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to carry off five pieces of cannon. Tlie Two of the enemy's Generals were others were all retaken.
known to have been wounded, and a It is impossible to attempt to do justice third was amongst the number of prito the conduct of the Archduke ; he ani. soners already brought in. niated the troops in retaking Sundheim, I have the honour to be, &c. directed the attacks on the work that had (Signed) ROB. CRAUFURD. been loft 10 the lett of it, and, under the Head-quarters of his Royal Highness heaviest fire, gave his orders with the
the Archduke Charles of Austria, greatest coolness and the molt perfect miliiary knowledge.
Offenburgh, Nov. 28, 1796. Lieutenant Proby, of his Majesty's 9th MY LORD, regiment of foot (attached to Lieutenant. I HAVE the honour to inform your Colonel Craufurd's mission), was wounded Lordship, that after the affair of the by a musket thot; but I feel great fatis- 22d inft. nothing remarkable happened faction in being able to add that the wound here till the night from the 26th to the is of a very flight nature, and will have no 27th, in which the enemy made a fally, other coniequence whatever than that of a in considerable force, against the firft very short confinement.
parallel of the attack on the right bank I have the honor to be, &c. of the Kinzig. The enemy was in(Signed) ROB. CRAUFURD. Itantly repulled, with the loss of about Head-Quarters of his Royal Highness the killed was a commandant of a battalien.
40 killed and wounded. Amongst the Archduke Charles of Austria, Offen. The batteries of the first parallel, as bourg, Nov. 23, 1796.
well as the guns in all the redoubts to MY LORD,
the right and left of it, commenced IT is with much satisfaction that I firing this morning; and in the course have the honour to inform your Lordship, of the forenoon the enemy's advanced that, after an interval of ten days without posts were driven out of the village of any advices from Italy, his Royal High. Kehl. nels the Archduke has this day received a I have the honour to be, &c. report from General Alvinzy, the tenor (Signed) ROB. CRAUFURD. of which is such as to confirm the hippers Head quarters of his Royal Highness which his former dispatches inspired. This
the Archduke Charles, Offenburghi, repori, which is very short, is dated Cala
Nov. 27, 1796. bro, Nov. 13, and is in fubitance as follows:
MY LORD, After the action of the 6th, near Bar. IT is with much fatisfaction that I sano, the enemy continued to retieat. have the honour to inform your Lordabandoned even the strong position of thip, that his Royal Highness the ArcaMontabello without retiltance, and crossed duke has this day received a report from the Adige at Verona.
Genera! Davidowich, dated Piovezago, On the 11th General Alvinzy arrived Nov. 18, in which he gives an account near Villanova, and the same evening a of his having, on the preceding day, considerable part of the enemy's army, attacked and entirely defeated the enemy comnianded by Buonaparte in person, ad. on the heights of Rivoli. vanced from Verona, and took post in the The attack commenced about seven neighbouring mountains.
in the morning of the 17th, and, after , Early on the 12th Buonaparte com a most obftinate resistance, the enemy menced a general attack upon the whole was entirely driven from his pohtion, line, which though made with intinite and pursued as far as Cambara. violence, was relirted with the most per. General Davidowich took fect steadiness and bravery.
non, about 1100 prisoners, and many Whilft Buonaparte was thus employ- officers. Amongst the latter are Geneed, in repeated though ineffectual ef- rals Fiorella and Valette. He praises, forts, to force the front of the position, in the warmest terms, the conduct of General Alvinzy detached a column his generals, and the discipline and reagainst cach of his fanks. No fooner markable bravery of his troops. had these arrived at their point of attack, The eney having, in the course of than the enemy retreated with precipi- the night from the 17th to the 18th, tation; and a moft fevere and important received considerable reinforcements, affair was thus completely decided in took another position on the beighes favour of the Austrians.
