected and saved. The dust and all thoroughly mixed and incorporated, enables you to apply it evenly, and it is one of the best things to use in the garden, or upon melons, squashes, or any other plants that require a rich, stimulating manure. Try it and
Commercial Fertilizers. THE use of concentrated fertilizers has greatly extended of late years, and they seem to have become almost a necessity of modern farming. The law in this state concerning the manufacture and sale of these articles furnishes a pretty complete guaranty of their quality, and offers the best available protection against fraud. It is for the interest of every farmer to see that the law is faithfully complied with on the part of the dealers, and never to buy a fertilizer that is not sold under a proper license. The chemical composition ought in every case to be attached to the bag or package. Make it a rule, also, whenever you buy and apply any commercial fertilizer, no matter what it is or where it is procured, to save a small quantity by itself, a pound or so at least, and keep it safely,. Then, when the result
of the application is known, if it is satisfactory, very well; if not, the sample will tell whether the fault was in the fertilizer or in your mode of application and management. Many fertilizers are condemned when the manufacturer is not at all to blame, when the fault is wholly that of the farmer who applies them without proper care and judgment.
Use of Hay-Caps. HAY-CAPS ought to be reckoned among the labor-saving implements of the farm, so far as their economy is concerned ; and we have yet to hear of a careful farmer, who has once adopted and used them wisely, who has discarded or thrown them aside. They have saved thousands of tons of hay, after it was partially cured and cocked up, from waste and ruin, and of course they have saved a vast amount of labor and worry, which a storm under such circumstances occasions. Made of simple cotton cloth, to be fastened with wooden pins at the corners, they are not very expensive, and four or four and a half feet square is large enough. Good, compactly woven, light sheeting is as useful as any material, and better to handle than if it were heavy. A simple cord-loop, sewn in at each corner, is the most convenient way of fastening, as it admits of some play on the wooden pins. Hay-caps properly made, and stowed away, where they are handy of access, can be applied in a few minutes' time, and they have often saved their whole cost in a single storm. They can he made in winter, and kept ready for use in any sudden emergency
Management of Swine. NOTWITHSTANDING the command in the Law of Moses against eating swine's flesh, and in spite of the learned doctors of the day, who warn us against uncooked pork, with horrible accounts of diseases entailed by careless cooking of it, most thrifty farmers find their account in keeping a few pigs; and will probably continue to do so until the world is a good deal nearer the millennium than at present. There is no good reason to believe that well-cooked pork is unwholesome when taken in reasonable quantities, and not too constantly, by active workingmen. It is probably not well adapted to feed children and people who live much within doors.
Moreover, the pig is made by the thrifty farmer, not, perhaps, to "pay the rent," like the Irish pig, for our farmers generally have no rent to pay, -- but he is made to work for his living, by working up weeds, potato tops, &c., into good manure; and his living will cost little if fed, as he should be chiefly in New England, on waste products – the swill, the refuse of dairies and cheese factories, of starch factories and slaughter-houses. For the western farmer can pack ten barrels of corn into one barrel of pork, and save freight by sending us his pork; so that, although feeding grain to hogs is generally profitable at the west, it seldom is at the east, except to fatten and finish off animals grown on cheaper fodder.
According to the best authority we can get, it will require about five pounds of cooked corn meal, or about eight or nine pounds of raw corn, to produce a pound of pork; so that, with corn mcal, as now, at one dollar and a quarter per one hundred pounds, a pound of pork made by feeding it will cost six and a quarter cents, besides the labor of cooking, and seeding, against which will be the value of manure to be deducted. While a pound made from raw corn, at one dollar per hundred pounds, will cost about nine cents per pound, with less labor and more
But if we take a swill-fed hog of two hundred and fifty pounds weight, and, by feeding him corn, make this two hundred and fifty pounds worth two cents more per pound, by giving the pork a harder, firmer quality, we shall have about five dollars profit for the trouble of feeding. In general, this is the only way that