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from time to time to their General. have been lately in posseffion? The King Of Fontenelle they had written, kopped a few moments, and, with his “ Adolescens, omnibus numeris abfo- eyes fuffused in tears, replied, in a faint Jutus, & inter Discipulos Princeps." tone of voice, “ J'aimais à faire des The character of Crebillon, the Dra. heureux, I had a pleasure in alley. maric Writer, they thus defined ; ating the distresses of others." “ Puer ingeniosus led infignis qebulo.” How little, indeed, do our Moderns

MARSHAL TURENNE, pretend to do, but to drive a little Latin walking cne day along the treets of and Greck into their scholars, without Paris, observed a little boy following fo taking any pains to fathom their cha. nearly the heels of a horse, that he was racter, or appreciate their faculties. in danger of being kicked by himn. How few have the honefty to tell the He called the child, and said to him, parent, as a celebrated Schoolmaster of

My pretty little boy, never go to our tiines told the father of one of his near to a horse's heels as not to leave pupils" "You had better take away space enough becween them and youryour son from my schools and bring self to prevent his kicking you. I him up to your own business, that of assure you, that in the courie of your a broker, for he will never make a whole life my advice will not make you scholar." Horace had indeed laid long walk half a mile farther than you other. before hin,

wife would have done ; and remember «« Sincerum eft. nisi vas, quodcunque that it is M. de Turcune who gives you jutundis acescit.'!

this advice," The vessel foil'd, the purest wine turns This great and good man, dining one four.

day with M. de Lamoigne, was asked Montaigne says after him, “ Learn. by him, it his courage was not foie. ing is a most valuable drug, but it too times a little thaken at the beginning often partakes of the caste of the vellel of an action ? "Yes, Sir," replied M. into which it is poured."

de Turenne; I assure you I oftea

experience a great deal of agitation of DUKE OF ORLEANS, REGENT OF mind on the occasion ; but there are in

the arıny a great many suballero effe M. Du Grange nad written a very cers and private soldiers who suffer noabusive poem upon the Regent; it was thing of the kind.” called “ Les Philippiques," and indeed accused him of every thing that was FREDERIC THE SECOND, KING OF bad. The Duke had him thut up in the Baltile, and soon afterwards sent for The coachman of this Prince having him, and asked him, whether in his one day overcurged him, Frederic was conscience he believed him guilty of the in a vioient patsion. “ Sire," said the crimes he had attributed to him? La coachman, “it was an accident; and Grange assured him, that he really pray, has your Majelty never luft a baithought he was. " It is well for

you,

tle?" Sir," replied the Regent, “ that you A Aalterer was one day telling Prince thought to ; otherwitë I would have

Henry of Prussia, how much his brohad you hung up immediately." ther, as Sovereign of Neufchatel, mis

The Regent informed his infant So. beloved in that country: “ I am not at vereign of every thing that related tu all surprizcu ar ir," replied the Prince, his Government with great fidelity; "he lives at the disance of eight bus“I will hide nothing from you, Sir," dred miles from his fubjefis faid he to him one day, “Aot cvcn your A French author fay's, that Frederis own faults."

having written a letter io fome person

of consequence in France, in which he LOUIS XVI.

had made proty free with some cooftDuring the course of the mock trial tutional detects of the reigning Sultana of this well-intentioned and excellent of that day, Madame de Pompadour, Prince, many absurd ana impertinent and with Cardinal Pihen Abbé) de queftions were put to himn; amongst the Bernis's poetry.*, they made a common reft, he was asked by one of his unteele cause of ihe injuries they łupposed had ing Judges, what he had done with a been done to their reputation, and procertain sum of money (a few thousand cured the unhappy War of 1756 to take pounds), of which he was known to place.

. « Evitez de Bernis la ferile abcocar.ce." -Avoid the barren superQuity of Bernis.

FRANCE.

PRUSSIA.

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The Voyage of Nearchus from the Indus to the Euphrates ; collected froṁ the Ori.

ginal Journal, prelerved by Arrian, and illustrated by Authoritics Ancient and Modern ; containing an Account of the first Navigation attempted by Europeans in the Indian Ocean. By William Vincent, D.D. To which are added Three Differtations; Two on the Achronychal Rising of the Pleiades, by the Right Reverend Dr. Samuel Horsley, Lord Bishop of Rochester, and by Mr. William Wales, Master of the Mathematical School in Chrilt's Hospital; and one by Mr. De la Rochette, on the First Meridian of Ptolemy. T. Cadell, Jun. and W. Davies, Strand, 1797. 4to. il.75. Boards.

