Confitution was gone, and a mere dead mons to dispose of the public money, I adletter.

mit without any qualification; that all Mr. Fox then briefly recapitulated grants of money for the publicservice must the sums, and the different dates at proceed from Parliament is an undeniş. which they were transmitted to the Em ble proposition; but in point of fact, it peror, and then deprecated in very warm would be impollible to prosecute a war, language the strides the Crown was to encounter any emergency, or to promaking on the privileges of that House, vide suitably for the public service, une and on the liberties of the people, in less extraordinaries were allowed. consequence of the vast increate of the this point I desire to quote the history Revenue-he creation of a new species ofthe whole succession of Adminiftrations of treason-the cruel punishments of from the reign of King William to the the Courts and the enormous military present period. It will be found, that establishments ;---and, he said, if to all in proportion to the difficulty of the crithese engines of power the Executive sis, and the dangers with which the Government could add the command of country was threatened from the amthe appropriation of the public money, bition of France, it has been found de, we had no longer a safeguard left for ceilary to encrease the rate of extraordi. preserving our once boatied Conftitu, naries. I reft then the justification of tion. He therefore moved, “ That his the practice not on one or two solitary Majesty's Ministers, having authorised precedents, but on the uniform practice and directed, at different times, without of the government of the country. The the consent, and during the fiting of power of the House of Commons over Parliament, the issue of various lums of the public purse is not cramped by any money, for the service of his Imperial rigid, arbitrary, and unvarying rules, Majesty, and also for the service of the It is a power which is guided by a sound army under the Prince of Conde, have discretion, and which admits in its exa aged contrary to their duty, and to the ercise all those modifications which are trul repoled in them, and have there. consistent with a prudent and well re, by violated the conititutional privileges gulated use of the public money. On of this House!");

this point then I have to delire you to Mr. Alderman Combe, in obedience. look, not to the recorded book of the to the instruction of his conftituents, Conftitution, but to the un-written law who had met that day in the Common of Pariiament, the spirit and letter of Hall of the city of London, and had de- the Contitutiov, and to the tenour and fired their Representatives to. censure context of the whole history of the couns che conduct of the Minister, in giving: try. I ftate this in order to thew how, away the public money without the con. the best principles of the Constitution, fent of Parliament, leconded the mo. ; if not taken without the due modificaa tion. He spoke of the respectability of tions which have been introduced by the the meeting, and of the pride he heuld wisdom of time, and fanétioned by the always feel in obeying the voice of his practice of the most enlightened and vir.. constituents, the Livery of London, who', tyous Administrations, may be carried almost unanimously disapproved of the to luch an excess as to condemn every Minister's conduct on the present oc deviation which may be found indispen. cafion, independent of the great mifa, fible for the ordinary purposes of Gochief it had occafioned in the commercial vernment, and which in particular fitu. world.

ations may not only be necessary, but Mr. Pitt now rose. He said, he had to laudable.' request of the candour of that Houle to Mr. Pitt repeated, that he grounded futpend their judgment on the present his defence on the practice now comcharge, until they had heard his des plained of being the unavoidable pracfence; that, dismissing every previous tice of all his pred cceffors, and he quoted prepefíeffion, they would investigate the a number of precedents on the Journals true nature and colour of the transac- that bore analogy to the present cale, tion, and not hastily affix on a public in which the most eminent Ministers in man, like some members and their con all the reigns from King William to his ftituents, criminality before they have present Majesty, had, when necesity heard his defence, or become properly urged, adopred, without censure, inea. acquainted with the subject.

fures similar to that for which he was The maxim laid down,” said Mr. noi so violently arraigned. It was in Pitt," of the right of the House of Come, precedents such as these, arising from a


zeal for the public service (a zeal which been made of the. Vote of Credit; but Beither hope nor fear should induce him profefred a desire that the House should tver to suppress) that he refted liis de. be jealous and watchful upon all applifence, for he would not take thelter even cations of che, public money, as being under the auspices of the most glorious the peculiar, dury as well as the privictories of Austria.

vilege of the Commons. To secure He moreover observed, that a vote of that privilege, as well as to thew that credit more than twice the sum ad. the House thought the present measure vanced the Emperor, had been granted justified by the neceility of the presenç Minifters, which he contended was ap: case, he moved the following amendplicable to any service the exigency of ment:affairs might require. The money ap “ That the measure of advancing the propriated was of an affignable nature, several sums of money, which appear, and came within the spirit and letter of a from the accounts presented, to the yote uf credit. He was aware that respon. House this Sellon of Parliament, to fibility did exist for the disposal of money have been issued for the service of the fubjeđ to the controul of Parliament. Emperor, though not to be drawn into To justify to the House then the mea. precedent, but upon occasions of special fure he had adopted, he would appeal to neceffity, was, under the peculiar cire the state of affairs when he made the first cumstances of the case, a juftihable and distribution of the money. He had at proper

