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POETRY, ANECDOTES, &C.
MAKE THE BEST OF LIFE.
INWARD PEACE. Wuat's the use of always fretting My mind is forever closed against emOver ills that can't be cured ?
barrassment and perplexity, against un What's the use of finding fault with certainty, doubt, and anxiety; my heart What we kuow must be endured ?
against yrief, repentance, and desire Docs it make our burdens lighter
Calm and uninoved I look down on all If we grumble 'neath their loud ? things, for I know that though I cannot Does it make life's pathway smoother
explain a single event, nor comprehend If we fret about the road?
its connection with that which alone con Better use our time than fill it
cerns me, yet in His world all things
prosper. This satisfies me, and in this Full of siglis aud vain regrets
belief i stand fast as a rock. My heart Over some imagined blunderAs does lie who always frets.
is steeled against annoyance on account
of personal offences and vexations, or We cannot expect life's pathway exaltation in personal merit; for my
To be always strown with flowers; whole personality has disappeared in the Nor the time which God has given contemplation of the purpose of my being. To be all made of happy hours.
FICUTE. Storms will follow every sunshine, Grief be mixed with every joy;
DUTY. And 'tis best that it should be so
STERN Daughter of the voice of God! Gold's too soft without alloy.
O Duty! if that name thou love " Half our trouble 's our invention,” Who art a light to guide, i rod We're to blame for half our strife;
To check the erring, and reprove; Then, if life is what we make it, Thou, who art victory and law Why not make the best of life? When empty tcrrors overawe; BRITISHI WORKMAN. From vain temptations dost set frec;
Aud calm'st the weary strisc of frail hu
manity! A GENTLEMAN.
Stern Lawgiver! yet thou dost wear No man is a gentleman who would The Godhead's most benignant grace; treat with incivility the humblest of his Nor know we anything so fair species. It is vulgarity for which no
As is the smile upon thy face: accomplishments of dress or address can
Flowers laugh before thee on their beds; atone. The man who desires to make
And fragrance in thy footing trcads; every one around him happy, and whose
Thou dost preserve the stars from wrong; greatest solicitude is never to give of- And the most ancient heavens, through fence to any one, is a gentleman by na
thee, are fresh and strong. ture, though he may never have worn a suit of broadcloth, nor heard of a lex - To humbler functions, awful Power! icou.
I call thee; I myself commend
Unto thy guidance from this hour;
0, let my weakness have an end
Give unto me, made lowly wise, No silken robe in folds her form;
The spirit of self-sacrifice; Nor dainty leisure hath her hands;
(bands; Her jewels are a simple ring;
The confidence of reason give; A ribbon binds her hair's smooth
And in the light of truth thy Bondman
let me live! WORDS WORTII. Yet in her garment's simple grace
Her soul's regality you trace. No gift hath she to shake and thrill
JEFFERSON'S TEN RULES.
Yet in her words of tender cheer can do yourself.
3. Never spend your money before you
have it. She walks in humble ways of life That lead ofttimes through gloom and because it is cheap; it will be dear to you.
4. Never buy what you do not want shade;
6. Pride costs us more than hunger, And cares and crosses not a few
thirst, and cold. Are on her patient shoulders laid; Yet smiles and drinks each bitter cup, little.
6. We never repent of having eaten too And keeps her brave eyes lifted up.
7. Nothing is troublesome that we do And homely ways she wreathes withi willingly. grace,
8. How much pain have cost us the Harsh duty turns to loving zest; evils which have never happened. And cheery hope and steadfast will 9. Take things always by the smooth Are at her side in work and rest; handle.
Yet never dreams she you own spy 10. When angry, count ten before you The angel looking from her eye! speak; if very angry, a hundred.
HOW TO MANAGE CHILDREN.
