« ElőzőTovább »
conversing with them; Lord Limington's livered from it than myself. Mr. Sandys character is superior to his quality and and his Lady got late home without any fortune ; and in Mr. Digby you find (be- ill accident on the road. Mr. Town. lides probity and good manners) a molt tend I am told thinks not of Elmiy till sweet and easy temper, an hereditary and after Christınas, but Captain Congreve reigning quality in his house; in such gives us leave to expect him tooner, and company you can want no other: yet in he will be heartily welcome to, good earnest I am sorry you have theirs,
Sir, who contribute so much to the honor
your affe&ticnate friend and intereit of their country at home.
and faithiul iervant, Prefent my best service to Mr. Digby, and
JO. WORCESTER. tell him I hoped to have heard the French Doc. the çib, 1737. air had given him all the relief he expected We have lost an incomparable Queen, from it, and I would fain flatter inyielf and I have heard fome Lords named as not that ne seeks at present to have his health inclined punctually to obterve the order confirmed, not 'restored; but if he has concerning the mourning; ore whom you any remaining indisposition, I am sure no and I love is of the number; but I hope body prays more heartily he may be de- the report is not true.
ON POPE's H O-ME R.
[ Continued from Page 166. ] MY DEAR P.
couplet. Not so much a repetition, perYou were but too well founded in your haps you will say, as a narration of the
.conjectures; which, however, I am progress, which the mitt inakes. It is inclined to think have ariien more from first Med on the tops of the mountains, your own good taste and judgment, than and thence defcends on the fields below. frorn any opinion, which you may have How far this progress be according to the formed of mine. The strain of approbation, course of nature I will not detain you with which I was so well plealed to open now to examine. One thing is certain, my observations on the admired pallage we have nothing of it in Homer ; and, to presented to you in my last, you will confefs the truth, is it inserted here lo yourself fee, cannot be extended beyond much for the fake of the ideas, which it the introductory line, Pope has surely conveys; as of the rhyme, which it furbetrayed great failure of judginent in the nishes for the next verse ? next; where he has rendered the word To thieves more grateful than the midnight origame by the periphrase niz be of vapors: foude. thus confounding the mist with the night, to which in the original it is pointedly
Was it the difficulty of tranfiitting opposed. The same unaccountable inat correspondent ideas through the medium tention runs through the rest of the ver of the English language, under the refion. Having before called the mist a straint of rhyme and metre? or the amnight of vapors, he exprelles the night bition of improving upon his author? ard ittelf by another periphrale, midnight exchanging, as the ingenious Eliayist Made: and drops without scruple another exprelies it, an offenuing circumstance for oppotition, very Itrongly marked by Ho. a bi auty? which betrayed Pope into these mer, between the different effects pro- evident in proprieties, as alfo into a geduced by this temporary darkness on the neral derelition of his author's sente and Shepherds and on the thief.
manner. The circumítance of a nian's Closion eto Panno, xlinta de TE WXTOS beyond a stone's throw appear to the
not seeing during this temporary darkness apiirw.
