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bridge 1620; there he proceeded B. A. 1623, M. A. 1626, and D. D. 1641. He was soon appointed by the venerable Bishop Morton one of his domestic chaplains, and by his college preferred to the Church of Masham in Yorkshire, and soon after by his brother-in-law Henry Neville of Holt, Esq. to the Church of Medbourn in Leicestershire. This Henry Neville was also a friend of Dr. Fuller and a benefactor to his work upon the Holy Land, and, accordingly, his arms are engraved on our author's map of Egypt in that work. Bishop Williams made Dr. Ferne Archdeacon of Leicester. He was ever a constant and laborious preacher; and having suffered in the royal cause, was, on the Restoration, made master of Trinity College, Cambridge, Prebendary and then Dean of Ely, and in 1662 Bishop of Chester, but died five weeks after his promotion to that see.
Whilst at Sidney Sussex College, Fuller had for his companion and fellow-lodger or chum, Rowland Litton, Knt. of Knebworth near Stevenage.* Sir Rowland Litton, or Lytton, was of a family settled at Knebworth at least by the time of Henry VIII, in the 37th year of whose reign we find Robert Lytton sheriff for the county of Hertford. This family came from another of the same name in Derbyshire. Sir Rowland was born in 1615, and was son of Sir William, sheriff of the county in the first year
both of James and Charles I. His grandfather Sir Rowland was lieutenant of Hertfordshire,
* Rolandus Lytton admissus est Pensionarius major Jan. 24, an. 1631, an, nat. Regist. Col. Sid. Suss.
and led the county forces to the camp at Tilbury in 1588. Our Sir Rowland's father dying in 1660, he succeeded to the estate of Knebworth. He was M. P. for the county of Hertford in the Parliament of the 12th of Charles II., called the Healing Parliament; Sheriff of the county in the 14th of the same reign, and many years a Justice of the Peace, and Deputy Lieutenant. He married Judith, the youngest daughter of Humphrey Edwards, a merchant of London and of Chelsea. This lady died before him, May 14, 1659, aged forty-five years. He died Nov. 1, 1674, and was buried at Knebworth on the 3rd of that month. The family-name became extinct in the last century, and the estate came by marriage to William Earl Bulwer of Heydon Hall, Suffolk, by Elizabeth-Barbara, daughter of Richard Warburton, who took the surname of Lytton. A modern-gothic mansion stands on the site of the antient seat, which was of considerable extent and partly embattled. *
Fuller has perpetuated his early friendship with Sir Rowland Lytton by dedicating to him the fourth section of his History of the University of Cambridge.t
Return we in the next chapter from the friends of our author in the University to himself, who for three officiated in it, and there probably laid the foundation of his “ Pisgah-Sight” and “ Holy War.”
* Chauncy's and Clutterbuck's Hertfordshire.
+ Sir Rowland's father Sir William Lytton, was one of the Parliamentary Committee sent to treat with the king at Oxford, January, 1643.
Dr. Fuller's preaching at Cambridge.
ULLER was in 1630 presented by the Master and Fellows of Corpus Christi College to the perpetual Curacy of St. Bene't, Cambridge. In this
Church he appears to have preached his Lectures on the Book of Ruth, which he published in 1654, that it might not be done by other hands from the imperfect notes which had been taken by some who heard them. In the Epistle Dedicatory he observes, “ They were preached in an eminent place, when I first entered into the ministry above twenty years since.”* Of this book “the first chapter,” he saith, “sheweth that troubles of the righteous, and the three last do shew that God delivereth them out of all."
Perhaps there are few instances which so strikingly illustrate the great design of Scripture,-that it should bear witness to Christ,—than this book ;
many are the
* In p. 42 he speaks of Gustavus Adolphus King of Sweden as then living, so that, these sermons were preached some time before, 1632, the year of that famous Prince's decease.
few more striking instances how events apparently the most private, and, to the eye of the world, unimportant, are all included in the divine purposes, and made in their place subservient to that eternal wisdom which disposes all the hearts and ways
of Fuller accordingly does not fail to notice that but for this book genealogists had been at a loss for four or five descents in deducing the genealogy of our Saviour; and that under the conversion of Ruth the Moabitess, and her reception into the ancestry of the Son of David, is typified the taking of the Gentiles into the sheepfold of the great Shepherd. The lectures include only the two first chapters, and are not unworthy the author of the
Holy State." They evince that moderation, that benevolence, and that practical piety which ever characterized their author. The following extracts will
possess a double interest, as being the first-fruits of one so ingenious.
“ Bear with patience light afflictions, when God afflicteth his children with long lasting punishments. Mutter not for a burning fever of a fortnight: what is this to the woman that had a running issue for twelve years ? Murmur not for a twelvemonth's quartan ague; 'tis nothing to the woman that was bowed for eighteen years; nor seven year's consumption, to the man that lay thirty-eight years lame at the pool of Bethesda." *
“ Many men have had affliction, none like Job; many women have had tribulation, none like Naomi.”+
“ This was the privilege of the people of the Jews, that they were styled God's people, but now Ammi is made Lo-Ammi,* and Ruchama, Lo-Ruchama ; and we the Gentiles are placed in their room ; let us therefore remember the words of St. Paul, Rom. xi. 21. Be not highminded but fear, for if God spared not the natural branches of the olive, fear that he will not spare thee also. “ O that He would be pleased to cast his eye
7 p. 33.
of pity upon
and upwards have wandered without law, without lord, without land, and, as once they were, so once again to make them his people." +
Men are ever prone to extremes. Not a few well-meaning persons and sincerely attached to the doctrines of the Church of England still seem to pride themselves in a certain degree of nonconformity, and in a vague depreciation of the Fathers without any respect to their peculiar merit as the depositaries of cotemporary history both civil and ecclesiastical, as early and faithful apologists, proving in their own persons the early acknowledgment of the great principle that Jesus was the end of prophecy; to say nothing of their witness against the corruptions of later times, their unrivalled eloquence, their familiar acquaintance with the scriptures, and the fact that it pleased divine Providence by their works to facilitate the labours of the Reformers, and to furnish them with weapons both offensive and defensive in that truly sacred war by which they recovered to the world the doctrine of the Word of God.
* Hosea i. 9, and 6.
+ p. 39.