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of Fonthill- House ; a great portion of mentioned projects, whether of use or which has been entirely new fitted up of ornament, having originated from and furnished since Mr. Beckford came himself, and their plans, of whatever to age ; and the whole, before long, kind, having been alliited or corrected will have undergone the like change and by his own pure and clallic talle. One improvements.

of his principal amusements at Fonthill It remains now only to notice one confifts in accending and frequently particular, which certainly claims re directing the superior workmen in the gard in this Memoir. All these splen- execution of his schemes; and such is cid works are not merely effected in the ardour with which he is carrying consequence of Mr. Beckford's orders, forward his favourice building, the and by means of his fortune; but his Abbey, that the frott and snow of the own genius, whose comprehension and present winter were never suffered to activity appear equal to any under itop any part of the work which could taking, has been the informing fpirit still go on, nor to prevent his own daily of the whole ; every one of the above. excursions to the spot.

Τ Η Ε

LONDON REVIEW

A N D
LITERARY JOURNAL,
FOR FEBRUARY 1797. .

Quid fit pulcbrum, quid turpe, quid utile, quid non.
New Travels into the Interior Parts of Africa, by the Way of the Cape of Good

Hore, in the Years 1783, 1784, and 1785. Translated from the French of Le Vaillant, illustrated with a Map, delineating the Route of his present and former Travels; and with Twenty-Two other Copper-Plates, In Three Volumes, Octavo. Il. 18.-Robinsons.

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ONE of the most pleasurable occur

Whoever looks in these Volumes for an rences is meeting a friend occasion arbitrary solution of inexplicable phenoally after a separation for any length of mena, chimeras, and moniters of human time.

It generally calls into exercite creation, or any confirmation of all those fome of our best affections, and is grate- marvellous improbabilities, lies, and ful in proportion as unexpected. We re- dreams, which speculative men fabricate gurd our present Traveller in this endear- in their closets for the credulous multiing light, and re-commence our tude to swallow implicitly, will assuredly quaintance with similar emotions. His be disappointed. Our very intelligent former in genious narrations charmed us in adventurer, no abetter of impofturi, no interior degree, and fenfibly enlivened embraces, with a zeal truly honourable to our Journal (lee Vol. XVIII.p.106.285. the lįberal pursuit of science, every op440.); and we now join him in his second portunity that cccurs of detecting it, route, in perfect confidence of re- dislipating the clouds of ignorance, in ceiving from his scientific labours and which genuine nature is still so much enwell-digeited observations equal instruc- veloped, and, by adhering rigidly to fact, tion and amusement. No man ever had effectually counteracts the prevalence of the ineans of both more completely at his fi&tion and falsehood. The result, incommand, was better qualified to com. deed, of long and severe exertion and inmunicate the stores derived from indui- veltigation are here exhibited in such try and experience, or more liberally in- genuine and explicit characters, as cannot clined to gratify the utmost curiosity of fail to interett,' in an eininent degret, all his readers: and with whatever avidity the real admirers oi' rural scenery in its and eagerness he may be again peruled naked and simple itate. by such as have already participated in The want of a copious Table of Con. his pursuits, or ransacked the retources tents is a detriment to the popularity he

grens of honest intelligence, we ven of the work, by giving it such an abrupt.

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forbidding than inviting to the gene- and amassed for this depositum. These, rality of readers. Sloth often finds an however, prove occasionally so incomexcute in this deficiency by declining a patible, and interfere 10 etientially with taik not previously defined, and thus the each other, as to put him fometimes to lavings of avarice furnith a cloak for ig- the greatest inconvenience. But the ulnorance. It is where we expect the great timate relult of all his ingenuity and est variety of entertainment that we are discoveries are reserved for his orni. most solicitous to see the bill of fare; and thology, which he repeatedly promises our appetites are never blunted by know. the public, and to which his further de. ing betore-hand the specific nature of our

tails and traits of all the non-descripts provition. The most useful account we which fall in his way, are in general recan give of these Travels is, therefore, ferred. to fupply, as well as we can, this unpar Of the means he posleff d and prepared donable neglect, by laying before cur for accomplishing the fe ends, he fomeReaders, as our manner has lately been, times presents us with very copious and a brief summary of what they contain. minute details. The caravan he equipped By such an analysis, however imperfect,we consisted of three carriages, accompanied may become, in some measure, the Au- with relays of cattle for relieving each thor's allociates in all his excursions; other in the draught, some Hottentot learn the object on which he fets out; negroes who served him on his preceding appreciate his means of realizing its journey, and several new ones; but no follow him in his route; contemplate the other European was suffered to be of the fatigues and dangers he encounters; and party but himself. His train was like. calculate the acquisitions he makes; wise furnished with some saddle-horses,alid noting, as we proceed in whatever may a small flock of theep, goats, and milkítrike us as detective in his plan, or, the cows. He had also a few poultry, a monkey, execution of it.

