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ort a practicable and adequate one, still anxious to do this corre&tly and minutely, keeping in view, that the Ne herlands must as well that you may judge on the propriety not be French, or likely again to fall into of what I said myself, as that what M. the hands of France, fi:ch a proposal might Delacroix said to me may be accurately certainly be taken into confideration. known, and remain on record.

M. Delacroix by no means encouraged It must, however, be remembered (as me to explain myself more fully; he re. I observed in the beginning of this diri peatedly said, that this difficulty relative parch) that he spoke from himself, as to the Netherlands was one which could: Minister indeed, but not under the not be overcome.

immediate instructions of the Directory, Just as I was taking leave of him, he and this confideration will take a little begged me to explain what was meant by away from the fingularity of some of she words in the memoire (A) in the 4th the positions he advanced. paragraph, beginning de s'enteu re mi!!. I confels, my Lord, from the civility tuelenint sur les moyens d'assurer, and of his manners, and from his apparent ending at leurs polllons respectives. I readiness to discuss the subject, the im. told him it referred to the destructive pression which remained on my mind on svitem adopted by France in the West leaving him was, that the Negociacion Indies, aivd went to express a wish, that would go on, but be liable to so many the two Powers should agree on some difficulties, and some of them so nearly general and uniform system of internal insurmountable, thar, knowing as I do police in the fetilements there, which the opinion of the Directory, I faw would contribute to the security of these little prospect of its terminaring fuc. possessions to the respective countries, and cessfully. But I did not cxpect the at the fame time to the happiness of every conduct of the Directory would imme. description of inhabitants in them. diately be such as to evince a ma.

M. Delacroix, a little hurt at my ex nifelt inclination, and even determina. preffion relative to the system adopted by tion, to break off on the first proposals ; France, endeavoured to recriminate on us; and I was not a little furprifed at re: but he ended by saying, that they hould ceiving, on Sunday, at three P. M. Certainly be willing to concur in any ar. the inclosed letter (A) from M. Dela. rangement relative to the Negroes, which croix : he fent it by the Principal Se. dit not militare against the principles of cretary of his depariment (M. Guirau. 'their Conftitution. Here our conference der ) who communicated to me the orii ended, and as, during the whole courte of ginal of the arrété of the Directory, of it, I bore in my mind the possibility, which this letter, abating the alteration that although this our first inight be the in the form, is a literal copy. After only favourable opportunity I lhould ever perusing it, I asked M. Guiraudet have of speaking on the general principles whether he was informed of its cons on which his Majesty was disposed to titat, tents, and this led to a short conversation I endeavoureci, by adverting more or lefs on them. I told him, that both the to almolt every point in my inttructions, demands were so unexpected that I to enable M. Delacroix (if he reports could not reply to them off-hand : that faithfully) to face to the Directory what as to the firft, it was quite unusual to I faid in fich a manner as to put it olit of sign Memerials which were annexed their power to misconceive what were his to a Note actually signed, and that I Majeity's intentions, to remove all posli. scarcely felt myself authorised to bility of cavil on this case, and to bring depart from what was, I believed, an them to a clear and diftinét antwer, whe- invariable rule. That as to the second ther they would agree tu ojen a Negocia. demand, made in so peremptory and tion on the principle of the Status ante unprecedented a way, I could without Bellum, ur on one differing from it only in much heftation fay at once that it could forin, not in fubfance. I hope in atteirpto not be complied with. Mons. Gui. ing to do this I did not, in the first in raudet lamented this much, and said, that stance, commit myself, or discover more this being the case, he feared our prin. of my instructions than it hecame me to ciples of Negociation would never codo, and that in the conversation with M. incide. I agreed with himn in my ex. Delacroix ncching efcaped me which might, preffions of concern. We conversed at some fubfiquent period, hurt the pro. together afterwards for some time, but gress of the Negociation. I have, I he. nothing pared at all worthy remark. I licve, given this conference nearly ve barim told him I hould send my answer the to youi Lurithip; and I was particularly next day. On reflecting more atren

tively on the request that I would sign

(No. 32. ) the two Memorials which I had given Copy. (B.) Paris, 19th Dec, 1796. in, it ftruck me that the complying with Lord Malmesbury, in answer to the it pledged me to nothing, that it was letter which the Minister for Foreign merely gratifying them on a point in- Affairs had the goodness to transmig bited on peevithly, and that the doing to him through the hands of the Secre. it would put them till more in the tary General of bis Department, must wrong.

remark, that in signing the Official As to the atrange demand of an Ul. Note which he gave in to that Minister timatum, it was perfectly clear what by order of his Court, ie thought he ir became me to say, and I hope that in had complied with all the usual forma. the inclosed answer B. (which I Tenclities, and had given the necessary yefterday morning at twelve o'clock to authenticity to the two Confidential M. Delacroix), í fall be found to have Me:norials which were annexed to it. adhered as closely as possibly to the spirit Nevertheless, to remove all difficulties, of my inftructions.