TRUE BEAUTY. No art is so useful in the management BEAUTIFUL faces, they that wear of young children (nor is any art so much The light of a pleasant spirit there, peglected) as that of avoiding direct col. It matters little if dark or fair. lision. The grand blunder which almost Beautiful hands are they that do all parents and nurse inaids commit, is, The work of the noble, good, and true, that when the child takes up a whim Busy for them the long day through. against doing what he is wanted to do,
Beautiful feet are they that go will not eat his bread-and-butter, will not go out, will not come to lessons, &c.;
Swiftly to lighten another's woe (snow. they, so to speak, lay hold of his hind Througlı summer's heat or the winter's leg and drag him to his duties; whereas Beautiful children, if rich or poor, a person of tact can almost always llis
Who walk the pathways, sweet and pure, tract the child's attention from its own
That lead to the mansions strong and sure.
ANON. obstinacy, and, in a few moments, lead it gently round' to submission. I know that many persons would think it wrong
RESOLUTION. not to break down the child's self-will
“ RESOLUTIOX,” says a writer, "is by main force, to come to battle with it, omnipotent. And if we will solemnly and show him that he is the weaker ves
determine to make the most and the best sel; but my conviction is, that such strug- of all our powers and capacities; and if gles only tend to make his self-will more
to this end, with Wilberforoc, we will robust. If you can skilfully contrive to but seize and improve even the shortest lay the dispute aside for a few minutes, intervals of possible action and effort, we and hitch his thoughts off the excitement shall find that there is no limit to our adof the contest, ten to ope he will then
vancement." give in quite cheerfully; and this is far better for him than tears and punish
PATIENCE. ment. It is just the same witli colts.
God doth not need
Either man's work or his own gists;
who best TABLE MANNERS FOR LITTLE
Bear his mild yoke, they serve him best: FOLKS.
his state IN silence I must take my seat,
Is kingly; thousands at his bidding speed And give God thanks before I eat;
And post o'er land and ocean without rest; Must for my food in patience wait, Till I am asked to hand my plate.
They also serve who only stand and wait.
JOHN MILTON. I must not scold, nor whine, nor pout, Nor move my chair or plate about.
How much trouble he avoids who does With knife, or fork, or napkin ring, not look to see what his neighbor says, I must not play, nor must I sing.
or docs, or thinks, - but only to what I must not speak a useless word,
he does himself, that it may be just and For children must be seen, not hcard,
pure. . . . Remember, too, on every occaI must not talk about my food,
sion which leads thee to vexation to apNor fret if I don't think it good.
ply this principle : that this is not a misMy mouth with food I must not crowd, fortune, but that to bear it nobly is good Nor while I'm cating speak aloud. fortune. Must turn my head to couglı or sneeze,
THE EMPEROR MARCUS ANTONIXUS.
A HOME ARGUMENT.
By one decisive argument
To fix the bridal day. My chair away with noiseless foot; " Why in such haste, dear Tom, to wed ? And list my lieart to God above, I shall not change my mind," she said, lu praise for all his wondrous love.
“ But then," says he, “I may.”
A CHILD'S REBUKE.
FISHING FOR A COMPLIMENT. - А A PERSON who could better preach pa- young man having preached for a revtience than practise it, was always irri-erend doctor, was anxious to get a word tated when he found his grandchildren in of applause for his labor of love. The his study. One day one of these little grave doctor, however, did not introduce children was standing by his mother's the subject, and his younger brother was side, and she was speaking to him of obliged to bait the look for him. “I heaven.
“ Ma," said he, "I don't want hope, sir, I did not weary your people by to go to heaven.” “Don't want to go to
the length of my sermon to-day?". "No, heaven, my son?" “No, ma, I'm sure sir, not at all; nor by the depth either!" I don't." "Why not, my son?” “Why, The young man was silent. grandpa will be there wou't he's “Wly, yes, I hope he will." - Well, just
NEVER delay as soon as lic sces us, he'll come scolding To do the duty, which the hour brings, along, and say, 'Thew, whow! what are Whether it be in great or smaller things; these boys here for?' Í don't want to go
For who doth know to leaven if grandpa is going to be there.” What he shall do the coming day: ANON.
THE GRAND LANDMARKS OF ANSWERS TO ENIGMAS, CONUNMORALITY.
