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A few works have been published at Paris, within the last twenty or twenty-five years, for the use of Jewish worshippers and others. We shall only give their titles, with a remark or two en passant. -1. Instruction Religieuse et Morale, &c.; this is a little work on elementary religious instruction, in Hebrew and French, by Elias Halevy, for the use of Jewish youth. It is a collection of the precepts of the law.-2. Catéchisme du Culte Judaique, foc. A eatechism of the religious worship of the Jews; collected from acknowledged Jewish authors, in Hebrew, with French and German translations; by L. M. Lambert.-3. Rituel des Prières Journa. lières, &c. A Ritual of Daily Prayers, for the use of the Israelites, translated from the Hebrew, by J. Anspach. This work is in Hebrew and French. It is an octavo volume of 440 pages.-4. Précis Elémentaire d'Instruction Religieuse et Morale. À summary of elementary Religious and Moral Instrnction. This little work of 72 pages has been adopted by the central consistory of Israelites in France, as the first reading-book for the primary Israelitish schools in the kingdom. It is of the nature of a cate chism, on the various duties of mankind to God, their neighbour. and themselves; and on the various festivals-the Sabbath, the Passover, Pentecost, &c. of the Jews. It is wholly in French.-5. Nouvelle Grammaire Hébraique, raisonnée et comparée, par M. Sarchi. This work was published in 1828, and is dedicated to the Hon. Francis Henry Lord Egerton, Earl of Bridgewater. It is an octavo volume of nearly 450 pages, and gives a pretty full exhibition of the elementary principles of the Hebrew language.-6. Dictionnaire Hébreu-Français, par M. Emery. This Hebrew and French lexicon is a convenient manual for learners.--7. Cours de Lecture Hébraique, par S. Cahen. Two editions of this course of Hebrew reading have been published within a few years; a fact, which, in connexion with others, proves that there is in France an increasing interest in Hebrew literature.-8. Abrégé de Grammaire Hébraique. This abridgement of the Hebrew Grammar is by L. M. Lambert.9. An elementary course of instruction in the Hebrew language, published in sheets once a fortnight, by M. A. Pichard, of the Asiatic Society of Paris. This is a good work for learners of that venerable language.
But the most important Hebrew work which has of late appeared in France is the Bible, which we have mentioned at the beginning of this portion of the present article. The publication of this Bible commenced in 1831. It is published in octavo volumes of about 440 pages each. The Pentateuch only has yet appeared, each book making one volume. A translation with many notes is given in French. It has excited considerable attention from the fact, that the anthor or authors (for some of the notes, together with the introduction to the second volume, have not been written by Mr. Cahen,) of this work are Jewish rationalists of the German stamp; in other words, they abandon the true inspiration of the Old Testament, and pronounce the advent of the Messiah to be wholly a secondary thing in the revelations and institutions which God made known to the VOL. I. X. s.
Jews; indeed, they do not seem to believe that' a Messiah of any kind was ever promised! As might be expected, this work has been severely attacked by Jews, Catholics, and Protestants. It is, however, a work of considerable interest and also of some merit. Some of the notes display a good deal of critical acumen. . 3. Discours Evangéliques sur divers Sujets, &c., par J. H. Grand Pierre.-Within the period of a few years, a considerable number of excellent sermons have been published in France by evangelical Protestant ministers. Among them we might indicate several by the Rev. Adolphus Monod at Lyons; two or three by his brother, the Rev. Frederick Monod, jun. of Paris; some excellent ones by thie Rev. J. J. Audebez of Paris; besides others, by different mi, nisters in various parts of the kingdom. . But the most numerous of these publications are those of the Rev. M. Grand Pierre, who is a native of Neuchâtel, in Switzerland, and who preached some years to the French Protestant church at Basle, but who has preached the Gospel for several years in Paris. Mr. G. is one of the most distinguished preachers in France. He is also at the head of the Missionary Institution in Paris, which is designed to train young men for foreign missions. M. Grand Pierre has published three volumes of sermons, the first of which appeared in 1832, the second in 1833, and the third in 1835. We will here translate the brief introduction to the third volume, which will give the reader a clear view of the order and nature of these discourses, “ The order which we have adopted in our preceding publications, and to which the present is conformed, is not an arbitrary one. It indicates, with sufficient accuracy, the course which we have believed it our duty to follow in the exercise of our ministry. Preaching in a city where Christianity is far from being in favour, and where it is not unjust to suppose that there are strong prejudices against evangelical doctrines, we commenced by publishing some apologetical discourses in behalf of Christianity. This was the object of our first volume. After having endeavoured in this way to remove the external obstacles which might prevent some persons from favourably hearing the truth, we approached the doctrines of Christianity themselves, and developed the principal points in a later publication. Such was the subject of our second volume. Still more recently, setting out from the fact that some of our hearers had embraced the faith which saves, and submitted their hearts to the doctrine of Christ, we have been naturally led to develope, for their benefit, practical subjects relative to the christian life and the conduct of the faithful. These are the last meditations which, in a great measure, compose the present volume. Desiring evermore to call to mind that he who planteth and he who watereth are nothing, and that it is God alone who giveth the increase, I place this new work beneath the blessings of the Supreme Head of the church, supa plicating him to pardon its numerous faults, and to deign to employ it, all imperfect as it is, to extend and strengthen the kingdom of his glorious gospel.”