T

HIS learned enquiry into a very re. important purpose that can be answered

condite question of ancient geogra- by this work, quite as well have been phy will scarcely be considered as a proper omitted. They both prove, by different subject for criticism in a popular Milccl. modes of elaborate mathematical inves. lany. There is another realon which tization, what our Author might have would induce us to forbear a minute in- found, if he had fought for it, in the Latin reftigation of it. A very skilful Eastern edition of Upor's Èphemeris. Whether geographer is abcut to publish the result this was any very important difficulty, ct reiearches relative to the same country; the Reader will be the better able to judge and till Viajor Rennell has declared an when we inform him, that it was to settle opinion either confirming or contradict- whether the departure of the fleet of Ne. ing Dr. Vincent's Conclufons, it would archus from its first station was on the be presumption in us to agitate this quef- first or second of O&tober! It is heretion.

after to be considered, by the learned, as On the subject of the authenticity of the fixed for the first. Journal of Nearchus, we think with Dr. Though it be very true, that much of Vincent, that the Enchanted Ijlard this volume is employed in disquisitions of which he speaks, and the miraculous in which few will be anxious for accurate origin of the Ici byophagi, cannot be con information, yet there are to be found in it Udered as impeaching his veracity: His several interesting bistorical fačts, and feown belief in these wonders, which, how- veral curious critical observations. The ever, he seems not to have implicitly character of Alexander, which is

very given, is no evidence of local ignorance, juftly drawn, exhibits him not only as or presumption of falsehood. The mode an irresistible conqueror, but as of procuring a fupply of water on the found and prescient politician. His conCoaft of Makran, by opening pits upon duct towards the countries he fubdued

j ibe beach, which prevailed in the days of his plan for the foundation of the Alexa Alexander according to Nearchus, and andria of Egypt; and the scheme of that is also the resort of the modern navigator, navigation, which is the subject of the outweighs a thousand arguments against work before us, are evidences of this 156 general truth of his narration, derived which no realoning can fưsvert.

To from the ignorance or the vanity of the bring the wealth and commerce of the historian.

Indies within the reach of his European The two learned Dissertations at the subje&ts, by the intervention of the Perclose of the work, by the Bishop and Mr. lian Gulph, was an undertaking not Wales, whatever be their acutenets of merely of unexampled magnanimity, but etanoingical research, might, for any of uncommon sagacity and discernment. VOL. XXXI. MARCH 1797.

2

The

a pila

The greatest difficulty arose from the edly," says Archias, “ this must be a choice of a proper person to conduct 10 party sent out for our relief: for on what new and perilous an enterprize. The other account can they be wandering about voluntary offer made of his services to the desert? There is nothing itrange in Alexander by the Au bor of the JOURNAL their passing us without notic-, for our removed every delay and obstruction. very appearance is a difguise. Let us adThe men destined to the embarkation no dress them once inore. longer considered the expedition as despe “Nearchus accordingly enquired which rate, when they found a man so much in way they were bending their course? the king's favour and confidence was to “ We are in search of Nearchus and his be the commander; and one whom they people," replied the Officer :—“And I knew he would not have exposed to inevi am Nearchus," said the Admiral, « and table danger. Alacrity fucceeded to this is Archias ; take us under your conterror : the thips were equipped, not only duct, and we will ourfelves report our with what was necessary, but with great history to the King.” {plendor, the officers vying with each “While they were upon their progre's other who should collect the best men for some of the horsemen, impatient to carry the service, and have his complement the news of this happy event, fet off to most effective. Success was anticipated, inform the King, that Nearchus and and despair subdued."

Archias were arrived, with five or six at. The circumstances that occurred to Ne- tendants. This suggested to Alexander, archus on his coming to land on the that the rest of the people had periinud, fleet's arrival at the mouth of the Ana. either by famine or shipwreck. During mis, and on his first interview with the this interval, Nearchus and his attenKing, are interesting and pathetic. dants arrived. It was not without dithi.

“One of the parties he tent out to ex- culty that the King discovered who they plore the country accidentally fell in with were, under the disguise of their appeara a Itraggler, whose dress and language ance; and this circunfiance contributed discovered him to be a Greek; tears burst to confirm him in his mittake; imaginfrom their eyes upon seeing once more a ing that both their persons and their dress native of their own country, and hearing bespoke shipwreck, and the destruction once more the sound of their own lan- of the fleet. He held out his hard howguage. They learnt that he had not long ever to Nearchus, and led him atide from left the army, and that the camp was at his guards and attendants, without being no great distance. They instantly hur. able to utter a word. As foon as they ried the stranger with all the tumult of were alone he burst into tears, and contijoy to Nearchus; in his presence the same med weeping for a confiderable time; till fiappy discovery was repeated, with al at length recovering, in some degree, his furances that the King was within five composure, “ Nearchus," says lie, “I days journey.

