Where London's lofry column to the kies, « Like a tail bully, lifto its head and lies."

IT is a curious, and certainly not an fuccess had by no means anirered our ex.

entirely useleis purluit, to enquire into peata:ion ; we had experienced icine rethe caules and effect of national calami. verle, and consequently defpondence fuc. ties; as such a disquisition frequently ceeded. leads the mind, while it takes a retro The nation, divided into three great spective view of those events which have seets, the Proteftant, Presbyterian, and perhaps been deemed the scourges of nan. Catholic, from the iwo latter of which kind, to contider the misfortunes of a fore the former had suttered the greatest permer age as a blelling to the present. fecutions, and dreaded their revewal,

Many inftances might be adduced in was, at the period inarked by the awiui support of this propofition; but it would event which I have menticned, in a relibe dificult to find a stro!ger than is pre- gious and political terment; and, as the sented to the philofopher or architect, as deltruction of the city did not at firtt, either thum compares the itate of the even to the most unprejudiced, icem to be city of London, with respect to health, the effect of accident, it is not to be won. beauty, or convenience, previous and lub- dered, that the betere-mentioned paries dequent to the fire in 1666, which fornis should accule each otlier as the authors 1o memorable an epoch in our civic hif- of it, and that every talehood which matory.

lice could invent, asperity could utter, of Not meaning minutely to scrutinize credulity believe, fouid find a ready cir. the conjectural cautes which are said to culation through the country. have produced that event, I Mall only Strange as the association may seem, remark the influence which it had upon the firing of the city was, by some means the public mind, and how much religious or other, connected with the divilion of afperity, which seems to have been the the feet. The nation conceived itself characteristic of the age, was sharpened betrayed beth upon fea and land, abroad and increaled by a misfortune which and at home : an uncommon confternation ought to have calmed the turbulence of pervaded the country. The question, party, to have biunted the acrimony of whether those events happened by acci. political contention, and have united the dent or design, became a rubject of controwhele mals of people in thanks for their versy, not only among anonymous wri. deliverance froin the various calamities ters, but parliamentary partizans. which they had experienced.

The endeavour to attix upon their oppoThe fire of London happened at a pe- nents the odium of an act of fuch airoriod when the exultation of the nation city as the burning the metropolis, was for the restoration of its monarch had puriued with avidity by one party, and had time to sublide ; when many of his repelled with equal vigjur by ine other : subjects faw, or thought they saw, as the for upon this occafion we read but of character of Charles began to be devo. two, Papilt and Proteftant; and the latloped, considerable reason to be alarmed, ter, having facrificed one* victim to the for their religion in the first instance, and rage of the times, might be said to be for their liberties in the second. The triumphant +. evils of the war, in which we were at this Among the many writers that diftinqime engaged with the French and Dutch guished themselves on the Proteftant fide began allo to be severely felt. Our of the queition was Dr. Gale, who had,

Robert Hubert, a native of Rouen, a lunatic, confessed himself guilty of firing the city, and was condemned and executed, But it afterwards appeared, by the evidence of the Captain who brought him from France, that he did not arrive in London till two days after the fire begun.

† The Republicans, in order, perhaps, to betray them, as had upon more than one occahon happened before, joined the protestant party, and formed accusations that one can hardly think they were serious in promulgating.


was qua

reficetion upon

upon paper, a large share in the contro- graved upon the Monument, which have vetry of the times ; but as, like many of been fo much centured and celebrated, for his cotemporary authors, his polemical which he was, by the Corporation of works, as well from the nature of their London, rewarded with a piece of plate. lubject as the instability of their materials, In the year 1676 he received a far more were perifiable, and have perished ; he ample remuneration ; for he was made a mutt be confidered as peculiarly fortunate Prebendary of St. Paul's, being one of in having the sentiments which he had thole terined conjumpi. per mare. diffuted through many, engraved upon

Dr. Gale had, as soon as one which seems calculated to bid defiance lified, taken the Degree of Doctor of Dito time, and which is, perhaps, the vinity; he was alio chosen a Fellow of Itrongett and most conspicuous record of the Royal Society; and gave to the repoparty-prejudice that the latt or any age, litory of Grelhain College a Roman urn preceding or fucceeding, has produced with its alhes. The reader will anticipate that I mean About the year 1697 he made a donathe Monument, of whole several infcrip- tion to the new Library of Trinity Cola tions Dr. Gale was the author ; infcrip- lege of a great number of Arabic Manutions which not only served to record the Scripts. calamity the column was intended to Having continued Head Master of St. conmemorate, but, as the lines of my

