« ElőzőTovább »
mons, that his earneft endeavours to for the town of Derby,vice Lord George effect the restoration of Peace have been Henry Cavendish, who has accepted of Lohappily frustrated, and that the ne the Chiltern Hundreds. gotiation in which he was cogaged has The Order of the Day was moved been abruptly broken off, by the peo by Mr. William Dundas, for calling to rempeory refusal of the French Govern. the Bar Alexander Morris, who was ment to treat, except upon a basis evi: held in custody for having disobeyed the deatly inadmisible, and by their having, lummons of the Southwark Committee. in consequence, 'required his Majesty's The Speaker, when Morris was Pienipotentiary to quit Paris within 48 brought to the bar, very severely reprihours.
manded his conduct, as an infraction of “ His Majesty has directed the feve. the privileges of that House, it hava ral Memorials and Papers which have ing greatly embarralied the course of been exchanged in the course of the late justice. He, and the persons implicated discuffion, and the account transmitted with him, mut now have learned that to his Majefty of its final refult; to be the energy of the House was fully equal Baid before the House.
to the support of its dignity. He had, "From these Papers his Majesty trusts however, it was thought, experienced it will be proved to the whole worid, enough of its rigour for the purpose of that his conduct has been guided by a example, and was now to partake of its fincere desire to effect the restoration of lenity. Peace on principles suited to the rela. He was ordered, on motion, to be sve fituation of the belligerent Powers, discharged on paying his fees. and effential for the permanent intereits Mr. Canning brought up a Declara. of his Kingdoms, and the general secu- tion from his Majesty, dated 27th Derity of Europe, whilft his enemies have cember 1796, and moved that the fame advanced pretentions at once inconiift- be laid on the table. (See p. 50.) ent with those objects, un supported even Mr. Grey observed, that as the citle. on the grounds on which they were pro. of this Declaration did not in the imai, felled to rest, and repugnant to the left degree intimate any part of its conSyftem established by repeated Treaties, tents, it was necessary that it should be and to the principles and practice which read by the Clerk at the table. have hitherto regulated the intercourse The Declaration was accordingly of independent nations.
read. " In this fituation his Majesty has the Mr. Canning moved, That the Order consolation of reflecting, that the con for taking his Majesty's Mellage into tinuance of the calamities of war can consideration, which food for Thursday: be imputed only to the unjust and exor. next, should be discharged, and that bitant views of his enemies. And his the Meflage be taken into consideration Majefty, looking forward with anxiety on Friday." to the moment when they may be dis. After a few words from Mr. Grer, posed to act on different principles, General 'Tarleton, &c. the Order of places, in the mean time, the fulleli re the Day for taking his Majesty's Mere liance, under the protection of Provi. fage into consideration was fixed for Frie deace, on the wisdom and firmness of day. bis Parliament ; ou the tried valour of WEDNESDAY, DEC. 28. his forces by sea and land ; and on the Printed copies of the Memorials and zeal, public spirit, and resources of his Papers exchanged between Lord MalKingdoms, for vigorous and effectual meiburg and Delacroix, on the subje& support in the profecution of a contest of the late Negociacion, were presented, which does not depend on his Majesty and ordered to lie on the table. (See to terminate, and which involves in it
page 41.) the security and permanent interests of THURSDAY, DEC. 29. this Country, and of Europe.
Mr. Long brought up the Bill for the
is G. R." Relief, Infiruction, and Emplovinene Mr. Dundas moved, that his Majef- of the Poor. He said, that his Right ty's Mellage be taken into consideration Hon. Friend, who had proposed the cd Thursday, which was agreed to. Bill, was prevented by in disposition
from attending the House. Gentlemen TUESDAY, DEC. 27.
were already apprizer, that it was his New Writs were ordered for the county Right Hon. Friend's with that the Bill' 6 Derby, vice Lardjohn Cavenditha mould go through A Cosmittee previa
ous to the recess; in order that the blanks to rely : that at all events their demand might be filled up, and that'it thould be of an Ultimatum was as improper, as it printed for the perusal and confideration was unprecedented, and calculated for of the Members, intending that it Ihould no purpose but to put an end to the be recommitted after the holidays. He Negociation. As to the great point, 1hould therefore move, that the Bill be the fine qua non of the reftitution of the read a first time.
