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medans, and have all fallen from the the Mediterranean, have here fixed truth and purity of the Gospel. their head-quarters. Here the Church
The late Dr. Claudius Buchanan and London Missionary Societies and first called the attention of the Society the American Board of Missions have to these Ancient Churches; and sug- Printing Establishments, from which gested the placing among them of great numbers of Books and Tracts pious and learned men,who should en are issued in the chief Languages of deavour, in dependence on the grace the Mediterranean; and which are of the Holy Spirit, to bring them back circulated from Malta round all its to that state of Scriptural Truth and shores. Holiness from which they had fallen. The Society was aware in fixing As the people of these Churches live Mr. Jowett at Malta, that, under the intermingled with Jews, Mahome- circumstances just stated, he could dans, and Heathens, they would be- not publicly exercise his Ministry in come, should it please God to restore that island. The British, both civil them from their fallen condition, the and militáry, were provided with Gobest Missionaries to the unconverted vernment Chaplains; and though Disaround them: as they would be tho- senters from the Established Church roughly acquainted with their lan- 'had liberty, under the sanction of the guages and modes of thinking; and Governor, to open Places of Worship would know, therefore, the most like- for persons of their respective comly methods of bringing them to un- munions, Clergymen of that Church derstand and receive the Truth as it were debarred, by the circumstances is in Jesus.
of the island, from publicly exercising The Rev. William Jowett, then their Ministry, otherwise than as GoFellow of St. John's College, Cam- vernment Chaplains. This has been bridge, first devoted himself to this felt by Mr. Jowett, in particular, as labour. He established himself 'at having, usually resided in Malta, as a Malta, with Mrs. Jowett, in the year very serious deprivation, and calling 1815; since which time, 20 other for submission and self-denial: but, Labourers have proceeded to the from the first, he availed himself of Mediterranean from the Society: such means of spiritual edification of of these, 4 have departed in the faith; others as were within his power, 5 have retired from the work; and having opened his house every Saturthe rest are prosecuting their la- day Evening to all who would attend, bours.
for social worship and exposition of The head-quarters of the Mission the Soriptures in English; and this are in the celebrated Island of Malta, he did on Tuesday Evening's also, for which lies a little to the south of Si- worship and exposition, sometimes in cily., The inhabitants are Roman Ca- Italian and sometimes in Maltese, so tholics; and when Malta was surren- long as any persons would attend : dered to the British in the war of the but the jealousy of the Roman CathoFrench Revolution, it was stipulated, lics deters many, who would attend that no attempt should be made to if they could act freely. disturb the people in the profession of The Society's Labourers in Malta their religion. This stipulation having itself are not Missionaries, therefore, been granted by the British, this island in the sense of Public Preachers: yet is not itself a sphere of Missionary they are Missionaries in a most imLabour; but it is so advantageously portant sense; for they are supplying situated for intercourse with all the their fellow-labourers who travel far surrounding shores, and affords such and wide with the means of commusecurity to Missionaries, that the dif- nicating and perpetuating Religious ferent Societies, both in Britain and Knowledge. In the years 1825, 1826, America, which employ Labourers in and 1827, the Society's Press issued
printed in the Appendix to the
Three Millions of pages of different sion takes a wide range in its proReligious Tracts and Books: of 16 ceedings; and as those who are endifferent Works in Italian, 13,500 co- gaged in it are debarred, in a great pies were printed ; of 17 in Mødern measure, by the peculiar circumGreek, 18,000, and of 17 in Arabic, stances of these countries, from the 23,000. Almost all these works direct work of Missionaries, in openly were compiled and translated, with preaching to assembled bodies of great labour, by Mr. Jowett, or un Gentiles the unsearchable riches of der his constant superintendence, and Christ, they are the more assiduous in were carried through the press by availing themselves of all those means him. The Rev. C. F. Schlienz has which are open to them—the use of now joined him in the arduous work, the press, friendly conference, and sounder which, together with his ex- cial and public addresses as they have tensive correspondence and gene- opportunity. ral superintendence of the Society's Mr. Jowett twice visited Egypt Mission, his health so seriously suf and several parts of Greece, and, in fered, that the Committee felt it to be 1822, the result of his observations their duty to invite him to visit home was given in a Volume of “ Christian a second time for the recruiting of Researches in the Mediterranean": his strength. While in this country, in 1823 and 1824, 'he visited another he carried through the press a Trans- quarter, an account of which appearlation of the Four Gospels and the ed in 1825, under the title of ChrisActs of the Apostles into Maltese, tian Researches in Syria and the Holy which it was necessary to print in Land." These Volumes contain a England, as the circulation of them most valuable body of information would not be allowed in Malta if for the future guidance of Missionary printed in that Island.
