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was too well known to be suspected of as much inclined to laugh as he was ; having such designs, the arrival of those but that it was impossible for me to find troops, fo far from terrifying the multi. any amusement in seeing the King's tude, only rendered the insurrection more authority fo scandalously degraded. general, and augmented the mortification This was the case already to such a deand disgust of the soldiers, who were full gree, that the spirit of 'revolt infected of indignation at the despicable part every class. The Parliament, which had which they had been made to act. The till then given an example of submission military officers were not received in any to his Majesty's orders, was loudly acfamily in town; and there never passed a cuted of having fold itself to the Court; day but what some of the soldiers were and was in a manner compelled, by çirattacked or beaten. We were not much cumstances, to infringe the interdiction more respected ourselves : we seldom againit allembling. I passed within ten appeared in the streets without hearing paces of the mob, without attracting any very disagreeable comments pafied upon attention: they were entirely occupied
To this M. de Thiard always re- by a detachment of dragoons, who came turned a gracious imile, which the po to support the siege or blockade of the pulace (not comprehending its refined Hotel de Luillé; and who, instead of delicacy) imputed to affectation, or took marching against the mob, whom they for a sign of some fear. This custom of might have dispersed in a twinkling, overlooking every attempt which was formally drew themselves up, according made against Royal authority, and the to the orders of M. de Thiard, and stood licence which was given to degrade and peaceable spectators in the walk which insult the perions employed to lupport overlooks that town. A few moments it, inspired the leaders of the insurrection afterwards I met a dragoon, who, in with the highest degree of infolence. . A galloping to join the detachment, chaced farce was acted in the fquares and public before him all the people in the street, ftreets, particularly under the windows Twenty-five dragoons, I am convinced, of the Commandant and the Attendant, by a brilk charge, would have been fufwhich was designed as a burlesque on ficient to put all the inhabitants of the the lit de juslice, the last session of par town to flight." liament, and some of the new larvs. This Mr. Bertrand gives a very satisfactory piece was performed by shoe-blacks and account of the commencement of the chimney-sweepers, dreffed in tattered Revolution; of which he very justly obblack robes, square caps, and paper cra
serves, that “ the first symptoms are as vats, and feated on the little stools which important as the effects." thele blackguards brought for the oc. He has occafion to remark many incafion ; giving, as it was said, an exact stances of the cowardice and insolence of representation of putting the Judge on the mob ; eatily dispersed, if timeously a level with the judged. Printed papers, and vigorously attacked; but rendered giving an account of all that passed at audacious and fierce by helitation and this Royal fitting of thoe-blacks, were forbearance. distributed with profusion among the There is something at once curious populace. These papers contained also and inltructive in the States, Parliament, the ipeeches which the actors in this and Bailiages of Brittany reviving and were supposed to have pronounced ; but recovering their privileges that had been which the loud applause and milth of so long antiquated. This shews the imthe immense crouds which followed them portance of even obsolete and dormant prevented from being heard.