ingenious Essayist a mean idea, com. “ Unfriendly to the one, but more favor- pared with that which, be fias's, Pope able to the other than even night it clf." has íubftiiuted in its fead, " the diiliThen can you excufe ? I am fure you curveying their ficcks." On such a point
culty which the thepherds experience of cannot approve, the feeble paraphrale, how are we to determine ? by what cir. into which the thought is drawn out in the third line :
terion are we to decide? Taite is so Swift gliding mists the dusky fields invade;
vague and capricicus, that i am always
dir? 1. minut my coin; efpecially "which is merely a repetition of what had i ruis conter to the opinion of a been more poetica.ly exprelled in the filt writer, who has sewn so much accuracy,
of discrimination and critical perspicacity forth the offending circunstance in as fac in his valuable Ellay. Let it, however, vorable a light as I can: be allowed me to examine the palage Tστον τις τ' επιλευσσει, όσον επι λααν ιηστε without prejudice or partiality by the uitablished rules of criticitin. The Poet, No further now can pierce the straining eyes
Than from the hand a stone projected dies, as is usual with him, illuftrates his fub. ject by the most common and familiar I have hitherto considered this admired circumftances. Amongst these that of passage, and the improvements which throwing a itone teems, no doubt, luff. Pope is said to have inade on the original, ciently trivial and unimportant. The under the fame fcun, as the ingenious butineis of a th·pherd surveying his flock Elayist appears to have viewed it
. But does not appear very far exalted above the I cannot dilinils tie lubject without recommon tracks of life. Does the incan- marking, that in the warmth of his ad. ness of the idea conlilt in the act ? cr in miration he has been beu ayed into an the initrument employed? Would the extraordinary error. Pope has not exthought be raised to a proper degree of changed the pijenuing circum/lance for a clevation ? if, instead of a stone, the disc braniy; he has dropped it altogether, or javelin were substituted: there were without iubitituting any thing whatíoever warlike instruments, which heroes used in its stead. The plaisentiinent, fimply in their martial games and exercités : or expressed in the Grick iext by three words rather, does not much of the offence, which TOILETI PTI Qonni, is indeed not easily ftrikes to forcibly on this elegant writer's discovered amidst the heap of extraneous feeliugs, arite more from the expression matter, with which it is encompatled in than the thought? He seems in his prose the English veriion. Yet certainly it is version purpolely to have lowered the dic- this plain fentiment, which Pope meant tion, that Pope on comparison may ap to convey, by his wordy interpretation, pear to greater advantage. Allow me extended through a whole couples; though, to render the lines with equal fidelity as appears by the mistake of the ingenious to the text, and more justice to the Au. Ellayiit, under this disguise it is not known thor.
again for the fame. Now if mere omission - As Notus sheds a inilt on the tops be considered as so great an improvement, of the mountains, untriendly to the Pope in this instance only shares the ho. thepherds, but more favorable to the nor with another of less note, who has thičf than even night itfelt; during which given us the first three books of the Iliad temperary, gloom a man cannot see far in verfe. He too, with equal delicacy of ther than he can throw a stone."
feeling, has had the address to drop the In order to estimate their respective offending circumstance: merits more accurately, let Pope's trans. And as a mountainmift glides o'er the plains, lation be taken out of rhyme and metre, Friend to the thieves, but fatal to the swains; and compared with that given above. When hazy skies the distant view confound;
56 Thus when Notus iheds a night of So the thick cloud rosu da.k’ning from the vapors on the heads of the mountains, the
TRAVERS. nifts gliding twittly invade the dusky fichis, which (mits) are more grateful
On the whole, whatever beauty the into thieves than the midnight Shade ; dur- genicus Efayit may tice in the!e lines of ing which time the twains scarcely curvey obezuin it? Can you think a trantlator
Pope, has nut too much been facrificed to their feeding fiocks, which are loft and justified in giving to different a cast to confused as the day grows thicker." I will not teaze yuu with captious ex
the original composition ? in altering fo ceptions to particular expreflions. Take the piece? and presenting an inage fo for
materially the characteristic features of the whole together and tell me, Dies there really appear to you to much ad reign, and bearing folitile resemblance of
the model, which he professes to copy? Tartage on the part of Pope, as the in. genicus Eflayiit teens to discover?. The firft law of translation, that “it should
The ingenious Essayift lays it down as the comparison, perhaps it inay be faid, is not fairly inftituced. By confronting the give a complete tranicriptof thecriginal." two pieces in this form Pope is deprived on this fundamental law I will venture of his characterittic excellence, the charms
to reit whatever you have heard from ine
0. P. C. of his leducing verlification. If this
on these subjects. Adieu, hould be initled on in Pope's behalt, I ERRATUM. - In page 165, cul. 2, lice will adianturo che cuplet, nerely to fec 10 froin the bottom, for clouis of vapers
1. niz hi.