exercise of the discretion vested in that time consulted the first commercial his Majesty's Ministers by the Vote of men and bodies, who declared that the Credit, and calculated to produce conattempt at that period to negotiate a loan sequences which have proved highly for the Emperor would be attended with advantageous to the common cause, and the moft disastrous effects to the country, ļo the general interests of Europe.' and occasion a scarcity of specie of the Alderman, Curtis, L'ufhington, and most diftreffing nature; yet the expedi, Anderson (the other thrce Members for ency of some immediate aid to be grant- the City) said they louid not, like edio our brave and faithful ally was cvi. their colleague ( Alderman Combe), be deat from the then situation of the hos. guided by the resolution of the Comtile armies, from the rapid progress of mon Hall of Livery, that day, which the French into the heart of Germany, meeting, they remarked, did not conand the unfortunate, though heroic, re. fist of one-fixth part of the Livery-men treat of the Austrian army. By it, in-but they would vote according to part, the turn was instantaneously given their own sentiments--for the amendo to the tide of affairs, the astonishing vicc ment. tories archieved by that gallant army, The amendment was also supported and their rapid pursuit of the enemy, by Mr. Wilberforce and Col. Gascoigne; demonstrated the utility of the measure. and warmly opposed by Mr. Sheridan, Who would put yine or even cwelve Sir W. Pulteney, Mr. W. Smith, Mr. hundred thousand pounds in compe. Taylor, and others. But on a division, tition with these successes produced by at half past three o'clock in the morning, British money? Whatever this country it was carried --Ayes 285–Noes 81had transmitted, it was only leni; but Majority in favor of the amendment even if it had been given to a much 204. larger amount, the service has amply re

FRIDAY, DEC. 16. paid us. Mr. Pitt, after begging the House to

After a ballot had taken place for a view the subject in the aggregate, and Committee to try Mr. Tierney's Petiwith all its concomitant circumftances, tion against the Southwark Election, threw himself upon its candour and jüf- Mr. M. A. Taylor rose, and complaina tice, declaring, however, that he had ed of a libel upon him in The Sun Parather fink under its censure (fevere as

per, purporting to be a specch delivere, it would be to him) than have the pain. ed by him in that House, and which the folreflection of having sacrificed, through Editor had made the compleatest nontimidity, and from fear of personal sense, for the purpose of raising a consequences, the interests of his coun- laugh against him. Though he thonlä

not, the first time of his oifence, more Mr. Bragge entered at great length 'any profecution againft the insulting into the subject ; followed the arguments Editur, he should expe&t in future the of the Chancellor of the Exchequer fall protection of the House. Was of opinion that po improper use had

MARQUIS DE LA FAYETTE. terfere with the Emperor respecting his A very long debate now took place prisoners, or his promises relpeding on a motion of General Fitzpatrick to them ; for as well might any other naaddress his Majesty to intercede with tion interfere in our private concerns, the Emperor for the liberation of Ge- and with our State prisoners, had we neral La Fayette, Messrs. Latour Mau. any. He thought it necessary to observe, beuge, and Bureau de Pusy, who were the words quoted as spoken by the Bmkept in close confivement in the prison peror could not apply to this country, of Olmutz, as such imprisonment was and solemnly to declare we had bound injurious to the cause of the Allics. him under no obligation or condition

The General drew a melancholy pic. whatever respeting La Páyette. ture of La Fayette and his companions Mr. Fox, with great warmth and eloin their captivity. The right to im- quence, supported the motion ; Mr. prison them, he said, could be justified by Windham, Mr. Dundas, and others op. no law of any civilized nation whate posed it. Mr. Windham was particu. ver. It was as unjust as their treatment farly severe on the conduct of La Fa. had since been barbarous and cruel. yette, throughout his whole life, and The undeserved sufferings of Madame seemed to consider him as the fountain La Fayette he painted in the most pa., and prime agent of the American and thetic terms. After seeing her mother, French rebellions against Monarchy. fister, and other dear relations, fuffer un. He said, he was the only man, of all der the axe of Robespierre, the had the that had injured her, that the unfortu. fortune to eludle with her two daugh- nate Queen of France, when the ar. ters the vigilance and fury of the ty. rived at her latter days, declared the rant. Inftantly she flew to the succour could not forgive. of her husband, and with fome difficul. Mr. Wilberforce, convinced by the ty obtained an audience of the Emperor, arguments of Mr. Pitt, that this counwho did not hear her tale of woe without try had no rigbt to interfere with the emotion. She asked leave to alleviate Emperor in the business, wished the moher husband's sufferings by sharing his tion to be-to submit to bis Majesty the confinement, and hinted a hope of his li- propriety of interfering for the liberation beration. To the first the young So. of the prisoners, and on this the House vereign consented, but faid' as to the divided-Noes 132-Ayes 52--Majorie General's liberation-" the business riry 80. After which the House nega, was complicated-his han’s were bound tived the original motion: upon the subject." Here General Fitzpatrick drew a de