Labours in these parts, the benefit of The advantages, however, of print- which other Missionaries continually ing in Malta rather than in England feel and thankfully acknowledge. are decisive. The cost is less, from In the Instructions delivered to Mr. the comparative cheapness of living Jowett, previous to his recent return and wages-the requisite native help to his labours in the Mediterranean, is procurable to an extent not prac the Committee recommended the conticable at home publications issued tinuance of his residence at Malta, as from Maltą are received more freely åffording peculiar facilities for the dithan those printed in England-and rection of the Press and the general better and more frequent opportuni- superintendence of the Mission. The ties of circulation offer on
change, however, in Mr. Jowett's doOn Mr. Jowett's first proceeding mestic circumstances, and the efficient to the Mediterranean, a Code of In system to which the Press has been structions was given to him, which is brought, and which has been kept up ciety's Sixteenth Report. Two points fit opportunity to Mr. Jowett to rewere chiefly placed before him-the sume, as circumstances allow, the laacquiring of Information relative to bours of RESEARCH.' It has been for the State of Religion, and of Society, many years an object with the Society with the best Means of its meliora
to attempt something for North-Afrition, and the Propagation of Chris and while the work of Research tian Knowledge by the Press, by has been carried sufficiently far in the Journeys into the surrounding coun other countries round the Mediterratries, and by the Education of the nean, for the guidance of those efforts Natives of those countries. These which the Society at present has it in objects have been ever kept in view. its power to make, and additional It is obvious, therefore, that this Mis- information is from time to time
acquired by those who are actually Abyssinian, Girgis; whose heart is employed in more direct Missionary bound to them, there is reason to beLabours, a share of Mr. Jowett's at-' lieve, by the strongest tie which can tention will be directed to North unite man to man the reception of Africa; and, while the Press, the spiritual benefit through them: and means of improving the Translations they will carry with them, the best already executed, and the advance- present which one Christian Land can ment of Education will be kept in make to another Word of God mind, he will endeavour to obtain as in the vernacular tongue of its inhaaccurate and extensive information as , bitants. 1 18. rele practicable, relative to this part of, We shall now proceed to give some the world, and thereby facilitate the account of the proceedings of the execution of the Society's plans, Missionaries.cap1375 should it hereafter be in a condition, " Proceedings and Plans of Missionaries in with respect to Funds and Labourers,
Egypt. to act upon them.
The Rev. J.R. T. Lieder's JourThe Rev. John Hartley and the nal of his visit to the Faiqum in UpRev. Dr. Korck have been for some per Egypt, with various other intertime labouring in Turkey, Greece, esting details and a general view of and the Archipelago; and in the cir- the Mission, will be found (pp. 172 culation of the Scriptures and other
-188, 230 237, 308) in the Mis. Books, in the promotion of Educa- sionary Register of last year. tion, in their endeavours privately to Mr. Lieder had contemplated a semake known the Truth, and occa- cond Journey to the Faicum, but an atsionally in the public Preaching of it, tack of sickness compelled him to sushave met with a degree of encourage pend his intention. On this interrupment, which, under all circumstances, tion
of his plans, he writes, in July could scarcely have been expected.
I felt extreme sorrow at not being able Four German Missionaries the several times I was willing to leave, not
to undertake my journey to the Faioum: Rev. Messrs. Krusé and Lieder in withstanding my illness; but Dr. Dussap Egypt, and the Rev. Messrs. Gobat and all the Brethren continually disand Kugler, destined for Abyssinia suaded me from doing it, representing are in connection with the Society. to me the danger to which I evidently
In Egypt, the Missionaries have should expose myself. Finally, I threw distributed
copies of the Arabic my concerns upon the Lord, who also Scriptures and Tracts, and have suc- now too late, on account of the great ceeded in the establishment of Schools heat, I am obliged to postpone it till at Caïro. moll och beird) 21 next Autumnzi; *3qo) to pogot?