his old companion, and seventeen dogs. Our Traveller does not state specifi. The merchandize by which he meant to cally what the exclusive aim of his labo traffic with the natives were trinkets of rious and expenlive undertaking is ; but different kinds, tobacco, brandy, nails, he feems to be every where stimulated by and knives. These, with fire-arms, an irresistible desire of improving natural powder, lead, provisions of tools and history, and especially of examining with iron, and stores of such necessaries as his own eyes fuch particular branches of were not likely to be found very plen. it as are most to his talte. Few ob- tifully, at least in districts without culjects of any value or novelty, in any fitu. ture, civility, or perhaps inhabitants, ation, or on any occasion, escape his re kitchen utensils, and inftruments for search. Oftener than once we find him hunting and preparing the materials of regretting his want of botanical know- his cabinet, composed his luggage. For ledge, which prevented his collecting the the confidence and satisfaction of his reavariety of curious vegetables which fur- ders in what may be expected from his rounded him, and that he had neither the diligence and exertions, he delineates very till nor apparatus of a chymitt for analy- particularly all the apparatus he thought zing the different substances or bodies indispensible both to lafety and success. which occurred to him, and excited his He even condescends to characterize the attention. His great passion, which di- individuals who compose his suite, and rected and concertered all his studies and ascertain the several departments they pursuits, was to range through animated filled. He states the nature of their fernature, and select from the infinite vices, the uses to which his animais are Swarms of creatures who people the Afri- separately appropriated, and, in proporcan territorie., such as are least known tion as they answered his purpose, omits to the naturalitts of Europe. He aban no occasion of celebrating their merit in dors himself entirely to whatever he the fond language of an indulgent matter. drens molt esential and conducive to this Tbe very Itructure and conformation acquisition. The supreme and prevail of his waggons, the inode of his ening end of all his ambition and labours campments, and the invariable care and is such an afiemblage of animated forms precautions ellential to his security, are as has been bitherto produced by no for- correctly stated for the information and mer naturalist. Two obiects seem to convenience of future travellers. The occupy his attention equally, in all cir arts by which he fecured the game in cumstances ; the knowiedge of the coun most request, his means of cbtaining the try, and such materials as could be found specific objects of bis curiosity with leant

dange,

damage, of bet preparing, keeping, and ments, and marked from others by a ftowing them for carriage, and a great distant, supercilious, and haughty devariety of ingenious devices to which he portment. The next owe every thing to had occasionally recourse, where expe- their own industry, enjoy an high degree Tience failed, and he depended solely on of independence, live in a moderate the resources of his own mind, are all state of competence, and emulate each specified and explained. It were needs other in practiting the amiable virtues less to add the talents and address by of kindneis and hospitality: The third which this complicated machine is fabri are a species of drovers, who keep their cated, put in motion, conducted, and ren flocks in the recelles of the country, and dered in every respect efficient. Of these expose them to tale in the different canevery reader must be left to form his own tons, lead a wandering and pastoral lite, judginent, by an impartial estimate of the and have no means of tublistence, but work, on carefully perusing its contents. what is derived from this ambulatory

The first Volume of the le Travels de traffic. fcribes the tour of the colony, which in The two first Volumes of this Work, cludes a considerable tract of country published fix years ago, had no chart by behind and round the Cape. His me which the eye coult tumil the least help teorological remarks on the adjacent to the understanding, in tracing the mountains, some of which overlook an courte of our traveller through a defert immenfe extent, both of sea and land, hitherto so little known. This defect is are curious and new. Some of these in part at leait fupplied by the present altitudes, the very description of publication,

of publication, to which is prefixed a map which renders us giddy, helped him to a explanatory of both tours; the former partial anticipation of the ditficulties he by a red line, and this by: a yellow, had tu turmount in the journey he medi- Thele extentive routes lie in opposite tated: but his ardour only increased in directions, on a bate in the lhape of an piporrion as the wilds under view ap- angle, the vertex of wisich jets out into przed impailable. He enumcrates, in