as far as lies in his power, he willingly Yesterday evening, at half past nine, adopts the forms which are pointed ouc M. Guiraudet broughy me the Note c. by the resolution of the Executive Di. to which I immediately replied by the rectory, and haftens to send to the Nore D. They require no comment; Minister for Foreign Affairs the two and as I intend leaving Paris to-mor- Memorials signed by his hand. row, and travelling with all convenient With respect to the positive demand speed, I shall so soon have it in my power of an Ultimatum, Lord Malmesbury obto say the little which remains to say serves, that ingking on that point in to Telative to this sudden, though perhaps peremptory a manner, before the cwe not unlooked for, close to my Million, Powers Thall have communicated to each that I need pot trespass any further on other their respective pretensions, and your Lordship's parience.

that the Articles of the furúre Treaty I have the honour to be, &c. Ihall have been submitted to the dir.

(Signed) - MALMESBURY. culfions which the different interests P.S. I thought it would he proper for which are to be adjusted necessarily bis Majesty's Minister at Vienna to re. demand, is to thut the door against ceive the earlieft intelligence of the Ne. all Negociation. He therefore can add gociation being broken off, I therefore nothing to the assurances which he has have dispatched a Messenger to Vienna already given to the Minister for Fo. with a copy of the several Papers which reign Affairs, as well by word of mouth have pated between me and Monsieur as in his Official Note ; and he repears Delacroix fince our conference, and allo' that he is ready to enter with that Mi. a laccinct account of what passed on it. nister into every explanation of which The Messenger left this place to-day at the fare and progress of the Negocia..! three P. M.

M. tion may admit, and that he will not kigby Hon. Lord Grenville, &c. &c. &c. fail to enter into the discussion of the

Proposals of his Court, or of any Contree (No.31.)

Projet which may be delivered to bim, Paris, 281b Frimaire (Dec. 18), on the part of tbe Executive Dire Etory, zib year.

with that can dour and that spirit of conSIR,

ciliation which correspond with the just THE Executive Dire&tory has heard and pacific sentiments of his Court. the reading of the Official Note, signed Lord Malmesbury requests the Miby you, and of two Confidencial Memo. nifter for Foreign Affairs to accepe tials

, without fignatures, which were the artsurances of his high considera annexed to it, and which you gave in to tion. De yesterday. I am charged expressly by the Dire&ory to declare to you, ( No.33. ) [ C. ] that it cannot listen to any Confidencial The underlignes Minister for For Note without a signature, and to re- reign Affairs is charged by the Execu. quire of you to give in to me, officially, tive Directory to answer to Lord within fuur and cwenty hours, your Malmesbury's Two Notes of the 27th Ultimatum, figned by you.

and 29th Frimaire (17ch and 19th DeAccept, Sir, the assurance of my high cember, 0. s.) that the Executive Diconfidcration.

rectory will listen to no proposals, con. (Signed)

CH. DELACROIX. trary to the Constitucion, to the Laws,

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and to the Treaties which bind the Re. tance to the general interests of Er. public.

rope. And as Lord Malmesbury announces It is well known, that early in the at every communication, that he is in present year his Majesty, laying aside want of the advice of his Court, from ihe confideration of many circumstances which it results that he acts a part mere. of difficulty and discouragement, dely paflive in the Negociation, which termined to take such fteps as were renders his presence at Paris useless; best calculated to open the way for the undersigned is further charged to Negociation, if any corresponding degive him notice to depart from Paris in fire prevailed on the part of his enemies. eight and forty hours, with all the per- He directed an overture to be made in fons who have accompanied and follow. his name by his Minister in Swisserland, ed him, and to quit as expeditiously as for the purpose of ascertaining the dif. possible the territory of the Republic. positions of The FrenchGovernment with The Undersigned declares moreover, in respect to Peace. The Answer which the name of the Executive Directory, he received in return was at once that if the British Cabinet is desirous of haughty and evasive: It affected to Peace, the Executive Dire&tory is rea. queition the fincerity of those difpo. dy to follow the Negociations, according Sitions of which his Majesty's conduct to the basis laid down in the present afforded so unequivocal a proof; it rais. Note, by the reciprocal channel of cou ed groundless objectious to the mode of riers.