claims ; which may be realized by time “ M. de Thiard, who dined with me and accidents, that day, happened to arrive while this Our Author, throughout his Book, has entertainment was going on under my manifold occasions, which he readily emwindow. The idea seemed to him very braces, of doing justice to the memory of amusing; and he endeavoured to make his Royal Master ; but, among the many me laugh at some of the farcasms con and various teftimonies exhibiced to the tained in a piece, where we were both innocence and goodness of the late King made to act the lowest and most indecent of France, there is none more emphatic parts. I could not help laying to him, than that of our countryman General with some degree of fpleen,' that if this Melville, recorded in a note, page 173. farce had been acted in Constantinople, vol. 3. “ The General, speaking of that and that I had read the account of it in Prince, said with much emotion, that he the Gazette, I might perhaps have been was over.goud. The sensibility of the
humane and philanthropic General is terwards of the Ceded Inands. Through well known. It seemed, however, to the cardid and honourable attentions of have been excited by the misfortunes and the Marquis of Castries, Minister of unmerited lufferings of the King in a Marine and Colonies; and, above all, to very extraordinary degree. The General the justice and generosity of the King had opportunities of being intimately ac- himself, on which the fate of the conquainted with the virtues of Louis XVI. quered Colony had been entirely throws; By the Peace of 1783, it was fettled that he obtained various concessions, beyond the Illand of Tobago Tould remain to the most sanguine expectations of the the Crown of France; but no conditions British Settlers. General Melville bavhad been ftipulated in favour of the Britith ing thus pollelled uncommon opportuproprietors, who dreaded the idea of their nities of knowing the amiable qualities rights and properties falling under a of the King, was therefore affected in 20 French Government. It was thought uncommon degree by the recollection of necessary to lend a deputation to the them.” Court of Versailles; and this was hap Mr. Bertrand sets out with giving, in pily committed to General Melville, with the manner of Tacitus and the bett Hilanother Gentleman. The General had torians, the outlines of the picture which not only been the first Governor of To- he afterwards fills up; but he falls too bago from 1764, but indeed the Founder foon, agreeably to the vivacity of his of the Colony ; that Illand, then covered notion, into a passion : even at the fixth with wood and uninhabited, having been page he be gins an apoitrophe, which he included in his general Government of continues even to the fixteenth. Throughthe Ceded Illands. He had acquired, of cut the whole of the Memoirs, indeed, course, a particular knowledge of the he appears too much in the light of an Illand, and of its interests ; and he was Advocate on one hand, and an Acculer also considered as a person most likely to on another. This may well be excused; be well received at the French Court, but the Memoirs would have had greater from his conduct towards the French in weight, if the Author had adhered more his Government of Guadaloupe, and af to the Ityle of Narration and Description. James the Fatalist and his Matter. Translated from the French of Diderot.
3 Vols. Robinions. 1797• AMES THE FATALIST, like Pan As a work of liveliness and ingenuity,
gloss, his rivaland predeceffor, attacks this composition deserves a perutal, though all anunt ejablishments, civil and reli- it leaves the great question which it progious, with some wit and some learning, fetes ta diicuts in its original trtaz but chiefly with sophistical and infidious ments and ambiguities. Such, inderd, logic. Like bin, he hopes to overturn they are, as probably no mortal will be the direction of anover-ruling Providence, able to clear, by hewing an occasional and accidental obicurity ; ard skin ming on the surface
“ Or know their spring, their head, their
true descent.” of the unfarcomuöle question corcuming neceljary agenci', endeavours to obtain
This indeed, James, to do him justice, the credit or having explored its deptbs. ingenucully contelles ; and in spite of liis The optimist conlidirs himtelf as having beory of neceility and fatalismi, acknowaccomplished his purpose if he establishes ledges that he adis, and expects others to a few examples of miley iu bis best of all act agreeably to the free determination of pollible world's ; and the necffarian, the mind,
He praises and he condemas having demonstrated that, in some cases according to the degree of wisdom and of volitu, man may be deteranined by prudence which appears blended with the inevitable coups, concludes, that in none
conduct he is considering ; than which he can be at liberty to choose.
nothing, as he admits, can be more inThe chief difference between the two
conillant with the opinion of the 19.014.a. champions is, that the firit in order of biliry of the cvent. It might as wileiy be time is fupposed to defend in good earnes alerted, that man has never abefizcu:the cause to which the Author in reality is
ties of eyes nor ears, while we reckon bolile ; whereas James and Diderot are
the benefits of bearing an i lering both likewile decisive advocates for fixed for our companions and for ourselves. and inevitable fate, and honestly and finply support their opinion.
Sed nunc non oril bis lacus.
66 At pre
Our work is not intended for the dif- the rogues, who valued their lives as fusion of metaphysical subtleties, which, much as honest men, rose from table within truth, enter not, nor were ever intended out the finallest murmur, undresled them. to enter, deeply into the business and bo. felves, and went to bed.