the fea, and forns one of the most extrathis introiuction to the travels before hiin, ordinary capes or promontories in the varicus incidents, occafioned by his world, which is wathed by the Southern treenathips both in town and among the Ocean in front, by the Indian on one side, plirters on heir farms, at a distance and by the Atlantic on the other. Our which considerably impeded his setting traveller reached along both fhores very out. Of all the captivating spots in far up the country to a dittrict of Caffrathis rich and romantic culony, a place ria in one voyage, and mountains inhacalled the Twenty-four Rivers seems to bited by the Howsuanas, under the trehave charmed him inoft. He mentions it pic of Capricorn, in the other. But this as peculiarly calculated for the scite of a ketch only exposes the valtness of the town, which, with very little attention, latitudes still unexplored, and the immight soon be made to rival that on the menie Swarms of unknown savages buUne and from the vicinity of a capa ried in their deep impenetrable recelles i cuus harbour, and a conitant supply of and it mult leave on the mind of every Die beit and cheapest provisions, with judicious reader sentiments of real conevery commercial accommodation, easily cern, that one fo competent to the talk furpass it both in trade, population, and had it not in his power to visit the whole. magnificence. He traveried the whole of This map, like many others, is on too what is called Hottentot Holland, Swel. finall a icale to be of much use; and ill libaba, Drauken Stryn, Rockeveld, consults the convenience of readers by a Rosze-zanit

, and by Szwartland ; every rigid adherence to the technical language point as far as this enchanting retreat. of geography, which so few underitand. The respective productions of the several Had the several tribes of savages reconcantins, their itate of cultivation, and noitered, and their different hordes or local peculiarities, are described in his for- kraals, been distinctly named in large mer work. They furnished him few ar ftrong characters, and the most important tices for his collection on this occaficn; pafles emphatically marked, every reftod what observations they luggeft, are ing-place, place of adventure, or place chiefly confined to the characters of the noted by whatever accident or circumplanters, and their mode of living. fance, in the whole course might have Thete hé divides into three classes : The become equally perspicuous to every reafirit ire a kind of grandees of enormous der. bolsih, follidied of sumptuous establish, Little do men in affluence and ease

and

and poflefied of many invaluable advan turer cannot be read or recited without tages from science and induttry peculiar confiderable pain; but they give peculiar to a polished state of ticiety, think of the interest to the narration, and lentibly enexpence to which they owe their enjoy- hance the value of the relult. ments. The pain or much thinking, the The Author has no where laid before drudgery of severe inveitigation, and all his readers a regular catalogue of his acthcie nameleis circuinitances ct folicitude quifitions in natural history. They can and labour, which render a studious lite beit judge of theie who have accets to fo wearitone both to the Heih and the the cabinet he muft by this time have difpirits, are feldom iuiliciently considered gested and arranged. The following are by those to whole indulgence and luxury a few speciinens of the advantages we it chietly contributes. The force of this owe to his new Travels : semark muti be acknowledged by all who 1. Though no botanist hinself, he peruse theie travels. They exhibit a fe- dicloles the most fertile sources for curies of experiments carried on for the ad. riching that delicious science to such as vancement of knowledge, at the risque ftudy and purtue it. He promises to of whatever is vi uable to human coin publish with all convenient speed leveral fcit. Every contideration, however engravings of fonie fingulariy beaotitul interesting and important, is abruptly plants. He expizins ihe nature of v geo abandoned, for, whatever prcinites the tation in theie acrid climates, characte. least accession to our ttock ct intelligence. rizes the coil, and directs the floriit how We have here a mian poflullca of eale and to cherith and preferve this exquille taite independer.ce, iliting froin the botom of with molt pleature and succes. Anun. taite' and luxury; and, for the pursuit of cominon plant otten and intenhly rirets fcience, relinquithing all the endearments him to the spot. In a sweet thicket on of domestic felicity'; comunitting himself the bank of the Fish River, he is tijied to the perils of the ocean in a tedious and with rapture at the fight of a lily thedding dilastrous voyage; tweltering under the its beauties to the desert air,' ani wata petent rays of a vertical fun, plunginy ing majestically on a flexible item, leven amidt the ttorms which agitate the tro feet high and fix inches round the bul',, pical climates with so much violence; al more than one foot in length, and nearly most fuffocated by clouds of faline dust two and a half in circumference. and äcrid, vajars constantly inhaled

2. His classification of animals was here from a foil every where impregnated by confiderably augmented, as theie fertile salt and fulphur ; alternately parched banks furnished him with eighty different with thirst and devoured by hunger, fpecies of birds, ten of which were enwithout prospect of water or food ; ex tirely new : their novelty was the more periencing the narroweit escapes from pleating as it was what he principally Britoned arrows, and poisoned fountains, lought. He added likewise to his collecand the most ferious depredations both of tion many quadrupeds both great and sonrers and fire ; expioring the hordes fmall : but what is of the higleti conof unknown haikariats, tar írom the fequence to the knowledge of genuine counsel and countenance of regular foci nature, the habits and manrers of every ety ; embracing as associates and friends independent kind he was chiefly careful tribes of men as wild as the suminits that to examine and display ; and from the inhai bour them, and incultivated as the tances produced in thele Volumes of his glue they pursue ; dathing into the bo acutenels and discrimination, we jemno ot turefts inted by beats of prey, heartily ditpcted to with him ail possible crolling on ratts or tiunips of trees the fuccess in the leveral publications anmcit jiripetuous torrents ; itumbling on nounced, and which are probably now in in kraai of invierable wretches, blockaded train. in their huts by a peftilerce to drully, 3. Ile endeavours to purge natural