We will only add, that these sermons are among the very best in any language, which we have ever read, and that we are gratified to
know that they will soon be followed by another volume from the same gifted and devoted author. •
4. Histoire Universelle de l'Eglise Chrétienne, par M. Matter. -This work, which is embraced in four octavo volumes, has just been completed. The author is a man of talents, a correspondent of the French Institute, &c. His history contains many things which are well worthy of being read, though it cannot claim a large share of merit for originality.
5. Mémoires de Luther, écrits par lui-même. This is the title of a work in two large octavo volumes, which was published a few months ago at Paris. The author is M. Michelet, a very distinguished French historian, who has written much on Roman history, and other subjects. This work is filled with interesting details respecting the great reformer. These details are extracted from the works of Luther, or from those of men who lived on the most intimate terms with him. It is an interesting fact, that such a man as M. Michelet is induced, whether by curiosity, self-interest, or some better motive, to prepare such a work. One thing is certain, he has had reason to believe that such a work will find readers in France, else he would not have prepared it. This fact has much encouraging import. The time was, and that not long since, when such a book would have been scouted out of the circles of literature in this kingdom. The fact also, that M. Mignet, another of the most popular writers in France, delivered a long discourse or lecture, according to appointment, before the last annual meeting of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, and which was heard with marked delight by a large audience, embracing some of the first men in the kingdom, is indicative of some change in the feelings of at least the literary portion of society.
6. Histoire des Vaudois des Vallées du Piémont et de leurs Colonies, depuis leur origine jusqu'à nos jours; par Alexis Muston. - This work is to be comprised in three octavo volumes, only one of which has yet been published. The first volume contains a description of the geography of the valleys inhabited by the Waldenses, or Vaudois, including every memorable place; the origin of the name Vaudois ; a sketch of the moral and religious state of these valleys; the doctrines of the Vaudois; their mode of giving public instruction; the discipline of their churches; their manners; and finally, the accusations which have been brought against them. This work is worthy of the perusal of all who feel an interest in the history of that wonderful people, the pioneers of the Reformation, and for ages almost the sole depositaries of the true faith ; a people ever to be remembered and honoured for their fidelity, their zeal, and their sufferings. M. Muston is well qualified for his task, and is executing it well.