The way to the distant Church of Besides, the leisure afforded him, Abyssinia has been remarkably open- when convalescent, for improving his ed by Providence; both in preparing knowledge of the Arabie, Mr. Lieder the Scriptures for that country, and in found this, in other respects, not an bringing the Missionaries acquainted unprofitable season: in reference to with some most promising Natives." it he writes.'! Some obstacles havé retarded the at It was a school of the Holy Spirit, in tempt to establish this Mission; but, which I found much tò learn. as Mr. Kugler arrived at Caïro from too much inclined to think of ourselves this country, and it was the intention as being something, and even something of Mr. Gobat and himself to set for- almost indispensable; therefore the Lord ward in the Autumn, it
frequently shews us that we are unnebe hoped may
cessary, and that it is mere mercy, on that they are now on their way to that His part, if He makes use of us, as fėlinteresting region. They will have low-labourers in the building of His been preceded, and will be heartily Temple. welcomed, if he still live, by the young
At the date of the above commu
Alkebir, and from thence, by land, with live there as Christians Eypt, in order to and proceed by'water to Fua. Fuá is ' scorn only, have found a sudden death.
bave witnessed the fact with our treat with his Schoolmaster, who is the to visit many places by water, I think
nication, Mr. Lieder's health was so distinguished; who, according to the far restored,
that he was shortly about Copts, was born a Copt. He makes his to visit the Delta, carrying with him, appearance on horseback, with the spear for distribution, a supply of the Scrip- in his hand, and
in the act of killing the tures and Tracts: the following is wishes to see him, be addicted to any
Dragon. But, in the case that one, who the plan which he gives of his intend- vice, St. George raises up his spear, ed journey :
rushes' in upon him, and suddenly the From the southern corner of the Delta, man dies: or if a man be possessed of I purpose sailing down the eastern arm an evil spirit, he likewise raises up his of the Nile as far as Damietta, visiting spear and drives out the spirit. The all the cities and villages on both sides Copts assert, that tltese miracles are perwhere Christians dwell, and staying at formed on account of the Mahomedans, to every place as long as requisite. From convince them of the truth and godliness Danietta I shall return to Mansur, of the Christian Religion ; and that which lies on the eastern bank of the many Mahomedans, who had gone there arm, where many Christians lives from through curiosity, had been persuaded, Mansur, either pass over to Mabalele and had gone
secret, escaping camels or mules, to Fúa ; or else sail murder for public profession ; but many, round the southern corner of the Delta, who had gone there for the purpose of the only place on the western coast of All our arguments against the reality this island where there are some Chrisa and our demonstration of the unworthitians; but even these few are not natives ness and abominableness of these things of the place, but only employed as clerks were of no avail: they continually said, to the Pacha. From Fua, I think of “We going to Rosetta; where I have not yet
go yourself, and behold it." been, and which' is inhabited by many Of his future plans, Mr.'Lieder Christians: from thence I intend to
thus writes:proceed to Alexandria, for the purpose
I hope next Autumn to visit the Fai. of forming friendly connection with the Copts; and, as Mr. MacPherson is likely avail myself of the inundation of the Nile,
oum and Upper Egypt. "As I can then to leave ere long for England, I wish to hest Teacher that we have seen since we of proceeding first to Upper Egypt; and have been in Egypt.
therefore, request you to send to me for From Mansur, Mr. Lieder ex
that voyage the following books: 100
* Arabic Bibles-200 New Testaments ed his intention of visiting a cele- 200 Acts of the Apostles—200 Gospels brated place of Pilgrimage of the -100 Psalms, Coptic and Arabic—600 Copts; where, every Spring, not only Genesis' 400 Parables of our Lord large numbers of Copts are collect- Jesus Christ—400 Prodigal Son-300 ed, but, from curiosity, many Roman- Sower-200 End of Time 200 Watts's ists, Greeks, and Armenians. Mr. Catechism, yra Lieder gives the following account:
The opening of a Girls' School at of this place of general resort :-.5
Caïro was mentioned in the Register, It lies, at 8 or 9 hours' distance, east-il p. 308; an important step, as Mr. erly from Mansur in the Desert,
and is Lieder remarks, in the Missionary called Sette Gemiane. A great Saint field of Egypt: he states, in February: of the Copts, after whose name it is call. The number of girls at present is 9 : ed, is buried there; in whose sepul. Mrs. Krusé teaches them to read and chre, every year, a pretended miracle is sew, both of which are very desirable. performed. If a person, the people say, For reading alone, no girl would come to is desirous to see any Saint-as, for in. school, as their parents cannot yet perstance, Sette Gemiane or the Mother ceive what use they can derive from of our Lord—on entering into that se this acquirement; and, therefore, they pulchre the Saint makes his appearance only learn to read in order to learu sew. to him, not in his natural stature, but in ing at the same time. But if once they a smaller and fiery shape. Among the perceive the great benefit which reading Saints, it is said, St. George is singularly affords to them, they will consider the
latter as secondary. May the Lord facts, from information and observation, crown this small beginning with His respecting the inhabitants of Africa, as blessing !