near Cambara ; in which Gcner: Da
vidowich attacked him the next morn- goth ult. reached town last night. By ing, and drove him back beyond Pef- these Journals we learn, that the last chierra,
efforts of the Emperor to reliere ManWhen General Davidowich sent off tua, and re-establish himself in Italy, this report (the evening of the second have been unfortunately frustrated by affair) he was encamped with his right the genius and good fortune of Buona. towards the Lake of Garda, near Colla, parte. and his left to the Adige ; Peschierra The last reinforcement swelled the being in front of his right wing, and Imperial army of General Alvinzi to Verona in front of his left.
upwards of 50,000 men; these main. I have the honour to be, &c. tained for some days a most obftinate fe(Signed) ROB. CRAUFURD. ries of battles with the French army, Right Hon. Lord Grenville, &c. the result of which was, that 23,000 of (HERE END THE GAZETTES.] the Imperialists were made prisonets,
with the loss of a proportionate number FROM OTHER PAPERS.
of can non, standards, &c. Several of JAN, 21.
these standards, it is added, were work The anniversary of the murdered by the hands of the Empress of Ger. of Louis XVI. has been again cele- many herself. brated at Paris by a fête. The Oath of Such are the leading particulars reHatred to Royalty and Anarchy was lated by the French Generals. It is repeated, and the Directory aftfted'at scarcely poffible that the whole of their che ceremony.
statements can be ftri&tly correct, but This aoniversary was celebrated, the general fa&t is too true. however, amid the execrations of all the writers of eminence in Paris, the Extra&t of a Letter from Buonaparte to force of whose language evidently pro General Clarke, dated Verona, Jan. 20. duced a fenfible impreifion on the mass * Scarcely had I quitted Roverbella, of the people ; Barras, President of the when I learned that the enemy preDirectory, took therefore vaft pains, in sented itself at Verona. Massena made a long discourse, to explain the nature his dispositions in a very happy manner. of the ceremony, and
to Atate that they We took soo prisoners and three pieces were far from propofing even :he just of cannon. General Brune received punishment of the last of their kings as seven balis in his cloaths without being the subject of a feast, but as a day of wounded by any of them. Such is the important recollection ; upon which effect of good fortune. We had only Frenchmen, calling to mind the borrors ten men killed, and 103 wounded. of the ancient system, should swear eter (Signed) “ BUONAPARTE." nal hatred to Royalty on the one side, and to Anarchy on the other. This Extract of a Letter
from the Commander hypocritical qualification of the cere. in Chies, Buonaparte, to the Executive, mony, however, did not appease the Directory. indignation of the feeling and nervous " Head- Quarters at Roverbella, Jan. 18. writers, who consider it as a horrible Since the 13th of January so many exhibition of inbumanity, and deprecate operations have taken place, which have its repetition
multiplied the military proceedings in After the speech of Barras, the Con. such a degree that it will be impollible fır ftitutional Guard of the Directory took me to send you before to-morrow thecir. the oath in the following words: cumstantial accounts; and this day I " I swear eternal hatred to Royalty must content myself with simply an.
" and Anarchy, and inviolable até nouncing them. On the 1-3th of Janu. “ tachment to the Republic and ary the enemy came to attack the divi.
“ Constitution of the third year.” Sion of General Massena before Verona, In the fitting of the Council of Five which produced the battle of St. Michel, Hundred, the Prefident Riou le Brue where we were completely fuccessful. tuaire, in prefacing the taking of the We made 600 prisoners, and took three cath of hatred againt Royalty, had the pieces of cannon. The same day they impudence to couple the virtuous Louis attacked the head of our line at Montes XVI. with the infamous Robespierre. baldo, and brought on the battle of CoIn the Council of Elders, several mem. rona. They were repulsed, and we bers proposed to confine the Oath to Ha. took 110 prisoners. tred against Royalty in France, but this “On the 14th, at midnight, the di, reftridion was rejected by the Council. vision of the enemy's army, which,
lagua, whence it obliged the division of Austria. The moment I return to the General Angereau to fall back, hastily head-quarters, I thall send you a detailed threw a bridge over the Adige, within account to inform you of the military a league of Porto Legnago, opposite An movements that took place, as well as guiari.
