volumes, 8vo.; the first of which was Linguist, we may presume that few have published in 1708; the second in 1718; exceeded him. and both were soon after republished.

R. H. A third edition was printed in the fame

APPENDIX. lze at Cambridge in 1757, to which is prefixed, “ An Account of the Arabians

The day after Mr. Ockley's Election or Saracens, of the Life of Mahomet, and to the Arabic Profefforship, he wrote the the Mahometan Religion, by a Learned following letter to the Lord Treasurer Hand ;" that is by the learned Dr. Long, Harley, Earl of Oxford, to whom he was Miaster of Pembroke Hall.

Chaplain : In the mean time Ockley was one of

My Lord, Next the honour which those unfortunate persons whom Pierius I derive from your Lorulhip, I have just Valerianus would bare recorded in his

reaton to prize that which the Heads of bouk De Infelicitate Literritorum. In

our University conferred upon me yeiterbis Inaugural Oration, printed in 1711, day, in chuling me Arabic Proiellor in he calls fortune ventricu et noverca,


the room of Dr. Wright, my late despeaks of mordaces cure as things long neither was t'ere the least division

Cealed predeceffor. I had no competitor, familiar to him: and in December 1717

among we find him actually under confinement

the EleStors. I thought it my duty to for, in the introduction to the second acquaint your Lordiñip with it, which volume of his Saracenical History, he will I hope excule the impertinence of Tot only tells us fo, but ttuically dates interrupting your Lordship's more from Cambridge Cattle *.

What are we to think of our learned per annum, which will, however, be a Professor? Shall we fay of him as Seneca comfortable addition to my present cira faid of Socrates, that'" by entering a

cumitances, and erable me to go on with

The prilon he took ignominy from the place; my studies the mere cheartülly. and that no place could seem a priton, gieaieft affliction is, that I an Doftor when luch a man was in it +? We will fine Libiis, and cannot propose to do not soar lo high. We will only obierve, any, great matter to adorn my profession

without the Bodleian Library. Our that, being married very young, he was encumbered with a family early in life; itock is fo iniall here, that those Arabic

books we have feem rather like curiosities that his preferent in the church was not answerable to his reputation as a

than an Oriental Library; and if we icholas; that his patron, the Earl of Ox

couiu do any thing that way, our Univerfurd, fell into difgrace when he wanted fity press does noi afford us one Oriental bir moft; and lailly (for we muit not

type that is fit for any use. However, omit to note it) that he had some thare of I hope under your Lordship’s favour and that common infirmity among the learned, couragement, that something may be

done in order to qualify mylelf for a viz, a neglect of æconomy, and want of prudential regard to outward things; thorough infpection into that leaming,

wken Providence thall favour me with an without which, however, all the wit and all the learning in the world will but opportunity of using the books. I fear I

have been too tudious. I ain, with all ferve to render a man tbe more miserable. As to his literary character, which is fubmifuit, your Lordship's molt obedient

and desored leivant, the chief point we have to do with, it is certain that he was extremely well

SIMON OCKLEY." killed in all the ancient languages, and Cambridge, Dec. 5, 1711. particularly the Oriental; lo ihat the The three following letters were fent very learned Reland I thought it not too him under confinement at the Caitle in much to declare, that he was vir, fi quis Cambridge: one from Wake, Archbishop alius barum literarum peritus. He was of Canterbury; two from private friends: likewise very knowing in modern lan

May 7, 1717. guages, as the French, Spanish, Italian, " Reverend Sir, &c. and upon the whole, confidered as a “ I am very sorry to htår of your

" My manner of living there," says he, “ was thus: I boarded in the house, and had the parlour to itudy in ; but for want of convenience in the house was obliged to lodge in the Castle. – Manuscript Letter. † De Consol ad Helv. C 13. De Relig. Mohamın. P. 259


unhappy confinement in the Castle at for you; and when our President reCambridge. The fum you mention is turns from London, I will propose to so great, that in truth I know not how have a collection in our College. I canto put you in a method of paying it. I not be sorry for your now misfortune, do not doubt but that your creditors have because I have some secret hopes, that it already gotten the sequentration of your may be the finishing of your troubles, and living; and I know of nothing else that that now every day things will mend upon you have but your profeffor's ialary, out it. My service to Moliy, and believe me of which to pay thim. Methinks they to be ever yours heartily, fhould be content to take what you have,

THOMAS HAYWOOD. and give you your liberty, as the best means P.S. I suppose you know that Mr. even to get themselves satisfied. For if Professor Ockley is in the Castle at Camyou could get abroad, you might hope bridge, for 2001. debt. by your applications to obtain, if not