DRUMS, &C., IN LAST YEAR'S Is the darkest hour through which the
ALMANAC. soul ean pass, whatever else is doubtful, ANSWERS TO ENIGMAS. this at least is certain: If there be no
1. A river, 2. A secret. God, and no future state, yet even then it is better to be generous than selfish,
ANSWERS TO CHARADES.better to be chaste than licentious, better
1. Sparerib. 2. Leap frog. 3. Insatiate. to be true than false, to be brave rather ANS. TO LOGOGRAPH. - Skill, kill, ill. than a coward. Blessed beyond all earthly blessedness is the man who, in the tem
ANSWER TO GEOMETRICAL PROBpestuous darkness of the soul, has dared LEM. - Triangles, squares, and hexagons, to hold fast to these venerable landmarks.
are the only regular figures that can be REV. F. W. ROBERTSON.
used; for ihese are the only figures
whose angles will exactly divide the anTHE STARS.
gular space around the polnt of junction. They glide upon their endless way,
ANSWERS TO CONUNDRUMS. – Forever calin, forever bright;
1. The dark. No blind hurry, no delay,
2. Short. Marks the Daughters of the Night; 3. To cover his head. They follow in the track of Day
4. The letter a-because it makes her” Ín divine delight,
lear." And, 0, how still beneath the stars
CHARADES. The once wild, noisy earth doth lic!
1. As though she now forsook her jars,
My first is French, my second English,
My first a useful instrument
My second's lord of all creation,
Nor whence, nor what your light. My thiril, my second made with art, Be, still, a dream throughout the day, To trade with many a foreign part. A blessing through the night. My whole you'll see, that, when combined,
A useful art to all you'll find. JOHN HUNTER, the great anatomist, and founder of the celebrated Hunterin
ENIGMAS. Museum, when asked what method he
1. had adopted to insure success in his un
In spring I am gay in my attire; in dertakings, replied, My rule is, deliberately to consider, before I commence; spring; and in winter I go naked.
summer I wear more clothing than in whether the thing be practicable. If it be
2. not practicable, I do not attempt it. If it Formed long ago, yet made to-day, be practicable, I can accomplish it if I give sufficient pains to it; and, having begun, What few would like to give away,
And most employed when others sleep, I never stop till the thing is done. Το
And fewer still to keep. this rule I owe all my success.”
How TO BUY TEXDER GEESE. - It was Platt Evans of Cincinnati who taught
RIDDLE. his friends how to buy tender geese, but there was a man who had no eyes, he couldn't always get them in market. He went abroad to view the skies; One morning he saw a lot, and inquired He saw a tree with apples on it, of the farmer how many there were.
He took no apples off, yet left no apples " About a dozen," was the reply. “W-w
on it. well,” said Platt, “I k-k keep b-b-board
ARITHMETICAL PROBLEM. ing-house, and iny b-b-boarders are the
A farmer, being asked how many sheep darndest e-caters you ever s-s-saw. P-p: he had, said, “Yonder flock contains 1920; pick out n-n-nine of the t-t-toughest of which my neighbor Smith owns twice youve -s-cot.”. The farmer complied, as many as 1; Mr. Jones owns 3 times as and laid aside the other three tender many as Smith; and Mr. Dow owns twice ones. Platt picked them up carefully, as many as Jones; and all three of them and putting them in his basket, said, “I
own , of what I do not own." How b-b-believe I'll t-t-take these three."
many had he ? A COCKNEY tourist met with a Scotch lassie going barefoot towards Glasgow.
CONUNDRUMS. “ Lassie,” said he,“ I should like to know
1. What tree bears the most fruit to if all the people in this part go barefoot
market? ed?” “Part of 'ein do, and the rest of 'em mind their own business," was the reply.
2. Why is the letter S like a furnace in
a battery? An Irish postboy having driven a gen- 3. Why is a room full of married folks tleman a long stage during torrents of like a room that is empty? rain, was asked if he was not very wet. 4. What is that which no man wants, " Arrah, I wouldn't care about being very but which, if any man has, he will not wet, if I wasn't so very dry, yer honor." | part with for the world?