the corps and individuals that most dia “ On the 14th, in the morning, the stinguished themselves. enemy filed a very strong column by
" BUONAPARTE." Montagna and Caprina, and thus oblig Paris, Feb.g. The Tete de Pont of ed the division of General Joubert to Huningen has capitulated to the Aufevacuate Corona, and concenter at Ri. trians. The French were allowed four voli. I foresaw this movement, and got days to evacuate the fort. The Auftrians there in the night, when ensued the engaged not to fire upon Huningen durbattle of Rivoli, which we gained on ing the war, unlefs the French effect the 14th and 15th, after an obstinate re the passage of the Rhine. fistance, in which we took 13,000 pri. Mr. Pinckney, the American Minir. soners, several standards, and manyter, has received orders to quit the terpieces of cannon. General Alvinzy, al. ritory of the Republic, and is set out. most alone, had much difficulty in escap THE SURRENDER OF MANTUA.' ing.
It was on the gth, that the important On the 25th General Guyeux at account arrived at Paris. But the Ditacked the enemy at Anguiari, with a rectory, not having received the official view to overpower them before they details, did not make any formal comentirely effected their passage. He did munication to the Legislature till Saturnot succeed in his design, but he madę day laft, when the Council of Fire 300 priloners. On the 28th General Hundred received a Messuage, of which Angereau attacked the enemy at An the following brief, but eventful acguiari, which caused the second battle count, is given in a Paris Paper of the at that place. He made 2000 prifoners 12th.-A Message from the Directory took fixteen pieces of cannon, and de announced the Capture of Mantua, the ftroyed all their bridges on the Adige ; entrance of the Army of Italy into the but the enemy, profiting of the night, Papal Territories, and the complete de. defiled straight for Mantua. He had fest of his Holincis's Army.--Nor is already arrived within reach of the this all-the victorious Army of Italy: cannon of that place, and artucked the no longer cramped in its exertions by the Tuburb of St. George, where we were siege of Mantua, has stretched its var carefully entrenched, and in which ar arms on every lide; to the Bishopric of terr.p: they failed. I arrived in the night Trent, towards the Adriatic, and to the with reinforcements, and began the bat- Romagna. A division has entered Rotle of La Favorite, from the field of veredo and Trent, where the enemy's which I now write to you. The fruits hospitals fell into the hands of the of this action were 7000 prisoners, with French. Another division has reached standards, cannon, all the baggage of Treviso; and by this time probably the army, a regiment of hulars, and Trieste, the only port which the Ema considerable convoy of grain and black peror has on the Adriatic, is in their ca:tle, which the enemy was endea- poflellion. The Pope had dispatched vouring to throw into Mantua. Wurm- his army to co-operate with the Aulser attempted a fortie o attack obe icft trians, but their career was soon checked wing of our army; but he was received by the Rep.:blicans, "who completely in the usual manner, and obliged to re defeated them. turn. Behold then in chrce or four The garrison of Mantua are, we undays the fifth army of the Emperor to- derstand, to remain prisoners of war till ially destroyed !
exchanged. “ We have 23,000 prisoners, ainong The Paris papers contain long and whom are one Livutenant General, two minute details respecting the confpira. Generals, 6000 men killed or wounded, cy, of which it is in our power to give faxty pieces of cannon, and about 24 ttand- only a very imperfect idea. The papers ards. All the battalions of the Volun- transmitted to the Council of Five Hun. tters of Vienna are made priloners. dred by the Directory, whilst they place Their standards have been worked by the existence of some plot beyond all the hands of the Empreis.
