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For MAY 1797.
HORACE IAR L OF OR FOR D.
[Continued from Page 228. ] the Parliament which met in 1754, the remains of Mr.Vertue could not have Mr. Walpole was returned for King's fallen into better hands. In 1763 another Lynn; and about the fame period he oc. Volume was added, and also the Cata. Cationally joined with many of the Lite- logue of Engravers ; and, in 1971, the rati of that time in aflitting Mr. Moore whole was completed in a fourth Voin a periodical paper entitled “ The lume, though it was not published until World;" of which he wrote No. 6, 8, the year 1787. In 1764 the romantic 10, 14, 28, 103, 160, 195, and the con life of Lord Herbert of Cherbury appearcluding World Extraordinary, contain. ed from the same press; and, on the dif. ies the character of Henry Fox, after- mifsion of General Conway from the arwards Lord Holland. Two other papers my for a vote given in Parliament, he, in intended for this work were afterwards the same year, defended his friend's con. printed in his “ Fugitive Pieces." duet in a pamphlet entitled, “A Coun.
In 1752 his firit publication (except ter-Addreis to the Public on the late dissame Poems in Dodfey's Collection, and mission of a General Officer." 8vo. a Jeu d'Esprit in the Mulum in 1746) In the succeeding year be published appeared, entitled "Ædes Walpoliana,
“ The Castle of Otranto," translated, as describing the beautiful building of the Title-page allerted, by William Mar. Houghton and the pictures therein, lince hall, Gent. from the original Italian of sold to the Finpress of Rullia *. In 1757 Onuphrio Muralto, Canon of the Church he published " A Letter from Xo Ho, a of St. Nicholas at Otranto; 8vo. But Chincte Philosopher at London, to his this disguise was foon laid alide ; and, in Friend Lien Chi, at Peking," chiefly on the same year, a second edition appeared, the politics of the day; a performance with the initials of the real Author, which went through' five editions in a wholework hrassince receivedalldue honour. fortnight +
In 1766 he is suppoted to have indulg. At this period he devoted his attention ed the vein of humour which he poslefied more to literary pursuits than at any for. in “ An Account of the Giants lately. mer time; and in the next year, 1758, discovered, in a Letter to a Friend in the produced to the pubļic fome specimens Country," 8vo. since reprinted in Dilly's of his printing press, then first I exhibited « Repolitory." to the notice of the world. Its first pro He also, about this period, visited Paris; duction was in 1758,of the sublimeOdes of and, while there, had an opportunity of tis friend Mr. Gray, and this was fol. forming a judgment of the infanc Soçia. loved by the edition and translation of part tes, as Mr. Burke calls him, of the of Hentzer's Travels, the First Edition of French nation, the celebrated Jean Jaques ile Catalogue of Royal and Noble Au. Rousseau. Believing him to be, what thors, his Fugitive 'Pieces, and Lord his fublequent conduct to Mr. Hume Whitworth.s Account of Rufiia; and to proved, an impostor, he fabricated a letter these fucceeled others, of which mention as from the King of Prussia, in order to will be made hereafter.
ridicule his continual chimerical comIn 1761 he was again çe-chosen for plaints of persecution. As this Letter King's Lynn; and" in the farne year was brought by the wrong-headed lunatig published two Volumes of his Anecdotes as one of his proofs of the duplicity of of Painters in England, compiled from Mr. Hume, and having at the time the papers of Mr. George Vertue, pur. made some noise, we shall here iniert it, chaled at the tale of the effects of that in. with Mę. Walpole's attestation on the duitrious antiquary. It will be allowed, subject. See a Catalogue of this Collection, and the prices
, paid for cach of them by the Empreis of Russia, in our first Volume, p. 95. + This was reprinted in the Fugitive Pieces.
1 It has been said, that the first edition of Mr. Gray's Poems, with Mr. Bentley's designs, **s printed at Sirawberry Hill : but this we have no doubt is a mistake.
