« ElőzőTovább »
as more ingenious than solid. It was the date extremely.'-This is no evi. answered by Frederick Guy Dickens, Erq. dence ; but there is one line in the printed in a 4to. volume ; and the evidence from poems of Rowley that makes me more the wardrobe-roll was controverted by Dr. firmly believe that the age of Richard Milles and Mr. Masters, in papers red the First was the æra fixed upon by Chatbefore the Antiquarian Society. It is terton for his forgeries ; for that line faid, one or both of thele latter pieces says, gave Mr. Walpole so much disgust, that he ordered his name to be struck out of
Now is Coeur de Lion gone' the list of Members, and renounced the or some fuch words ; for I quote by me. honour arnexed to it from his connection mory, not having the book at hand. It with the body of Antiquarians. It can- is very improbable that Rowley, writing not, however, be denied, that the charac. in the reign of Henry the 'Sixth, of ter of Richard is cleared from many of Edward the Fourth, as is now pretended, the enormities charged upon him by his or in that of Henry the Fourth, as was torians and poets.
assigned by the credulous before they had It was about this time that the transla- digested their system, should incidentally
, tion took place for which he has suffered in a poem on another fubject, fay, **w is the greatest censure, and írom wliich, we Richard dead. I am persuaded that Chatbelieve, he derived a very lasting concern; terton himself, before he had dived into though, when every circumstance is duly Canning's history, had fixed on a much weighed, perhaps but little blame will earlier period for the age of his forgeries. attach to his memory. We shall give -Now to return to my narrative. Mr. Walpole's cwn narrative in his own “ I wrote, according to the inclosed words, extracted from a letter to Mr. direction, for further particulars. ChatW. B.
terton, in answer, informed ine, that he “ Bathoe, my bookseller, brought me was the fon of a poor widow, who lupa pacquet left with him. It contained ported him with great difficulty ; that he an ode or little poem of two or three was clerk, or apprentice, to an attorney, ftanzas, in alternate rhyme,
on the death but had a taste and turn for more elegast of Richard the First, and I was told in studies ; and hinted a wish that I would very few lines that it had been found at assist him with my interest in immergirz Bristol with many cther old poems, out of fo dull a profession, by procuring and that the posieffer could furnish me him some place in which he could purte with accounts of a series of great pain- his natural bent. He affirmed, that great ters that had flourished at Bristol. treasures of antient poetry had been dif
“ Here I must pause, to mention my covered in his native city, and were in own reflections. At firrt I concluded the hands of a person who had lent him that somebody having met with my those he had transmitted to me, for he now « Anecdotes of Painting" had a mind fent me others, amongst which was an to laugh at me. I thought not very in abfolute modern pastoral in dialogue, geniously, as I was not likely to swallow thinly sprinkled with old words. Pray a succession of great painters at Bristol. observe, Sir, that he affirmed having The Ode or Sonnet, as I think it was received the poems from another pers.; called, was too pretiy to be part of the whereas it is ascertained, that the Gentk. plan ; and, as is easy with all the other man at Bristol, who pofleffes the fund of Supposed poems of Rowley, it was not Rowley's Poems,received them from Chatdifficult to mike it very modern by terton. changing the old words for new ; though “ I wrote to a relation of mine at Bath, yet more difficult than with most of them. to enquire into the situation and characYou see I tell you fairly the case. I then ter of Chatterton, according to his out imagined, and do itill, that the success of account of himself ; nothing was re• Offian's poems had suggelted the idea. turned about his character, but his own Whether the transmitter hinted, or I story was verified. fupposed from the subject, that the disco " In the mean time I communicated vered treature was of the age of Richard the poems to Mr. Gray and Mr. Malon, the First, I cannot take uponi me to afert; who at once pronounced them forgerits yet that impression was so strong on my and declared there was no fymptom in mind, that two years after, when Dr. them of their being the productions of Goldsmith told me they were then allotted near so distant an age, the language and to the age of Henry the Sixth or Fifth, I metres being totally unlike any thing ansaid, with surprize, • They have thifted cient ; for though I expreEcd no doubt to