doubt, are at the same time compofed of " The army of General Alvinzy was elements so absurd and contradictory, upwards of fifty thousand men, a part that the whole seems to be the work of of which arrived from the interior of some exalted head, and obscure adven
turous intriguers (perhaps, indeed, of graced by Louis XVIII; and Puisaye, the Republicans themfelves), rather than despised by ail parties, pointed out as the of Louis XVIII. to whom the Directory commanders of the Royal columns; on would impúte it. This conspiracy ex the other hand, we see the names of bibits a fort of ridiculous coalition be. Tallien and the Marquis del Campo in tween our Government, the Jacobins, the list of the conspirators; and we are and the Royal Directory at Paris. On told, the son of Egalité, who resides at the one hand, we find the Marquis de Philadelphia, is concealed in the boule Buuille, who lives very quiet in Lon of Santerre, to dispute with Louis don; the Prince de Poix, who was dif. XVIII. the fruits of the conspiracy.
the report of fire-arms. The Colonel's WILLIAM LANCASTER, a pere hat was lying by his fide; and in his
son taken into custody a few days pockets were found two shillings, a aga, on suspicion of robbing Lord Bo- paper with a small quantity of gunTington, near Putney, and who was only powder, and a card of his address. dilcharged the preceding day at Bow The Coroner's Inquest sat upon the freet, was this evening shot dead on body, when Mr. Sterling, of Northum. Finchley Common by Lord Strathmore, berland-street, with whom the deceased whom he attempted to rob. His Lord. had lodged for some time past, and a fhip was going out of town in a post- gentleman of the name of Gretton, spoke charse, followed by three servants in particularly as to the deranged state of another chaile; when on Finchley the deceased's mind for several months ; Common two men rode up to the car that he supposed his derangement origi. riages ; Lancaster to that in which his nated from distress, occasioned by his Lordhip was, and, after striking the losing a penfion of_2001. per year, al. poft-boy in the face with his piftol to lowed him by the Duchess of Wirtemmake him ftop, came to the door of the berg previous to the war; but who, to chaife, and running his piftol through compensate the loss, proposed raising a the glass it by accident Hashed in the regiment of soldiers, to be disposed of pao, on which his Lordship immediately
as the British Government should think discharged a blunderbufs at him, the fit, on condition that the deceased should contents of which lodged in his throat; have the command of it, which regihe in a very few moments fell off his ment was offered to the East India borse, dead his companion, who was Company, or to serve in Portugal; but at the other chaise, hearing the report, from some unknown reasons was not made up and caught hold of the bridle accepted, which affected the deceased of Lancaster's horse just as he fell, and to much, his distresses increasing, that rode off with it as fait as potlible. Lan- he frequently told several of his friends cafter was foon after taken to the work. he should destroy himself. hcose at Finchley, where the Bow Mrs. Segur, who keeps a coffee-house ftreet officers went to see him. He was in Palace-yard, also spoke to the devery much disguised in drets, having a ranged fate of the deceased's mind, who Welch wig on, and a blue apron, like called at her house on Tuesday evening, that of a butcher. He is supposed appeared in a high fever, and refused to to have committed a great number of take the smallest refreshment. robberies about the metropolis within Mr. Gwillam, of the Story's-Gate the last two or three years.
coffee-house, proved the deceased's dinFEB. 1. This evening about ten ing there on Wednesday; but observed e clock the patrole, going their rounds, nothing particular in his conduct. discovered the body of Colonel Frederick William Colvin, the boy who said he lying dead under the porch of the west saw the deceased killed, wasre examined gate of Westininfter Abbey, He apo
before the Coroner; when, on the peared to have been shot, one side of his oath being administered to him, he conface being totally gone, and a vast quan.