His master, songs of men. Let us return to our friend doubtful of the illise of this adventure, James. The following detached incident waited his return in fear and trembling. will give an idea of his character : James entered the rooin loaded with the
“While our two theologians were dif- fpoils of these people ; he had seized the puting without understanding each other, whole of their effects, that they might not as in theology it will sometimes happen, be tempted to rise again ; he had extinnighe approached. They were traversing guished their candles, and double-locked a country in which travelling was at all their door, the key of which he kept in his times unsafe, and which was still more to hand with one of his pistols. at a period when a bad administration, fent, Sir,” faid he io his master, combined with wretchednels, had multi- have nothing more to do than barricade plied without end the number of malefac this door, by puthing our beds close to it, tors. They halted at one of the most milera and then go to sleep in tranquillity. Acble inns in the world. Two wretched beds cordingly he sets to work, and pushed the were prepared for them, in a room formed beds up againit the door, recounting to by a partition of boards that displayed on his maiter, with great coolness and bro. every fide wide-gaping crevices. They vity the detail of this expedition.called for supper : they were served with Maiter. “ What a devil of a fellow' yon dirty water, black bread, and four wine. are, James ! You believe then”- James. The hoft, the hostess, children, and fer “ í neither believe nor disbelieve, vants, every thing had a forbidding af- Mafier. “Had they refufed to go to bed," peet. Close by their fide they heard im - James. " That was impossible.”— moderate burits of laughter, and the tu
Maiter. " Why?"--- James. multuous joy of about a dozen robbers, cause they did not refute.”—Mafter. who had been before them and engroiled all
" Should they rise again.”- James. the provisions. James was tolerably tran " Wby 'then so much the better, or so quil; 'ais matter was far from being of the gmuch the werfe.” Malter. “ If-if-if fame temper. The latter was employed -and--"-James. “ If, if the sea in placing his chagrin before hinı in every were to boil, as the saying is, we should attitude, and in every point of view; have abundance of fish ready cooked. while his servant devoured a few flices of What the devil, Sir, but this minute
you blück bread, and swallowed, not without thought that I ran a very great risk, yet w.y faces, some glasses of bad wine. They nothing was more unfounded. Now
you were in this tituation when they heard a imagine yourself in imminent danger; kuccking at their door. It was a waiter yet, perhaps, nothing is more false. All whom thele insolent and dangerous neigh the people in this house dread one anobours had compelled to carry to our tra
ther, which proves that we are ..2* parcel velirs, on one of their plates, all the of tools."- Conversing thus he undrelles, bories of a fowl which they had eaten up. tumbles into bed, and falls alleep. His
“ James, fired with indignation at this master eating in his turn a slice of black treatment, laid hold of his master's piftols. bread, and drinking a glass of bad wine, " Where are you going?”—“Leave pricked up his ears, looked at James, me to manage the matter. -"Where who lay incring, and faid, “ What a are you going, I say?"_" Why! to devil of a fellow is this?” Following bring this rabble to reason."--Don't the example of his valet, the matter you know there is a dozen of them?". stretched himself also upon his bed, but “Were they an hundred, the number is he could not, like him, enjoy repose, for of no ceníequence if it is decreed on high he did not sleep a wink. At day-break that they are not enough.”_"Devil con. James felt somebody thaking him ; it found you with your impertinent bah was his matter, who whispered him, bie."- James made his e cape from his “ James! James !" matter, enters the room where the ruf James. 66 What is the matter "fians were allembled with a loaded pistol Matter.
- James. “Very in each hand. “ Quick to bed," laid poflibly."- Master. " Rise then.". he ; " the first that flirs I thall blow his James. Why?"-- Mafter.