Paul's School twenty-five years, he, in morto thew, to continue the controversy the fame year 1697, was preferred to the through part of the lait and more than a Deanry of the Metropolitan Church of quarter of the present century. Yet, altho' York, in which lituation his piety, hofI have mentioned the author of those mo. pitality, and benevolence, were equally numental records with tome little afperity, contpicuous ; as was also his care for, for endeavouring to immortalize prejudices and good government of the Chapter, and which it would have been much better his alliduity in repairing and beautifying to have buried in oblivion, I would not that venerable and august Cathedral. be understood to wish to convey a general It was a mistortune lamented by his

his character, which was friends and the literary world, that Dr. that of a man equally picus and learned; Gale did not long enjoy that elevated but cnly to Mew that there is, even in itation to which his merit, in an anxious the belt and most enlightened minds, and laborious employment, had raised something which will, at times, repreis him. He died at his Deanry, April the that liberality of sentiment which religion 8th, 1702, leaving behind him the chaand erudition, philanthropy and philo- racter of a learned divine, a great hiltotophy, ought to infuse into them. rian and antiquary, and one of the best

In this propensity we can only lament Grecians of his time. the imperfection of human nature, and, The leveral works which he published from such examples, endeavour to correct are equal evidences of his indcratigable any temporary depravity of heart, such industry and erudition, as the following as, from their conduct, we may judge catalogue of them will evince : fumetimes to reign even in those of men Herodoti Hailicarnalei Historiarum, otherwile diftinguished for wisdom and Lib. 9. virtue : in which class, I repeat, I mean Iamblichus de Myfteriis Ægyptiorum. to include the Rev. Dr. Gale, of whom I

Rhetores Selecti. fail subjoin the few following anecdotes : Hittoriæ Poeticæ Scriptores Aniqui. This Gentleman was born in the year

OpusculaMythologica, Phyfica, & Ethi. 1634, at Scruton, in Yorkshire. He was educated at Westminster School, from Græcum Pfalterium juxta Exemplar which he reinoved to Cambridge, where Alexandrinum. be continued several years, became a Fel Reruin Anglicarum Scriptorum Ve. kw of Tririty College, and afterwards

terum. Tom. I. Greek Profeffór in that University. How

quurum Ingulphus lorg te continued in this situation is un

nunc primum integer cateri primum

prodeunt. Cruain ; but we find that, in the year Hiftorize Britannice & Anglicanze 2572, having, as I before observed, from Scriptores. XXV. Vol. 2. the year 1656, distinguished himlelf by bis political writings, he was cholen Besides which, amorg his papers, the Head Mla!ter of St. Paul's School, and following Manuicripts were found nearly forn after had the honour to be nanied by ready for the pres; torie of which have the City to compok thote inscriptions en. since been published, though, peshap»


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not exactly in the form in which he left to his son and heir, Roger Gale, Eraf: then.

As he was conversant with the literati Lamblicus de Vita Pythagoræ.

of our own nation, 10 was he also well Origenis Philocalia variis MSS. col- known to, and his literary talents equally leétat, emendata nova Versione dorata. esteemed by foreigners, among whom he

Antonini Imperatoris Itinerarium In-' had a particular correspondence with the fcriptionibus & Schcliis Illustratum per learned Huetius, Mabillon, Allix, and T. G.

many others, who have in their works Dr.Gale left also a noble Library of cu- paid the greatest respect to his character rious and valuable bocks and manu

and abilities. fcripts, together with a considerable estate ACCOUNT OF THE WORKS NOW EXECUTING AT FONTHILL.



was the avidity of the Public for beautiful specimens of genius and tainformation upon the fubject of the date lents which the first Artists have disFestivities at Fonthill, that our account played there, or are engaged to produce; in the last Month's Magazine was, we the world will have leis fatisfaction in fear, considerably anticipated by details, contemplating the various works at not much unlike our own, which, in the Fonthill as monuments of Mr. Beck. course of the inonth, had been very gene- ford's distinguished tafe in the Fine Arts, rally circulated through the channel of than as a continued exercise of that gethe London and Provincial Papers. This nerous and charitable disposition, which pretent communication however, which is ever rendering his princely fortune, in we had encouraged our readers to expeći, fome way or other, tubiervient to the concerning Fonthill, is particularly cuna benefit or happineis of others. figned to the Editor of the EUROPEAN Although parts of the original estare MAGAZINE; and it will probably net at konthill are covered with fine osak prove the less interesting from the fort of timher, yet fome thousand acres of the conneciion it will be found to have with ground purchaled by Nir. Beckford's fathe late accounts juft mentioned. Thei, her, as well as hy himself, the leales of we need not say, have leit on the public waich have been continually calling in, mind the most advantageous impresions were unplanted. Not to mention the ci Mr. Beckford's hospitality and mu greitt plantation begun by the late Mr. nificence. As soon, therefore, as it was Bucktard, the present gentleman has known that the noble spirit displayed on been, every year lince his poflellion, conthat occafion originated in the ichtme of tinuing them upon a grander scale. a Christmas entertainment to his rumer. veral liundicdelioufand irees, and, fome ous body of workmen, curiorty could yous, not leis than a million, and thote int fail to be awakened respecting the or ail the diferent forts of foreit wood, objects on which the workmen have been, and of varicus tribes of exotic plants and are at prelent employed. We tatier and shrubs, often confiitute the work ourlelves, therefore, that the following but of a single feafon. As new purdetails will, as their authenticity may be chaics are continually adding large tracts depended upon, not appear unwerihy ef of land to Mr. Beckford's donnain, his attention, nor ill calculated to gratily plantations will probably proceed in the that curiosity which is still mucii alive Lame ftile for fonie years to come. As on the subject of Fonthill.

