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the poot animal hearty and well, I gave some frivclous message, when I wified to bin his libuity, with a caution 10 keep a punith thein tur injustice and cruelty, berar look.cut ior the future."
which was not teldon," Puchably the ligns of putrefaction, We have inserted this teftimony Ao the which appeared in the creature in its pria figacity of bees, which to fome may apfon, enighi arife rather ticin the diguitive parto iavour ct improbability and ta'lic
, porrer in the femach of the thiake than because it may be confidered by others, from the exclusion of the natural air, as we protuts it is considered by us, 25 which there animals are said to endure an evidenice rather of the Author's vera. without apparent inconvenier.ce.
city. Certainly it agrees with ancji. Captain S. during his residence at the nion very generally received in the vil Hope, was visited by a rigubcuring lages of this country with respect to the Gentleman, whom he conducted up his deviestic bers, of which no apprehenladder; for lit liad io contrucid his ha fien is entertained by the ettallihed iz:bitation, to prevent the too frequent in habitants of the inanden, by which thuis trusion of vititors, that it ccuid only be little colony is pretceted, as it is rarely eutered at the top. The Gentleman had known, even when much disturbed, to po toner entered his acrialdwelling, than violate the laws of hospitality: be leaped down ticin the top to ihe ground, Hitherto we have abitained from ie. Acaring like a macman with any ard lecurg ary specimens of the horrid pva pain; after which he instantly plurged his ridiments too frequently infitted on t«. bad into the liver. On locking up, Coatt of Surinam, and too frequenti", Capt. S. discovered the care of his sit perhaps, detailed in theic volumes. We ucis to be an enormous nett of wild bets, Thall lcw, however, present our readers, er ceoffre-woljee, in the tratch, direcily with a bngle initance of this dreadiel above the proprieter's head, us he tood justice, which we have chosen becaus within his docr; when cur Author im our Author was himself a spectator y Beliately tock to bis heels, as his visiter it ; becaute the lufferer was a very atrohad done, and ordered the bees to be de cicus criminal; and is also an exemplary molified by tlie taves without delay. A proof of that wonderful infenfibility and tar mop was now brougbt, and the de contempt with which these favages muzikos vatiation was just going to commence, it their glory to endure the bittered van an old negro ftepped up, and offered tortives their toes can iafli&t. But wc fui. to receive any puriil meie his Mafter pect that there is foune partiality in Cape would decree it any one of these bees theuld Stedman's favourable account of the escriting the countr of be dzellwig in crime for which this crucl punishunut perjuna “ Mallera,” faid he, “ they was iuflicted, veuld have ftung you long or now, had “ This Negro, whose name was Nepyou been a stranger to them, but ihty tune, was no llave, but his own matter, bring your tenants, that is, gradually and a carpenter by trade; he was yourg abu ncd to build upon your prem:ides, they and handlowe ; 'bụt having killed to ali uredly know buih you and yours, and overseer of the extate Altona, in the Pro will never hurt either you or them." Creek, in confequence of some difpu. Capt. $. intantly allented to the pro he juíıly forfeited his ķife. The parti
. polison, and ordered his hoy Quaco to culars,' however, are worth relating : ascend the laddes quite naked, which he This man, laving flolen a fheep to the dic, and was not itung : he then vep. tertain a favourite young woman, the quaeed to follow himielt
, and declares, overseer, who burnt with jealousy, but apon his honcur, that, though he Bacok determined to fee him hanged į to p; bencft so as to make its inhabitants byz vent which the negra shot him di] al cut his cars, nci a fingle bee attempted among the sugar-canis: for theit offentto ring hin. lte immediately released ris, of course, he was sentenced to be abe old wegro, whom he had tied to'? broken alive upor ibe race without the ace during the experiment, and rewarded beriefit of the coup de grace, or menu him with a galloni otium, and five fiil stroke. hformed of the duradtul teihings, ter the discovery. “ ļhis warm tence, he composedly laid hintelf doin rt bees," adds cur Author, “I have on his back on a strong cross, on wbie', fuckept wuri, as my body guards, with aims and legs expanded, he and they have made many overloors take faltened by ropes : the executierer, a a staipena er leap for any amul ment, as I a black man, having new with a hatalice *Way one ile w up duy luder, want shoppaid off his lati hand, next took a
