« ElőzőTovább »
pleasant quarrel takes place between at once fly out, and fet a crying, might James and his master, in confequence of and main, You fall go duzun lairs---1 the success of the former in an amour in will not go doren jairs. The hostess which his master had failed. We will came up the quarrel was at an inn), and extract the more proininent parts of it : being a discreet and prudent dame adjusted
“ Matter. " Well now, James, you the matter, by requiring mutual concel. fay you were fixed in the house of Deigland, fions, not knowing," ad is the Author, and Denesé ordered by her mother to pay " that this, which she took to be the firit you at least four visits a day. The bag. conttít, was more than the hundredth of gage to prefer a Janses !”
the same species that had happened." « James. " A James! a James, Sir, James very wiely remarks, on an amicais a man like another."--Master. “ James, ble resumption of the argument afteryou are mistaken ; a James is not a man wards, when the master proposes that they like another.".-- James. “ He fome- should now change stations, “ Do you times is better than another.".. Maiter. know what would be the consequence! “: James, you forget yourself! Resume You would lose the title without obtain. the hittory of your amours; and remembering the subliarce. Let us remain as we that you are, and ever will be, no more are ; we are both very weil ; and let the than a James.”--- James. , “ If in the rest of our lite be employed in making 3 cottage where we met the robbers James proverb."---Matter. " What proverb?" had not been a little better than his mas. -- James. " James manages bis matter." ter."'..-Matter. “ James, you are imper- ---We shall be the first to whom the jaytinent; you abuse my goodness. If I ing will be applied, but it will be rehave been guilty of the folly of taking you peated of a thousand far superior to you out of your place, I know very well how and me." to send you back to it again. James, There is much folidity of reflection ard take your bottle and your baion, and go knowledge of hunian nature in this litzie down stairs." --- James. “You are plealed' occurrence, which has the appearance of to say fo, Sir; I feel my felf very well levity; and a very useful hint may be here, and I will not go down stairs."--- gathered from it for the direction of Master, “ I say, you shall go down Jocial condut. But this we willingly restairs."---James. " I am sure you don't fer to the reader's fagacity. He will al.6 fay true. What, Sir, after having accuf- find, in different parts of this work, tomed me for ten years to live on the foot. leveral happy strokes of wit and bums; ing of a companion?”—Maiter.“ I think but in this particular Diderot is much proper to put an end to this.” -- James, inferior to his predecesor Voltaire. In * After having fuffered all my imperti- mixing it cccationally with indecency and nences ?"--- Master. “ I intend to fulfer profaneness both Authors agree ; and the them no longer."--- James. “ After philofopher of Fermey may be thought to seating me at table by your side, calling be equalled, if not outdone, in the table me your friend."---Máster. “ You do of the Shrath and the Hanger, and in the not know then what is the meaning of the application of that fine passage of Orid, word friend, when bestowed by a superior Os bomini sublime dedit, which that Post upon his inferior.".-- James. “When attributes to the author of nature, to it is known that all your orders are not James's broad lloucheri bat. For his worth a pinch of snuff till ratified by indecenty Diderot defends himself forJames : after having coupled your name mally in the very arguments of Sterne ; so close to mine that the one never goes but such arguments, by proving too much, without the other, and all the world lays, prove nothing. If their truth be admit. James and his Master ! all at once you are ted, it follows, that books do not at all pleased to separate them. No, Sir, that contribute either to injure the morals or will not be. It is decreed on bigb, that to improve them ; it should be added, as long as James lives, as long as his masa that the more exceptionable pairges are ter lives, and even after they are both omitted in the translation before us. dead, it will be said, James and his Maf. Many other resemblances of Sterne occa ter !"---Matter. “And I say, James, besides this which we have noticed. The that you shall go down stairs instantly, Author confesses this resemblance in E! because I command you." --- James. case; admitting also, that the point of “ Command me to do something else, originalıry can only be decided by priority Sir, if you have a mind to be obeyed." of composition.
“ And now James and his Master, who The main question, concerning predel had hitherto contained themselves, both tination or faiality, remair's in its primi
tive metaphysical darkness ; from which, muffin. Whoever conceive themselves Learning and diligence, far superior to impelled by inevitable fate will probably Didero's, have not hitherto been able to feel less remorse for the malignity of their draw it forth. A work of levity and schemes, than grief for their frustration; gaiety was certainly not designed to alter for how convince bim of guilt, who the condition of it; but may contribute throws the fault upon the stars? or how a little to display the character of those delight his fancy with the temporal rewho inaintain it. James is a pleasant wards of bonefly, who believes that he is fellow ; but he sometimes appears, what born to be banged? his Maiter calls him, a dangerous raza
A Residence in France, during the Years 1792, 1793, 1794, and 1795, described,
in a series of Letters from an English Lady, with general and incidental Remarks on the French Character and Manners. Prepared for the Press by John Gif. ford, Esq. Author of The History of France, Letter to Lord Lauderdale, &c. in Two Volumes. London : Printed by J. Plymfell, for T. N. Longman, Paternofter-Row, 1797. “ Plus je vis l'Etranger, plus j'amai ma Patrie."