The Dairy Farm. LET U8 consider for a moment the general cropping of the dairy farm. We have, it is plain, essentially a stock farm. Everything must be subservient to the interests of stock. If grain is cultivated, it should be for the purpose of supplying the necessities of stock at certain seasons of the year, and raising grain to sell, as a farm crop, is not to be thought of. A grain crop is exhaustive, and grain-growing on anything like an extended scale, in this part of the country, cannot be followed for any length of time, except in connection with sheep husbandry, which offers the means of abundant supplies of manure especially adapted to grain. But on a dairy farm the grass and hay crop will be the main reliance, and the money products will be those of the dairy, in some of its forms, as milk, or butter, or cheese, while all farm products not turned into these articles should go to market on four legs, in the shape of calves and fattened animals, as cow8 past their period of profitable produation, and such as fail to come up to the standard adopted, which should be as high as practicable, and constantly progressive.
Grass, therefore, to be cut and cured as hay, will cover the larger proportion of the arable land; and this should, of course, be in a high state of cultivation and productiveness; and if we make a specialty of grass-growing and dairy farming, there is no reason why it should not be. Keeping a large stock enables the farmer to prepare his composts, and to top dress 80 liberally as to secure this end. While the system of grain farming is exhaustive, that of dairy or stock farming, properly managed, is constantly improving, as it furnishes the means of the most liberal supplies of manure.
We need not stop to dwell upon the varieties of grass, though this is a subject not to be overlooked. The grasses should be adapted to the nature of the soil. We know that fine old pastures are the best for butter as well as for beef, and this should furnish us a hint as to the grasses to be grown for hay. Clover is not very good for either purpose, butter or beef, but early cut and properly cured clover is good to increase the flow of milk to be sold as milk. June or blue grass and orchard grass, however, are excellent, and so is young tender red-top. Frequent top-dressings have a tendency to make the grasses finer, while early cutting preserves their juices and retains their milk-producing qualities. The grasses should all be cut before the change into woody fibre takes place, and they should not be over-cured, or too long exposed to the withering heats of the sun.
But it is chiefly the cultivated, hoed crops of the dairy farm, to which we would call especial attention. These should be planned with reference chiefly to the sup. ply of winter nourishment of the stock, in addition to the usual crops of hay and other forage plants of that description.
We are more and more convinced every year that root crops should constitute, if not the basis, at least a far more considerable part of our feeding for dairy stock through the winter months than they do. And it is a source of some satisfaction to find that during the last ten years the cultivation of these crops has been vastly extended.
The mangold and the sugar beet are much more generally grown now than they were a few years ago, while the Swedish turnip or ruta baga, as it is often called, has become well nigh universal. They form an important part of the winter feeding of dairy cows and other stock, and though tliey may not effect a very great saving of hay, they promote the health and the thrift of the animal that is fed upon them.
The fact is, roots come in not only as a most valuable condiment, or change of food to assist in keeping up the health of our stock, but they go farther than that, and do more than any other food in winter can to keep the tissues of the animal system open and in a state to prepare it for larger and more abundant secretions of milk in the succeeding spring and summer.
Shelter for Animals, An animal kept quiet and warm will fatten much more readily and with less consumption of food than one exposed. The experiment has been repeatedly tried, and with uniform results, Three equal lots of sheep, of nearly equal weight, were fed separately for four months, in the following conditions. One was wholly unsheltered, another was allowed the run of an open shed, and a third kept in a close shed in the dark. The food was precisely alike, being one pound of oats each per day, and as many turnips as they would eat. The first lot ate nineteen hundred and twelve pounds of turnips, the second thirteen hundred and ninety-four pounds, and the third eight hundred and eighty-six pounds, less than half the weight eaten by the first lot. The first lot gained twenty-three and one half pounds in flesh, the second twenty-seven and a half pounds, the third twenty-eiglit and one fourth pounds. For every hundred rounds of turnips caten, the first lot gained in weight one and an eighth pounds, the second two pounds, and the third three and one sixteenth pounds. Those kept in the dark ate less than half the first lot, and gained the most.
