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be further effusion of blood, the con the face of all Europe, the solemn de nnued calamities of War, the interrup-claration, that, whenever his enemies tions of peaceable and friendly intere hall be disposed to enter on the work of ccurse among mankind, the prolonged general Pacification, in a spirit of condifreries of Europe, and the accumula. ciliation and equity, nothing thall be ted miseries of France itself, are by the wanting on his part to contribute to Government of that country to be justi. the accomplishment of that great ohject, Bed to the world.
with view to which he has alrcady His Majesty, who had entered into offered such confiderable facrifices on his the Negotiation with good faith, who part, and which is now retarded only bas suffered- no impediment to prevent by the exorbitant pretensions of his ene. his prosecuting it with earneftness and mies. fincerity, has now only to lament its Weftminfcr, 2716 Dec. 1796. abrupt termination; and to renew, in
JOURNAL of the PROCEEDINGS of the FIRST SESSION of the EIGHTEENTH PARLIAMENT of GREAT BRITAIN.
[ Continued from Vol. XXX. Page 440.)
HOUSE OF LORD'S.
Addrefs be presented to his Majefty, ORD Grenville presented a Message thanking him for his communication from his Majesty, in which his Majesty and assuring hiin, that their Lordfhips faid, he had to lament that, notwith. would give him every, allistance in fup. Handing all his endeavours, he had not porting a war against the unprovoked been able to prevent hoftilities on the artack and declaration of the Spanila part of Spain, upon terms that would Monarch. be honourable ro his Crown, and to the The Address being read, and the interest of his dominions; the Court of question put, it paffed Nrm. Diff. and Spain having, with as much hafte as the Lords with white Staves were or. injustice, declared war against this dered to wait on his Majesty, to know country : but he trusted in the firmness when he would be graciously pleased to of his Parlianient, and spirit of the peo- receive the same. ple, to convince all Europe that our resources were equal to maintain the dig.
MONDAY, DEC. 19. picy of the country.
The Lord Chancellor presented a Lord Grenville aiso presented copies Message from the King, fimilar to that of the Spanish Declaration of War, and sent to the House of Commons on Sa. his Majesty's Answer thereto (See Vol. turday. After it was read by the Clerk XXX. p. 315. 444.); and then moved, his Lordship moved, that it be taken "That his Majesty's Message be taken into consideration on the morrow, and into confideration to-morrow, and that that the House be fummoned. Ordered. the Lords be fummoped."-Ordered,
TUESDAY, DEC. 20.
The order of the day being read, that Lord Grenville moved the order of all the Lords should be Tuminoned, Lord the day, that his Majesty's Message Grenville moved, That his Majesty's fhould be taken into confideration; which Message thould be read ; and the Melo being read, his Lordihip flated, that fage being read, he moved, That an bumthis was the third time that Spain, un. ble Addrets hould be presented, proprovoked by any hoftility on the part of mising to affit his Majesty, conformable this country, had joined the interests of to the purport of that Address. The France in hoftility againft Great Bri: noble Lord said a few words on the protain; that his Britannic Majesty bad, priety of allilling the Emperor with a through the medium of his Ambassador, Loan, tried every measure to preserve a good The Duke of Bedford allowed the underftanding, but in this his exertions neceflity of such a Loan, as it might be bad failed of effect: he should there conducive to Peace : but he reprobated
The idea of Minister fondide money
The.an humble and laval
to a foreign Prince without the confent to make out those papers which were of Parliament ; and this matter,, he alluded to in the Address, and that he said, he should bring before the Houle expected to be enabled to lay them be. after the Christinas recess.
fore the House on the morrow, in
which case he should move for them WEDNESDAY, DEC. 21.
to be taken into consideration on Thurs. The order of the day being read for day. the commitment of the Loan Bill, the The Duke of Bedford moved, that Duke of Norfolk said, he reproached the words “ Monday next' be inscried himlelf for suffering the Bill to proceed jnítead of “ Thursday," which was neso far without some comment on the gariyed without a division, and Lord conduct of Minitters, who had not even Grenville's motion agreed to. thought it necessary to communicate to the House a single 1ưllable on a Bill
TUESDAY, DEC, 27, which added Lighreen Millions to the Lord Grenville moved, that the order debt of the nation. In his opinion, the of the day, which stood for Thursday, terms of the Loan were disadvantageous be discharged, and that a new one, for to the Public; and he had heard, that taking his Majesty's Message into conlarge sums had been subscribed under lideration, be made out for Friday. circumstances which he thought ought Agreed to. to induce their Lordships to call for the production of a list of the lubfcribers,
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 28. before they proceeded farther in the The King's Affent was given by comBill.
mission to the Bill for additional Duties Lord Grenzile not being present, on the Cuftoms-for additional Duties the Lord Chancellor moved, that the on the Excite--for additional Postage further confideration of the Bill be pott. on Letters- regularing Stamp Duties poned. Ordered.
on Bonds, &c. the Scorch Distillery
the Stage Coach Duty-sand five private THURSDAY, DEC. 22.
