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On the publication of his Aureng-Zebe
DR. JOHNSON. the following lines being much admired :
(Never before published.) 6. When I consider life, 'tis all a cheal,
Dr. now Dean Maxwell fitting in coma " Yet fool'd with hepe men favour the de. pany with Dr. Johnson, they were talking
of the violence of parties, and what "Trust on, and think to-morrow will repay: will sometimes run into.
unwarrantable irrational lengths mobs « To-morrow's faller than the former day,
Why yes, “ Lies worse, and while it says we shall be
Sir," says Johnson, “they'll do any thing, <blert
no matter how odd, or desperate, to "' With some new joys-cuts off what we
gain their point ; they'll catch hold of
the red-hot end of a poker sooner than not “ Strange cozenage ! none would live past get poflession of it."
Some persons at Sir Joshua Reynolds's years again, * Yet all hope pleasure in what yet remain,
table, soon after the death of Dr. Gold. " And from the dregs of life think to reccive
smith, were criticising rather too freely “ What the firtt sprightly running could not discover much talent or originality.
on his works, which they said did not give. “I'm tired with waiting for this Chymic gold, Johnson heard them growlingly for some " Which fools us young, and beggars us when dignity, and looking them full in the face,
time ; at last, raising himself with great
he exclaimed, “If nobody was suffered Mr. Moyle, one of his old friends at to abuse poor Goldy but those who could Button's Coffee-house, determined to write as well, he would have few ene. * raise a laugh at his expence, took the mies." pains to translate the above beautiful pal
DEAN MAXWELL. lage into old monkish Latin, and pro This gentleman, who was the intimate duced it against him at the Club as the friend and companion of Dr. Johnson in the original from which he copied. Dryden early parts of his faine, and who, to an exwas thunderstruck at such a teeming proof cellent understanding, fine talents, and ge. ot plagiarilm, yet, being fo ftrong against neral reading, has added a good deal of him, could do nothing but deny it, and Johnson's aphoristical manner of converappeal to his former reputation for evi- . fing, being, a few years ago, at Lord Mount dence. The wits, who were in the fe Edgcombe's, which commands so grand cret, on this thook their heads, and said, and extensive a . view of the ocean, though they must admit his afleverations, looked for some moments with awful it was one of the inoit fingular cases that, admiration at the prospect, and then perhaps, ever happened, that two authors exclaimed, “ The sea is his, and he made. Thould not only think alike, but ute the it, and his hands prepared the dry land !" very fame words to express that thought. Soon afterwards, coming to the bottom This affected Dryden fo much that he of a high hill, which, in the course of kept from the Coffee-house three or four seeing the improvements, it was neceffary days, till his friends brought him back to aleend, the Dean, who was then above in triumph, by acknowledging the whole feventy years of age, began to demur a deceit, and assuring him there was ng little =" Come, Doctor," says his guide, other way of being levere on such an ex “ the hills are his allo, and he made çellent performance, but by such a piece them.” " True, lays the Doctor, of diffimulation.
but not for me to climb them.'!
(To be continued.)
FOUI, ORIGINAL LETTERS FROM THAT EXCELLENT PRELATE
DR. HOUGH, BISHOP OF WORCESTER, TO JOHN TOWNSHEND, ESQ
SIR, YESTERDAY I had the pleasure of will contentedly exercise their patience ;
seeing it under your own hand, that what they suffer will be recompenced in you and the Ladies were free from indif a comfortable meeting; and we shall position ; I have nothing more to wish enjoy ourselves heartily. In the mean on your account, but that you may long time we (I speak of those under this very long, be fo; and if Bath promises roof) will wear out our conversable hours further security, your friends here, bow in kind remembrance, and an agreeable touch focver they want your company, expectation, Miss Betty is so well and
thearful, that in good earnest we do not well. Since Captain Congreve is under quite miss Elmly; the affairs of that the same roof with you, and Mrs. Sanplace are always in her head, and if she dys at no great distance from you, that does not say it under complaisance to me, company will never be to seek which I who have ever professed enmity to the am lure, of all others, is the most agrée apple-trees, the thinks they that are down able to you. Lords and Ladies inay look bett: I own myself ungrateful, come and go as they please ; you will drinking at this very time of their pro never miss them ; but I wish you had duce, the best, without a compliment, I been known to Lady Portland before she ever taited; but they stood in my way, went, for I am confident you would have and I could not let them be quiet. News thought her, as I do, another Mrs. comes to Bath from all quarters earlier Sandys. Lady Oxford does her old ferthan a friend can send it ; you expect vant a great deal of honour in remembernothing from me of that fort; nor íhall ing him, who fincerely prays for her you be troubled with any thing more at health, and every other blessing that may preient from,
make her life ealy and comfortable. Sir,
Bath waters require time to thew their Your very affectionate Friend, good effects; and therefore I will not and faithful humble Servant, ask at present how far you and Captaif
· JOE WORCESTER. Congreve have felt 'em ; but when a few Jan. tbe 171b, 1735.