that it detined inpotible cither to iecule history of all the misihapen tables which or continue, without tinbracing inevita- have hitherto disfigured and ditguiled it. ble defiruciion ; encountering elephants, Several facts doubted or disbelieved, he who are nearly treading him down, shi- authenticates ; afferts the practicability

nocerotes whose brength is enormous, of taming the fiercest animals from his and more of defence peculiaily tierce and own experience and example in the cafe dreatiul; gerasres, Buffaloes, lions, ti- of a zebra; and establishes the fascinating gers, hyenas, vuliures, and almost every power of certain reptiles from the testiOther carnivorous animai! Such a series mony of his own senses, and that of oi lazards as dittinguith this boid adven ulici icicntific gentkmen of indifperele

creus,

are

tralibility and honour : and these things vantages in which this country abounds are the more likely to be true, that this are fuggested, some of the finett bays for publicationnult reach the Cape, where thipping in the known world are pointed many witnesses are alive and to be out, and several rich fources of naval tcurd, and infallible means of detecting stores laid open. New situations pecufictitious ftatements are at hand. liarly inviting to fresh colonization are

4. Nothing recommends the Work disclosed, where the soil is fertile, the climere to our attention, than the many mate gentle, water plenty, game abunamiable and intereiting traits it affords dant, ample communication with the sea of our common nature in its most artless and with Europe open, and the whole and timple condition. All the Author's scenery for an immente sweep of the moft luticring and expence of time, talent and beautiful lying grounds exquisitely rich property, would have been amply repay- and romantic. The practicability of traen be only quafhing that calumny and verting the wliole of these unknown regiaverton, which unfortunately configned ons is frequently and fully ascertained; fuch multitudes of our fellow-creatures to and the best guide to such an undertaking the hatred and injury of others, not much are, doubtless, the adventures and expebetter than themielves. But he rescues rience here detailed. allo numberleis hordes of inilů and harm Notwithitanding the singular degree of lets individuals from prejudice and ob- pleasure we have derived from the perutal fcurity; makes them known and respect of these Travels, we do not think them el by each other; and instructs the go. altogether faultless. Many of his details veriment of these remote fettlements how might be profitably compreiled. His dethe numerous tribes who occupy the back scriptions both of animals, vegetables, grounds may be trained and made ferand occurrences, are also very often tedia victable: and nothing can be more plua- oully prolix. Among all the moniters fing than the rapture and enthufiasm with he law, he accounts for none of their carwhich he twells and expatiates on their cases when dead ; he does not once menwann unmipicicus tempers, the mikinels tion feeing any of their bones, or hazard and freedom of their manners, the hoipi- a single conjecture on this phenomenon. tality they thew to strargers, the conti- How age is accommodated among fader ce they exercise on all occasions, and vages, ihe state both of men and womea the very exquisite pleasure they unitorinly during that interefting period; and huw, take in doing generous and good natured where, and with what foleinnity their

dead are interred, he leaves us wholly in 5. The predeceffors of our traveller the dark. All the speculations he throws in lome part of the same route are every out on the various hides of the human where handiomely treated. Of some who character in this uncultivated and undeevidently had the improvement of science praved itage, are equally superficial and exclusively at heart, he speaks in terms unfatisfactory. Frein the inhabitants of of high respect, and rectifies their mis- these high remote latitudes, where the takes with delicacy and liberality ; but wonders of nature are in perpetual exhiothers who take every thing on inuit, bition, and an extreme termentation of and are fond of exaggerating the tradi- the elements diversifies her entire organitir.ns of the populace, and even rupeat Zation, who discover in other respects no with approbation the romantic fables of weakness of intellect, it seems odd no the planters, he industrioully exposes to traces of reflection were discerned, conthe infamy they merit.

cerning either the origin of things, or 6. On the supposition that we fall their own destination; but this key, though be able to retain this inestimable tettle. the best for unlocking all the latent exceltient of which we are now in poftulion, Jencies and mysteries of our nature, did we earnestly recommend theft Travels to not accord with the philosophy of the the attention of Government : they new Ichool. It is at leaft not froin a dirbring forward objects of great public im- ciple of materialism that we can expect portanee : various high commercial ad- such intelligence.

things.

The Monk. A Romance. By M. G. Lewis, Esq. M. P. In Three Volumes. The

Second Edition. London. J. Bell, Oxford-Itreet. THIS singular composition, which has and will still continue to excite, the cu.

Teither originaliiy, morals, nor pro- riofity of the public. Such is the irrebability to recommend it, has excited, futible energy of genius.

The

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