Diking in Salt Marshes. It is gratifying to be able to state that the improvement of the extensive tracts of salt marshes along the shores of Massachusetts has already begun. Green Harbor Marsh, of nearly fifteen hundred acres, in the town of Marshfield, has been diked in at an expense of more than thirty thousand dollars, and thic results are already apparcnt, though it is yet too soon to state precisely the economy of the operation. It must still be regarded as an experiment, though there can be little doubt that it will prove to be a great success, or that the reclamation of the wide range of salt marshes will add largely to the productive capacity of this state.
Salt marshes may be considered as the result of tidal accumulations, to which have been added the debris of the various geological formations along the adjacent coast, consisting of the mineral and organic matter carried down by streams emptying into the tidal basins. The composition of the soil thus formed will of course differ somewhat, according to the character of the sediment of creeks and streams coming in from the interior country, or the washings of the surrounding uplands. At the same time, it is reasonable to suppose that they will have a generally striking similarity of character. They are all composed, to a large extent of course, of the settled scourings of the ocean, resembling, often, certain layers of sand, loam, or marl, which form the sea-bottom lands of preceding geological epochs, while they are all modified, to a greater or less extent, by fresh water, as already indicated.
Changes in the natural vegetation of salt marshes will take place slowly after the sea water is shut off by means of dikes. It takes time to alter the mechanical as well as the chemical condition of the soil, but all experience shows that such change will take place, aud that the vegetation will be improved gradually, even without artificial aid. Northern Europe presents us with abundant evidence of this, and the low lands of Holland, reclaimed from the sea, are among the richest and most pro. ductive in the world.
One of the grandest experiments in this direction was the drainage of the Haarlem Sea, in Holland. It originally consisted of four small inland lakes, and, at the tine its improvement was undertaken by the government in 1840, its area was forty-five thousand acres, and its depth fifteen feet. This sea was surrounded by a wall fifteen to sixteen feet high, on the top of which a ditch was dug to receive and convey away the water thrown into it by numerous pumps. The first cost per acre for the improvement was forty-two dollars, increased by the expense of roads, drains, and other improvements, to au aggregate of four million tive hundred thousand dollars, two thirds of which was received back for the sale of lands so drained, while the taxation pays a good interest on the balance.
So great was the success of this enterprise that the lands, after the first year's cultivation, rose to three times the original cost, and the present annual production often amounts to more than one hundred dollars per acre in value. About half of these reclaimed lands are still kept in grass. There is now a population of about ten thousand living within the basin of the former sea.
The scientific investigations instituted in the Green Harbor Marsh, already referred to, show that there is in the soil an ample supply of plant-food for future crops, and that with sufficient time for the requisite changes in the chemical and physical condition of the marsh-deposit, the proper cultivation will abundautly repay all the labor, and time, and money that have been or that may hereafter be devoted to it.
The Currant Worm. THis insect has been of great trouble to the New England farmer and gardener for the last few years, stripping the leaves and often very nearly destroying the bushes, Now, the currant is one of the most delicious, healthful, and valuable fruits, and worthy of careful cultivation and preservation. When the first signs of the attack of the currant worm appear, dust the bushes thoroughly with dry wood ashes, when they are wet with the morning dew, or directly after a shower. If this simple operation is repeated two or three times, at intervals of a few days, it is effectual.
Powdered white hellebore is generally recommended, and it is a sure cure for the injury of this pest, or, rather, a sure preventive; but as this substance is poison, it is desirable to avoid its use if the damage can be prevented in any other way, though the rains would be likely to wash it completely from the bushes before tlie currants ripen, If hellebore is used, wash the currauts before eating.
Improvement of Pastures. The improvement of pastures will be governed somewhat by the general system adopted on the farm and the circumstances of the farmer. If, as is often the case, the farm is such as to raise far more from the mowing and arable lands than from the lauds devoted to pasturage, - that is, enough to keep more stock in winter than it is possible to feed in suinmer, it shows that there is a want of balance, so to speak, and that greater effort should be bestowed upon the summer pasturage in proportion to that applied to the tillage lands. If, on the other hand, the farmer can