feel lome fatisfaction in finding that you “ Nearchus immediately set out to find and Archias have escaped ; but tell me the King, with Archias and five or fix where, and in what manner, did my fleet others ; and in his progress fortunately and my people perilh ?"-"Your fleet," fell in with a party from the army, which replied Nearchus," is all safe ; your peohad been fent out with horles and carriages ple are lafc, and we are come to bring for his accommodation. The Admiral you the account of their preservation.' and his attendants, from their appearance, Tears, but from a different source, now might have paséd unnoticed. Their feil much fafter from his eyes : “Where hair long and neglected, thcir garments then are my fhips ?" says he. “At the decayed, their countenance pale and Anamis,” replied Nearchus, “ all sate weather-worn, and their persons emacia on thore, and preparing for the comple. ted with famine and fatigue, scarcely tion of the voyage."'-" By the Libyan roused the attention of the friends they Ammon and the Jupiter of Greece I ar-undered. They were Greeks how- swear to you," rejoined the King, “that Sver; and of Greeks it was natural to en- I am more happy at receiving this intel. quire after he army, and where it was ligence than in being the conqueror of bow encamped. An answer was given ali Alia ; for I should have considered the to their enquiry; but still they were nei- failure of this expedition as a counterther recognized by the party, nor was any balance to all the glory I have acquired." question alked in return. Just as they “ Such was the reception of the Admi. were separatiug from each other, "Afura rah--The joy was now univerfal through

a'my ; a solemn sacrifice was proclaimed abatement of the disorder; transacted in honour of Jupiter the Preferver, of butineis with the Officers ; gave direc. Hercules, of Apollo the Averter of De- tions about the fieet; bathed again in the struction, of Neptune, and of every deity evening; the fever still increased. of the ocean; the games were celebrated, “ 22d. The King removed into an and a splendid procession exhibited, in apartment near the Bath ; attended the which Nearchus was the principal orna. Sacrifices ; the fever now ran very high, ment of the pomp, and the object which and oppresled him much; he nevertheless claimed the attention of every eye. Flowe ordered the principal Officers to attend, ers and chaplets were wreathed for his and repeated his orders in regard to the head, and ihowered upon him by the feet. grateful multitude, while the fuccets of 23d. The King was conveyed to the his enterprize was proclaimed by their facrifices with great difficulty; but issued Acclamations, and celebrated in their fresh orders to the Naval Officers, and longs."

converfed about filling up the vacancies The particulars of the lat sickness and in the army. death of Alexander, as related in his **24th. The King was much more opDiary, and handed down to us both presled, and the fever much increased. by Plutarch and Arrian, are curious. “ 25th. The King was now sinking They contain a sufficient refutation of fast under the disorder, but issued freň the vulgar opinion that this hero perished orders for the Generals to attend in the by poison.

palace, and the Officers of rank to be in It

appears that Alexander had given a waiting at the gate. He suffered ftill more {piendid entertainment to Neurobus and towards the evening, and was conveyed bis Officers; at the conclusion of which, back again over the river from the garden as he was returning to his palace, he was to the palace. Here he obtained a short met by Medius, who had been featting a repofe ; but, upon his awaking, when party of his military friends, and now re the Generals were admitted, thouglı he quelted the favour of the King's compa- retained his fenfes and knew them, he had ny to do honour at the banquet. That lost the power of uiterance. night and the following day were spent in “ 26th. The fever had made a rapid festivity; and it is not extraordinary progrels all night, and continued without that forne tymptoms of fever were the abating during the day. consequences of this excess. The Diary " 27th. The foldier's now clamorously commences here.

demanded to be adınitted, wishing to fee “ Month Dælius 18th. The King their Sovereign once more if he were bathed, and, finding the fever upon the alive, and tuipecting that he was dead increale, llept at the bathing-house. and his death concealed. They were suf

(“ The fleeping at the bathing-house fered therefore to pass through the apartis explained by Arrian, who itates, that ment in fingle files without arins, and he was conveyerl on his bed to the river, the King railed his head with difficulty, lide, and carried over to a garden-house on holding out his hand to them, but could the oppolite shore.) « On this day orders not speak. were itiued for the land forces to be rea. “ 28th. In the evening the King exdy to march on the 22d, and the fleet to pired. be prepared to move on the 23d.

This Journal, which so regularly re“ 19th. The King bathed ; went from cords the progress of Alexander's malathe Bath to his chamber ; palled the day dy, fufficiently proves that the notion of at dice with Medius; bathed again in his having been destroyed by treachery is the evening ; attended the facrifices in a a conjecture without foundation. Pluliter ; took ncurithment paringly; in the taich entirely difcredits the story; and evening the tever increated ; and the adds, that it was not heard of till some night was palled in great perturbation ; years after, when Olympias wished to caft orders were issued for the officers to attend odium on the family of Anupater. Dr. en the next morning.