IN the following passage we see the state perhaps the best apology was offered for
of Religion during the tyranny of the errors of that worship, which had Robeļpierre, and his unprincipled and been proscribed, persecuted, and ridifanguinary faction :
culed. " While the consternation was yet re “ Previous to the tenth day, in which Cent, the deputies on million in the de a celebation of this kind was to take partments shut up the churches entirely: place. a Deputy arrived, accompanied by The refuse of low clubs were paid and the female goddess; that is, (if the town er:couraged to break the windows and itself did not produce one for the purpose), destroy the monuments of them, and these a Roman dreis of white fatin was hired outrages, which it was previously con from the theatre, with which the was inCerted, should at first assume the appear. vested, her head was covered with a red ance of a popular tumult, were foon re cap, ornamented with oak-leaves, one gulated and directed by the mandatories arm was reclined on a plough, the other of the Convention themselves. The grasped a spear-and her feet were supchurches were again opened — atheistical ported by a globe, and environed by and licentious homilies were substituted mutilated emblems of feodality, for the proscribed service, and an absurd “ Thus equipped, the divinity and and ludicrous imitation of the Greek her appendages, were borne on the mythology was exhibited, under the title Moulders of Jacobins en bonnet rouge, of the Religion of Reafon. On the prin- and elcorted by the National Guard, cipal church of every town was in. Mayor, Judges, and all the constituted fcribed tbe Temple of Reason; and a authorities, who, whether diverted or tutelary goddess was installed with a ce indignant, were obliged to observe a reremony equally pedantic, ridiculous, and spectful gravity of exterior. When the profane; yet the philosophers did not on whole cavalcade arrived at the place apthis occasion disdain thote adventitious pointed, the goddess was placed on an altar aids, the use of which they had so much erected for the occasion, from whence the declaimed against, while they were the harangued the people, who in return proauxiliaries of christianity.
feiled their adoration, and sung the Car" Music, proceslions, and decorations, magnole, and other Republican hymns of which had been banished from the ancient the fort. worship, were introduced in the new one; “ They then proceeded in the same and the philosophical reformer, even in order to the principal church, in the the very attempt to establish a religion choir of which the lame ceremonies were purely metaphysical, found himself renewed; a prieit was sometimes procuied obliged to inculcate it by a grofs and to abjure his faith, and avow the while Daterial idolatry. Thus hy submitting of Christianity an importure: though it his abitractions to the genius of the peo- must be observed in jullice to the French pk, and the imperie lions of our nature, Clergi', that it was feldom poflible to find
any who would consent to this infamy: says Dubois Crancè, have been thrown in such cases the part was exhibited by a into prison; the consequence is, that man hired and dressed for the purpose. their capital is eat up, their ttock gute The festival concluded with the burning to ruin, and our lands have lott the alof prayer books, taints, confessionals, most incalculable effect of their induitrs. and every thing appropriated to the use In La Vendeè fix millions of acres of of public worship.
land lie uncultivated, and five hundred “ The greater part of the attendants thousand oxen have been turned altray, looked on in filent terror and akonish- without thelter and without an ow. ment;
whilst others intoxicated, or pro. ner." bably paid to act this scandalous fárce, Maniacs of every nation, as was the danced round the flames with an appear- case of Margaret Nicholion, and others, ance of fråntic and savage mirth. It is not have occasionally, and it may tafily be to be forgotten, that Representatives of accounted for, directed their wild senthie People ofien prefined as the High stance against the Throne; but no inPriests of these rites; and their official itance of the bloody retaliation of erdispatches to the Convention, in which spotisin can exceed that of Robespiere. these ceremonies were minutely deicribed, Let the reader run over the following were always heard with burits of ap- narrative, and shudder at Revolutionary pluuse, and sanctioned by a decree of in- Systems. tertion in the Bulletin."