them, I ascribed them to the time of " He wrote me rather a peevith an. Richard the First ; Mr. Gray nor Mr. swer ; said he could not contest with a Malon faw any thing in the poems that person of my learning (a compliment by was not more recent than even the reign no means due to me, and which I certainly of Henry the Eighth. And here let me had not assumed, having mentioned my remark, how incredible it is that Rowley, having confulted abler judges) ; maina monk of a mere coinmercial town, which tained the genuineness of the poems ; was all Bristol * then was, should have and demanded to have them returned, as purified the language, and introduced a they were the property of another Gendiversified metre, more classic than was tleman. Remember this. known to that polished courtly poet Lord “ When I received this letter I was Surry ; and this in the barbarous tur- going to Paris in a day or two, and either bulent times of Henry the Sixth ; and forgot his requett of the Poems, or, that the whole nation thould have relapsed perhaps, not having time to have them into the same barbarilin of stile and verfi. copied deferred complying till my return, fication till Lord Surry, I might almost which was to be in tix weeks. I proteft I say till Waller, aroie.- I leave to better do not remember which was the case ; icholars and better antiquaries to settle and yet, though in a cause of so little how Rowley became so well versed in the importance, I will not utter a syllable of Greek tragedians. He was as well ac which I not positively certain, quainted with Butler, or Butler with nor will charge my memory with a tittle him ; for a Chaplain of the late Bishop beyond what it retains. of Exeter has found in Rowley a line of « Soon after my return from France, I Hudibras t.
received another letter from Chatterton, “ Well, Sir, being satisfied with my the stile of which was singularly impertiintelligence about Chatterton, I wrote him nent. He demanded his poems roughly; a letter with as much kindnels and tender and added, that I thould not have dared neis as if I had been his guardian ; for to use him so ill it he had not acquainted though I had no doubt of his impositions, me with the narrowness of his circumsuch a spirit of poetry breathed in his coin Itances. age as interested me for him : nor was it a “ My heart did not accuse me of infograve crime a young bard to have lence to him. I wrote an aniwer, exforged false notes of hand that were to poftulating with him on his injustice, and país current only in the parish of Parnaf- renewing good advice ; but upon second lus. I undeceived him about my being a thoughts, reflecting that so wrong healed person of any interest, and urged to him a young man, of whom I knew nothing, ihat in duty and gratitude to his mother, and whom I had never seen, might be who had itraitened herlelf to breed him up abfurd enough to print my letter, I ilung to a profesiion, he ought to labour in it, it into the tire ; and wrapping up both that in her old age he might abfolve his his Poems and Letters, without iaking a filial debt: and I told him, that when he copy of either, for which I ain now tony, fhould have made a fortune he might un I returned all to him, and thought ro bend himself with the studies consonant to more of him or them.” Lis inclinations. I told him also, that I Mr. Walpole then relates the informahad communicated his transcripts to much tion he received of the cataltrophe of better judges, and that they were by no Chatterton, which he di plores in the fol. means fatisfied with the authenticity of lowing terms : “I heartily wished then his suppo ed MSS. I mentioned their that I had been the dupe of all the poor reasons, particularly, that there were no young man had written to me ; for who fuch metres known in the age of Richard would not have his underítanding innthe First : and that might be a reason poted on to tave a fellow being from the with Chatterton himtelt to shift the æra utmost wretchedness, cielpair, and suicide! of his productions.
- and a young man not eighteen, and of
HUDIBRAS, P. 2. c. 3. 1. 795.
such miraculous talents!"-"I lament acquired strength, though it did not difnot having seen him; my poor patronage quality him either for company or conmight have faved him from the abyss into versation. The same fpirit of enquiry, which he plunged: but, alas ! how could the fame ardour of pursuit, and the fame I furmile that the well-being and existence candour in judgment, prevailed almoft to of a human creature depended on my iwval. the latest period of his life. He was ca. lowing a legend; and from an unknown pable of enjoying the fociety of his friends person? Thank God! so far from hav- until a very thort time before his death, ing any thing to charge myself with on which happened on the 2d March 1797. Chatterton's
account, it is very hypothe Py his will, which contains 2 2 theets, tical to fuppofe that I could have stood besides the addition of leven codicils, by between him and ruin." After the pre- one of which he directed that his body ceding statement, extracted from Mr. might be opened and afterwards privately W:Ipole's unpublished defence, we con- interred; and bequeathed to Robert Berry; ceive much of the prejudice entertained Esq. and his two daughters, Mary and against him by fome on account of this Agnes Berry, all his printed works and tranfaction, will either totally difappear, manuscripts, to be published at their diror at least be considerably lefieneil. cretion, and for their own emolument.
