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T HE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

Α Ν D

LONDON REVIE W;

For JANUARY 1797.

CAPT. GEORGE HENRY TOWRY,

OF THE ROYAL NAVX.

(WITH, A PORTRAIT.) WE truft we are warranted in taking mit to you, for their Lordships informa

every occafion to bring into view tion, the incloted Letter, which I received the bett information we can procure re this evening by the Fox cutter from Capfpecting the officers, either of the navy tain Towry, of his Majesty's ship the or ariny, who have diftinguished them- Dido, giving an account of a molt galfelves in the present important Itruggle. lant and spirited action, which took place In execution of this design, we have al on the 24th instant between that frigate, ready produced several characters emi- in company with the Lowestoffe, Captain nenily worthy of their country's particu: Middleton, on their way to reconnoitre off dar regard; and for this month we have the Hieres Ilands, and the two French obtained permission to copy a miniature frigates named in the margin *, the termiof a young officer of whom we fhall lay nation of which contest by the capture of nothing more than what comes from the La Minerve, when the great superiority of authority of the London Gazette, altho' the enemy's force is conlidered, reflects the we could have wished to have had other highest honour on the Captains, Officers, particulars to communicate.

and crews of the Dido and Loweltoffe. The language of the Commander in

I am, &c. Chief fully authorizes us to place Cap

WM. HOTHAM. tains Towry and Middleton among those Evan Nepean, Efi. whom we are desirous to hand down to pofterity, and we shall be happy if, at a Dido, Port Mabon, June 27, 1795.. future period, we could gain further in

SIR, formation of either. They are both now einployed under to communicate to you, that, in the exe

I THIS day dispatch the Fox cutter that most vigilant and gallant Comman- . cution of your initructions of the 22d in, der Sir John Jervis ; and we have no doubt that they will, upon every occa

ftant, with his Majesty's fhip the Lowe

stoffe under my orders, being, at dayfon where an opportunity is afforded light of the 24th, in latitude 41 deg. 8 them, support the character they have min. and longitude 5 deg. 30 min. E. we already gained.

discovered and chafed two French frigates. ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, AUG. 4, 1795. After some manæuvring they stood to

A DISPATCH, of which the follow- wards us, and, at a quarter before nine ing is a copy, was yesterday received from A. M. the Dido, leading down, comAdmiral Hotham, Commander in Chiet menced a close action with the healmost of his Majesty's ships and vessels in the of the enemy's lips, which falling twice Mediterranean.

on board, was at an early period much Britannia, Myrtillo Bay, June 30, 1795.

disabled from the loss of her bowlprit, SIR,

foremast and main-topinast ; our mizenIT is with peculiar fatisfaction I tranf- mast being shot away, fore and inain top* La Niinerve, L'Artemise.

Sails - 50g

LOWESTOFFE.

fails perfe&tly useless, we no longer kept fufficiently strong to plead my excuse for to, at which time the Lowestoffe opened a not fully executing your former orders. I well directed fire. The enemy's second remain, with respect, frigate then pafling, and exchanging the

Yours, &c. opposite broadlides, his Majesty's ships

G. H. TOWRY. were kept on the same tack till she went P. S. We cannot exactly estimate the about, when, fearing the might stand to loss in the French fhip, but innagine it the affittance of the dilmafted tip, the to be about 20. L'Artemise was alio much Lowestoffe was sent in chace. The French hulled. frigate escaped by fuperior failing, leaving Admiral Holbam. her friend to be raked in a very judicious manner, on the return of the Lowestoffe, Lil of the Killed and Wounded on board to whose fire the surrendered about noon. bis Majesty's Stips Dico and Lowe. The Dido, having cleared the wreck of feffc. the mizen-mast, and bent new toplails,

DIDO. joined in securing the prize, La Minerve, Mr. Cuthbert Douglas, Boatswain, and a new ship of 42 guns, eighteen pounders 3 seamen killed., on the main deck, and 330 men, a re Mr. Richard Buckol, First Lieutenant ; markable fast failer. Her companion we Richard Willan, Clerk; John Henley, learnt to be L'Artemise of 36 guns. Quarter Mafter ; James Gregory, Boat.