III. enough to pay them, yet wherewithall to

March 28, 1718. keep you a little, till they should be paid " Dear Mr. Professor, out of your preferments. What the “ The delay of my answer hath not value of your living is, I cannot tell: been owing to any negligence of my own, but by that time a curate, taxes, and but to the dilatory temper of your great other incumbent charges, are paid, I well friend. I have been with the Earl three know that a good living turns but to a or four times ; and though he hath made very indifferent account. I wish you all the professions of concern and kindness could get some body to treat with your for you, yet he would never come to para creditors, to take what you have, and ticulars, how much ke was willing to do give you your liberty: and then fome for you. Dr. Lee hath had the same ill way inight le found in time to it ycu easy. luck with him, and therefore desires that I pray God to open a way to your deli- my le: ter may serve for one from him at verance

present. Our joint advice is, that you " I am, Reverend Sir,

will once more transmit to him the full 66 Your very loving Brother, sum which must be paid to your cre

“ W. Cant.” ditors, and how much hath been çaised in II.

Cambridge or elsewhere; and then he or St. John's, Oxon, June 16, 1717. I will propose to the Earl and Lord HarDearNir. Protefior,

ley, whether they will make up the defik Your laconic letter met me not at ciency, which I verily believe they will: home, but made a thift to find me out in enly, to facilitate the matter, you would Briks. The cintents of it made a deep do well to mention no greater tum than impresion upon me, I having at this time what is absolutely neceliary for your reone frien deal, another in decay, a leate, that you may be entitled to their third unire, &c. What you desired of future favours. I paid your thanks and me I have done in part. I have commu compliments to the Archbishop of York, nicated the contents of your letter to who returned you his kind wishes for thote friends teat brought you acquainted your deliverance and welfare. I have with my Lord Oxford: I have wrote to Tome hope of getting more for you ; but ourcomini a friend Thomas Frike, Eiąt. I have not had that success, which one upon the occasion: and Mr. Fletcher has might have expected with the Earl of your letter to nyself to thew to Mr. Thanet. Your book is generally reGardiner, of Corpus, and some of your ceived with great approbation; but the other friends in our Univerity. Mr. London Phyticians are very positive that Monay, of Baliol, has mentiored to Mr. the imall pox was not known till the 12th Fletcher that there thouid be a gathering; Century. I am, with great respect and and that himself will give a guinea. fincerity, Dear Sir, your aflared friend One of your subscribers in our house, a and fervant, has given me ten thillings

THOMAS MANZEY. * This is apt to remind us of Charles V. ordering prayers to be put up for the releasement of a Pepe who was imprisoned at Rome by himself. 'Tis true, Ockley was neither put into prison, nor kept there, by Wake ; but Wake was a rich Archbishop, and could as easily have procured his liberty, as Charles could the Pope's. However, he sent him five guineas, and promised hin his prayers.

† The fentences of Ali, son in law of Mahomet, printed at the end of the second Val of the Hallery of the Saracens, äke dedicated to this Gentleman.

young !





( Continued from Vol. XXX. Page 405.]


taken up, as usual, for a Jacobite, he had THOUGH this Princess could be very only one favour to beg, that if the Ad

familiar at times, and was seldom ministration meart any tuch thing, without a party of private friends, where they would do it in the course of the next Majesty was entirely laid alide, she was a week; for the week after he was going great oblerver of Court etiquette, and down to Devonshire upon his own bui. took care it should be preserved most nels, which, without this explanation, fcrupulously by all those who approached no doubt, would be construed as transher prefence in public. We have an in- acting the bufiness of the Pretender. ftar.ce of this in the difficulty Lord Lord Townshend, who was Secretary Bclingbreke had, when Secretary of of State at that time, in one of his conState, in introducing Prince Eugene vivial moments with the King shewed (who arrived late in the evening) to her him this letter, and asked him what his Majesty without a Court-wig, which, at Majesty would direct to be done with toch hit, was diipented with only on account a fellow? “ Poh! poh!" lays the King, of ibe parncuiar ceirbnty of bis couruc- there can be little harm in a man who ier, « and which," the Queen said, writes fo pleatantly ; I'll tell you what hould not be drawn into precedent." you shall do: let him know I am wil