THOUGH you have already, in a former Magazine, given some Account of
“ VAILLANT's New Travels into the Interior Parts of Africa," yet as nu Ipecia mens of the Book are adduced, it is prelumed that the following particulars may not be uninterelting to your Readers. They may serve as a Comment on, and in a measure a confirmation of, your iginal Criticism. Your third obfervation on Mr. VAILLANT's success in correcting many vulgar cirors in Naturwi hipury, will be exemplified in two or three instances. I do not find that you take notice of a very general prejudice that has prevailed
againit this Author's viraculk's Travellers in this particular, more perhaps than in any other, experience a levere, and fometimes an unreasonable judgment.
I am, sir, &c.
R. R. To determine the exact boundaries be to experiénients made by our Author on the
tween truth and falfhood, in what is power different animals pofleis of endurderived from human teftimony, is beyor.d ing abitinence from food for a great length the attainment of human wildom. Wher of time. He found that a large garden ther he believe too little, or too much, spider, inclosed under a glass bell, fara the hearer and the reader is equally liable tened round the bottom with cement, to mistake. Nothing, says some one, is continued ten months together without more credulous than incretulity; and the nourishment, and during the whole peknowledge of him who only believes what riod vigorous and alert.
The only he has been able to observe himself, will alteration it appeared to sustain was a be neither certain nor comprehensive. diminution in its belly, from the size of There was a time when the Anttropo- a nut to that of the head of a pin. Anopoagrof Travelers were clailed among the ther spider of the same kind being placed Giants and Futises of Romance ; and even along with it, the original inhabitant, in the present day extraordinary customs after a long conflict, destroyed and de. or occurrences are often rejected as clone voured the Itranger, and soon after beders, though, in other refpects, not def came as plump as at the first moment of titute of inarks of authenticity. Per- its continement. haps it is the best objection to the lion It appeared, by a comparison of the caters in Shaw, and in Bruce to the effect on the stomach of animal and vefeeders on living flesh, that the like hud getable food, that the former was much bitn never seen or related before.
better adapted for the prolongation of What part, or whether any, of Mr. life. Two sparrows, of the lame age, Le Vaillant's narration be unworthy of and in equally good condition, were rethe Reader's credit, he must determine duced by the want of nourishment to such for himtelt. Different perions, as Mr. a itate of weakness, that neither of them Lecke oblerves, will uit different mea was able to take what was offered them. fures of probability. Let himn not, how. Some bruiled feeds were then forced down ever, forget to discriminate Leeween the the throat of one of them, and of the extraordinary and the incredible ; for other a little minced feth. ' In a few mithat which is extraordinary in one atua butes the latter was quite well, and the tion may excite in another neither fur former, two hours after, died. prile ncr curiosity. Let me be permitted, Of the amutements, and mode of eduhowever, to observe to more lcrupulous cation, of the African children, the fol. and wary readers, that the present work lowing particulars are mentioned in the is not near fo fertile in marvellous tran frit volume, which, as they alio describe fa&tions as the former Travels of our a new method of killing Imall animals, Author on the African coast. I agree I think interesting: with you in thinking, that it is equally “With the Africans, the only amuse. moral, animated, and intructive.
ment the children know ferves at the The Introduction, which, with the Dedic same time as the cominencement of their cation and Preface, conhits of 3 pages, re education. fers chitty to local and temporary concerns “ It is customary, when ihe cart or at the Cape of Good Hope; the only lubje&i waggon belonging to a planter is not emFeated that is generally interesting relates ployed, to leave it in the open air by the VOL. XXXI. APRIL 1797.