heavy iron bar, with which, by repeated piece of humour was followed by a second Blows, he broke his bones to shivers, till laugh ; and thus he continued till I lett the marrow, blood, and splinter's few him, which was about three hours atier about the field ; but the pritoner never the dreadful execution." uttered a groan nor a ligh. The ropes We thall lubjoin to this shocking debeing next unlashed, I imagined him tail our Author', reflections on it, as indead, and felt happy; till the Magistrates tirely agreeing with our own, together tirring to depart, he writhed himself with a lingular occurrence which took from the crois, when he fell on the grals, place on his visit to the same ipot lume and damned them all, as a set of barba- hours after. rous ratcals ; at the same time, removing “ Though I never recall to my rehis right hand by the help of his teeth, he membrance without the moti paintul reitet his head on part of the timber, and tentation this horrid scene, which 1991 N ated the by-standers for a pipe of to revolt the feelings of all who have one bacco, which was infamoully antwered Spark of humanity, I cannot forbear exbi kicking and spitting on him ; till 1, hibiting to the public the dreavitud ipxece with some American icamen, thought tacle in a drawing. If the reader, howproper to prevent it. He then begged ever, thould be ottended with this shock tha: his head might be chopped off'; but ing exhibition, and my dwelling 19 lors 10 no purpose. At lait, leving no end to on this unpleasant lubjeet, let it be fonc. bis milery, he declared, that though he relief to his reflection to consider this had delerved death, he had not expected punishment not inflicted as a winion axt to die to many deaths. “However," laid unprovoked act of cruelty, but as the exhi, “ vou Christians have milled your treme severity of the Surinam laws on a aim at Laft, and I now care not were I desperate wretch, luffering as an example to remain thus one month longer.” Af to others for complicated crimes, white, ter which he, tung two extempore songs, at the same time, it cannot but give me, with a clear voice, the subjects of which and I hope inany others, fome contelacio' Where to bid adieu to his living friends, and to refect, that the above barbarvus mide to acquaint his decea'ed relations, that ina of punishment with hitherto never put Very little time he thould be with them, to in practice in the British Colonies. enjoy their company for ever, in a better "I must now relate an incident which, pisca Thisdune, he calmiyentered into con- as it had a momentary effect on my iman veriation with someGentlemen concerning gination, might have had a latting one on his trial, relating every particular with tome who had not inveitigated the real uncommon tranquillity. “ But," laid cause of it, and which it gave me no he, abruptly, « by the fun it must be linall fatisfaétion to discover. About eight o'clock, and, by any longer dil three o'clock in the afternoon, walking urse, I thould be forry to be the cause towards the place of executiva, with nav of
your losing your breakfast." Then, thoughts full of the atfecting icene, and rafting his eyes on a Jew, whose name the image of the buferer frein in iny was De Vries, “A-propos, Sir," laid he, mird, the first object I faw was his ba, "won't you please to pay me the ten thil at furne distance, placed on a stake, noda lings you owe me?"- For what todo?" ding to me backwards and forwies, as To buy meat and drink, to be fure; don't if it had really been alive. I instantiy you perceive I ain to be kept alive ?" - stopped short, and, Steing no person in which speech, seeing the Jew Itare like the Savannali, nor a breath of wind futa a tool, this mangled wretch accompanied ficient to move a leaf or a feather, 1 arwith a loud laugh. Next obierving the knowledge that I was riveiled to the ieldier who stood centinel over hiin bite ground where I stood, without having ing cccationally on a piece of dry bread, the reiolution of advancing one itep, tur hit alked him,“ how it came to pats that some time; till, refleeting tha: I must be be, a wbite man, Mould have no meat to weak indeed not to approach this dead eat along with it?" “ Because I am fcull, and find out the wonderfi:) phixno. hot so rich,"answered the foldier. “ Then menon, it possible, I holidly walked up, I will make you a present, Sir," said the and intiantly discovered the natural caue negto ; " firit pick my land, which was by the return of a vulture to the gallows, thopped off, clean to the bones ; next zubo perclied upon it, as if he meant to begin to devour my body, till you are dispute with me for this feat of carrions glatted; when you will have both bread which bird, having already picked 01:6 and meat, as beit beco.nes you ;" which one of the eyes, had Hed is my firid ap.