“ The assassins of Henry the Fourth It might have been expected that dur- had all the benefit of the laws, and 10:ing the extreme scarcity of grain, the far- fered only after a legal condemnation ; mers would become, and often with suf- yet the unfortunate Cecilia Renal', ficient reason, objects of luspicion ; yet though evidently under a fiate of merital the records of oppressive cruelty have lel- derangement, was hurried to the scaffo.1 dom, probably, have never before equalled without a hearing, for the vague utiti. the following detail of their perfecutions: ance of a truth, to which every heart 1.1
It occurs in a note at the rooth page France, not loft to humanity, muit of the Second Volume, and is in part affent. Brooding on the miseries of her authenticated by the speech of Dubois country, till her imagination becarie Crancè, Sept. 22, 1794.
heated and disordered, this young womaa " The avarice of the farmer was seems to have conceived some hopele:s doubtless to be condemned, but the cruel plan of redress from expoftulation with delpotiin of the government almost Robespierre, whom the regarded as a weakened the sense of rectitude, for by principal in all the evils he deplored. confounding error with guilt, and guilt The difficulty of obtaining an audience vi with innocence, they habituated you to him, irritated her to make fome compariindiscriminate pity, and obliged you to fon between an hereditary Sovereign ard transfer your hatred of a crime to these a Republican one; and the avowed, that who in punishing it, oblerved neither in defiring to fee Robespierre, she -> mercy ner justice. A Farmer was guil- actuated only by a curiosity to contempiae lotined, becaule fomne blades of corn ap- the features of a tyrant. On being peared growing in his pond; from which examined before the Committee, the ti circumstance it was inferred, he had pertitted that her design was lesz! thrown in a large quantity, in order to pour voir comment etoit far an 1:35: promote a scarcity; though it was sub. and no instrument, or possible mears i itantially proved on his trial, that at the detinction was found upou her to jumts preceding harveit the grain of an adjoin- a charge of any thing more than 1. ing field had been got in during a high wild and enthuhaitic attachment is wird, and that in all probability fome Royalism, which she did not attempt to scattered ears which reached the water, disguise. The influence of a femis brad produced what was deeired luficient propenkty, which often turvives even it teltiinony to convict him. Another un- wreck of reaion and beauty, had induci derwent the fame punishment for pur. her to strets with peculiar neatriels whea tuing his usual courie of tillage, and the went in fearch of Robespierre; ar. ioaing part of his ground with lucerne, from the complexion of the times, iriteid of employing the whole for poling it very probable a visit of t. what; and every where there people be. nature might end in imprisonment and Cime the covjects of persecution, both in death, she had also provided hertelt with a their perfons and property.
change of clothes to wear in her last in " Almost all our considerable farmurs," mients.
“ Such an attention in a beautiful girl de Biron, none of her fellow-prisoners of eighteen, was not very unnatural; had suffered on the scaffold. Of her, yet the mean and cruel wretches who however, the fate appears to exceed the were her judges, had the littlene's to en measure of auborised Murder. deavour at mortitying, by divesting her It seems she was a very old and infirin of her ornaments, and covering her with woman, and taken from her confinement the most loathiome rags. But a mind in the same priton with this Lady, to the tortured to madne is by the sufferings of Luxembourg Paris, where her her country, was not likely to be maken daughter-in-law, the Duchets, was alio by luch puerile malice; and when inter- confined. A cart arriving at that prison rogated under this disguise, the still pre to convey a nuinber of victims to the ferved the fame firmness, mingled with Tribunal, the litt, in the course dialect of contempt, which the bad shown when Republicanilin, contained the name of firit apprehended. No accufation, or
La Femine Biron. « But there are two cven implication, of any person could be of them,” said the Keeper. " Then drawn from her, and her own confeflion bring them both.”—The aged Mare. was that of a pasionate loyalty ; yet an challe, who was at lupper, concluded universal conspiracy was nevertheless her meal while the relt were preparing, decreed by the Convention to exist, and then took up her book of devotion, and Niis Renaud, with fixty-nine others, departed cheartully. The next day both wire sentenced to the Guillotine without mother and daughter were guillotined ! tarcher trial, than merely calling over The enthutiaim of Rouileau's genius their names.
They were conducted to was fometimes usefully submitted to his the icaffold in a fort of red frocks, in- good fense and knowledge of mankind. tended, as was allegeri, to mark them He oblerves very juftly, chat it is dangeras affans--but, in reality, to prevent ous to teach the eommon people to rrathe croud distinguishing or receiving any fon: it mult not always be informed of impression from the number of young and too much, becaute it cannot be informed interesting females who were comprised in lutficiently. Nothing therefore is genethis dreadful blaughter. They met death rally more ridiculous or pernicious, than with acourage which seemed almost todis to make the bulk of the people neglect appoint the malice of their tyrants, who, their useful callings to become pbilosoin an original exceis ot barbarity, are phers and patriots. faid to have lamented that their power of Yet this right of directing public inflicting could not reach thoté mental affairs, and of neglecting their own, is ficulties which enabled their victims to one characteristic of the new politics of fuffer with fortitude."