At another time, a Captain, and the ling to make a drawn Battle of it-so son of a Nobleman, who arrived with that, if he lets me alone, he may depend dispatches from abroad, unfortunately upon it I thall do the fame by him." happened to make his first appearance at Court, after his arrival, in a Major It was very fortunate for George the wig. The Queen, who was quick to Firtt, and, indeed, for the happiness of spy out those irregularities, immediately. his subjects, that, at fo critical a period aiked who he was? and how he presumed of his coming to the throne of these to appear before her in undress ? Being realms, the politics of France stood in told, and an apology made for his not the relative situation that they did. On knowing the etiquette of the Court, the the death of Louis the XIVth, Spain faid, it did not signify, he must be told equally threatened to deprive the Duke it ; for, if the suffered this indignity, the of Orleans of the Regencv, as the King fuppoled the might foon expect to fee of England of his dominions ; this beo all her officers come to court in boots and got a perfonal connection between the spurs. The Captain got the hint, went two lait-mentioned personages, which, home, redressed himself, and was most confirmed by treaties, continued till the graciously received

majority and marriage of the young King

of France; then, indeed, the peaceful corGEORGE THE FIRST.

respondence between the two nations was There was a gentleman who lived in not fo Itrong ; but, by that time, the King the city in the beginning of the reign of this of England had suppressed a rebellion, monarch, who was so shrewdly suspected of and was, in other respects,' fully estaJacobitism, that he was taken up two blished on his throne. or three times before the Council, but who defended himlelf so dextrously that

QUEEN CAROLINE. they could faften nothing on him: On During the time of the debates on the the breaking oui of the rebellion in 1715, famous Excite Bill, this Princess, who this man, who mixed some humour with took a yery great interest in having it bis politics, wrote to the Secretary of passed, endeavoured to persuade Lord 8. aie, that, is he took it for granted that Stair rot to be concerned in the opposi* a me like the present he thould be tion; for this purpcle the ferit for that


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Nobleman, and, amongst other particu

SIR ROBERT WALPOLE. lars, told him, that the wiihed, for bis Sitting one evening with some intimate own sake, he would not meddle with po. friends, towards the close of his adminilitics, but would conñne himtelf to the stration, he talked very freely of the vaaffairs of the army, where he was so nities and vexations of office, and that eminent, and of which he was so much it was full time for him to retire ; he then a better judge. To which he answered, repeated from the Secord 'Epiitle of the “ Madam, if I had not medid with Second Book of Horace, politics, 1, perhaps, now should not have the honour of paying my respects to Lufi fa'is, edilifutis, atquc bibisli : you *.”

Tempus abire tibi ejt. The Queen again prelled him, when he gave her this Nort, but honeit aniwer : · Pray, Sir Robert,” says one of his ** I wili aniwer for my regiment against friends, is that good Latin? “Why, I the Pretender, but not against the oppo think ío--what objection have you to fers of the Excise ;” upon which the it," " Why," says the other drily, “I Queen, with tears in her eyes, said, “ We did not know but the word might be suit then drop it."

brite-ifti in your Horace." The Queen was much of a literary He often used to complain, that when voman; and was observed to be never 10 the most barking whelps of Opposiion much at her best, as when in the com were converted into his service, they pany of literary men. She had, however, furk at once into languor and inactivity. tometimes prejudices in favour of this He used to say, (and no man knew better class of people, as, upon coming to the than hinifelf) that attack and defence throne, it is said, she had serious thoughts were very different branches of service. of recommending Dr. Freind (a very li “ Common itrength may pull down a terary man, and First Physician to her wall, but the skill of a workman is abMajeity) to be Secretary of State. folutely necessary to rebuild it."

FREDERIC PRINCE OF WALES. Opinions were held in his time, that the A clause in the Tithing Bill, relative Anniversary of the 30th of January to the Quakers, being in agitation in the

should be abolished

a day of House of Commons, in the year 1735, public fast and observance.' Talking a deputation from the Quakers waited privately on this fubicct, one day, to å on his Royal Highne's to lovicit his inte- llenber of Opposition, he said, rett in favcur of that clauie. His an

not lo anxious to see this fait inserted in fwer was every way worthy of his high the Calerdar as a season of religious pecharacter : “ that, as a friend to liberty nitence, but, I think, sou muit allow that in general, and toleration in particular, it should ttard as a day of great political he wished that they might meet with all example." proper favour; but, for himielt, he never gave his vote in Parliament, and it did When Sir Robert had any material not become his station to intiuence his point to carry in the Houle, he used to friends, or direct his servants ; to leave a fume of the neutral Members, along them entirely to their own conscience with a party of his itaunch friends, to lup and understanding, was a ruic he had his with him the preceding evening, when he therto precrihod to himself, and pur

always teok care the bottle should circupoled through his whole life to ob- late pretty briskly. Being once asked, Terve."