V. very juftly observes, “that the vioThe Kirig bathied; attended lence of Alexander's passions, the perpefacrifices as before ; conversed while in tual application of his mind, and the exthe Bath with Nearchus upon his voyage cesles of the table, are fully sufficient to from India, and gave him fresh orders to furnish causes of dissolution, without be ready on the 23d.

having recourse to treason and confpi. “ 211t. The King bathed ; attended racy:' the façıifices in the inorning ; found no

it zoth.

In

In the Notes to this work there occur are properly the cables at the stern, but occasionally thort clailical remarks, from perhaps the after part of the vesiel like. which may be gleaned some amufeinent wile ; whether, when they slept on board, and some intruction. At page 186, Dr. παρα πρυμνησια they Alept on the ικανον, V. tells us, “that the 'Hunan, or half. or under it, their lodging muit have been decked veliels of Nearchus, are exactly very incoinmodious." the vellels of Homer's age, the fore-pait

Our readers are not to conclude, from and wait open for the rowers, with a

these specimens of Dr. V.'s work, which decķ railed over the hinder part. This in

we have selected for their entertainment, Homer is called

brerov
and formed an ele.

that it is in general either critical or biro vation on which the steersman itood. On toricul. It is in itricineís a minute gesthis deck, or under it, the perfons on graphical disquisition ; and all the reboard sometimes ilept :' which the Poet marks that relate not to that subject are calls fleeping magà tepunimicos voso occafional only, and incidental. Those, Od. M. 32. For these, perhaps, the ca and those only, who are interested in bles were coiled; but when a whole crew knowing to what extent and with what was to sleep on board, this was impossi- accuracy the gengraphical sciences were ble, and the futtering was in proportion poffered by the ancients, will be much to the confinement. This makes Ulystes gratified by thele lucubrations. Even complain, that restraint on thip-board such persons can derive no delight from fendered his limbs rigid, and unfit for them, but in proportion as they shall apgymnastic exercise. " He therefore,” says pear to be founded in good sense, in opDr. y. in another place (page 298), polition to fable, hypothesis, and conjec. “ never slept in the after-part of the thip, when he could find another bed. Tournoic

R. R.

1X1C.

An Enquiry into the Duties of the Female Sex. By Thomas Gisborne, M. A,

London. T. Cadell, Jun, and W. Davies, Strand. 1797. 8vo. 6s. Boards, THIS volume, with small pretensions to Hic meret ara liber Sofiis, bic et mare novelty, contains much useful infor

iransit, mation and instruction. This Mr. G. El long um noto scriptori prorogat & V4. will undoubtedly consider as the best praise. Still it must be admitted, that a In treating on Female Ec!ucation, Mr. hook can only be useful in proportion as G. disapproves of the employinent of it is read. We wilh, therefore, that our emulation to excite his fair pupils to diliAuthor had adopted the fame method gence and exertien. He reinarks, that which he observed in his “ Enquiry in- whatever may be thought, by different ob19 the Duties of Men,” and illustrated servers, as to the degrees in which it en, his moral theory by faits and experie larges the sum of intellectual attainments, ments. We recolleet hardly more than yet among those who judge from expeone instance of this in the pages we are rience, there can be but one opinion as examining. The stile too of this work, to the result of its operation on the dithough flowing, eligant, and accurate, positions of the heart. Of all the prin. is deficient in eners and terseness. ciples of action he accounts it as one of These last are qualities in which Dr. Pa- the most dangerous ; fimulating and ley's ethical compositions exxel. Without nourishing fome of the darkett passions ihein, or something which, like them, of the human mind, and fubverting frukes strongly on the inaziration, few those motives which it is one main purworks of a didactic character can have pose of Christianity to inculcate and enan extensive circulation.

force. Self-conceit, a supercilious conThese observations arise from a fincere tempt of perlons juppoled, and often respect for Mr. G.'s abilities and inten- fallely supposed, of interior attainments; tions. We wish, as we are sure he wishes, pronenels to fufpect teachers of being them to be univerfally beneficial; and lie prejudiced and partial, and endeavours to knows, as well as we, that this can conciliate their favour by finelle ; a leonly be accomplished by the skilful admix cret with to retard the progress of fucture of the dulce with the unle. How- cessful competitors ; an envious defire to ever arduous the talk, Mr.G. muft delire detract from their merits ; and an avere to have it said, for a far better motive fion to their society, with an indifference than a reputation among mortals, to their welfare, are among its usual

effects.

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