“ My dear John James,
scorn likewise, as he will that of all good “ You have renounced Geneva, your and fenfiblemen. You may trust your iennative foil. You have been driven from tence to tuch, who are as respectable Switzerland, a country of which you have judges as any that have pored over ten made fuch boast in yr ur writings. In thousand more volumes. France you are outlawed : come then to
“ Your's inost fincerely, me. I admire your talents, and ainule
“H. W." myself with your reveries ; on which, however, by the way, you bestow too The Parliament in which lie then fat much time and attention. It is high time drawing near a conclusion, Mr. Walpole to grow prudent and happy you have resolved to retire from public butineis; made yourself fufficiently talked of for and accordingly announced his intention fingularities little becoming a truly great by the following Letter addrelled to Wm. man : thew your enemies that y u have Langley, Esq. Mayor of Lynn. sometiines common sense ; this will vex “- SIR, them without hurting you.. My dominions “ The declining state of my health, and afford you a peaceful retreat. I am delir a wish of retiring from all public buki. qus to do you good, and will do it, if you nets, have for some time inade me think can but think it fuch. But if you are of not offering iny service again to tie determined to retuie my assistance, you town of Lynn as one of their Reprezenta. may expect that I shall iay not a word tives in Pariiament I was even ou the point about it to any one. It' you perl.it in above eighteen months ago of obtaining perplexing your brains to find out new leave to have my feat vacatec by one of ancie misfortunes, chule iuch as you like beft; temporary pices otten bestowed for that I ain a Kig, and can make you as mi- purpose ; but I thought it more reipciserable as you can wiin; at the same time iui, and more ccnionant to the great and I will engage to do that which your ene. fingular obligations I have to the corps. mies never will; I will cease to persecute rationand town of Lynn, to wait tili I had you when you are no longer vain of peru executed their commands, to tire last hour iecution.
of the committion they have voluntarily " Your fincere friend, entruled to me.
« FREDERIC." « Till then, Sir, I did not think of Mr. Walpole's Letter to Mr. Hume making this declaration ; but hearing was in the following terms :
that diliaristoction and diffenfions have Arlington-jisert, July 26, 1765. ariien amungit you (of which I an 2 “I cannet be precise as to the time of happy as to have been in no tape the my writing the King of Prusia's Leiter'; cauie), that a warm contest is expected, but I do assure you with the utmoitruth, and dreading to fee: in the uncorrupted that it was leverai days before you left town of Lynn what has spread tu ia:aily Pais, and beicre Rouleau's arrival in other places, and what I fear will be there, of which I can give you a (rong in tire ruin of this conititution and coonprooi; for I not only suppreted the Leto try, I think it my duty, by an early deter while
staid there, but of delicacy claraiion, to endeavour to preserve the to you, but it was the reaton why, cut of integrity and peace of 10 great, fo refpeci. delicacy to myielf, I did not go to fee able, and ic unblenthed a herough. him, as you otien proposed to me; think My fither was re-cholen by the free ing it wrong to go and make a cordial veice of Lyon, when imprisoned and exvilit to a man with a letter in my pocket peiled by an arbitrary Court and prostito laugh at hin. You are at full liberty, iute Parliament; and from affection to dcar
' Sir, to make use of what I say his name, not froin the smallest merit in in your justification either to Routeru or me, they unanimously demanded me for to any body elle. I should be forry to have their memiver while I was bring you blamed on my account:
I have an
for Gifile Rufing. Gratitude exrêts what hearty contempt of Rouficau, and am in any other light might feem vain gloriperfectly inci illerent what anybody thinks ons in ine to fav; but it is to the lasting of the natir. If there is any fault, honour of the town of Lan I declare, that which I ans far from thinking, let it lie I have represented them in two Parlia.