SATURDAY, DEC. 17. plorable picture of the state in which Mr. Pitt brought up the following The and her daughters found, and con. Message from his Majesty : tinued with her husband in the prison. GEORGE R. Fed on unwholesome food, in vile “ His Majesty thinks proper to accloathing, and in a loathsome ceil, her quaint the House of Commons, that he health in three months was loft, and is at present engaged in concerting The solicited leave to repair to Vienna measures with his Allies, in order to be from Olmutz, for medical affiftance.- fully prepared for the vigorous and The Imperial Ministers said, " the effectual prosecution of the War, if the might do so, but it must be on condi. failure of his Majesty's earnest endearion of returning to her husband no vours to effect a General Peace, on se: more.” The amiahle woman and young cure and honourable terms, should unfemales preferred death to such terms; fortunately render another campaign on the refined cruelty of which the Ge. unavoidable; and his Majesty will not neral failed not to remark; and, obferv. fail to take the first opportunity to com. ing that the Administration ofthis country municate the result of those discussions ought to be glad to adopt every measure to the House. In the interval, his Mato free them from a suspicion of being jesty conceives that it may be of the parties in enforcing and compelling the greatest importance to the common cause, rigour of the Emperor, made his motion, that his Majesty should be enabled to which was seconded by Mr. Sheridan. continue such temporary advances for

Mr. Pitt opposed the motion on two the service of the Emperor, as may be grounds : first, as he could not believe indispensably necessary, with a view to all the facts stated; and secondly, as his military operations being prosecuted Majesty had no right whatever to in. with vigour and effect at an early pe

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riod; and his Majesty recommends it to the subject. The motion was negatived the House to consider of making such without a division, as was also one made provifion as may appear to them to be by Mr. Grey on the report of the Impe. mok expedient for this purpose.

rial Loan,

G. R." Mr. Pitt then moved, that his Ma.

EAST-INDIA AFFAIRS. jesty's Message should be taken into con

Mr. Dundas, expressing a hope that we lideration on Monday. Ordered.

should never part with the Cape of Good

Hope, but hold it for ever, observed, MONDAY, DEC. 19.

that in consequence of the navigatinn

laws it was requisite a bill should pass Mr, Pitt, in consequence of a Mér. to enable his Majesty to make certain re{age from his Majefty, moved in a Com- gulations respecting that colony, for it mittee of Supply, that a sum pot ex was the with of the Government of this ceeding 500,000l. should be granted to country, that it thould not be held in his Majesty, to enable his Majesty to re, the monopolising manner of the Dutch, mit, from time to time, to his Imperial who compelled other countries in their Majesty, such sum or sums as might be traffic with it so numerous imports and deemed necessary for the prosecution of inconveniences--but be open to the trade the War, should another campaign be of all nations, and in its impofts equal., rendered unayoidable.

ly impartial to all. He moved a Billaca Mr. Fox, after alluding to the late cordingly. Suppiy to the Emperor, and the man. The House being then formed into a ner in which the Minifter disposed of Committee, the Right Hon. Gentle the public money, said, it was a farce

man again role to state the annual acand delusion any longer to think that counts of the revenues and expenditures House had influence or dire&tion over its of the East India Company. He read diftriburion. He, and Sir Wm. Pulte- from papers, the accounts of the reDey, and Mr. Sheridan proposed dif. ceipts and charges (cast up in rupees ferent amendments, to do away the ef, and pagodas) at the different settie. fect of the motion, but which were all

and then combined them with Begatived without a divifion, and the the property of the Company at home motion was carried.

and afloat, in one view the result of

which was, that there was a large surSOUTHWARK ELECTION,

plus of revenue, and the Company's The Hon. Edward James Elliot affairs this year were better as to debts brought up the Report of the Com- and assets 1,240,4901. mittee appointed to try the merits of the Much of the prosperity of our territo. Southwark Election. The Report com- ries in India, and particularly in Bengal, prised five resolutions: 1f. That George he attributed to the wife and benevolent Woodford Thellufon, Esq. was not duly system which had been establithed in elected Member fir the said Borough, that province by a Noble Lord (Mar. 2d. That the laid George Woodford quis Cornwallis), and the good effects of Thellufon was not eligible; and there. which were daily observed in the grow. fore that the Petitioner, George Tier. ing happiness and the increasing wealth Dey, Esq. ought to have been returned of that country. There security

was now in his stead. 3d. That the said George affixed to property, the people were Tierney was duly elected Member for happy in the enjoyment of what they the Borough of Southwark. 4th and possessed, and population increafed from sth. That neither the petition nor the the temptation which increased prospeopposition which had been made to it riry held out to people to leave other were frivolous or vexatious.