* That brains out."
we may leave this place in all haste." “ James's air and tone of voice so James. “ Why ?"-Maler. " Because strongly proved him to be in earneft, that we are not well here,"'--James. « Who
« It is day."
knows that we are not; or that we shall interpreted, it means you are a bad poet; be better any where else ?”—Matter. and as I do not think you have nerves to " James !"- James. Hey-day ! hear the truth, you are but a filly felJames ! James ! What a devil of a fel- low."-"And do you find that frankness low you are ?
always succeeds ?"_" It very seldom Master. " What a devil of a fellow fails." rather are you, James, my friend." “ I read the verses of my young Poet;
“ James rubbed his eyes, yawned seve. and I told him, “ Your verses not only ral times, itretched himself, rose, put on are bad, but they prove to me that you his clothes very deliberately, replaced will never make good ones.”_" I must their beds in their former Itation, lallied make bad ones then, for I cannot refrain out of the room, went down ftairs into from writing."-" What a dreadful the fable, faddled and bridled the horses, curse ! Do you know the disgrace, Sir, awoke the landlord who was still a Aeep, into which you are about to fall ? Medi. discharged the reckoning, kept the keys ocrity in Poets can neither be endured of the two chambers, and off let our he- by gods nor men, nor by booksellersroes."
Thelves; fo faid Horace."-" I know James you see is endued with conftitu- it."-"Are you rich ?"-" No."tional bravery, which has been the case “ Are you poor?"_" Very poor.' also of more distinguished Fatalists of “ And to poverty you are going to add whom history has recorded the atchieve. the ridicule which attaches to a bad poet: ments. Concerning the friendly alliance you shall have thrown away your whole between courage and fatalism we shall not life ; you will become old. Old, past, now speak ; oblerving only, that this and a bad Poet! Ah! Sir, What a caspecies of philofophy is very fit to inspire talogue !"-" I am sensible of it; but I confidence in tuch as are engaged in peri- am constrained in spite of myself." (Here lous undertakings. According to these James would have laid, but ibis was de. principles, security and apparent safety creed on bigb).-" Have you any relaare sometimes, to use an expression of our tions ?''-" I have."-" What are their poet, more dangerous iban dunger. The situations in lite ?"_" They are jewelreader may not be sorry to be told, that lers."-" Are they disposed to do any James and his master continue their jour- thing for you !"-" They may."ney unmolested by the robbers whom the “ Well; go see your relations, and proformer had routed.
pose to them to advance you a fiall quanBut let us drop James for a while, tity of jewels. Embark for Pondicherry, and attend to his mastır ; not him of the make bad verses on your voyage ; on fable, but Diderot, the master of both, your arrival make a fortune. Your forwho, quitting his fictiticus character, tune made, return here, and write as many thus relates an anecdote of himself : bad verles as you pleale, provided that
“ The history of the port of Pondi- you don't print them, for it is needless to cherry.--After the usual compliments ruin any body." upon my wit, my genius, my tafte, my " About a dozen years after I gare condescension, and other discourse of this advice to the young man he again which I do not believe a word, though I made his appearance. I did not recollect have been in the habit of hearing it re him.' " I am, Sir, said he, the perion peated, and perhaps with fincerity, for whom you fent to Pondicherry ; I have twen.y years.
been there, and have amailed a fortune of “ The young Poet drew a paper from an hundred thoutand francs. I amʻre. his pocket.