No parts can hinder my laugh- ments, without offering or being alked ing at their poilelfer, if he is a mounte for the finallelt gratihcation by any one bank; it he has a bad and nost ungrate- of my constituents. May I le per ful heart, as Rouleau has thewn in your mitted, Sir, to fiatter myielf they are case, into the bargain, he will have my persuaded their otherwite unworthy re
presentative has not disgraced fo free and « From your kindness, Sir, I must unbiased a choice.
intreat to have this notification made in “ I have la: above five and twenty years the most reípectful and grateful mahner to in Parliament: and allow me to say, Sir, the Corporation and Town of Lynn. Noas I am in a manner giving up my ac thing can exceed the obligation I have to count to my conftituents, that my con them but my-fensibility of their favours. dict in Parliament has been as pure as Ard be afured, Sir, that no terms can my manner of coming thither.
outgo the efteen
have for so upright who is or has been minister can say that I and untainted a Borough, or the ailechave ever asked or received a perfonal tion I feel tor at their goodness to my favour ; my votes have neither been family and to me. My trilling services diétated by favour nor influence, but by will be overpaid if they gracioully accept the principles on which the Revolution my intention of promoting their union tras founded, the principles by which and preserving their virtue ; and though we enjoy the establishment of the pre I may be forgotten, I never shall or fent Royal Family, the principles to can torget the obligations they have conwaich the town of Lynn has ever adhered, and by which my father com
“ Sir, their and your menced and closed his venerable life. « Moft devoted 'uinble servant, The beit and cnly honours 'I desire
“ HORACE W'ALPOLE. would be to find that my conduct has “ Arlington-firect, been acceptable and fatisfactory to my
“ March 13, 1767.". conitituents.
(To be concluded in our next.) To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
Harleyftreet, 15:6 May, 1797. MR. EDITOR, I take the liberty to enclose you a paper on the subject of a CURE FOR THE SEA
SCURVY. It is a copy of a Letter which I addrefled last year to the First Lord of the Admiralty, who, I have every rea!on to think, has given it every due confideration; but as a discovery of so much real importance to mankind cannot be too generally known, I could with you would record it in your list of Naval Communications.
I am, Sir,
WILLIAM YOUNG, IN all former wars it has been invaria food.' Various expedients have been
biy found, that the mortality of our adopted and introduced into use in our tamen from discale has far exceeded that Navy to check the ravages of this truly of our lofs by the enemy. The Hotpi- formidable and cruel difcate ; but the uz and Jail Fever and Sea Scurvy are the very beit yet fallen upon have hitherto grand destroyers of that valuable body of been found infufcient to subdue it; they men; the first of thele uifcaies can only have only proved at best weak palliabe avoided by air and a due attention to tives. Experience has evinced, that the clearlineis, as has been repeatedly evin- only certain cure is vegetable diet ; and ced in the India fhips, where the diforder it has always been deemed impollible to is to little known, that very crowded have this delideratuin in fufficient quanthips have frequently reached the place of tity for the purpole during long voyatheir deltination without the lois of a ges. My discovery goes to obviate that man; and it is a pleating circumstance dificulty: I bave found that desiderato find, that the same means have pro- tum; and your Lord thip will doubtless duced equal benefits to our Nary. The be attonished when I aliert, that I can second disease, namely, the Sea Scurvy, inture to the largest ships' company in is not to carily guarded against, and in the British Navy a living vegetable diet its effects has been found not lets de- oceationally, at as easy and cheap a rate Aructive and fatal; nor ought we to be as their daily allowance of bread, and lurprised at this, when it is conlidered, mott certainly in fufficient quantity to that men are imprelled froni ships arriv- adinit of every perion on board; diteated ing froin long yoyages, during which of the scurvy, being put entirely upoa they have been-living upon falt provi. thet diei, by the fimplest of means. sons, and their blood in a late highly The dilcovery with ine is not new. kurbatic fruin the want of: vegetable The idea occurred to me in the course