the planting at Fonthill may be coniThe present Proprietor of Fonthill, dered as a kind of general undertaking from the time he attained his majority, is always going forward in the proper sea, known to have made it matter of prin- fons, a single work only in this way thall ciple, that icme considerable work or be particularly specified, because it was other, at this his chiet family relidence, attended by iome circumstances which should be continually carrying on for the gave it peculiar merit.-The stone of lake of giving bread to the poor of an the present Fonthill House, built by the extensive reighbourhood, destitute of late Mr. Beckford, was taken from a maputreures, and that through the lau. quarry on the Eastern More of the Lake, d'alida tnedium of their own labour and at an inconsiderable distance from the induitry. In this principle will be feite of the mantien itlelf. Eeveral acres found ihe motive of most oti he works of of rocky ground, which formed this this place ; and notwichitas.ding all obce quarry, continued after the completion


of the building still open ; and exhibit. extensive inclosure of handsome bricking nothing but large naked malles of wall round the whole, have altogether white ftone and ugly excavations, and concurred to render this work almost as thule almost fronting the house, it was unrivalled in magnitude and convenience, refolved to cover every part of this as it must have been in matter of ex. quarry, some picturesque features of pence. rock excepted, with foil brought from About three years ago was begun a a distance by dint of labour, and then to Wall of contiderable height and thick: plant the ground with oak, beech, elm, ness, built of hewn stone, and carried arch, fir, &c. leaving green walks, circularly round near seven miles of the bordered with shrubs and flowers, and lottiest and finest part of the hills and such other fpaces open, as good taste woods of Fonthill. This has been fifuzgested, according to the nature of the nithed with a strong painted paling, inground. This plantation Mr. Beckford clined outwards, as a cbevaux de frize, soon after considerably extended along which runs entirely round the top of the the adjoining hills which hang over the wall in order to secure this favourite Lake; on the side of which has been inclosure from all intrusion. Hares, formed a Grotto trickling with perennial pheasants, partridges, and other game, springs; the surface of its Rock-work with birds of tong or of beautiful pluvariegated with many-coloured mosles, mage, are the constant inhabitants of this and its crevices filled with aquatic plants secure region, and are, fome or other of and flowers. This whole range of thein, continually offering themselves to fcenery, but particularly the quarry fight in the air or on the ground, half part, the wood having now attained a tame, and almost fearless, as if conscious very contiderable growth, may, in point of their privileged safety. of beauty and original effect, challenge At the bottom of a wildly wooded any garden scenery in the kingdom. hill, within this inclosure, is a natural

That work, having employed a great Lake of the inoit transparent water and number of hands for two or three years, happily varied outlinewas succeeded by an enlargement of the bed of the river, and the removal of a

“ Haud procul inde Lacus

" Panditur, er nemoruin frondoso mar. ftone bridge of leveral arches, by which

gine cinctus the water could no longer be crolled.

“ Vicinis pallescit aquis." The different form of the shores and ex.

CLAUDIAN. tention now given to the breadth of the water have entirely changed its former On an elevated scite above this Lake, a aspect and character, and rendered it īpace, converted into a Lawn, has been worthy of its present appellation of a opened in the Wood, consisting chiefly, Lake. The clearneis and depth of this in this part, of larch and the various frater, partly supplied by the river Nad- tribe of firs, with some mixture of holly der, and partly by thore numerous foun- and yew, for the erection of a Gothic tains iftuing from the high ground, and Abbey, upon a very magnificent plan by giving the appropriate name of Fonthill Wyatt. This edifice, in which contito the village, add greatly to the inerit derable prugreis is already made, extends of this Lake, in respect to its volume and to the length of 185 feet ; one of its expanse, and entitle it to rank as one of towers, an octagon of 64 feet in diamethe most interesting objects of the place. ter, will rise to thegheight of 145 teet. Further improvements, however, are in They alone, who have seen the elevations due time to be made upon this water ;

of this edifice, and are acquainted with its size to be ftill enlarged, and its form its characteriitic situation, can form any more varied.