France. Remark the following sentence We find farther in two n tes below, of transportation in the regilters of a explanatory of the above pallage, that popular Commission: the lixty-nine people executed with “ Begeron, a dealer in skins, suspected, Mladamoitelle Renauii, except her father, -having done nothing in favour of the mother, and aunt, were totally unconnect. Revolution-extremely tellith, (egoiste ) ed with her and with each other, and had and blaming the Sans Culottes for negbeen collected from different prilons, be- lecting their callings, that they may tween which no communication could attend only to public concerns.” Signed have sublifted. We are told also that by the Member of the Cominillion and Fouquier Tinville, Public Acçuler of the the two Committees.”. Revolutionary Tribunal, enraged at the Much clamour and heart-burning has courage with which his victims fub- arifen in this country, from the check mitted to their fate, had formed the de which Governinent has given of late to sign of having them bled previous to the formation of Political Clubs and their execution, intending by this means Associations. The following paragraph to weaken their fpirits, that they might from the history of the late rulers of appear less intereiting to the people, by France, will be the highest praise of the a pulillanimous behaviour their lait prudence of our Miniiter's conduct, in moments!
the mind of every impartial Friend of In August 1794, our fair authoress social order. quitted her dreary prison, in confequence “ The profligate, the turbulent, the of the fall of the detestable Robespierre. idle, and needy of various countries in She reckons it among her satisfactions, Europe, have been tempted by the suc. that with the exception of the Marechalle celies of the French Jacobins to en
deavour at establishing similar institu- offence of the inhabitants, and inftituting tions; but the same successes have ope- a commission for trying them, proceeds rated as a warning to people of a different thus: “ It is hereby ordered that as soon description, and the fall of these societies as the principal criminals are executed, has drawn two confessions from their the National Agent, thall notity to the original partizans, which ought never to remaining inhabitants not confined, that be forgotten: namely, that they were they are enjoined to evacuate their dwel. formed for the purpose of subverting the lings, and take out their effects in twenty: monarchy, and that their existence is four hours ; at the expiration of which incompatible with regular government of he is to commit the town to the flames,
“ While the monarchy still and leave no vestige of a building ftandexisted," says the philosophic Lequino, ing. Further, it is forbidden io erett “ it was politic and necessary to en any building on the spot in future, or to courage popular focieties, as the most cultivate the soil. efficacious means of operating its de. “ Done at Avigr.on, the 17th Floreal." Itruction ; but now we have effected a Maignet escaped the juft punithient revolution, and have only to consolidate of his atrocity; as it was proved in the it by mild and philofophic laws, these course of the debate, that he was authosocieties are dangerous, because they can rized by an express decree of the Conproduce only confusion and disorder." vention, to inflict this specific example
This is also the language of Brissot, of barbarity. who admires the Jacobins from their Of the mutual fufpicions which tyranny origin till the end of 1792, but after that never fails to excite amongit private inperiod he admits they are only the inftru- dividuals, to prevent them from uniting ments of faction, and destruélive of all to make an effectual resistance to a goorder and property. For the period of vernment they secretly detest, the followthe Jacobin annals, so much admired by ing fact is an illustration : that Revolutionist, and commended in “ Two gentlemen dined with us yerhis address to his Constituents, comprises terday, whom I knew to be zealous the dethronement of the King, the malfa- royalists, and as they were acquainted, I cres of the prisons, and the banishment made no scruple of producing an engraving of the priests. The period he reproaches, which commemorates myiterioully the begins precisely where the Jacobins dits death of the King, and which I had jult reputed the claims of himself and his party ceived from Paris by a private conveyance. to the exclutive direction of the govern- They looked alarmed, and affected not
to understand it; and perceiving I had “ We learn therefore, not from the done wrong, I replaced the print with abuses alone, but from the prailes be out farther explanation : but they buih ftowed on the Jacobins, how much such called this evening, and reproached me combinations are to be dreaded: their teparately for thus exposing their cutimerit, it appears, was to have subverted ments to each other." the monarchical government, and their In such times indeed how could any crime that of not being useful as agents of man be sure of his life, or his liberti, tyranny longer than while they could allo · for a single moment? The fair writer tels be principals."
that the municipality of Dijon commncoOf the following example of enormity, ly issued their writs of arrest in this pofterity might have been permitted to form ;--- Such and such a person thall doubt, did not the circumitance of its be arrested, and his wife--it he has one." having become the subject of legal in But our time and our paper are tail. fpe&tion, establish the horrid fact. ing us, while we are citing a few of te
The Deputy Maignet, was on million fačts and passages in thele letters, wortby in the Department of Vaucluse, and be of an Englisman's mott serious attenfides numberless other cruelties, he tion and meditation, War, even the caused the whole town of Bedouin to be molt necessary and most defensive, is a burnt, a part of its inhabitants to be calamity which humanity must always guillotined, and the rest to be difperfed, depreciate; but when weighed againit because the Tree of Liberty was cut a Peace, which may domeiticate luch down on a dark night, while they were maxims and such conduct, it be. afleep. The order for burning the place comes comparatively a bleifing. At begins thus; Libertè, Egalité, au nom present a Briton delights to save and to du peuple françois; and after stating the protect even an enemy, when fubdued;