of laft war, whilft I resided in a very be supplied with fome hogsheads of good diltant part of the world, and at a time sound dry peas ; the calks Mould be put when I could not benefit my country by up as tighias possible to exclude air and the communication of it. Perhaps, moisture. Thele fhould not be stowed kuce I came home, I have been but too in the hold, but in fome other cool part of arimiral in rot looner making it known. the ship, to avoid heating, left the vege
In the country where I rended, India, tative power of the grain should be called we teed cur hories with a species of vetch, forth, which, if once excited and the faine as is done here with outs; checked, cannot be reproduced, the lis. Europeans call it by the general name of ing principle heing extinguifled and gram; the natives call it bhoot; it is of dettroyed. 211 heart-like shape, not grown in this Next, let every ship be supplied with nur I believe in any country of Europe ; a certain number of kegs, or rather linalf though I am periuaried it would grow tubs, of about two gallons each. Let here, as it is produced in India only there be filled about three-fourths with during the cold feason. The Linnzan the grain you mean to use, say peas, baine of it I do not know. Our grooms, and let officient water be poored over before they give this grain to our horles, them just to cover them. They will always keep it for leveral hours in ka foon begin to (well and absorb the greater ter, in large unglazed earthen pots, till part of the water. When they are comit livells and begins to vegetate; an pletely (welked, you may, if you think ette.? which is very foon produced in tit, drain the remaining water off by : thai warm climate. I have known it to small vent at the bottom; but I do no förbit and put torth its buu in lets than think this material to the purpose, la eiwenty-four hours in the boulesion, in summer I should suppose they will bud which date it is generally given to our and begin to sprout in twenty-four hours, hories, and is found to be ä m: ti heart. at laieit in eight-and-forty ; in a hot cliening and nourishing food. Ti given dry, mate much foover; and I should ima. * is brable to iwell in the it mach, and gine, where the thermometer is above the to produce the gripes or diy beliy- freezing point, in three or four days. ache.
In very cold weather the process might When the vegetative or growing power be quickened by keeping them in forpe is called forth and products, this grain warin part of the frip, only taking care becomes a leuing vegetable fubjtunik, is not to exclude the air. These small tubs raw to the caite, and has the Havour of might be ranged on the poop in fine wea. the same grain in the pid, when it has ther, and kept between decks when it blex acquireei ies mature growth, before it bard, lit the fpray and marine acid imbegins to ripen; and the fame effect pede the principle of vegetation. Wher takes place with every other feed that I they have swelled and that forth their have yet obferved when it begins to ve- buds, they are then in the state we wanted getate and grow. but as we have not to bring them to; they are actually a this fpecies of vetch in this country, we living vegetah'ı, and" in taste will be mu ielec fome coher grin, common to found to relemble green peas juft arbe had, as a subititute for it. I would rived at their full growth before they make choice of white or grey pias, as begin to ripen. In order to preferse coming nearest ro bhont or gram in qua the men from the scurvy, it might be lity, 31:35 being the meit wholesome advileable to give them one or two meala anni pelatable, in a growing itate, of weekly of this food, which wouid have ary grain we have. I believe that wheat the flavour of green peas ; but wha: or barley might, in some meaiure, agi would perhaps be still better, I would swer the purpose of a vegetable diet ; recommend that they eat it in its raw but I have my doubts of their whole: staię, either alene, or with vinegar and fomeness in a growing itate, and I think mustard as a fort of" tallad. Should it them besides tco imall. We know that be thought that a fufficient supply of this all fourd corn, when steeped a article could not be had to allow of such tais time in water, will swell, and at frequent meals for a whole fhips' como kength grow: it may then he said to be pany, I wonld then conine it to trofe in its malting state, for this is the first