Bills. On the motion for the comitment The Duke of Portland presented the of the new Loan Bill, the Duke of Nor.
papers alluded to in his Maje fty's Merfolk moved an instruction to the Com. sage on Monday, which were ordered mittee, to empower the Lords of the to lie on the table. Treasury to poftpone the payment of the Lan, till the Three per Cents were
FRIDAY, DEC, jQ.
The Royal Alent was given by It was opposed by Lord Grenville, commillion io fix public and one private and negatlal.
Bild, On the third reading of the Bill, the Lord Grenville moved the order of Duke of Norfolk propoted a cause, to the day for taking his Majetty's Message empower the Cashier of the Bank of into confideration. The Earl of Guild. England, to pay to tuch Subfcribers to terd inggested the propriety of prudu. the Loan as chose to accept ut it, the cing the instruttious fentio Lord Malmrefprincipal Tum subki ribed, with the legal bury; but Lord Grenville opposing it intereit unly, which was also negatived as unnecessary, the noble Earl er.pped without a division.
the motion, Lurd Grenville then, id a
very able manner, entered into the corFRIDAY, DEC. 23.
respondence between Lord Målmesbury His Majesty's Assent was given, by and M. Delacroix, and concluued by commission, to the Loan Bill, the Indem- moving an Addrets to his Mäjelly. Diry Bill, the Bill for allowing the im The Earl of Guildtord moved an portation of Goods in Neutral Bottoms, amendnient exactly fimilar to that made and to several Naturalization and other by Mr. Fox, which was supported by private Bilis.
Lord Derby, who, though he wished
the Netherlands in other hands than MONDAY, DEC. 26.
Frencii, did not regard them as of luffi. Lord Grenville delivered a Meffage cieni confequence to warrant the conlle from his Majesty ; for a correct copy of nuance of the war. His Lordihip rewhich, fie tre Commons' Report. preienied the liruarion of manufactu.
When this Nefage had been read by ress as deporable, from the decay of the Check, bord Grenvile again role : tiade. he fad. hat every tice was ulius
Lord Fitzwilliams disapproved the no iefs than in words, that fyftem original motion and amendment; and which, having emanated from the origimored to recrgnize the principle of nai principle of the Prench Revolution, the war agreeable to the Resolutiow of still continues to operate in a more danthe House in 1794
His Lordihip’s gerous, because in a more specious amendment was as follows :
form, and which, in its Address to his 4 *[That an humble Address be pre. Majetty in January 1994, this House fedted to his M-jefty, to return his Ma- described as “ a system disposing arbia jefty the thanks of this House for his trarily of the lives and property of a nu. molt gracious Message] and for his merous people, violating every restraint Majefty's condescenson in having die of justice, humanity, and religion," jected the several memorials and papers "equally incompatible with the happia referred to in his Majesty's Meliage, to ness of that country, and with ene trall. be lid before this House,
quillity of all other nations." That not doubting a sicure, perma “ That we now, as thea, intreat his nent, and honourable Peace to have Majesty "to be persuaded, that in all been ever his Majesty's obiect and an our deliberations we shall bear in mind xious de fire in this, as in every war, we the true grounds and origin of the are however convinced by the begin. War ;" thac we shall ever remember Ring, progress, and event of the lare with just indignation the attack niade Negociauon, that no future attempt of on his Majesty and his Majetty's Allies, a similar kind on the part of this coun. groupded on principles which tend to tfy, cao be wise, decorous, or safe, uniil destroy all property, to subvert the laws the common enemy lh ali have abandon. and religion of every civilized Nation, ed his hoftile disposition towards all and to introduce universally a wild and other States, by ceasing to place his own destructive system of rapine, anarchy, internal s'gulations above the public and impiety" and "that we hall on baw of Europe to infit that all others our parts perferere with union and vie shall, in all cases, facrifice the faith of gour in our exertions ;" Itill more than theit Alliances, and the protection of ever leañole, that by discontinuing or their ancient and dearest interests, to relaxing our effuris, we could hardly the maintenance of his Treaties and the procure even a short interval of delusive gratification of his ambition, and forever repore, and could certainly never obtaia to appeal to the people against their own either security or peace. lawful Governinents.