In the year 1768, Mr. Walpole printed To these two ladies he gives 4000!. fifty copies of his tragedy of the " Myf- each; and, for their lives, the houle and terious Mother," a performar.ce entitled garden late Mrs. Clive's, with the long to very high praise. Of this piece an ineadow before the fame, and all the furaccount is given in our Magazine of Sep- niture there; after their deaths or martember 1787, to which, on this occation, riages, to go to the same uses as Straw. we inust refer. It was originally com- berry-hill; and with a reftriction not to posed with a view to the performance of let the house for longer than a year. Mrs. Pritchard; and could the horrible By the fame codicil he also direcs all circunstance on which it is founded be the boxes containing his prints, books of foftened, we are of opinion it might ftill prints, &c. be conveyed' to Strawberry. be represented with great effect by the Irill, to remain as heir-looms appurtenant prefent ornament of the tragic fcere. te that estate; and makes it a particular
From this period no cireunstance of request to the perfon in pollehon of his importance occurred in the course of Mr. favourite relidence, that the books, and Walpole's life until the year 1791, when, every article of furniture there, may be by the death of his nephew, he fucceeded preserved with care, and not dispoled of
, to the title of Earl of Orford. The ac nor even removed. But all the ktiers cession of this honour, and of the fortune written to hiin by such of his friends as annexed to it, made no alteration, in any fhall be living at the time of his deathi, respect, in his manner of living. He are to be returned 10 the writers. Hill purfued the fame unvaried tenor of Strawberry-hill * is given to the Hon. lite, devoting himself to the conversation Mrs. Anre Damer +, and a legacy of of his friends and to the pursuits of lite 2cool. to keep it in repair, on condition riure. He had been early afflicted with that the relides there, and does not dilthe gout, which, as he advanced in years, pole of it to any person, unlets it be to
This very beautiful villa was originally a small tenement, built 1698, by the Earl of Bradford's coachman, as a lodging-house. Colley Cibber was one of its firft tenants; and after him, successively, Talbor, Bishop of Durham, the Marquis of Carnarvon, Mrs. Chevevix, the toy-woman, and Lord John Philip Sackville. Mr. W. purchased it 1747, began to fit it up in the Gothic style 1753, and completed it 1776. He permitted it to be sewn, by tickets, to parties of four, from May to Odober, betwein the hours of 12 and 3, and only one party a day. The beft, concise account of this villa, and its valuable contents, that has hitherto appeared, may be found in Mr. Lysons's “ Environs of London," but a more parti. cular description of it may soon be expected in a History (already printed) of the Panth of Twickenham. A Catalogue raifornie of its furniture was drawn up by the noble owner, printed at Strawberry-hill in 1774, and reserved as a bequeft to his particular fiends after his decease. Of this work 100 copies are on small paper, ar.d 6 on large; it is illustrated with 14 prints by Godfrey, after drawings by Mallow and Pars. In the collage in the flower garden was a library, formed of all the publications during the reigns of the three Georges, cr Mr. W.'s cwn time.
of Daughter of the late Gen. Conway, and relic of the Hon. John Damer, eldest son of the prefent Earl of Dorchester.
the Countess Dowager of Waldegrave, on and to her two daughters, Lady Cadogan whom and her heirs it is entailed. and Sophia Walpole, sool. each. To
Lord Orford has died worth 91,000l. her three nephews, George, Henry, and per cents, and has given away 50,000l. Horace Churchill, 500 l. each.