side of the house. As soon as the chil- The Reader will, probably, not be trin. dren can climb to the board that ferves tertited in the detail of his retinue. for a leat, they place themielves upon it, “On the 14th I made a general muter and, with a whip in their hands, exer- of my equipage and my peopl. include cile theinelves in commanding the oxen, ing the wite of Klaas, and iny Inípectorwhich are fuppoled to be pretent, calling general Swanpool, I had all together ninethem by their names, striking the place teen persons, thirteen dogs in high con. of any one that is thought not to obey dition, one male and ten female goats, with sufficient readiness ; in a word, in three hortes, of which two, handlinely directing the course of the waggon, in caparisoned, were those given me by making it turn, go on, or recede, pre- Boers ; three milch cows, thirty-ix cisely as they with. Aiter having luc. dratt oxen for my three waggons, fourcellively handled, in this manner, whips teen for relays, and two to carry the bigsuited to their age, they arrive at last to gage of my Hottentots. Thele tifts had the management of a bamboo, nicely ta of horned cattle were sufficient for the perid, fifteen or sixteen feet in length, present lervice ; but I meant to increase with a thung at the end of it still longer; thein as it lould become necellary, and and with this inttrument they can strike, as I advanced farther from the colony, at the dittarce of more than twenty-five when in the way of barter I should be feet, a pebble that is pointed out to them, able to purchase them at a cheaper rate. or a piece of money thrown upon the The cock tha in my first journey (lee ground. I have already mentioned a the former Travels of the Author) had pleasant amusement of this kind, which afforded ine intervals of pleasure, fuga one of the Slabers procured me, who fin- geited the idea of having one again, and gled out, with astonishing address, among that it might be happier than my other a multitude of birds, luch individuals had been, I gave it a mate. Lally, for as I was desirous of having. Swanpool my amu:ement, and I may allo fay für also, the companion of my journey, tociety, I took my ape Kees; Kets, who, would feldom miss a partridge flying; chained up during my abode at the Cape, and, notwithstanding his age, applied had apparently loit his gaiety, but who, his whip with to much force, that in ore from the moment he regained his liberty, of our excurfions I saw him ftrike, per gave himfelf up to sports and antics this fectly dead, a duck, of a much larger were extremely diverting. Species than the common one of Europe." “ Such was the conpany I affociated
Though the Author of this Article is with in my enterprise, and which I had willing to allow a fuperiority of adroit- conceived to be necellary, either to infurt neis to the favages of Africa, when com. its success, or for the purpose of atîording pared with the inhabitants of civilized me some pleasant relaxations." sountries, yet he could have wished that . Towards th: clofe of the First Volume as our Author has enlarged his duck there is a wondertul escape of our Author beyond the measure of European magni- from the danger of drowning, in croiing, tude, he had also described, with more a raft drawn by Hottentots, the precise minuteness, the mode by which Queer-boom, an extremely broad arad the artist, with tbe lajh merely of a wbip, rapid river. The danger was much it. could so instantaneously deftroy it. created by M. Le Vaillant's inability to
At page 74 there are three curious and swim, and his being incumbered beides well-authenticated instances of the power by his powder flašks and two fufees, of fascination exerted hy ferpents towards For a moment his situation appeared the objects of their food, and even man hopelefs, as the threain was conveying himself. Thele I am the wore willing them with an irresistible current towardo to believe, as I myself have been wit. the fea. The vigorous and perterering ness to similar energies put forth by a cat exertions of his Hottentots allant landed towards birds. For a more particular him in lafety. narration of these fingular phenomena in In the beginning of his tour into the Natural History, the Reader is referred country of the greater Nimiquas, our to the work at large, as the extracts have Author obferved a curious circumitance been already anticipated in a former Ma- in Natural History. I will recite it in gazine.
his own words: Our Author describes, in lively co “ Every time I discharged my piece lours, the escorte with which he adven- at the le (the spring back) antelopas, tured on his firit expedition of the new their rumps inmediately, and at the Travels lo explore the African court. fame moment, all became white; and
thale thousands of red backs flying before in case it should be necesary. We were me, formert, as it were, one iheet of - obliged to take a long circuit to gain the now, which fermed displayed only to "lee ride of them, leit they hould smell ditappear again in an instant."