Negociation proposed by his Majesty (Signed) CH.DELACROIX. (that of a General Congress, by which Paris, 29th Frimaire (19th December) Peace has so often been restored to 5th year of the French Republic, Europe); but it ftudioully passed over One and Iudiviĝble. in silence his Majesty's defire to learn

what other mode would be preferred by (No. 34. ) [ D. ]

France. It at the same time asserted a Lord Malmesbury haftens to ack now. principle, which was stated as an indirledge the receipt of the Note of the pensable Preliminary to all Negocia. Minister for Foreign Affairs, dared yef- tion; a principle under which the terms terday. He is preparing to quit Paris of Peace aiutt have been regulated, not to.morrow, and demands,in consequence, by the usual confiderations of jufrice, the necessary Passports for himlelf and policy, and reciprocal convenience; but his Suite.

by an implicit submission, on the part of He requests the Minister for Foreign all other Powers, to a claim founded on Affairs to accept the assurances of his the internal Laws and separate Confti. high confideration.

tution of France, as having full autho. Paris, 2oth Dec. 1796.

rity to superiede the Treaties entered

into by Independene States, to govern To the above papers we subjnin a their Intercits, to controul their En. Declaration of his Britannic Majesty, gagements, and to dispose of their Dowhich was brought down to the cwo Houses of Parliament, dispatched to A pretension in itself fo extra agant every part of the kingdon, and for. could in no inliance have been admilied, mally presented to all the Minitters of even listened to for a moment. Foreign Powers resident at the Court Its application to the present cale led to of London.

nothing less than that France should, as

a Preliminary to all Discussion, retain DECLARATION

nearly all her Conquests, and those pare

ticulariy in which his Majesty was mott HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY. concerned, both from the ries of intereft,

and the sacred obligations of Treaties: THE Negociation, which an anxious that the thould, in like manner, reconer defire for the restoration of Peace had back all that had been conquered from? induced his Majesty to open at Paris, her in every part of the World; and having been abrupely terminated by the that he thould be left at liberty to bring French Government, the King thinks forward such further demands, on all ir due to himself and to his people to other points of Negociation, as fuch unIt are, in this public manner, the circum- qualified fubmislion on the part of thore faces which have preceded and at wreh whom the ticated could not faij co teaded a transaction of so much iinpor. produce.

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On lich grounds as these, it was suf. through which the Government of ficiently evident that no Negociation France professed itself willing to carry could be established: neither did the on a Negotiation, and a readiness was answer of his Majesty's Enemies afford expressed (though in terins far remote any opening for continuing the discuse from any spirit of conciliaticn) to refon, face the mode of Negociation ceive a Minister authorized by his Maoffered by his Majesty had been peremp- jefty to proceed to Paris for that pursorily reje&ted by them, and no other pose. had beca ftated in which they were Many circumstances might have been willing to concur.

urged as affording powerful motives His Majesty was, however, not dif- against adopting this suggestion, until couraged even by this result from ftill the Government of France, had given purtuing such measures as appeared to some indication of a {pirit better cal. him most conducive to the end of culated to promote the success of such Peace ; and the wilhes of his Ally, the a Million, and to meet these advances Emperor, corresponding with those on the part of Great Britain. The. wich his Majetty had manifested, sen. King's desire for the restoration of getiments of a fimilar tendency were cx- neral Peace on just and honourable pretied on the part of his Imperial Ma- terms, bis concern for the interests of jerty at the time of opening the Cam. his subjects, and his determination to paign: but the continuance of the same leavc tú his enemies no pretext for im-, Ipirit and principles on the part of the puting to him the consequences of their Enemy reudered this fresh overture own ambition, induced him to overlook equally unsuccessfu!.

every such consideration, and to take a While the Government of France step which thele reasons alone could jurthus perlifted in obftruéting every mea. tify. sure that could even open the way to The repeated endeavours of the Negotiation, no eodeavour was omitted French Government to defeat this Mil. to mullead the public opinion through., fion in its outset, and to break off the out all Europe with respect to the real intercourse thus opened, even before cause of the prolongation of the war, the first steps towards Negotiation could and to caft a doubt on those dispositions be taken, the indecent and injurious wnich could alone have dictated the steps language employed with a jew to ir. taken by his Majesty and his aag ist ritate, the captious and frivolous objeco ally.