The Duke of Bedford and Lord " That our present experience only Abingdon were in favour of the firkt induces is more ftedfastly to renew our amendment. Lords Kipnoul, Spencer, former adherence to his Majesty's Royal and the Lord Chancellor, opposed it; and Declaration, of his great and beneficent on a division, the numbers were, Conviews, in October 1793, which he was tent 88, Nou-content 8. Majority graciously pleased to communicare to us against the amendment 80. Lord Fitz. at the opening of the following Sellion william's motion was negatived without in January 1794.
a divifion. “That we ihall never confiler the The Duke of Bedford gave notice, poffeffors of power in Frarce (under that he wouid, bring forward a notion whatever name or extcroal form of go for the purpose of inftituting an inquiry vernment that power may be exercised) into thù convult of Ministers, on the as capable of maintaining the ordinary 16th of February. Aujouracd to the relations of peace and amicy, unul 14ch of February. they shall have disclaimed in conduct,
(Tbe following proceedings of the Commons from Nov. 28, 10 Dec. s, were by
an accident omitted in our lajl Number.] MONDAY, NOV. 28.
writ for Bach, vacant hy Lord Throne, THE House having met pursuant to who is called up to the House of Peers,
the laft adjournment of Nov. 12, the on the death of his father the Marquis Mafter of the Rolls moved for a new
Mr. Grey and Mr. Thellufson took felony might also, in order to obtain a their seats, the former for the County fair trial, get removed, by their Habeas of Northumberland, and the latter for Corpus, to the county gaol. His will the Borough of Southwark.
was, therefore, to introduce a gentler
course of justice, and not to abridge TUESDAY, NOV, 29.
the jurisdiction of these towns.-la Balloted for Committees to try the that riew, he would now move, as merits of the petitions complaining of above, " that leave be given, &c. undue ele&tions and returns fur Leo. Mr. Le Febre feconded the motion, minster and Milbourne Port.
which was agreed to. Mr. Grey presented a petition from Mr. Pitt laid, that the end he proMr. Tierney, complaining of the undue posed to himself in the Gamekeepers election and return for the borough of Bill might be accomplished by a clausę Southwark. Ordered to be referred to in some other Bill, by which a power a Committee.
might be given to call out such Game. New writs were ordered for Saltah, keepers as should voluntarily enrol vice Edward Beareroft, Esq. deceased, themselves, in case of neceflity, to serve and Winchelsea, vice R. Barwell, Esq. with the Militia of their respective coun.
ties. He therefore moved, that this WEDNESDAY, NOV. 30. Bill be read a second time this day nine The order for taking into confie months, which motion was seconded by deration the petition of Thomas Bur. Mr. Fox, and agreed to. Adjourned to gess, Esq. complaining of an undue elec. Monday Dec. 5. (for which lee Vola zion for the borough of Bridport, was XXX. P.435.) pischarged. Mr. Pitt moved, that there be issued
FRIDAY, DEC. 9.' and applied the suro of 420,000l. now
WET DOCKS. remaining in the Exchequer, being the Mr. Manning said, he would not en. remaining disposable overplus of the ter at present into the detailed observaCupplies of laft year.
tions on the tendency of the present
measure, such minute explanations have THURSDAY, DEC. I.
ing been already given on, il. There A new writ was ordered for High: was one circumstance, however, which ham Ferrers, vice Mr. Serjeant sidair, peculiarly cvinced the necessity of the who has accepted the office of Chief ineasure, and this he was desirous to Justice of Chester.
ftate. The property of the London
merchants was frequently exposed to FRIDAY, DEC. 2.
plunder, and to remedy this grievance The Speaker informed the House, an Act was passed fome years ago, called char Alexander Morris was in the cur: the Bum-boat A&. During a period, tody of the Serjeant at Arms. He was however, of oniy riventy-two munilis, afterwards ordered to be brought to the no less than 340 persons had been conbar of the House on Monday.