men only who exliibited any symptoms prrcefs in making malt. I would pro. of incipient fcurvy, and make it their pete, that every mip in cur Navy, hound only diet. I can have no doubt of its (m a long voyage, and every veilch em. talitarveife&is, provided the principles przed in the transport ternice, thuid set out with be acknowledged and ad
nitted, that a vegetable diet, containing mend the use of elm tuba. Should any sxed air, is the only cure yet known for doubt be entertained of my principle, it the Sea Scurvy:
may be calily atcertained by trying the I Hatter myself I have now succeeded expernnent in a common flower pot in is establishing what I allerted in the
The only objection that beginning of this Letter, that I could occurs to me against it is, the additional pat a thip's company upon a vegetable consumption of water it would occasion, diet at as cheap a rate as they can be which in long voyages cannot always be fupplied with bread; and I'think I fpared. I feel the fall force of this ; have gone beyond it, as comimen grey, but in an object of io much contequence and even white peas, are, in moft years, as that of the health of our feamen, it much cheaper ; nor is the simple process ought to have but little weight, and any I have pointed out to be compared with water lett in the cubs or jars might be the trouble and expence of making sea applied again to the faine proces, ani biscuit, If unglazed earthen jars or pans after all need not be entirely lost, as it were uled, the proces would be more might lerve for the purpose of boiling utiain, as the aitringent quality of oak the talt provisions of the ship's company, ri_ht be injurious to it. If the fornier which is now generally done with a misthird be cbjected to, as being liable to be ture of salt and freth water. broken on board thip, I wouli then recom
To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE.
Frampton upon S vern, Gloucester
bire. I WAS much pleased to find in your learniug, yet he every where prores his
chegant repolitory fome account of familiarity with every branch at it, and that learned and pious divine Jobr Norris. perhaps he has made a more frequent You will, I rrutt, pardon me, if in addi- and better use of logic, than any writer tion to your Memoirs, I lay a word or in the English language. two on bis Writings, which have not been As the pious and fircere christian, as diftinguished by that popularity which the fervent and zealous divine, Norris is their eminent merit certainly deierves. above praite. The pure morality which
In metaphysical acumen, in theolo- breathes through his discourses, the seragical learning, and in purity of dićtion, phic nire which glows in his aspirations, Mr. Norris acknowledges nu fuperior. inay be too retined, may be tou warm ter Mr. Locke, the reputed discoverer of the the cool and rational taste of the preler true theory of the mind, does not rank day; but the andency of this divine heat. higher in that peculiar branch of science is a trong proof of the natural sensibility chanow penetrating divine; for ithis reply of his hear, and of the fincerity of his to Locke's Eray on Human Understand. religious professions. ing be critically considered, it will be Nor is the genius of Norris, as a poet, found to detect many fundamental errors at all interior to that of his contemporiin that celebrated' treatise.
ries; specimens of genuine poetry, whole The piety of Norris was as conspicu. fire and sublimity are barely excelled by cas as his learning and abilities. The the Paradise Løjt, are displayed in his Extreme fervour of devotionwhich appears Miscellanie's: The following extracts are throughout his works, may be termed made from a Pindaric Ode, entitled The enchulalm, in this age, when moral pre: Confummat:on. The poetry is almost Cepts elegantly dressed, constitute clerical equal to the subject : compofitions.
“ The waves of fire more proudly roll, The Theory of the Ideal World, may
" The fiends in their deep caverns howl, be considered as the capital work of
“ And with the frightful trumpet mix their istoris. The depth of thought, and the cuteness of logic, which he displays in
" Now is the tragic scene begun; This treatise on a very abilrute lubject,
" The fire in triumph marches on; uitle entitde him to clann a high rank « The earth's girt round with fames, and 276ng metaphysicians. His philosophie
* seems another Sun." col pieces, wiih a peculiar vigcur of mind, display a coveneis of lie, and a nice but What a fine pi&ture of the Saviour of
dicrazination of causes and effects; Mankind do the following lines exhibit! and thoth in a irentiie profesiculy on the They are in the fourth itanza of the lane subject, .e cctico the value ot icholattic pcem:
6 hideous cry: