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few years was made Commander in Chief, acquainted with by name ; sincere and in which situation he remained till 1782, undeligning himself, he was hy no means when the French unexpectedly landed at a match for the duplicity of others. His Prince of Wales's Fort, took pofleflion disposition, as may be judged by his of it, and after having given the Go- writing, was naturally humane ; what vernor leave to secure his own property, he wanted in learning and polite accomseized the ftock of furs, &c. &c. and plishments he made up in native fimpliblew up the fort. At the Company's city and innate goodness ; and he was so request Mr. H. went out the year follow. Atrictly fcrupulous with regard to the ing, iaw it rebuilt, and the new Go property of others, that he was heard to vernor settled in his habitation (which lay, a few days before his death, " he they took care to fortity a little better could lay his hand on his heart and say, than formerly), and returned to England he had never wronged any man of lixin 1787. He had saved a few thousands, pence." the fruits of many years industry, and Such are the outlines of Mr. Hearne's might, had he been biefied with prudence, character ; who, if he had some failings, enjoyed many years of ease and plenty; had many virtues to counterbalance them, but he had lived so long where money of which charity was not the least. He was of no use, that he seemed infentible died of the dropsy, November 1792, of its value here, and lent it with little aged 47. or no fecurity to those he was scarcely
AN ACCOUNT OF THE PROPAGANDA,
EXTRACTED FROM A WORK PRINTED IN GERMANY, ENTITLED, “ HISTORICAL
INTELLIGENCE AND POLITICAL CONSIDERATIONS, CONCERNING THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, BY CHRISTOPHER GIRTANNER, SURGEON AND DOCTOR OF PHYSIC." THE THIRD VOLUME, SUPPLEMENT.
THERE hath been for some time past myself. But notwithstanding all my
in almost all European countries pains, endeavours, and researches, comuch talk concerning the Propaganda, cerning the Propaganda, were in vain a fociety whole inembers are bound by until lately, when I obtained, by the solemn engagements to stir up íubject's kindness of an eminent mar, in whose against their lawful rulers, and to pro. heart the welfare of mankind is fincerely mote diflensions and agitations in all imprefied, the following authenne & European states. Hitherto this fociety count, which I have here translated, and, is known chiefly by the effects produced by his permiffion communicate : I have by it: it contists of two orders or clailes no doubt of the authenticity of this ac. of men, viz. men of enthusiastic diípo- count: sitions, who imagine themselves to be The club of the Propreg anda is rery called to reforin ihe world, and of am different from the Jacobine club, notbitious, mischievous knaves, who fatter withitanding they are too frequentis conithe former in orrier to use them as their founded with each other. The Jacobinei tools, and whose with it is to breed are the stirrers up of the National Altrouble, confufion, and dittraction, which fembly; on the other hand, the Propa. affords them an opportunity to fish in ganda are the reducers and itirrers up of troubled waters, and to lay hold on power the whole human race. This club exiit. after it hath been wresed trom the hands ed as eirly as the year 1786, and the of those men in whom it had been law. Lords Rochefoucault, Condorcet, and fully and rightfully placed.
the Abbé Sieyes, were at the head of it. I have taken great pains (even in Their teneis are as follows;
and for France itselt) to obtain an accurate ac the furtherance of them, their faciets is count of this club or fociety: I found establithed as a philosopbical order, whole means to become a member of almost object it is to controul the opinions of every club in Paris, even of that famous mankind. To become a member of this club of 1789, whole President was the society, it is necessary that the candidate Marquis de Condorcet ; and which, to be either a defender and promoter of the best of my knowledge, never ad. modern philosophy (that is dogmatical mitted any foreigner as a member except atheilm), or elle a man of an ambitious
character, turbulent, and discontented oppression, under which some men live with the Government under which he (let it be praciited where it will), is a lives. When he is admitted he gives great cruelty and calamity, this therefore his word of bonour to obierve secresy; must be removed and put an end to by before he is accepted, he is informed the light of philosophy. When this is that the number of members is very done, it will only then be needful to wait great, (pread over all the earth, and that for the favourable period in which the all these members labour inceliantly to minds of mankind will be universally put any false or traiterous members (who tuned to accept the new fyftem, which might betray their secrets) out of the must be preached all at orce over the way. The cardidate further gives his whole of Europe. Those who obstiword of honour, that he will communi- nately relift this fyftem, we must encate all information he may acquire to deavour by persuasion or by nurd to his brethren ; that he will always detend renounce their opposition ; but if they the people in opposition to the Govern- persist, and are inccrrigible, they must be ment; that he will do his utmost to trtated as the Jews have been treated, resitt all peremptory (by him called ar and be excluded from the rights of sobitrary) commands, and do all that in ciety, driven from among men. him lies to introduce an universal to. There is another articie in the society's lerance of all religions.
plan which is no leis remarkable ; it is There are two classes of members, this, Tbc Propaganda must not try to such as pay and such as do not pay; bring her pian to btar until she is perthey pay according to their ability : the freily convinced ibat the need (want or number of contributing members were necessity) exijis ; it would be better to about sooo, the number of non-contri wait fifty years, than by predpitance to buting members about 50,000 ; these farl. bind themlelves to spread the doctrines A numerous fociety like this, whose of the Propaganda in all countries, and members hitherto as yet aet singly, which to promote the deligns thereof.