Netherlands, he remarked thar less we It was read a first and second time. could not afk for, at the commencement
of a negociation, for our Allies, with: FRIDAY, DECEMBER 30. out the consent of the Emperor, and no The Order of the Day being read for such consent had been obtained. In taking his Majesty's Message into consi- the subsequent stages, however, even deration,
this ftipulation might bave undergone cerMr. Pitt began by ftating, that various tain modifications by concessions else. and important considerations would arise where. Welikewise infifted upon the from the discution of this subject, and evacuation of Italy by the French a variety of opinions would, no doubt, troops ; but Savoy, Nice, and Avignon prevail ; but all must concur in senti- did not come within the scope of this ments of regret at the abrupt failure of description. the negociation, and the necessity of per Upon the whole, he contended, that severing in a contest undertaken, how the offer to France was fair, just, and ever, in consequence of complicated ag- liberal; an offer, which thewed our greffions on the part of the enemy, for anxiety for a specdy restoration of peace, the independence of Great Britain, and and merited a fair and candid discussion the general security of Europe. These from the enemy. feelings of regret and disappointment He commented at great length on the were, however, he trusted, unaccom. Confidential Memorial delivered on the panied by defpondency.
peace with Spain and Holland, and also If it should appear that Ministers were on Lord Malmesbury's conversation Gocere and delirous for peace, on prin- with the French Minister for Foreign ciples which ought to render it adequate Affairs on this subject. and permanent, the attempt; though Holland, considered with a reference unsuccessful, would not be lof. It to its former connection with this counwould convince Europe, that the enemy try, and its transfer to the scale of was the file cause of the prolongation of France,' must render the restoration of the war; it would tend to unite England any of the Colonies conquered by Great and to divide France.
Britain from her gratuitous. What After the proposals had been made, France had extorted from Holland (the and terms founded on equitable grounds Dutch Netherlands), if restored, might had been offered ; after refusing to suf. be the means of securing the Netherfer those terms to be discussed ; after lands, and might form a useful barrier the infulting order for his Majesty's to Holland ittelf; but Holland being Minifter to quit Paris ; and after he connected with France, France had no would not call it the semblance, but ine right to demand any of those conquests mockery of negociation on the part of the in behalf of Holland. Enemy) this country had no option or Whether there was any thing so inalternative as to the ultimate line of temperate in the deportment of Lord Bunduct it ought to adopt.
Malmesbury, or so very extravagant Mr. Pitt then entered into a general and unreasonable in his demands, as to review of all the circumstances attend. warrant the strong and insulting niea. ing the overtures that had been made in sures adopted by the Directory, he order to a pacification ; beginning with would leave to the common justice, even Mr. Wickham's correspondence with of the greatest advocates of France to Mouf. Barthelemi, at Ballc, and going decide. Yet on the moment of our Mithrough the whole of the State Papers. nister's withdrawing, they propose a This he did in a most able, candid, and new balis of their own, refusing to treat manly manner; and from them he on our projet, or to give one of their fhcwed that the conduct of the French own; and after rejecting Negociation Directory was inconsiltent not only with with our authorised Minister, delire to their own professions, but with the very vegaciate by means of couriers. And Constitution on which they pretended here again was a Audious refinement
upon infult, in which the House would cessful; there could be none between mark a perverseness new and unexam- the Freuch Government and his Ma. pled.