Having given a detail of the action, it (wain's Mate ; and 11 seamen wounded. becomes as much my duty as it is

my in. clination to acknowledge the very able

Three seamen wounded. fupport of his Majesty's ship Lowestoffe,

G. H. TOWRY. and to testify that hy Captain Middleton's Dated on Board bis Majesty's Ship Dido, good conduct, the business of the day was

Port Mabon, the 26th of June, 1795. in a great meature brought to a fortunate issue. I must, at the same time, pay the As we should be sorry to wound the juft tribute of my warmest gratitude to the delicacy of any Gentleman of whom we Officers and ship's company I have the ho entertain so good an opinion, we shall nour to commard; and it is with deep offer no more at present, except that we regret I add, that Lieutenant Buckol entertain the best founded expectations of (First of the Dido), a most active officer, his continuing to follow the glorious exis among the wounded, I fear severelyamples that have come under his view and though he never quitted the deck. Mr. doubt not but that he will, on every occaDouglas, the boatswain, a deserving man, lion, give fresh proofs of his zeal and is killed. Captain Middleton's report of abilities in the service of his country. the conduct of the Officers and people of He now commands his Majesty's thip the Lowestoffe, is also highly flattering: Diadem, of 64 guns, under Sir John

I have the honour to inclose a list of the Jervis, and we lately read of his perkilled and wounded. Having received forming a very difficult service, that of information from the prisoners that the conduciing the final evacuation of Ajac. Fynch fleet were actually at fea, the Itate cio, in a masterly manner, bringing away of the ships obliged me to run for this all the troops without loss, and with port, where I propose fitting jury them almost the whole of the stores that mafts in the prize, and proceeding were lodged at the place for the use of to Ajaccio. Circumstances are, I hope, the navy and army.

The PROPRIETORS of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, being deforous to transmit ta pojlerity PORTRAITS and MEMOIRS of such GALLANT HEROES as bave diftin. Buißid ibemselves in the present importani conteft, will be obliged to any of obeir Cor. 7e1986ents u bo will furnis tbem wird materials for tbal purpose. Such as baye diftinguifbed ibemselves in former times will be equally accepiable.

ACCOUNT OF THE CHRISTMAS FESTIVITIES AT FONTHILL.

(BY A CORRESPONDENT WHO WAS PRESENT.) EVERAL of the first artists in the noble specimen of Gothic architecture Shingeem, whole eatents, in their dika now erecting at Fonthill, being at prefent ferent branches, bave been engaged for there to pass the Christmas holidays, Mr. the plans and ornaments of an abbey, a Beckford chose this occafion to give an

entertainment to the numerous body of at the different turns of the game, and daily workmen who have been, and will yet without riot, or any other disorder. long be, employed on this edifice, or on than a lively and continual change of the grounds and plantations where it is place. This diversion forined to those fituated.

who beheld it from high ground at some On Friday, Jan.6, being Twelfth Day, distance, taking in the occasional scenery, the feast was given without doors; but combined with the views of the house, its fo far was it from being confined to the furrcunding hills, woods and water,a specworkmen juft mentioned, who amount tacle altogether of tingular interest, and, to upwards of three hundred, that the indeed, of curiosity. The bonfires and all the poor in general of the two Fonthills, of others, which remained burning all night, the town of Hindon, and many other poor with their flames and long-wreathed copersoas of the neighbourhood, all together lumns of differently coloured finoke rising dear one thousand, received tickets to among the lofty firs and unleaved oaks in partake of it; not to mention that bread the neighbourhood of the tent, still and strong beer were provided for ten crouded by a thouting multitude, dimly thou land of the multitude of strangers, feen dancing round them, displayed to who were admitted into the park as ipec. spectators in the house an effect equally tators of the entertainment. The din- pictureique and uncommon. Many genger, to the persons invited, consisted of ilemen of the county, the Mayor, the an ox, and ten theep,roafted whole. A very Corporation, and other gentlemen of the large square teni, or booth, coved in the city of Salisbury, having expressed a deroof, and covered with canvass, having fire to pay their respects to Mr. Beckkeren long parallel tables, each receiving ford on this occasion, a superb dinner, in one bundred persons, was erected on the the old file of baronial hospitality, was

bawn, before the North front of the served in the Grecian hall, which, with · house, for the purpose of the dinner. Ata the colonades and passages leading to it,