ricted at the office at Shadwell, and Mr.Coke,pursuant to the nosice he had out of that number about 300 had paid given, rose to make his motion for leave the penalty, and were discharged, again to bring in a Bill for regulating the to commit similar depredations; ac ochet 'Trials of Causes and Indiëtnients that offices a great number of others had arise within the limits of certain towns been convicted, and a majority of the corporate in this kingdom. The object paid tie penalty. It was, therefore, of this Bill was merely to leave it at the evident that the existing laws on this option of the parties who liad causes subject were inadequate to effect their to rry, to have them cried in their own intended purpose. But as a variery of diatricts, or take them to be tried in the contrary interests were involved in this county at large; for it was not now as question, he would not press it with of old, when causes were tried by any precipitation, but content himself neighbours, and, as it were, at home, , with giving notice, that on the tirtt open without any obstruction arising to the day after the recess, he should move course of justice. Many abuses had for the second reading of this bill. crepe in by time, which rendered the Mr. Alderinan Anderson was glad obtaioing of justice in this manner fre- the bill was postponed, as to him iz apquently vinpracticalle. For these he peared pregnant with the worst of con. referred to the towns of Pool and of fiquemcus
MONDAY, DEC. 12.
late Cavalry Bill. Mr. Fox immediMt. Jekyil observed, that there ne- ately rose and moved an amendment, ter was a period when the encroach that instead of the words amend and ments made upon the Conftitution were explain the word repčal thould be inmore flagrant than at present, but scarce serted. any instance could be more alarming This brought on a debate, in which than what he was about to notice. Dur. several members of the Opposition reing the meeting at Northampton, to presented the Bill as unnecessary, imcarry into effect the late Supplementary practicable, and most oppressive; whilft sa, a large body of cavalry, without on the other side,' Administration afbeing required by the *Magiftrates, serted the body of men to be promarched into the town, and paraded the vided would be in the hour of danger freers, and guarded the door where the of the utmost service, 'that the Bill as Deputy Lieutenants were acting. So amended would be easily carried into gross was the outrage on the usual de execution, and that the expence would corum of civil proceedings, that one of scarcely be felt by those upon whom it the Deputy Lieutenants, a Mr. Wood. was to fall; and, at last, the amend. hull, had thought proper to resign his ment was negatived by a majority of office.
121, and Mr. Pitt's new Bill received. Mr. Windham said, that in conse. quence of a requisition of the Magif
WEDNESDAY, DEC. 14. trates and Deputy Lieutenants to the Mr. Fox, in bringing forward a moWar Office, who had reason to believe tion to censure and punish Ministers for (what afterwards appeared) a mob was having dared to send money to the Eminftigated to oppose the execution of an peror without the authority of ParliaA& of Parliament, troops were ordered ment, said, he should not trespass long to the place, subject to the call of the upon the House, because his arguments Magiftrates; but they had done nothing had been anticipated by two former difwithout their orders, and, least of all, cussions on the subject, and the princi. that with which they were charged. ples upon which he grounded the mo
tion were so clear, that he should rather TUESDAY, DEC. 13.
assert than argue them. If there were SPANISH WAR.
two leading principles in the British
Conftitution, they were these: ift, that Mr. Dundas, after assuring the House this is a limited, not an arbitrary Mo. every means had been employed by Mi. narchy; and 2dly, that it is the peculiar Difters to avoid adding to the number province of the House of Commons to of our enemies, moved an address to his judge of the expences of the State, and Majelly, thanking him for the commu. to direct the application of the public nication of the Spanish papers, and af- money. furing him of their steady support against Now, how had these two principles all his fees.
been adhered to by the Minister! - Dur. Mr. Fox gave his assent to the address, ing part of the fitting of Parliament, in the nope that the assertion was true, and without communicating to the House that every means had been taken to the lighteft intimation on the subject, prevent the war. He concluded by re- he had, in daring violation of his duty, peating some of his former observations and in contravention to law, made large on the miscalculation of Minikers with remittances w a foreign Potentate of the respect to the consequences of the cen. public money. He hoped, perhaps, teft with France.
under the brilliant succeis of the Au. Much irregular conversation took ftrian arms, to establish a precedent place about the appearance of the troops which, if paffed in filence, would seç at the meeting of Deputy Lieutenants aside the authority of Parliament, and in Northamptonshire, one hide of the that invaluable principle of the Conftia House afsenting their presence was ab- tution which makes the Commons House folutely necessary to prevent a riot, and the fole Judges of the expediency and ibat they behavedwith the utmost proprie appropriation of the National Supplies. er--and the other side maintaining the If he did entertain fo arrogant a hope, reverse. A call to order at length put he was perfuaded he would be disapin end to the conversation.
pointed, for if the House would not Mr. Pilt then moved for leave to mark with their greatest reprobation bring in a Bill to amend and explain the this attack upon the Conftirution, that. VOL. XXXI. TAN, 17971