jefty's Ministers; and if Gentlemen Alluding to the proposition of annex. had personal motives for preferring the ing to France all her conquests by an Minitter, and should think every bazard internal law, Mr. Pitt said, that it was of war ought to be incurred to destroy too absurd for even the most infatuated French principles; they must choose be. friends of France and French conduct tween the Minister and peace, for they to fapport. No one would be so insane were incompatible. Could the French as to contend that all the treaties, laws, Directory believe perfons to be in earand relations, which bound together the neft to conclude peace with them, who various nations of Europe, were to be had declared the country was in danger preliminarily surrendered at the feet of the moment peace arrived from the in. that country
flux of French principles : Unless Milo the phrenfy arising from some idle nifters disavowed the principles of the report of a descent upon Ireland, it was war, there could be no hopes of peace, fortunate they did not think of annexing Mr. Fox, after discusling a variety of that country as a department to France; subjects introduced in Mr. Pitt's speech, it was happy they did not think of an entered into a full examination and hisa nexing the City and Liberties of Weft- tory of the negociation. He infifted airfter to indivifible France.
upon the abfurdity and imbecility of He believed, and indeed he was fure, Lord Malmesbury's mision; who was that there was not a man in bis Majesty's fent to treat on subjects on which he had Councils wbo would ever gield 10 fucb no power to conclude any terms, and duygraceful bumiliation as suing for peace with powers to come to a definitive coniz ibe mode prescribed. He boped tbere clufion on subjects of which he was not were cut few in obe British Parliament empowered to treat. The terms prosubo would agree to ir ; and be irufted, posed to France left her nothing, and ibat ibere was not one Subject in bis Ma were not such as the Allies were jufti. jefy's dominions, wbo, knowing the dif- fed by their comparative circumstances grace of sucb a measure, would agree 10 in demanding. The Minister excelled be the Courier of it.
in artifice and fophiftry; but thefe were imprtffed with these feelings and con. not the qualities now wanted to give reviction, he would move an address to pose to Europe. The House, by affent. his Majesty, which he did to the usual ing to the Address, assented to the proeffect that is, echoing the Message.
secution of the war till Belgium was Mr. Erskine rose to oppose the Ado restored to the Emperor. He called on dress, and was entering into a detail of Gentlemen, if convinced of the prothe history of the war, when he was priety of such a principle, to avow it, taken suddenly ill, and lat dowo, unable and act openly, and not go into the to proceed.
country with false pretences of having Mr. Fox lamented that after a war of voted for peace : Parliament were not four years, in which 200 millions of in that credit with the country, and they money had been expended, 6,000,000l. did not deserve to be in that credit. edded to the annual taxes, and more [Here Mr. Fox was interrupted by blood shed cban at any period on record, Mr. Yorke, who called to order. Aftet Ministers were come to this point, to some observations from Mr. Yorke, Mr. complain of the haughty and inadmiffi. Serjeant Adair, and the Speaker, Mr. ble demands of the Freich government. Fux resumed his speech.) 'He declared He entered into an examination of the he did not mean to screen' himself ben papers before the House, of the argu. hind explanations ; he wished to speak ments adduced by the Minister, ridis' plainly; he was ftating, that the House culed the renewed affertion of France had not such credit with the country, being again on the verge of bankruptcy, and did not deserve to have it, as to and centured a principle of anticipation make it possible that the country thould hitherto fo fallacious and fatal io the suppose this Address was not a vare for country. The Directory, he contend. continuing the war ; that the country ed, had in every measure of this Go. was no longer to be imposed upon. He vernment inconteftible proufs of the in. would say the Parliament did not enjoy fincerity of its proffered amity, and that credit with the nation which former without some grounds of mutual confi- Parliaments had done. He knew this was dence, no negociation could prove suc not tefpe&tful to the House ; he always
defired to be so; but there were times served her neutrality towards France. that did not admit of the ordinary “ Your Majesty's faithful Commons modes of conduct. He concluded by have further deeply to lamen:, that moving an amendment in opposition to soon after the commencement of the the Address, in substance as follows : War, when, by the vigilance of your
“ Your Majesty's faithful Commons Majesty's arins, with the affiftance of have learned, with inexpressible con- your Allies, the Republic of Holland cern, that the Negociation lately com had been rescued from invafion, and the menced for the restoration of peace, has greatest part of the Netherlands had been unhappily frustrated.