proper distance, on one side of this capa was beautifully illuminated. A cholen cious booth, a considerable length of brick band of vocal and inttrumental music enwall, to lupport the necessary iron ranges, tertained the company during the whole was reared for the occasion. Eleven great evening, and the greatest good-humour fires which supplied them, partly for the and hilarity prevailed beyond the earliest purpose of roailing the meat, and partly hours of the morning. The collection that of warning the air, may be imagined of fongs, catches, and glees, prepared to have had a ítriking effect in the coup by Mr. Corte, and printed for the occad'oeil. On the opposite side of the booth, fion, that books might he diftributed to and in front of the house, a portion of the whole company, was judiciously ground was fenced out, within which made, and the execution of them did wis pitched a Turkish tent, for the re equal credit to his taste and that of the ception of Mr. Beckford, and a large Salifoury choir. The effect of some of Company of ladies and gentlemen. In the chorufies, particularly that of God the area, between this and the dinner- lav: ibe King, accompanied as they tent, two bonfires were lighted, and, at were by the organ, and the full band of due distances from each, were placed two military inftruinenis, and these joined by lemicircular tables, to receive a number hundreds of voices in the hall, and in the of children at dinner, chiefly belonging apartments contiguous, with those of to the persons feated in the grand bouth. persons who tiled the colonades and Betwixt the bonfires fufficient space was surrounded the house, was inconceivably left for the exhibition of several of the grand, and excited in the minds of many rural sports with which the company of the company a lively recollection of were entertained both before and after the first performances of Westminster dinner. Prizes were given to the best Abbey. wrefiers, runners, players at single stick, The subsequent toasts and sentiments, and thuse who excelled in various other among many others, were given, and fola performances. The game of foot-ball, lowed by music, or by repeated cheers: on an open part of the lawn betwixt the Chair. Ift. The King. God fave scene already described and the lake,

the King . atforded admirable diversion. This en

2d. The Queen and Prin. gaged not only the two parties concerned

celles. in the match, but put ten thousand specta-,

3d. The Prince of Wales. tors, chiefly conlisting of the peasantry

4th. The Duke of York and çf both Sexes, in motion, all in high glee

stk.

British army.

sth. The Navy of England. cence, which have on several occasions Rule Britannia.

been witnelled at Fonthill. Mayor of 6th. Mr.Beckford-and may The joy, gratitude, and contentment, Surfbury, his noble benevolence expressed by repeated acclamations from

be as generally known such a multitude of the peaiantry as afand imitated in the sembled on the lawn, their neat appearworld, as it is cordially ance, and, above all, their orderly confelt by thouiands this duct throughout the day, were circum

day at Fonthill. stances, in these times,' highly to their Chair, 7th. The Mayor, Corpora credit, and serve to thew the vait influence

tion and City of Salif which gentlemen of fortune and benetibury.

cent dilpolitions, residing on their eítates Mr. Still, Sth. The County of Wilts. in the country, can still maintain, in opCoair. gth. The Archduke, and his position to the effects of more niodern army of heroes.

habits and fathionable life, which, totally Toth. The Prince of Brazil, eitranging the higher from the lower

and his hundred and ranks of iociety, tend to increase the hard. eighty thousand brave fhips and discontents of the latter, and, detenders of Portugal in their contequences, to hatten that leand of the common velling and contusion of all orders, which

cause of the Allies. the higher ranks are so peculiarly inteChair. Ith. The People of England, retted, by their best exertions, to avert.

and may they never We cannot close this account without for set the value of mentioning. what we have learnt on good order and good go

authority, that the Christinas festivities of vernment.

Fonthill, wbich app ar to have been conMr. Weft. 12th. Proiperity to Fonthill ducted with such extraordivary hospita

and the fine arts. lity, were begun by acts of the most iube Mr.Wyatt. szth. May the great works ftantial charity ; Mr. Beckford having

at Fonthill be success- ordered two hundrod blankets to be dite fully accomplithed,

the poor families of both and long enjoyed, by

the Fonthills, with a load of fuel to each the prelent owner.

of them, belides considerable sums of mo. Chair. 14th. Chriftmas – Twelfth ney to the indigent of his own and other

day-oldtimes and old neighbouring parishes.
names for ever-ard As some interefting circumstances re-
may the ears of John lative to Fonthill, and the works which
Buli never be intulted have been carrying on there for these last
by the gipsey jargon fixteen years, are little known to the pub-
of France.