accumulates money, which goes to works The “rder has two degrees, adspirants fowly, and caretully avoids all preciand initiate: the first is acquainted with pitance, which will ítrike no blow until the scope of the order, but the latter is ihe is well aliured of almost certain fucallo informed as to the means the order cels, luch a fociety is a dangerous thing; vies, to obtain this end. An adipirant their progreis may possibly be swift, and cannot be admitted into the degree of deliverance out of their hand seems next initiate until he has undertaken a philo.. to an impoffibility. The Dutch patriots fophical reflion, and can clearly prove who fled to France considered the Propathat he has made ten profelytes. The panda as their chief anchor: Suppole treafury of the order pofleties at present (tay they), fuppofe then that the House 20 millions of livres, ready money; and, of 'Aultria will afford us no assistance, according to the latt accounts, there will there yet remains for us the Propaganda ; be, before the end of this year (1791), there are missionaries of this order ali 30 millions in it.
over Holland, and perhaps even already The crder is built upon the following fume regular lodges. principles : opinion and nccetlity (or In the club of the friends of the people need) are ibe springs of all human action; at Brussels, a speaker lately exprelied if you iberejore cun cause the neeil, ne himteit in the following words : 'Every irfiry, want, or dependance (call it which where they are preparing fetters, but you will), to spread, you may ibereby con philofopiry and realon will one dav tritroul the opinions of mankind, anil zvill umph ; and the time will come when the be enabled 10 pake all the fuliems of ibe unlimiteit, uncontrouled ruler of the Oiworld, even those which seem to buve ide toman Empire in the evening mall lay firmeft foundation.
himiut to icít as a defol, and in the To delude the Hollanders has cost the morning shall arile as a citizen.' Order great labour ; but the confideration The treasury of the Propaganda reibat iba blow becomes univerjal has suti ceives considerable lums from all the tained them. The plan of the order is provinces of Holland, as follows: No one can deny but that
ORIGINAL LETTER FROM LEONARD WELSTED, ESQUIRE, TO GEORGE BUBB DODINGTON, AFTERWARDS LORD MELCOMBE. SIR,
The Tower, Saturday, Nov. 14, 1730. I
CANNOT but be in fear that I do eiteem towards you which I have, and
not stand in that degree of favour speak of you at all times as I do; and with you which I had realon to hope I when they write in your praise, be crore did, and some fufpicions have occurred happy in the way of doing it than I was. to me on this occation, which give me It concerns me not at all how much inexpressible uneasiness, not to lay con- lower I may be in your estimation, as cern.
writer, than Mr. Thomfin, or any other I must therefore beg leave to assure perfon--further than seriously to refilet, you, Sir, (conclude what you please if I do not deserve to be so, and that you tron it) to allure you, on my honour as do not judge truer than any other man is a gentleman, and by everything facred, that regard; but whether I may be eras that as I have never inentioned you in so happy as to receive any mark of your conversation but with the highest respect patronage hereafter or not, nothing has, and gratitude ; fo I have never writ any and nothing ever will tempt me to treat thing that had a view to you, but what ill or lightly, or with any paltry (lyness was perfectly honourable and well intend- whatever, a Gentleman of your
character ed. There is a line in a late poem *, viz. and quality, and that has laid obliga. the one epistle which I presume you may tions upon me. have seen, that carries in it a flight rail Think of me, Sir, as you plezife, in lery upon Dr. Youngti - but this was every other light no matter how meanly; entirely without my approbation, and so but I beg you will be fo just as tə gire I was overborne in it, as a thing of that me credit in what I have said, and not nature that could not well give offence to suppose any thing in these or other in: bim, or to any one else. As to the first ftances, which I am not capable of eren Ode of Ilorace I that I had the honour to in imagination. address to you, I hope it is not in the It will be an uncommon satisfaction heart of man to conceive, that I foresaw, me to hear if I were really acquitted in and wilfully deligned the ridicule which your thoughts ; and this, Sír, (if you will I found, with great grief, followed upon plea fe to exact to fovere a thing from me it, or that I could be guilty of such low ihall be the last favour I will ever requek and wretched disingenuity and imperti. of you. I have the honour to be, with nence. I am indeed wholly incapable of the greatest truth and refpect, sir, every thing of this sort, and I with you
Your most obedient, and nothing worse than that the whole world
Obliged humble Servant, Day always have the same sentiments of
PRINCE OF WALES'S FORT,
(WITH A VIEW.) THIS Fort belongs to Great Britain, granted to Prince Rupert, the Duke
and stands in Hudion's Bay; a valt Albemarle, the Earl of Cravan, and exinland fea, firtt entered by Capt. Hudion, preisly for the discovery of a North-well on the 24th June, A. D. 1610. I he passage. The settlements by the Corb. mouth of the streight lies in 61° N. lat. pany, are, the Prince of Wales's Forst
, and in long. 64° W. The coasts of this (which the View represents) on Churchill dia are about three thoutand inies. The River, in 59 deg. N. Lat. a ttrong, wellcharter bears date the 2 2d of May, in the built fort, and the Company's chief 22d of Charles II. A.D. 1669. It was factory; York Fort, in Ndion's River :
This was the joint production of Mr. Wellled and James Mocre Smythe. See Welt:d's Works, p. 186. EDITOR.
+ That wreath, that name which through both worlds is gone,
Wilford's Works, p. 192. EDITOR.