To his #terling in legacies (which, in the pre- niece Laura Keppel, sool. and to each Sent state of the funds, will leave nothing of her children, Frederick K. Annato the residuary-legatce.) His Lordship. Maria Stapleton, Laura Fitzroy, and had promised his niece, the Duchess of Charlotte K. 500l. each. To the Countess Gloucester, his beautiful villa of Straw- of Euston, Lady Horatio Anne Seymour berry-hill, at his deciale ; but, offering Conway, Hon. and Rev. R. Cholmondeley her the choice of that, or a legacy of ten 500 1. each ; to his great nephew G. James thousand pounds, flue has preferred the Cholmondeley, soola; anid sool. in trust latter; the intereft of which is lett to for his mother. To his great nieces, truitees, for her separate use, during the Margaret C. Frances Bellingham, and joint lives of herself and the Duke; and the Hon. Mrs. Either Lille, 500l. each. the principal to hertelf at t':e Duke's To Sir Horace Mann, $ooo 1. To his death. He has bequeathed goool, and deputy, Charles Bedford, 2000 l. and to the advowson of Peldon rectory, Eflex, his clerk, William Harris, 1500l. Το to his great niece, Countels Dowager his servant Philip Colomb, an annuity of Waldegrave, for life; remainder to her 251. and afterwards a legacy of 1500 1. eldett and other sons; then to the Coun. all his wearing apparel, and the Walnut. tess of Euston and her sons; then to Lady, tree house in † wickenham for ever. To Horatio-Anne Seymour Conway and her his gardener, Jolin Cowie, an annuity of illue. To the Countets Dowager Waide 201. for his life, and that of Catherine grave he has alto given hislealchold house his wife. Legacies (in gereral 100 1. in Berkeley-Square, with the use of the cach) to all his present and many of his furniture for life; then to her eldest fon. former servants. The interest of 2001. To his brother-in-law,Charles Churchill, to the poor of Twickenham. To the and to Gecrge his fen, 3,5c0l. in trutt tó Duke of Richmond 2001. and to him pay the interest to Mrs. Elizabeth Hunter and the Duchess, 300l. each, for rings. Daye and Rachel Daviton Daye, in full To Lori Frederick Campbell, 200 1. for a fatisfaction for their clanins againt the ring; and his Lordship and Mrs. Daadvowson of Peldon; and after their de. mer are appointed executcr and execuçease, to pay that ium to his brother-in- trix; and Mrs. Damer refiduary legaree. law, Charles C. To Lord Frederick The Duke of Richmond and Lord Campbell and Mrs. Damer, 4000l. in George Lennox are truitees for his lealetruit for Caroline Countess Dowager of hold manor and lands in Norfolk, held of Aylesbury, widow of Gen. Conway, and the Bishop of Norwich and Christ's Col. mother of Airs. Damer, for life; and after lege, Cambridge, for the use of the perto Mrs. D. To his filter, Lady Maria fons posicileri of the treehold ettates in Churchill, 20001. and an annuity of 2001. Nortolk. ACCOUNT OF SOLOMON GESSNER, AUTHOR OF THE DEATH OF
ABEL," &c. THIS very pleasing Writer was born Berg, he returned home to his father,
at Zurich on the ait of April 1730. who was a Bookfeller at Zurich, and In his youth, little expectations could be whose thop was retorted to by such iner formed 'ot him, as he then dilplayed none of genius 25 were then in that city : of the talents for which he was afterwards here his poetical talents in some light distinguished. His parents faw nothing degree dilplayed thean.cives, tiunch nat to atturd them much hope, though Sim- in such a manner as to prevent his tatter ler, a man of fome learning, atfüred his froin fending t:im to Berlin, in the year father, that the boy had talents which, 1749, to quality him for his own buthough now hid, would fooner or later incis. Here he was ernployed in the thew themselves, and elevate bim tar business of the shop; but he icon became above his school-fellows. As he had diffatihed with his mode of lite: he made so little progreis at Zurich, he was eloped from his water and hired a chane fent to Berg, and put under the care of a bar for him. It. To reduce him to ora Ciergyman, where retirement and the der, his parents, according to the ufi:al picturesque fcenery zround him laid the mode in such cales, withheld every supply foundation for the change of his chia of money. H: reülved, however, to be Tatier. After a two year's relidence at indipendent; thu: dizaicif up in his
chamber ; and, after some weeks, went time a vist to Zurich, and fired every to his friend Hempel, a celebrated artist, breast with poetical ardour. He hal whom he requefted to return with him to scarce left the place when Wieland came, his lodgings. There he shewed his and by both our Poet was well received apartments covered with fresh landscapes, After a few anonymous compositions, he which our Poet had painted with sweet tried his genius 'on a subject which was oil, and by which he hoped to make his started by the accidental perusal of the fortune. The shrugging ap of the translations of Longus; and his Daphnis thoulders of his friend concluded with was improved by the remarks of his an assurance, that though his works were friend Hirzel, the author of the Rustic not likely to be held in high estimation Socrates. Daphnis appeared firft within their present itate, some expectations out a name in the year 1754 ; it was might be raised from them, if he con followed in 1756, by Inkle and Yarico; tinued the same application for ten years. and Gessner's reputation was spread in
Luckily for our young Artist his the same year, over Germany and parents relented, and he was permitted Switzerland, by his Paftorals, a transto spend his time as he liked at Berlin. lation of which into English, in 1762, Here he formed acquaintance with artists was published by Dr. Kenrick. His and men of letters: Krause, Hempel, brother poets acknowledged the merit of Ramler, Sulzer, were his companions ; these light compofitions, as they were Ramler was his friend, from the fineness pleased to call them; but conceived their of whose ear and talte he derived the Author to be incapable of forming ? greatest advantages. With much diffi- grander plan, or aiming at the dignity of dence he presented to Ramler some of his heroic poetry. To these crities he loon compositions ; but every verse and every after opposed his Death of Abel. word were criticised, and very few could In 1762, he collected his Poems in pass through the fiery trial. The Swiss four voluines ; in which were some new dialect, he found at latt, was the obstacle pieces that had never before made their in his way, and the exertions requifite to appearance in public. In 1772, be profatisfy the delicacy of a German ear duced his second volume of Pattorals, would be exteslive.' Ramler advised hiin with some Letters on Landscape Painting. to clothe his thoughts in harmonious There met with the most favourable re. prose; this counsel he followed, and the ception in France, where they were anecdote may be of uie in Britain, where translated and imitated; as they were many a would-be Poet is probably ham- also, though with leis success, in Italy mering at a verse, which, from the cir- and England. cumitances of his birth and education, he We shall now consider Geffner as an can never make agreeable to the ear of Artist : till his thirtieth year, Painting
was only an accidental amusement; but From Berlin, Gellner went to Ham at that time he became acquainted with burgh, with letters of recommendation to Heidegger, a man of taste, whose coiHagedorn; but he chose to make himself lection of paintings and engravings was acquainted with him at a coffee house thus thrown open to him. The daughter before the letters were delivered. A made an impresiion on him, but the circlose intimacy followed, and he had the cumstances of the lovers were not faadvantages of the literary society which vourable to an union, till, through the Hamburgh at that time afforded. Thence activity and friendship of the Burgohe returned home, with his taste much master Heidegger and Hirzel, he was refined; and, fortunately for him, he enabled to accomplish his wilhes. The came back when his countrymen were in question then became, how the married some degree capable of enjoying his fu- . couple were to live? The pen is but a ture works. had he produced them fender dependence any where, and til twenty years before, his Daphnis would less in Switzerland. The Poet bad too have been hified at as immoral; his much fpirit to be dependent on others; Abel would have been preached against and he determined to pursue the Arts no as prophanation.
longer as an amusement, but as the means This period may be called the Au- of procuring a livelihood. gustan age of Germany: Klopstock, Painting and Engraving alternately Ramler, Kleitt, Gleim, Utz, Leising, filled that time which was not occupied Wieland, Rabener, were rescuing their with Poetry; and in there arts, if he did country from the farcaims of the great not arrive at the greatest eminence, he Frederic. Klopriock paid about this was distinguished by that fimplicity, that