will prove the best refutation of the The following extract from a Let- great errors of many Philosophers in ter written by Mr. Krusé shews the Europe, who disdain the idea of acvaluable aid afforded by the Malta knowledging the black Africans as brePress: he writes thus :
thren belonging to tbe same family of
which they are members. Let them We should gladly receive a further
attentively listen to the report respecting supply of the Parables, as mosi probably we shall be able to dispose of a good will certainly perceive, that there is more
a tribe of these despised people, and they many of those which we have received, fear of God, and less vice to be met with, The Tract entitled Traveller and yourself” will also soon be gone. As among this people, than it is awful to the rest, we are fully provided with Europeans exhibit in their conduct at
to say-the majority of well-instructed Bibles, Testaments, Gospels, Psalms, home and abroad. and Arabic Tracts: do not send any that the Africans of the interior ex
It is remarkable, more Greek Tracts before we write for tremely despise and abhor white people, them again. I rejoice to say, that we have never been so rich in Bibles and
on account of the truly-abominable Slave. other books as we are now, especially dence, that such Africans have higher and
Trade. This is an unquestionable evi. since we received the three cases from
more just feelings than the advocates of Smyrna, containing 120 Bibles, 200
Slavery... The people from Darfur, and Testaments, 700 Psalms, 33 Genesis, and 50 Syriac Testaments; and we hope that
other neighbouring tribes, invade the in. all will soon find their way to the terior at least every second year--and Christian Families in this country. One the criminal purpose of murdering every
sometimesevery year-with no other than thing I forgot to mention in my last individual who refuses to exchange his Letter, that a Syrian Catholic Priest has liberty for the cruel fetters of Slavery. already entreated me six times to pro- It is not surprising to hear that the cure for him a Bible, or the Venetian edition of the Syriac Old Testament people of Darfur * believe that the white
people are cannibals; for these inva. Have the kindness to send it, as soon as
sions are frequently repeated, and mul.
titudes of their friends and neighbours Mr. Kugler, in a Letter from
• are successively carried away to a far Caïro, mentions, that he had made country, whence scarcely a single indisome proficiency in the study of the vidual ever returns; the invaders taking Tigré. Dialect; and that he had met only young people, and putting aged with two Abyssinian Pilgrims--one a individuals to the sword, these awful Priest, the other a Layman-return- facts certainly afford reasons to them for ing from Jerusalem, with whom he i the idea that their unfortunate friends conversed in that language.
and relations have become a prey to can.
• nibals. I know an individual who refused states
eating meat for a fortnight in Egypt, sup| The subject of our conversation was posing that these people were cannibals. Religion. I read a little Ethiopic, to it is utterly impossible to describe the them, and explained it in Tigre : they cruelty with which these poor slaves are appeared to be much enlivened by hear- treated by those who capture them: ing--most likely the first time--the pure sometimes whole families are taken ; and Gospel in their own language : it was a
this sad circumstance increases their torcordial to their souls. They understand
ments. It happens frequently, that an Amharic; and I am much gratified at individual of such an unfortunate family finding my Amharic Spelling-book is as
occasions the destruction of his friends. well understood as I anticipated. The I am informed, by an eye-witness, that Abyssinians are much pleased with it. We long exceedingly for the remainder clinging to their fainting friends ; de
persons are seen, during the journey, of the Amharic New Testament.
claring to their cruel drivers, that they Mr. Kugler gives an affecting account of the
The slaves of the interior, probably, who are Atrocities of North-African Slavery.
kept there in employment, and see hundreds and
thousands of slaves passing by to Egypt and other I shall always be glad to collect such