proach, and, striking the skull with its on the 5th of November preceding, his salons as it took its ludden fight, occa- beloved mistress expired, as tome lulpect. koned the motion already deicribed. I ed by poison administered by the hand hall now only add, that this poor wretch, of jealousy and envy, on account of tier after living Hear fix hours, had been prosperity, and the marks of diftinction knocked on the head by the conamiferat, which her fuperior merit had attracted. ing centinel, the marks of whole inuiket Her adopted mother Mrs. Godefroy, were perfearly visible by a large open frac- who bedewed her remains with tears, ture on the skull."
ordered her to be interred under the grove Our Author inentions a custom often of orange-trtes where the had lived. practised at Surinam by those who can Her boy was fent to the Captain, with a afford it, of batling young children in bill ot near two hundred pounds, his own Madeira wine and water ; and that his property, by his inheritance from his molittle boy was imineried in this liquid by ther. His eciucation being finished in Enthe generous hospitality of a friend. The giard, he went two voyages to the Wett Inreasons for this practice, lo strange to an dies with the higheit character as a failor, European, he does not declare ; perhaps and served with honour as a Midshipman he does not know: but the fame cuitom during the dispute with Spain, on board prevailed among the ancient Sparians, as his naiesty's ships the Southampton and is related by Plutarch in his Life of Ly. the Lizard. Untortunately for his friends, eurgus; and he also gives this reason for he perished at lea off the illand of Ja
They suppoled," says ho," that maica. ablution in this mixture deferimined Though Captain S's partiality for a the strength or weakness of the intant's race of beings with whom he was fo teliconstitution, which, if it were detective, derly connected induced him to collect, would, in contequence of such a bathi, dry as it appears to us, with more diligence and pine away ; but it healthrul, would than caution, instances of the oppreliion become heartier and lustier."
which they are said to endure, yet, every So much hsving been said in these ex realonahle allowance being made, there traets concerning Joanna and her little can be no question that much unneceita. boy, the reader will, probably, not ry evil exitts in this system of servitude, be unintereited in what remains to be Power will always be abused by lome, Rold of her history, though the cataitrophe when not circumicribed by law ; but the he melancholy. Capt. $. on quitting Legislator should dwell in the country Surinam for ever, withed to take with for whole benefit his regulations are dehim to Europe his faithful companion; figned, and be acquainted with the prí. but, notwithitanding her ardent affection judues and wants of its inhabitants. for him, his iatreaties were inetfestual. Inaccuracies in the file of this work ocHer attachment to her native country, cur here and there, which we have markher fente of justice to Mrs. Godefroy, ed with italics in our extracts. These whofe debt was still undischarged, and a may well be pardoned in a foldier and a decent pride, which mult neceilarily ex traveller, who, as he tells us, was often perience mortification, on hring degrad- compelled to write his obfervations with ed from the firit rank among her own a pencil on his cartridges, or on a blair. class in America to an hwipble and con cid bone. Their novelty and variety ke temptible condition in Europe, over abundant compensation for any grimmi. balanced every motive of love and ten tical irregularities ; and after all the exderness placed in the oppolito scale. ceptions of fastidious criticisin, there are Captain S. lett Guiana « on the rit of April few readers who will not be gratified by 1777, In the month of August 1783 Capt. Stedman's narrative. he received the melancholy tidings, that
R.R. The Nun; by Diderot. Translated from the French. Two Vols. London.