been recorered by the Emperor, at a “ In so awful and momentous a cri. time too when mot of the Princes of fis, we feel it our duty to speak to your Europe, with resources yet unexhaufted, Majesty, with that freedom and 'ear. continued firm in their alliance with neftness which becomes men anxious to Great Britain, your Majesty's Ministers preserve the honour of your Majesty's did not only not avail themselves of this crown, and to secure the interests of high and commanding position for the your people.
Negociation of an honourable Peace, “ In doing this we sincerely deplore and the establishment of the political the necessity we feel of declaring that, as balance of Europe, but, on the contrary, well from the manner in which the late without any example in the principles negociation had been conducted, as from and practice of this or any other nation, the substance of the memorial, which refused to set on foot any Negociacion appears to have produced the abrupt whatsoever with the French Republic; termination of it, we have reason to not upon a real or even alledged refusal think your Majesty's Ministers were on her part to listen to the propohtions not fincere, in their endeavours to pro. now rejected by her, not to any specific cure the blessings of peace, so neceffary proposal of indemnity or political secu. for this distressed country.
rity, but upon the arrogant and insuli. “ The profpc&of peace, fo anxiously ing pretence that her Government was looked for by all delcriptions of your incapable of maintaining the accustom• Majesty's subjects, is at once removed ed relations of peace and amity amongst from our view ; on the one hand, your nations; and upon that unfounded and Majesty's Ministers in fist upon the ref. merely speculative assumption, advised toration of the Netherlands to the Em- your Majesty to continue the War to peror, as a fine qua non from which a period when the difficulties in the they have pledged your Majesty not to way of Peace have been so much in. recede ; while on the other hand, the creased by the defection of most of the Executive Directory of the French Re- Powers engaged in the Confederacy, public, with equal pertinacity, claim and by the conquests and consequent The preservation of that part of their pretensions of the French Republic. own conquests as a condition from which “ Your Majesty's faithful Commons they cannot depart.
having thus humbly submitted to your “ Under these circunstances, we Majesty the reflections which your Macannot help lamenting to your Majesty, jelty's gracious communications imme, the rashness and injuftice of your Ma- diately fuggest, will proceed with unrejefty's Ministers, whose long continued mitting diligence io investigate the misconduct has produced this embar- causes which have produced our present ralling situation ; by advising your Ma. calamities, and to offer such advice as jetty, before the blellings of peace had the critical and alarming circumstances been unfortunately interrupted, to reo of the nation may require.''. fuse all Negociation for the adjustment Mr. Secretary Dundas said, the proof the then subfisting differences, al pored Amendment went to record a prothough the Netherlands, now the main position rending to firengiben the bands obstacle to the return of tranquility, far of ibe enemy, and to weaken our own from being considered as an object of country. He made many severe ani. contest, were not only not ben considered madversions on Mr. Fox, as the advecate by the French Republic as a part of their of France, rather than of Great Britain. territory, but ibe annexotion of rubich The House divided on Mr. Fox's was folemnly renounced, and the peace Amendment, when the numbers were, of Europe offered into your Majesty's for the Amendment, Ayes 37, Noes 212. bands upon the basis of that renuncia. On the following day the House met, tion, and upon the security and inde- and after transacting fome unimportant hendence of Holland. whilft the pre. business, adjourned to Feb. 14.
FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE. ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, NOV. 21, 1796. which I had ftill left in health to depend Copy of a Letter from Captain Bowen, of upon, for upholding the character of Bribis Majesty's Ship tbe Terpsichore, to tith seamen; and I felt my mind at ease Evan Nepean, Esq. dated at Gibral. as to the termination of any action with iar, tbe 2 3d of O&ober, 1796. the frigate in fight only. UDGING it to be proper that my At half past nine she came within hail,
Lords Commiflioners of the Admiralty and hauled her wind on our weather beam ; thould be acquainted as foon as possible and as I conceived the only waited to place with the capture of a Spanish frigate by herself to advantage, and to point her guns his Majesty's ship under my command, Í with exactness, and being myself unwilling berewith inclose you a copy of my letter to lose the position we were then in, I or. to the Commander in Chief, giving an dered one gun to be fired, as a trier of account of the action, and I request you her intention. It was so instantaneously will be pleased to lay the fame before their returned, and followed up by her whole Lordships,
broadside, that I am contident that they Extras of a Letter from Captain Bow. must have done it at the light of our fath.
CR, of bis Majesty's Ship Terpsichore, to The action of course went on, and we soon Admiral Sir Jobs Jervis, K. B. Come discovered that her people would not, or mander in Chief of bis Majesty's Sbips could not, resist our fire. At the end of and Vessels in ibe Mediterranean, da. about an hour and forty minutes, during tid at Gibraltar zbe 23d of 02. 1796. which time we twice wore, and employed
On the morning of the 13th init. at day. about twenty of the last minutes in chace, light, we discovered a frigate to windward The surrendered. At this period the apa ftanding towards us ; about eight I could peared most entirely disabled, and we had perceive her making every preparation for drawn up close alongside, with every gun bantle, and was then apparently in chace of well charged and well pointed. It was, us. Our situation altogether was such as nevertheless, with considerable difficulty to prevent my being over desirous of en- that I prevailed on the Spanish Command. gaging her. Out of our small comple. er to decline the receiving of such a broad. inent of men, we had left thirty at the hor- fide by submitting; and, from every thing piral, and we had more than that num. which I have fince learned, the perfonal ber still on board in our ill and conva courage, conduct, and zeal of that officer, lescent lifts, all of whom were danger- whose name is Don Thomas Ayalde, was qully fick or extremely weak. We were such during the action, notwithitanding scarcely out of light of the spot where we the event of it, as reflects on him the greatknew the Spanish Meet to have been cruiz- eft honour, and irresistibly impresses on my ing only two days before ; and, in fact, mind the highest admiration of his chame had stood on to look for them, with a racter. After from the effect of our hre) view of ascertaining their movements. A all his booms had tumbled down, and ren. small Spanish veffel, which we conjectu. dered his waste guns unserviceable, all the red to be a sort of tender, was palling us, standing ringing of his lower maits shot fteering towards Carihagena, so that Í away, and I believe nearly every running, could hardly fatter myself with being a- rope cut through, and a great number of ble to bring the frigate off in the event of a his people killed and wounded, he still victory, or of even escaping myself, if persevered (though he could rally but few of disabled, On the other hand, it evident. his men) to defend his ship, almost longer ly appeared, that nothing but a Might and than detence wasjustifiable. Had there becn fuperior failing could enable me to apoid the smallest motion in the sea, every matt an action ; and to do that from a fria mult inevitably have gone by the board. gate apparently not much superior to us, Qur loss (which will appear by the in. except in point of bulk, would have been closed lift) has been less than could have comuniting the character of one of his been expected : but our malts, fails, and rigMajesty's ihips more than I could bring ging, were found to be pretty much cut up. myself to resolve on. I therefore continued The spirited exertions of every officer, itanding on without any alteration of course. man, and boy, belonging to the fuip i
Having, with infinite satisfaction and command, as well in the action as in the comfort to myself, commanded the Terpli- securing two disabled lips, and bringing chore's crew for two years and a half, thens inltantly off from a critical situation, through a pretty confiderable variety of by taking the prize in tow, and by their services, I well knew the veteran ituff incelant labuur ever since, will, í truit,