weeks more have palled over your heads, I promise myself the pleafure either of
hearing you recommend them, or seeing I AM very glad to hear you got so you from them. With kindest love and well to Bath as that Mrs. Íowníhend service to Mrs. Townshend, and best thought it a journey of pleasure. I ex- wishes to Miss Betty, I am, pected you to have said Miss Betty did
Sir, lo too; but if I guess right the still feels Your very affectionate Friend, it in her bones. By this time I presume
and faithfull Servant, you are settled in your lodgings, and I
JO WORCESTER. pray God you may find the utmost bene. Nov, the gıb, 1737. fit the waters can give you. I did not imagine your first letter could give me SIR, any acccunt of the company in the place ; WHILE you, Mrs. Townshend, and but by this time you begin to grow ac Miss Betty are well at Bath, I know quainted with them, at least with their nobody that desires to see you elsewhere. ailments and infirmities, and I hope the Those Waters are seldom, if ever, felt Duchess of Kent meets with all the relief to advantage without perfecting the cure, she looks for, that her dear and valuable if they may have leisure to do it ; and as mother may have pleasure in seeing it. Mr. Captain Congreve is of opinion you are Plowden and his Lady have both been all better than when you came thither, dangerously ill, but are now on the inend in the name of God have patience, and ing hand. Every body at Hagley (except think not too hadily of coming home. Mr. Richard) has been much out of Mrs. Hail is very kind in the visit the order ; but I sent thiiher yeiterday, and designs me, and, upon my word, shall bear better of them. I am quite free of be as heartily welcome as if he brought may cold, and in every other reipect well, lier brothers and filters along with her. and always,
We shall often remember them with plea. Sir,
fure, and wish health to them with a Your truly affectionate Friend, good degree of confidence, when we conand faithful Servant,
lider that they themielves are taking care JO WORCESTER. to improve it. Mrs. Othey dyed on Nov. tbe ad, 1737.
Wednesday lait, and is to be buried ac
Fladbury this evening; the Chancellor SIR,
is now at Worcester, and well, but about YOU are always obliging, and never a fortnight since had a pleuritick ditorder can be more so than when you give me a that required the Doctor's help to remove good account of yourself and our friends.
it. I am in halte, God be thanked you are all well, and
Your's, may the Waters be to you what Lord
JO WORCESTER Carleten uied to say Tokay was to him,
Des, sbe 17:5, 1737. ar drinking which he was better than
Narrative of a Five Years Expedition against the revolted Negroes of Surinam, mi
Guiana, on the Wild Coast of South America, from the Year 17072 to 1777, elucidating the History of that Country, and describing its Productions, viz. Quadrupedes, Birds, Fithes, Reptiles, "Trees, Shrubs, Fruits, and Roots : with an Account of the Indians of Guiana, and Negroes of Guinea. By Captain J. G. Stelman ; illustrated with Eighty elegant Engravings, from Drawings made by the Author. 2 Vols. 4to. London. Printed for J. Johnson, St. Paul's ChurchYard, and J. Edwards, Pall Mall. 1796.
T "HE Reader is presented in this work Mr. Stedman, as a Naturalist, is some
with a collection of facts, such as he times deficient in verbal accuracy, which may conceive to be tipplied by the vari- may be readily excuted in a writer whole ous experience and the free conversation occupations could hardly have afforded of an artist, a toldier, a moralift, and a him opportunity for scientific precision ; traveller. We may add to these charac- but his representations on paper are, for ters that of a lover, for Capt. Stedman the most part, exact, and uncoin monly has contrived to weave into his Narra- animated and characteristic. rive the story of his tender affections : On the subject of the condition of the nor does the faithful and fair Joanna, if negroes who cultivate the plantations of a mulatto complexion will permit us to Surinam, one might suppole our authos, apply that opithet to a very charming from some part of his work, to be a canfemale ir other respects, degrade the dig. did and inipartial witness. If to, the nity, while the conliderably heightens the horrible instances of cruelty, which he intereft, of his adventures. As a Mo. warrates with dreadful minuteness, would ralik, we find our author wandering diípole every real friend to mankind to among the plantations of Surinam; obe reprobate, in the most decided manner, serving the behaviour of the planters both the Slave-trade and its votaries. towards their flaves' and each other, and Some of the examples of lavage leverity deducing useful reflections from the oc which he records, he beheld himself; and currences that present themselves. As a of these the respect we are disposed to Soldier, we follow him with difficulty entertain for his veracity will not permit along the tracklets forelts of the intes 118 to doubt; but leveral cases he relates rior country, purtuing the revolted ne- from the report of others; and, perhaps, groes with perlevering bravery and ulti- a secret prejudice again the character of mate success, in spite of the difficulties the planters and their agents might inof cold and hunger, a lavage fot, and a cline him to lutpeat their guilt, where the pestilential climate.