Robinsons. 1797. M. DIDEROT, and some literary manity, had interested himfelf confidera with practising a pleasant artifice upon pealed judicially against hr vows, infa the Marquis de Croismare, one of their which the had been forced by her parents, fociety, who had lately retired from Paris Without having seen ber, without knowto bis country retidence in Normandy, ing her name, he went and folicited in her This gentleman, a perion of fingular hú. favour all the Counsellors of the Great
Chamber of the Parliament of Paris. In themselves minutely, and in detail, This spite of this genercus interceflion, the may be conformable enough to the purka fortunate rrilufel it her cause, and her poles of oratory and popularity, but is ute Pows were adjudged valid.
terly inconfiftent with truth, and with real In recalling this whole adventure to pbilosophy. their minds, the Marquis's literary af Of the amiable pictures which a nunnery fcciates resolved to revive it to their maydisplay, the following may be presented own advantage. They took it for grant- to the reader, as no unfavourable specimen ed, that this Nun had been so fortunate of our Author's talent for diving into the as to escape from her convent; and, in depths of the human heart. collequerce, they made her write to the “I performed my noviciate without Marais de Groismart, to intreat aslift- aversion. I país rapidly over those two acce and protection. They employed firft years, because they contained no. themselves at their petit foupé's, amidit loud thing' melancholy to me, but the secret burits of laughter, in compoting thofe, feeling that I was flowly approaching a letters which were to make the goud Mar.". state for which I was not formed. Somequis weep; and at thote meetings they times it was renewed with violence; and allo read, with the same expreslions of as often as this happened, I recurred to mirth, the kind answers which were re- my good fuperior (Madame Moni), who turned by this generous and worthy embraced me, who unbofomed my soul,
who displayed to me her arguments with They scon however perceived, that the force ; and always concluded with telling calamities of their bernine began to inte- me-“ And have not other situations, rett too deeply their tender benefactor. too, their crosses? We are apt to be senAccordingly they adopted the expedient fible only of our own. Come, my child, of taking her off by death, preferring the let us fall on our knees, and pray." She un aliness which he would feel upon this then knelt down, and prayed aloud, but event to the certain danger ot inflaming with so much unition, eloquence, mildhis imagination, if Me were permitted ress, elevation, and force, that you would longer to survive. After his return to have faid she was inspired by the Spirit of Paris, all the circumstances of this con God. Her thoughts, her expressions, her Spiracy were unfolded to him. He laugh- in ages, penetrated to the very bottom of ed, as may be fupposed, at the trick, and the heart. At first you listened, by de. the misfortunes of the poor Nun served grees you were elevated, you were units only to strengthen the bonds of friend- ed with her ; the soul was thrilled, and hip among those the had left behind. your partook her transports. Her design
It is a lingular circumstance, that if was not to seduce, but certainly this the the imagination of the Marquis de Crois- accomplished. We left her with a heart marr was heated by this pleafantry, that enraptured, our countenances displayed of Diderot, on his part, was no less ar- joy and extafy, we shed tears fo delightdently inflamed. He began to write in ful! It was an impression which she her. detail the whole history of the Nun. He self took, which the long retained, and tas not completed his work, but ftill it which those to whom it was communicatmust be allowed to be a pathetic and in- ed likewife preserved. It is not to my terefting romance. It contains, however, own experience that I refer, it is to that ze mixture of love. It may be reckoned of all the nuns. Some of them have told ttle of the most severe satires on cloisters me, that they have felt the want of her that ever was composed ; and, perhaps, confolation as that of an exquisite pleanot the lets dangerous, as it seems only fure, and I believe I required only a litto speak of them with praise. It cannot tle more habit to reach that point ; never. be denied, but, that like other fatires, it theless, at the approach of my profession, sometimes exaggerates the evits which it I experienced a melancholy só profound, would remove, and seldom places in the that it exposed my good superior to seoppolite seale the good, which, in what. vere trials : her talents forfook her : the ever proportion, is till to be found in herself acknowledged it to me. “ I don't every human fociety. The character of know," says Me,“ what passes within the Superior, Madame Moni, and of fa- me; it seems, when you come, as if God 102T Lemone, are indeed both excellent retired, and his Spirit were filent. It is in very different ways, but they are both in vain that I animate myself, that I feel Dailed over in a balty and perfunctory ideas, that I attempt to exalt my soul ; I mannes, while the vicious and supersti- feel mytelf an ordinary and humble wo. liogs personages of the drama exhibit man. VOL. XXXI. APRIL 1797,
“ Ah, my dear mother !" said I, and made them go down without noise to “ what presentiment! if it were God the church. All of them repaired thithat rendered you dumb.".