countries, and to settle in that. From an WEDNESDAY, DEC. 21. increase of population an increase of Mr. Nicholl, after remarking that the revenue followed of course, because semittance of 500,000l. to the Emperor, there was a greater demand for every would at a period, when gold was at

article of consumption in the country. such a price, that melting 1000 mint He then remarked, that this year near guineas produced a profit of sol. bę 400,000l. had been expended, agrecably attended with alarming effects to our to the just and humane laws of Parlia. circulating specie, moved the attend. ment, in relieving those officers of the ance of the Governor of the Bank of Company who had long laboured under England at the Bar, to be examined on age, sickness, and infirmity; that the


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expence of our conquests of Ceylon, of Directors, which refpe&ed Courts Batavia, &c. had been defrayed by the of Justice, should be laid before the Company; and that though from the vi. House. gilance of our Navy none of the East Ina Mr. Dundas and Mr. Pitt opposed dia ships had been captured, yet on ac the motion, aš no reasons had been given count of the war the expences of upon which it was grounded, as it would freight had increased one million ; but, be difficult and expensive to be comnotwithstanding these heavy deduc- plied with, and as the discussion of the cons, he still hoped the million to be ap- subject did not properly belong to that propriated to the nasion would be found House. The inotion was negatived forthcoming

without a division. Mr. Dundas finally observed, that the Agreeably to the report made io che trade of the Company had last year:n. Houle in favour of Mr. Tierney, by the creased four millions, and as it was not Committee appointed to try the merits of probable they should long have a rival the Southwark Ele&tion Petition, that in that quarter of the globe, it was not Gentleman took the oaths and his feat. likely their trade would soon be di. It was agreed that, • I swear I am a minilhed. Their prefent capital allow. Protestant," thould be left out of the ed them by Parliament to traffic with, oath taken by those ballotted to ferve in would therefore be inadequate, and it the Supplementary Militia. must be enlarged. The Right Hon. Mr. Sheridan asked Mr. Pitt if he Gentleman then made several motions had given up his intended tax on Ine founded on his atatement.

land Navigation. The question was of Mr. Biddulph, Sir Frapcis Baring, and importance to many Mr. Hulley, made feveral observations, Mr. Pirt said he had no intention of tending to thew that the Company's afo abandoning it; on the contrary, he con. fairs were not in the fiourishing situation fidered it as a fair tax. now represented; and were replied to by Mr. Sheridan hinted that it would Mr. Scott (Chairman of the Court of meet with no small opposition. Directors). . Sir Francis thought the Cape would be an incumbrance to us ;

FRIDAY, DEC. 23. jn, he faid, annually cost the Dutch

The amended Supplemental Militia 500,000l. a year to maintain it: Mr. Bill was read a third time, Hulley inlifted, it would turn out, that were all the Company's effects convert

On the motion for the third reading ed into money, it would not have enough of this Pill, Mr. Pitt introduced to pay off ail demands; the former he clause into the Bill, permitting persons calculated at 6,734,000l. and the latter whocould not immédiarely obtain substi. would amount to 7,780,000l.

tures to serve part of their time in their Mr. Dundas contradicted this state

own persons, and the other part by sube ment, and thewed that the Company ftitures when they could obtain them ; had almost enough to pay their perfonal , which condition,' he observed, would debts out of their personal effects, and

prevent persons from being imposed it to these was added their old property, upon, as to price, by those who meant pot only would they be able to pay to to become substitutes. the amount of their capital at the end

On the suggestion of Mr. Alderman of their Charter, but be a rich fociety Lufhington, the palling of this Bill was indeed, were they to divide the furplus pottponed, in order to afford time for among them, if, he added, they ihouid the confideration of an amendment, exbe to ill adviled as to adopt such a de empring Post-mafiers keeping horses for termination.

hire from the ballot; but the Chancel. After some further conversation, the lor of the Exchequer faid, that, though ReSolutions were put and agreed to; he had no objection to this short delay, and the House being resumed, the Re- he did not at prefent see any reason for port was ordered to be received to-mor.

the exemption proposed. row. THURSDAY, DEC. 22.

MONDAY, DEC. 26. Mr. Biddulph, understanding that Mr. Secretary Dundas delivered the some important alteratiens had been made following Message from his Majesty : in administering the Criminal Laws in GEORGE R. our Provinces in India, moved that co " It is with the utmost concern that pies of the letters from india to the Court his Majesty acquaints the House of Com.



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