felfed that all he had before said was tity of blood and some brains lying about false; and that he knew nothing fur. the spot where he was found. Several ther concerning the transaction, than of the inhabitants near the fpot about that be met a boy on Wednesday night 21-past eight o'clock, were alarmed by in St. Margaret's Church-yard, who
informed him the body of a man was The remains of this unfortunate gene lying under the porch of the Abbey- tleman were yesterday interred in the gate, opposite Tothill-Street, and whom church-yard of St. Ann's Soho, near to he accompanied to view it.
the body of his father. The hearse was Under these circumstances, and it accompanied by two mourning coaches, also appearing that the deceased had in which were some gentlemen, who borrowed a pistol a few days ago of a admired and esteemed him when living, person in St. Martin's lane, the Jury, at and were solicitous of paying this laft Dear four o'clock, returned a verdict of tribute to departed worth!--About an
hour before the intermeni, a very re. The pistol has not yet been found; fpe&table person defired to place upon most likely it was picked up by the boy the church-wall, at the head of the who firft discovered the body.
grave, the following character. It was Colonel Frederick, we are assured, Tubmitted to the minister, who granted was more than 70. He has left a daugh- the request. ter, and, we believe, four grand chil. “ Here lie the mortal remains of dren. He was a very amiable and un Colonel Frederick, son of Theodore, offending character.
King of Corsica.-In his deperement he he was the chief companion of the was a finished Gentleman; in honour, present King of Poland (if we may ftill honesty, and truth he was princely. He call the amiable and unfortunate mo was poor in circumstances, rich in the narch by that name) while in this coun. poffeifion of the most liberal heart ; and try, and used to relate a curious anec the greatest diftress he laboured under dore of dining with the King, then was the want of abilities to relieve the Count Poniatowski, at an obfcure cof. diftrefies of others.God be with fee house in the ciry, where each relied him." upon the other for money to pay the King Theodore died in the parish of expences of a very moderate dinner ; St. Ann's, at the house of Mr. Def. but both were too neceffitous, and champs, No. 5, Little Chapel-ftreet, on Frederick was obliged to pledge his the 11th of December 1756... watch to liberate himself and the future A Letter was received in cowo from Monarch of Poland.
Mr. Margarot, dated Port Jackson,
• A writer in one of the daily papers, who seems to be well informed, says, “ The general opinion that Colonel Frederick was the son of the late Theodore, King of Corfica, is, we have reason to believe, perfectly unfounded. The following anecdotes with respect to this unfortunate man have been sent by a Gentleman who was for many years on terras of intimacy with him, and had various opportunities of learning many curious circumstances re. specting his origin and pursuits :
" Colonel Frederick was not the fun of Theodore. He was, like Theodore, a German, and he was also, like him, an adventurer ; but he was no relation whatever to him. He bad been a lay. brother in a Capuchin Monaftry, from which he decamped, and some time alter came over to England in very great distress, without friends, and with no resources but what he found in his own fertile and happy mind. He arrived much about the same time that Theodore died, and finding the people take a kind of interest in the hapless fate of a man who they were told was a King, Mr. Frederick hit opop the expedient of paffing for luis fon, and it succeeded. The affertion could not be easily contradicted. The fact did not merit investigation, and it was every where believed that he was the son of Theodore,
" When I was a boy I remember him living by the bounty of minors. Sir John Borlafe -Warren was a very great friend to him, for he took him into his house, and bought his for a commisicn in the 15th regiment. This son was killed at German Town, in America.
" I asked the father fome years since how he came to be a Colonel, and he told me that the Duke of Wirtemberg had given him the Brevet rank. He constantly lived by expedients, and from hand to mouth; constantly aslifted, but always poor. But whatever his whole hiltory may be, and no one in this country knows it except the widow of David Garrick, who is his country-woman, and who knew him well, he certainly did not deserve the fate he met with.
“ Exceffive vanity was the weak part of Colonel Frederick's character, but in almost every other point of view bis qualities were of the most ettimable kind. He poffeffed the principal sequisites of an accomplished gentleman ; and, though frequently diftressed himself, he has been often known to administer from his Night resources relief to the miserable."