ther; and, when they were there, she in“ One day that I felt myself more vited them to address themselves to heauncertain and more depressed than ever, I ven in my favour. This prayer was went to her cell; my presence at first ren- made in silence : then she extinguished the dered her speechless; it ieemed that she read light, all repeated together the Miferere, in my eyes, in my whole person, that the except the Superior, who, proftrate at the profound sentiment I carried within me foot of the altar, macerated herself in a was beyond her strength, and she was un- cruel manner, saying, “ O God! If it willing to itruggle without the certainty be for any fault that I have committed of being victorious : nevertheless the that you have departed froin me, grant made the attempt : by degrees the warm me forgiveness ! I do not atk you to leed; in proportion as my forrow subsided, tore me the gift of which you have deher enthufiaim increased. She threw her- prived me, but that you would address felfluddenly upon her knees ; I followed gourself to this innocent, who sleeps, her example. I imagined I was to partake while I here invoke you in her favour." her transports; I wilhed it. She pronounced This is a faithful and animated picture some words; then all at once she was of glowing and bumble plety ; and fuck, filent. I waited in vain, the spoke no we trust, is not barely the creature of more ; The role, the burst into tears, the Fancy, but may be found both sibx and took me by the hand, and squeezing it witbout the precincts of the cloister. We between her's, “ Oh, my dear child !" said are surprized to obterve the translator, whe the, “ what a cruel effect have you pro is in general fufficiently correct, uling the duced upon me! Observe the consequence; word macerate for corre&ting with lajbe! the Spirit has withdrawn-I feel it. Go, in the above, and in several other pallet God speak to you himself, tince it is lages of this work. He must have connot his pleasure to communicate himself founded it with another word of a fimilu by me."
found. “ In reality, I know not what had As a contrast to the above description, passed within her; whether I had inspired read the following account of the luffer. her with a distrust of her power, which ings our urfortunate heroine endured afhas never been dissipated; whether I had ter the death of the Superior, her friend, rendered her timid, or really broken her and when another of a very opposite dilcorrespondence with heaven; but the ta- polition had succeeded. We will hope, lent of consulation returned to her no however, for the credit of conventual irmore.
ftitutions, and of humanity, that the scene “ Upon the eve of my profission, I has never been realized. went to see her; Me laboured under a “ They no longer complained of me melancholy equal to my own. I wept, to the Superior, but they did every thing and so did she; I threw myself at her feet; in their power to render my life uncomThe bleiled me, the railed me up, embraced fortable. They forbad the nuns to certe me, and again sent me away, saying, “I near me, and I loon found my elf defert. am weary of life, I with to die. I have ed. In a few friends, who contrived, alked of God never to see this day, but it by stealth, to get the better of the re. is not his will. Go, I will speak to your straint which was imposed upon them ; mother; I will pass the night in prayer; and now that they could not pats the day pray you also ; but go to bed, I com- with me, they visited me at night, or at
_ Allow me," answered I forbidden hours. Spies were set upon us; “ to join you :"-" I allow you from nine they furprized me, sometimes with one, o'clock till eleven-no more, no more. sometimes with another. This fort of At half past nine o'clock I will begin to imprudence was all they wished for, and pray, and you will begin also ; but at I was punished for it in the most inhunza eleven o'clock you will allow me to pray manner. They condemned me for whols alone, and you will take repose. Go, dear wecks to pass the service upon my knees, child, I fall watch before God the re. apart from the reft of the choir ; to live mainder of the night."
upon bread and water ; to remain fhut up “ She wished to pray, but could not. in my cell ; to perform the meaneft offices I lept ; and in the mean time this holy in the house. Those whom they called woman went through the passages,knock- my accomplices, were no better treated. ing at every door. She awoke the nuns, When they could not find me in a fault