proof of its exilience was incomplete. As an Artist, Capt. Stedman employs We have formed this judgment from every leisure hour of his travels, and eve. obferving the apparent compleency with ry vacant page of his book, in a delerip- which Capt. Stedinan dilates on every tion and delineation of some curious ani- atrocious circumstance employed to agmal or plant ; of some American scene, gravate and enhance the sufferings of the either of persons or of country, recom miterable negroes. If he has lupposed kuended by its beauty of its fingularity. that, by thels means, he should augment
the interest of his work, we fear he has perfe them, while he was on the coast, in made, in this instance, a wrong conclu- which be bore a very considerable and distion. Mott of his readers will probably tinguished share. be at length wearied and disguited with He thus defcribes one of the leaders of 2 picture, too frequently exhibited, of the rebels, with circumitances not very kocking, inconceivable, and gratuitous honourable to European faith. barbarity. Why this system of accumu “ Baron, with the greatest number of lated horrors should continue to be in the rebels, escaped into the woods, hav. Sidied on a wretched race, when, by the ing first found means, however, to cut the acknowledgment of the planters them throats of ten or twelve of the
rangers, delves, it is wholly ineffectual as to all who had lost their way in the marth, and the rational purpoies of punishment, be. whom he seized as they ftuck falt in the in derided by the Itoical contempt of the swamp ; and cutting off the ears, nole, intrepid Lufferer, and exciting little fo- and lips of one of thein, he left him licitude in the minds of his thoughtless alive, in this condition to return to his atk ciues, it is useless to enquire ; and friends, with whom, however, the milewhat no reasonable person would do, or rable man foon expired. permit, the mind does not willingly be “ This Baron had formerly been the live can very ofteu take place. The negro llave of a Mr. Dahlbergh, a Swede, kove of the marvellous, too, and the tre- who, on account of his abilities, had mendous, is so prevalent in the human advanced him to the rank of a favourite, breast, that we now and then find it en had taught him to read and write, and couraging the sentiment, when there is bred him a malon. He had also been with not an adequate object to excite it. his master in Holland, and was promised
For these realons the reader will peruse his manumillion on his return to the cothe narrative of the sufferings and pu- lony. But Mr. Dahlbergh, breaking Lithments of the negro llaves at Surinam his word with regard to his liberty, and with icme grains of allowance for par- felling him to a Jew, Baron obftinately donable partiality, and a fondnets for refuted to work, in confequence of which the wondertul and the uncommon. Justice, he was publickly fogged under the galhowevei, calls upon us to declare, that lows. This ilage the negro lo violently Capt. Stedman Ipeaks on the great ques relented, that from that moment he tion of the Slave-trade with candour and vowed revenge against all Europear.s' phil viophical inoxeration ; and, thinking without exception, fied to the woods, it wrong and reprehensible on the whole, where, putting himself at the head of the is fully aware of the mischiefs that would rebels, his name became dreadful, ard probably entue from its premature and particularly lo to his foriner maiter sudden abolition. On this topic our au Dahlbergh, as he solemnly twore that thor is very eloquent and argumentative, he should never die in peace till he had though his reatonings do not entirely washed his hands in the tyrant's blood." correspond with what he delivers in other In the page immediately tucceedirg parts of his book on the same lubject. that from which we have extracted the
The first Chapters of this work are above pallage, another occurs of a very employed in describing our author's different nature, which is a proper contrast voyage to South America, and in relating to that which precedes it. As it allo dito the history of the colony at Surinam, plays to great advantage our author's tafrom the time of its earliest discovery by lent for defcription, and makes the reader, the Spaniards, till its poilellion by the in some fort, acquainted with the heroine Engliih in the reign of Charles thé se. of the story, we hali here prelent it to himra cond ; by the Dutch toward the end of " This charming young woman I fiilt the fame reign; hy the French in the saw at the house of a Mr. Demelly, tea year 1712, who tock the settlement from cretary to the Court of Policy, where I tbe Hollanders with five Thips of war, and daily breakfafted, and with whole lady, lold it to them immediately for 56,6181. Joanna, but fifteen years of age, was a very kerling. They have.continued ever since remarkable favourite. Rather tall:r than its urdisturbed proprietors. In the fame the middle size, the was polleted of the part there are particular details of the re moft elegant shape that nature can exhia volts of the negro llaves of the colony at bit, moving her well-farmed limbs with different times. There are a very proper more than common gracefulnels. Her introduction to that portion of Capt. face was full of native modesty, and the Stedman's work which relates to the ex most diftinguished tweewness; her eves, pudition andestakun to fubdse and dis as black as ebony, were large and fill not