adequate rotion of the grand and striking Mr. Beckford's next undertaking was effects which it will diíplay within the the formation of a new Kitchen and place itself, or pretent to the surrounding Flower Garden, contiguous to each country. It will naturally enough be other, in a more convenient scite, under asked, what suggested to Mr. Beckford a warmer aspect, and upon a scale four the scheme of this building in the form times larger than the old one. The Hot of a Gothic Abbey : the following cirWalls, Pineries, Conservatories, quan cumstances will explain the motive :tity of glazed Frame-work, the Gar. When this Gentleman's father, foon dener's House, importation of foil for after the burning of the ancient house in this extensive spot of many acres, with 1755, began to erect the present' noble its plantations and nurseries, and an mansion, he obtained a faculty to take Fol. XXXI. JAN. 1797



down the old church, which stood too by means of a bridge over a road, with near it, and to build a new one in a a bold terrace, four miles and a half in fituation more convenient. This vene. length. Belides this terrace, and the sable old ftru&ure, dedicated to St. Nio avenues here spoken of, a walk (for fo cholas, contained a number of monu it is called) was begun to be opened last ments, and some of splendid wurkman- summer, which is to be continued for thip for the times when they were ex. at least twenty miles, and is to wind ecuted, in memory of the family of about in easy curves over hills, valleys the Mervyns, formerly one of the most and levels, to every striking or inte. opulent and respectable in the county refting point of view which can be comof Wilts. This family was descended, manded within or without the whole by an heiress, from the first Lord Lati extent of Mr. Beckford's sylvan doo mer, who was summoned to Parliament main. As the ground of this walk iş in the reign of Edward I. Through to be smoothed throughout, and covered the Mervyns, Mr. Beckford clearly with the verdure of a lawn, a great traces his own lineal descent up the deal of labour is necessary to its forma. same source *. The above-mentioned tion, and not more than five or fix sepulchral monuments of the Mervyns, miles of it are yet entirely finiled; who were not only Mr. Beckford's an- but as an addition of labourers will be cestors, but for several centuries the employed upon it, a very confiderable original pofTeffors of the Fonthill estate, progress may be expected in the course having been exposed to the open air on of another year. the removal of the old church, and With how little influence the motive neglected till their ornaments became of oftentation can be supposed to have mutilated and their infcriptions effaced, operated on the mind of the Proprietor, Mr. Beckford has designed his Gothic in the greatest of these projects, Tay Abbey as a memorial tribute, in their be concluded from the impra&ticability ficad, to this ancient family. Their of Neuing more than a smail part of Aims, in regular series, and with their them to the numerous companies who different Quarterings, are to be painted are used to include Fonthill in the plan on the windows of this edifice, and the of their summer excurfions. It is not names and dates of each succeilive mem- only that some days would be requisite ber of the family infcribed on mural for parties on foot, but that no carriages, tablets, in the galleries and cloysters of except garden chaises, with broad the Aubey.

wheels, can, without injury, be adAlthough it will be imagined that mitted within the great walled incloavenues and ridings cannot have been fure. wanting in the vast extent of the woods As not less than three hundred men and plantations of Fonthill, it should will generally continue to be employed be particularly octiced in this account on the present works, it is hoped that of works fet on five by the present Mir, two years more may nearly suffice for Beckford, that a great variety of beau. their accomplishment. When they are tiful walks and avenues have been finished, nothing, unless we mention formed under his direction, particu- another inclosure of about eleven hun. larly within the great walled inclosure. dred acres, the present bank-fence of Tnefe, though each of very conlider. which will be changed into a wall, will able length and width, are all laid in remain to be executed, except the great the imootheli rurf, keptat great expence, Tower on Stops - Beacon, of which an and constantly mown in the mariner of incorrect, though not exaggerated ac

owling.greens, and are almost all count, appeared last autumn in the berdered on either side, within the Papers. oftv screens of the plantations with Mr. Wyatt has already drawn some laurel, flowering shrutis and flowers in of the plans and an elevation of this great variety and abundance. One of edifice. The Prefident of the Aca. the approaches lately made to the Ab. demy, and many other celebrated Ar. bey is a broad ttraight avenue, in the tists, are at present engaged on the fame file and keeping as of those just paintings and different objects of ornamentioned, and at its termination at the ment for the Abbey, not to mention wull of the inclosure communicating, many others intended for the decoration

* The Writer of this Memoir had, very lately, inspection of the Table of this Descent, s drawn out with great profitiop by Sir liac licard, Gaster King at Arms.


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