tions raised for the purpose of obftruet. In order to deprive his enemies of ing the progress of the discussion ; all all poslability of fubterfuge or cvation, there have fufficiently appeared from the and in the hope that a just sense of the Official Papers which passed on both continued calamities of War, and of fides, and which are known to all Eu. the increasing diltrelles of France her. rope. self, might at length have led to more But, above all, the abrupt termination just and pacific difpofitions, his Majetty of the Negociation has affurded the most renewed in another form, and through conclutive proof, that at no period of it the intervention of a friendly lower; was any real with for Peace entertained & proposal for opening Negotiations for on the part of the French Government. Piace. The manner in which this in After repeated evasion and delay, that tervention was received, indicated the Government had at length consented to mof hoftile disposition towards Great eftablish, as the Basis of ine Negociation, Britain, and at the same time afforded a principle propused by his Majesty, liall Europe a ftriking instance of that beral in its own nature, equitable to. injurious and offensive conduct which wards his Enemies, and calculated to is observed, on the part of the French provide for the interesis of his Allies, Government, towards all other coun. and of Europe. It had been agreed, that fries. The repeated overtures made in Compensation thould be made to France his Majefty's name were nevertheless of by proportionable Restitutions from his fuch a nature, that it was at last found Majesty's Conquests on that Power, for impoffible to perfill in the ablolute re thole

arrangenients to which she should jecting of them, without the direct and be called upon to consent, in order to undisguised avowal of a determination satisfy the just pretensions of his Allics, to refuse to Europe all hope of the re and to preserve the political Balance of koration of tranquillity. A channel Europe. At the desire of the French was therefore at length in-catçut Goveşament içself, Memorials were

presented by his Majesty's Minister, whom it was offered, such proof would which contained the outlines of terms of be abundantly lupplied from the conPeace, grounded on the Basis fo efta. tents of the Note in which this order blished, and in which his Majesty pro was conveyed. The mode of Nego. posed to carry to the utmost possible ex, riation, on which the French Govern. tent the application of a principle ró ment had itself iolifted, is there rejéd. equitable with respect ro France, and so ed, and no practicable means left open liberal on his Majesty's part. The de. for treating with effect. The basis of livery of these Papers was accompanied Negotiation, fo recently establihed by hy a Declaration expressly and repeared. mutual consent, is there disclaimed, and lý made, both verbally and in writing, in its room a principle, clearly inadmisthat his Majesty's Minister was willing fible, is re-afferted, as the caly ground and prepared to enter, with a spirit on which France can consent to treat, of conciliation and fairness, into the oif. the very same principle which had cuision of the different points there con- been brought forward in reply to his Ma. tained, or into that of any other propo- jesty's firk overtures from Swisserland, Sal or scheme of Peace which the French which had then been rejected by his Government might with tò substitute in Majesty, but which now appears never its place.

to have been, in fact, abandoned by the in reply to this Communication, he Government of France, however incon. received a demand, in form the most fiftent with that'on which they had cx. offensive, and in substance the most ex- pressly agreed to treat. travagant, that ever was made in the It is therefore necessary thatall Europe course of any Negotiarion. It was pe. should understand, that the rupture of remptorily required of him, that in the the Negotiation at Paris does not arise very outlet of the business, when no from the failure of any fincere attempt answer had been given by the French on the part of France to reconcile, by Government to his first proposal, when fair discussion, the views and interest he had not even learned, in any regular of the contending Powers : such a dir: Thape, the nature or extent of the objeco cutlion has been repeatedly invited, and tions to it, and much less received from even solicited on the part of his Ma. that Government any other offer or plan jefty, but has been, in the first instance, of Peace, he hould, in 24 hours, deliver and absolutely, precluded by the act of in aftalement of the final terms to which the French Government. his Court would in any case accede ; a It arises exclufively from the deter. demand tending evidently to Thut the mination of that Government to reject door to all Negociation, io preclude all all means of Peacema determination discussion, all explanation, ali pollibility which appeared but too strongly in all of the anicable adjustment of points the preliminary discussions; which was of difference ; a demand in its nature clearly manifelted in the demand of an preposterous, in its execution impracti. Ultimatum, made in the very outset of cable, since it is plain that no such uitja the Negotiation ; but which is proved mate resolution, respecting a general beyond all pollibility of doubt, by the plan of Peace, ever can be rationally obstinate adherence to a claim which formed, much less declared, without never can be admitted claim that the knowing what points are principally construction which that Government onjected to by the enemy, and what fa- affects to put (though even in that recilities he may be willing to offer in re- fpect unsupported by the fact) on the turn for conceffion in those respects. internal Constitution of its own country, Having declived compliance with this fall be received by all other nations as demand, and explained the reasons which paramount to every known principle of sendered it inadmissible, but having, at public law in Europe, as superior to the the same time, expressly renewed the obligations of Treaties, to the tiss of duclara:ion of his readiness to enter in common intereft, to the most pressing to the discussion of the proposal he had and urgent considerations of general se conveyed, or of any other which might curity. be coinmunicated to him, the King's On such grounds it is that the French Minister received no other answer than Government has abruptly terminated a an abrupt command to quit Paris in for- Negotiation which it commenced with ty-eighi' hours.--'f, in addition to fuch reluctance, and conducted with every an intuli, any further proof were ne. indication of a resolution to prevent its ceffary of the difpoírions of thost by final tuccess. On these motives it is that

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