by an intimate friend, why he drenched The reply from Andrew Pitt, the his guests fo deeply, the firewd statesman

person who ipoke in the name of the boriy, replied, “I do it with the fame views was not less remarkable: “ May it plecie

that your basket-makers fteep their the Prince of Wales, I am greatly affect oliers in water the day before they uë ed with thy excellent notions of liberty; them, that they may bend the easier." and am more pleased with thy aniwer, When he entertained large companies than if thou hadtt granted to us our re of men, and had no particular point to queit,"

puih, he carefully avoided politics, and * Hinting by this, that her Majesty, in a great meafure, owed the crown to bis condu when Ambalador at Paris during the time of the Rebitoon in 1715.



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his most intimate friends followed his be in receiving the characters of public conduct. “ Politics,” said he, “

gene men froin hiitory, without previoully rally four the pleasures of a mixed weighing the general character, or party table, and therefore I never use them : connections, of the historian, we prelent my general topic, in those cales, is baw our readers with two characters of a 1 dry, which mott people have fomething great Statelinan, drawn by two men of to lay about, or laugh at, and creates no unquestionable abilities, who had ample dilunion."

opportunities of information, both

personal knowledge and private conferSir Robert, though allowed a good ence ; and yet no two characters can difminister in the knowledge of interior bu. fer more in individual likeness. finess, was not eiteemed to accurate a judge of Continental matters, and, for ROBERT

OXFORD. this realon, he coinmitted the care of the

(As drawn by Swifi.) Foreign Department entirely to his brother Xorace, who, if he had not a quick “ The Treasurer iş by much the great. and decided cornprehension in those mat eft man I ever knew. Regular in lite, ters, was allowed to understand them very with a true lente of religion, an excellent much in detail ; indeed !o much, that, scholar, a good divine, of a very mild and whenever a difference arole in the Houle affable disposition, intrepid in his notions, relative to the dates or substances of trea- and indefatigable in business ; an utter ties, manifeftces, &c. he could, from me- delpiler of money for himself, yet fru. moiy, turn to them with great prompt- gal, perhaps to an extremity, for the Dels and accuracy.

public. In private company, he is wholly Both brothers being at a route one disengaged, and very facetious, like one nighe, che lady of the house presled Sir who had no business at all. He never Robert very much to take a hand at whift, wants a reserve upon any emergency, which he declined : at the end of the which would appear desperate in others, firit rubber she again prelled him, when and maketh little use of those thousand he excuted himielt by saying, “ I am projectors and schemists who are daily forry, Madam, to be under the neceflity plying him with their visions, but to be of refusing you in any request you make; thoroughly convinced, by the comparison, hut play, and tbe affairs of the Continent, that his own notions are the best. I leave entirely to my brother.”

ROBERT LORD OXFORD. One of the great objects of Sir Robert

(As drawn by Lord Bolingbruke.) Walpole's Administration was to keep the kingitom in peace, if possible; which A man whom Nature meant to make he contrived to do for near twenty years, alpy, or, at mott, a Captain of Miners; a longer interval scarcely occurring lince but whom Fortune, in one of her whim. our wars with France first begun. In fical moods, made a General." this great object, no doubt, he was much afliited by the pacific and political iem

· DRYDEN. per of Cardinal Fleury, Prime Minitter Though it is well known, fliat no auof France, and both kingdoms benefited thor has contributed inore to 'the licen, much by such a measure. Walpole was tious taste of the Drama than Dryden, it at last forced into the Spanish War of must likewile be contelied, that there are 1739, partly by the intrigues of Oppo- often found pallages in many of those plays bition, and partly by the restless character every way worthy the genius of this of the public, who wishes for a change great man, pallages which did him at any price, and by which he foon after great honour during his life-time, and loft his place. He used jocularly to call even now prompt the hope that it was this war "The War of Ears?, in which the example of the age he lived in, and the best had no manner of concern,” the narrowness of his circumstances, that

could, at any tiine, force him to fully his As a proof how cautious we ought to reputation.

• This alludes to Capt iin Jenkins producing one of his ears in the House of Commons, which was torn off by the command of a Spanish Guarda Costa, accompanied with fume ina fakting expressions against this country, which had a surprising effect upon the House, and much increased the popular cry for war. This was, however, a mere trick of Oppofition, los Jenkins actually died un horn of his cars, as was afterwards well afcertained

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