expression bespeaking the goodness of obliged to fly the colony, and leave his her heart, with checks, through which eftate and stock to the disposal of his glowed, in spite of the darknels of her creditors, while one of the above unhapcomplexion, a beautiful tinge of vermile py deierters, a Jamboo (the offspring, that lion, when gazed upon. Her note was is, of a mulatto and a negro), has, by his perfectly well formed, rather small ; her industry, been the protečtor of Cery and lips a little prominent, which, when the her children. His name is Jolycoeur, 1poke, discovered two regular rows of and he is now the first of Baron's capteeth, as white as mountain snow; her tains, whom you may have a chance of hair was a dark brown, inclining to meeting in the rebel camp, breathing reblack, forming a beautiful globe of small venge against the Chriftians. ringlets, ornamented with flowers and “Mrs. D. B. is still in Surinam, being gold spangles. Round her neck, her arrested for her husband's debts, till Fauarms, and her ancles, the wore gold conberg shall be fold by execution to pay chains, rings and medals; while a thawl them. This lady now lodges at my of India mullin, the end of which was house, where the unfortunate Joanna atnegligently thrown over her polished teras her, whom the treats with peculiar shoulders, graceiully covered part of her tenderneis and distinction." lovely botom ; a petticoat of rich chintz “ Having thanked Mrs. Demelly for alone completed her apparel. Bare- her account of Joanna, in whole eye headed and bare-footed, the shone with glittered the precious pearl of sympathy, double luftre as the carried in her delicate I took my leave, and went to my lodge hand a beaver hat, the crown -trimmed ing in a itate of fadness and fupeiaction. round with filver. The figure and ap. However trifling, and like the itile of pearance of this charming creature could romance, this relation may appear to fome, not but attract my particular attention, it is nevertheleis a genuine account, and, as they did indeed that of all who beheid on that icort, may not be entirely uninher, and induced me to enquire irom Mrs. teresting to my readers." Demelly, with much iurprize, who the Capt. Stedinan mentions, in a note at was, that appeared to be lo much diftin. the bottom of the page, that, in Surinam, guished above all others of her species in it a mother be in lavery, her offspring the colony.
are her master's property, thould their “ She is, Sir,” replied this lady, “the father be a prince, unless he obtains them daughter of a respectable gentleman, nam- by purchale. We apprehend that this ed Kruythoff, who hau, belides this giri, regulation is univerial wherever tlavery four children by a black woman called is established. The narrative above Cery, the property of a Mr. D. B. on his cited is ornamented by a whole-length estaie called Fauconberg, in the upper reprefentation of Joanna, in which both part of the river Comewina.
the lover and the artist have laboured with “Some few years tince Mir. Kruythoff inimitable fuccels. 'made theoffer or above one thousardpourds In the fifth Chapter a circumstance is fterling to Mr. D. B. to obtain manu detailed which thews that, however harsh million for his offspring, which being in. the treatment of the llaves may occafionhumaniy retuied, it had such an effect on ally be at Surinanı, yet, on ihe whole, his spirits, that he became frantic, and the planters are not sorry to favour them, died in that melancholy fate ioon aiter, when it may be done by transferring their leaving in slavery, at the di.cretion of a harufhina to others.
This proves, we tyrant, two boys, and three fire girls, fhould think, that of wanton cruelty poof which the one now before us is the ley vill, for the most part, prevent the eldett.
perpetration. “ The gold medals, &c. which seem os live v lx failers now were buried to turprize you, are the gifts which her every day, belonging to the inerchantfaithlul mother, who is a deserving wo flaips, whose lamentable fate I cannot mban towards her children, and of fome pais by unnoticed, being actually used consequence amongst her catt, received worse than the negroes in this scorching from her father (whom the ever attended climate, where, belides rowing large with exemplary affection) jult before he tat-bottomed barges up and down the expired.
river, day and night, tor coffoc, lugar, «Mr. D. B. however met with his just &c. and being expoled besides to the burreward : for having tince driven all his ning fun and heavy rains, and ftowing beit carpenter negrves to the woods by his the above commodities in a held as hot injustice and leverity, he was ruined, and as in oven, they are obliged to row fvery