“There are a few verses," turned, have lit about writing veries, and he says to me." Verles !"-" Yes, here are some which I have brought Sir ; and I hope that you will have the you."-"Are they still bad ?"_"Still." goodness to give me your opinion of -" But your lut is settled, and I have them."-" Do you like to be told the no objection to your perlifting to write truth?"_“Yes, Sir ; and I desire to hear bad vertes."'--"' In truth, this is my init from you."'-“ Well, you thall hear tention." it." What ! are you such a fool as to This you will think, Reader, a fingular believe that a poet would come to you in occurrence and a singular character ; but quest of truth :"-"Yes."-"And M. Diderot has many of them in store. really to tell it him?"_" Most cer Here what he says in another place upon tainly !"-"Without management ?" this subject : au Certainly; management in such cases “ Is it this that excites your incredulity? is at the belt a gross insult; when fairly In the first place, nature is so diversified,
especially in characters and instincts, that they call to their assistance their friend there is nothing in the imagination of the Gouse. The latter, without saying a poet so extravagant of which observation word, sells his whole property, linen, and experience do not preient us with the clothes, instruments, furniture, books ; model. I myself, who now speak, have raites a tum of money; hurries the two met with the fellow of the Mock-Docior, lovers into a poft-chaise ; accompanies which till ther: I had considered as the mort them most cheerfully as far as the Alps; entertaining of all fillions.- What! the there he empties his purse of the little fellow of a husband whose wife fays to money that remained'; presents them him, I bave three cbildren on my bands, with it ; embraces them; wishes them a and who ansivers, Lay them nown iben. good journey ; returns on foot, begging " They alk for bread." “ Give them his way as far as Lyons, where, by paint: a rod.” Precilely.- The following is ing the rooms of a cloister of Monks, he the dialogue that palled between him and earned as much as enabled him to return my wife : “ Are you there Monsieur to Paris without begging. Goule?"-" Yes, Madam, for I can "This was very fine."-" Certainly." not be in two places at once." Where _ And from this heroic action you are you come from?"_" From the place in agine that Goufle was poflefled of a I went to."-" What have you done great fund of morality."-" No, indeed! there?”-“ I have repaired a mill that be undeceived; he had no more idea of it was out of order."-" Whofe mill was thana horfe.”-“ Impoffible !"-" It is it?"--" I know nothing of that ; I did true, however. I had employed him in a not go there to let the miller to rights.' piece of business; I gave him adratt upon
_“You are very well dresied, contrary my agent for eighty livres ; the tum was to cultom. Why under this suit, which written in figures. What does my man is very becoming, have you a dirty shirt ?" but add a cypher, and draws eight
' hun. -“ Because I have no more than one." dreu livres."-" Ah ! fhocking !”
" And why no more ?" Because I " He is not more difhonest when he robs have no more bodies than one at a time?" me than generous when he strips himself .." How are your children?"..“ Admi to serve his friend. He is an original, rably !"'--.“ And the boy that has such destitute of principles. The eighty livres fine eyes, lo plump, 10 pietty a kin?”.-. were not fufficient for him ; with a dash " Much better than the rest ; he is of the pen he procured the eight hundred, dead.”
for which he had occasion. And then “ Take Goufle to a tavern, tell him with what a valuable book was I preyour business, propose that he should go fented ? Some time after I had occalion with you twenty leagues off he will ac- for another valuable book, and again hie company you. After having employed furnished me with it. I wished to pay him,diliniís him without a penny; he will for it; he refuled to accept the price.' Í return perfectly satisfied with his treat had occasion for a third."
“ This time," ment.
faid he, “ I cannot supply you; my “ Gousse and Premonval kept a school Doctor of the Sorbonne is dead." of mathematics together. Among the “ And what connection has the death numerous scholars that attended there of your Doctor of the Sorbonne with the was a young Lady, called Miss Pigeon, book that I wish to procure ? Did you the daughter of the celebrated artist who take the two former out of his library?" constructed those two planispheres which Assuredly !"-" Without his have been transported from the Royal leave ?"-" Poh! What need had I of Garden to the Hall of the Academy of that, in order to administer distributive Sciences. Miss Pigeon went every morn- justice? I only displaced these books for ing with her fatches under her arm, and the better, by transferring them from a her mathematical initrument cale in her place where they were uleiels, to another musf. One of the profeffors, Premonval, where they were to be used to advantage. fell in love with his Tcholar, and in spite of After this, shall we venture to judge of the propofitions upon tolids,inscribedupon men by their conduct ? But there is the the iplere, 'fhewas got with child.' Father story of Gouffe and his wife which is best Pigeon was not a man to acquielce with pa- of all." tience in the truth of this corollary. The And this, Reader, you actually find situation of the lovers becomes embarrafs- tome forty pages after, at the end of this ing; they hold a conference; but having first Volume. But we have not room for pothing, nothing at all in the world, what its infertion. could be the result of their deliberations ? Towards the end of the second Volumea