us; and we reached the river under cover " I have already ipoken of that an- of the large trees which grew on its gular property of the fpring-back ante
banks, lope, which has the faculty of charging
“As one of these animals was much at will the colour of its ruinp, which is larger than the other, I lupposed them Ted, and of making it suddenly become to be a male and female. Miutionleis, white, as if by a kind of enchantment. by the lide of each other, they stood with À phenoirenon of this nature prelenis their noses to the wind, and, confeat first to the mind something marvellous; quently, prefented to us their rumps. I it is, however, itriftly true, and may be was giving tome orders to iny company, calily comprehended after the following when Jenker, one of :y Hottentots, explanation.
requested that I would permit hiin to at“ The long thick hair which covers tack the two animals alone, as a bethe rump
of the spring-back antelope is, kruypar. in general, of a tawney hue : but though « I have hefore observed, that in it appears to be entirely of that colour, Africa it is impoflible to get within reich it is only the surface that is really lo, for of certain wild animals but by creeping underneath it is of a pure white, and in on the belly. Those who have acquired its natural lituation this part is entirely this art are called bekruipars. As Jenker's cuicealed :
: now all the hair on the rump proposal could not impede our general gicws frein a strong titlure of mufcular plan, I granted his request. He then tibres, by means of which the animal itripped himielt naked, and, taking his cin, at pleature, extend or contract the fulce, proceeded towards the aniinais, skin; lo that, when extended, the upper creeping on his beily like a ferpent. hair is laid Hit to the right and left, and " In the mean time, I pointed out to that below only, which is perfectly white, my hunters the different pists they had emains exposed to view, and even covers to occupy. As for me, I remained on the reit. I cannot better de!cribe this the spot where I was, with two Hotten, operation, than by comparing it to the tots, one of whom
iny horse, and action of opening and shutting a book the other my dogs; but, to avoid being placed on its back."
feen, we posted ourlelves behind a buih. Mr. Le V. remarks on the prodigious Jenker lowly advanced, with his eyes multiplication of these antelopes, not fixed on the two moniters. If he law withitanding the country they inhabit is them turn their heads he stopped, and inteited with carnivorous animals, that remained motionlels. One would have the herd he had rouled, in a very rapid taken him for a large stone ; and in this (qurte, employed three hours to pass the respect I mylėlf was deceived. He con.
tinued creeping, with various interrupThe account of a Rhinoceros Hunt, tions, for more than an hour. At length though it be somewhat long, is too tin- I saw him proceed towards a large bush gular and interesting to be withheld from of euphorbia, which was only iwo hunthe Reader. I will endeavour, there- dred paces from the animals. Being ture, to abridgeit, without opitting any then certain he was concealed, he rolę important circumstance.
up, and made preparations for firing. * One day Klaas came in great halte I waited with impatience for the report to my tent to inform me, that he had of his gun ; and was told by the Hota oh crved, at fome distance froin my camp,
tentot who stood near me, that Jenker i wo shinocerotles, Itanding quietly close could not fire till one of the rhinocerolles to each other in the middle of the plain. Lhould turn round, that he inight, if pollie To attack two such formidable enemies ble, take aiin at its head. it was necellary to use great precaution, “Presently, the largest of the two hav. and that we should approach them in such ing looked behind, was immediately a manner as they might neither fee nor fired at : being wounded, he tent forth a linell us. I gave myielf up, therefore, horrid cry, and, followed by the female, to the entire direction of my favages, ran furiouliy towards the place from and we set out armed alike with a good which the noise had proceeded. Jenker tulee. I caused two of my Itrongest threw himtelf down with his belly on the dogs to be led in a leath, in order that ground, and they pfled close by his fide they might be let loole on the rhinoceroles without perceiving him, and canie