lie, much the finest parts of the place be. On the fame day, Mr. Beckford's ing never shewn but to Mr. Beckford's tradelinen, tenants, and several other par. particular friends, and the primary moties, dined in different apartments of the tives of these great projects being little house; and the whole number entertained understood, we hope to be able, in our within doors, including his own family, next, to gratify our readers, through the amounted, at least, to four hundred per fame channel by which we have profons. The whole entertainment on cured the above account, with a commu. Twelfth day (not to notice those which, nication of some particulars, which will, commenced with Christmas) was charac perhaps, be thought more valuable, as terised by that good order, picturesque they are of a leis temporary nature than arrangement, hoipitality, and magnifi thoie we have now presented.

tributed among

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, T was with much concern that 1. ob- heavy and unjust to be passed over in fie

served a fevere centure upon Arch. lence. A fort of apology, indeed, is bishop Laud, in your Magazine for last made for the celebrated Prelate on the month, i ge 401, respecting his con belief of the goodness of his intentions, çern in rigesting the government of and yet immediately after he is charged 'Trinity College, Dublin. The lan with overlooking both justice and the in. guage used to convey this eenture is too scrisis of learning, when opposed to his

views

tiers of aggrandizing the Crown. I successful was he therein, that in a fero fhall request the exercise of your usual years the Protestant Clergy were put impartiality in permitting me to vindi- upon a respectable footing. Archbishop cate the memory of this long persecuted Ưher, knowing the weight of his influ. Archbishop.

ence, and the strength of his zeal, proThe state of Trinity College, Dub- cured him to be elected Chancellor of the lin, at that time will be found, to University; but that society was always him who will give himself the trouble of in a state of distraction, and was perpemaking the necessary inquiry, very tually giving the Primate cause of vexawretched and contemptible indeed : It tion. The election of a Provost never could scarcely produce a scholar fit to failed setting the College in a flame, and take upon him the charge of a country therefore it was, that Archbishop Ulher parith; and hence

ArchbishopUsher, and the concurred with our prelate in the other Prelates of that Univerlity, in their then falutary measure of removing the letters to the English Divines, were al- election out of the hands of the fellows. ways importunate with them to use their Belides there was another reason for this interest in fending Ministers to Ireland. step, and that was the great and predo While the Church was in such a condi- minating fway which the Roman Cathotion, it is not to be wondered at, that lics had in Dublin, and the danger which the old fuperftition should generally pre- thence threatened this Protestant feminary. vail. It is a matter that deserves' fome Archbishop Laud had no other views confideration, whether the impoverishing in aggrandizing the monarch than to leof the Church by alienating its pofleffions cure thereby the interests of learning and to the laity, did not throw very powerful rcligion. Simply to aggrandize his Soobstacles in the progress of the Reforma- vereign was never his object; and in all tion ; and afterwards, when some great the great and trying circunstances of his men endeavoured to regain them, did not public life, no support will be found for prove an advantage to those who were this injudicious affertion. A fuller view bent on destroying both Church and of his life and character, however, will State ? But to return to our immediate loon appear, from which, I trust, it will fubject, the Archbishop viewed the con. . be seen that his zeal was disinterested, his dition of the Irish Church with deep motives upright, and his principles pure concern, and, therefore, fet about the and conftitutional. I am, &c. necellary work of reformation; and to London, Jan. 6, 1797. J.WATKINS.

ODE FOR THE NEW YEAR, 1797.

BY H. J. PYE, ESQ. POET LAUREAT,
OE'R the vex?d bosom of the deep,

When, rushing wild, with frantic haste,"
The winds, with angry pinions, sweep

The surface of the wat'ry waste;
Tho'the firm veslėl proudly brave
The inroad of the giant wave,
Tho' the bold Seaman's firmner soul
View, unappallid, the mountains roll;
Yet ftill along the murky 1ky,

Anxious, he throws th' inquiring eye,
If haply, through the gloom that round him low'ss,
Shoots one refulgent ray, prelude of happier hours.

II. .
So ALBION, round her rocky coast

While loud the rage of battle roars,
Derides Invasion's haughty boast,

Safe in her wave encircl'd Shorts ;
Still fater in her DAUNTLESS BAND,
LORDS of her SEAS, or GUARDIANS of her LAND,
Whose patriot zeal, whose bold emprise,
Rife, as the forms of danger rife;

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