7. Histoire de la Réformation du Seizième Siécle ; par J. H. Merle d'Aubigné.—The History of the Reformation of the Sixteenth Century, &c. This work will be embraced, it is expected, in four octavo volumes, the first of which has appeared within the last two or three months. Few men in Europe are better fitted for the task of giving a full, faithful, and evangelical history of the era of the reformation of the sixteenth century. M. Merle (called M. Merle d'Aubigné from the place of his nativity, to distinguish him from others of the same name), was first settled as the pastor of the French Protestant church at Hamburgh. Afterwards he was called to a church at Brussels. At present, he is the president of the new evangelical school of theology at Geneva. He is a man of devoted and enlightened piety, an elegant writer, and of large acquirements. He has also access to the most valuable sources of information, and has for years been engaged in making preparation for this important work. The first volume has fully met the expectations of .the numerous friends of the author; and we have no doubt that the succeeding ones will not be inferior to it. We are inclined to think that this work ought to be translated into English. We believe that the sale would fully justify this measure. The Reformation of the sixtecnth century is a mine which is far from being exhausted. · 8. URBI ET ORBI.--This is the title of a remarkable pamphlet of eighty pages, which has just been printed at Paris. The author is a M.J. F. Privat, who is, we understand, a teacher of a school or seminary of learning of some kind, at Geneva. This publication is entitled Urbi et Orbi (to the city and the world), to denote, we suppose, that the author addresses the universal public. We will endeavour to give, in few words, some account of this singular production. It appears from the history which M. Privat gives of himself in the above-named publication, that he grew up under the religious instruction of the venerable consistory of Geneva. But that becoming dissatisfied with their departure, as he thinks, from the true faith, and disgusted by the spirit of persecution which they manifested towards the Rev. C. Malan, he left their churches to attend the ministrations of the Rev. Messrs. Guers and Empaytaz, in the church of the Bourg de Four, which is the legitimate successor of the Moravian church, planted at Geneva nearly one hun. dred years ago by Count Zinzendorf. But after a while, becoming dissatisfied with the doctrine of prcdestination and other kindred doctrines, he resolved to become a Roman Catholic. From this he has been prevented by some causes, which he does not explain in his book. Very recently he resolved to address a long letter to the Pope himself, in order to inform the venerable father respecting his many difficulties, and especially to propose that something may be done to unite again all the sects of Christianity in the bosom of the mother church. In order to do this, and as a necessary preliminary, he calls the attention of the holy father to many enormous evils which exist in the Catholic Church, and which he wishes the Pope to have put away! This catalogue of evils embraces the abuses and errors which have overshadowed and destroyed the truth of that church.
When M. Privat had got his letter ready, he sent it to the Abbé de la Mennais, with the request that he would forward it to his holiness. But the Abbé sent it back to him, saying that the relations which he sustained to the Pope, and other causes, rendered it impossible for him to forward it. Whereupon M. Privat resolved to print it and send it in that form. And with a view to promote
the object which he has so much at heart the unity of the church as well as to elicit the opinions of distinguished men, Catholics and Protestants, he has caused a hundred copies of this book to be printed, and sent to such men as Chateaubriand, Genoudé, F. Monod, &c. We understand that M. Genoudé is delighted with the subject, and enters warmly into it. But we have not learned what answer has been given by others to this benevolent but impracticable proposal.
And here we cannot forbear remarking, that this is one of the many instances which show that there is in France a waking up of minds to the subject of Christianity, and a desire to promote it, though often by means of the most impracticable character. France is weary, as it were, of infidelity, and yet is ignorant of the true gospel. When will the light of pure Christianity arise upon that beautiful but unhappy country? We answer; that the signs of the approach of that joyful day are numerous and unequivocal.-Bib. Rep. July, 1836.
THE EDITOR'S TABLE.
The Church of Christ considered, in reference to its Members, Objects, Government, and Discipline. By George Payne, LL, D., Exeter, 12mo. London: Hamilton, Adams, and Co. 2s. 6d.
The Holy Wells of Ireland, containing an authentic Account of those various places of Pilgrimage and Penance which are still annually visited by thousands of the Roman Catholic Peasantry, with a minute Description of the Patterns and Stations periodically held in various Districts in Ireland. By Philip Dixon Hardy, M. R. S. A. 8vo. second edition, Dublin. London: Groombridge. 1s. 6d.
Religion in America ; a Narrative of the Deputation from the Baptist Union in England to the United States and Canada. By the the Rev. F. A. Cox, D.D., LL. D ; and the Rev. J. Hoby, D.D. Crown 8vo. Third Edition. London: T: Ward and Co.
An Essay on Man's Moral Agency, with Remarks on Causation, Liberty, Necessity, and Evidence; to which are subjoined, Observations on Education; its great importance to Great Britain as a Nation. By Robert J. Nelson, A. M. 12mo. London: Baldwin and Cradock. 58.
Detached Pieces, including Critiques on various Publications, Historical Sketches, Biographical Notices, Correspondence. By Adam Clarke, LL.D., F. A. S. 12mo. 1 vol. London: Tegg and Son.
Early. Recollections, chiefly relating to the late Samuel Taylor Coleridge. during his long residence in Bristol. By Joseph Cottle. In 2 vols. crown 8vo. with six Portraits. London: Longman, Rees, and Co.
The Roman Catholic Confessional Exposed, in Three Letters to a late Cabinet Minister, 8vo. London: Groombridge.
Things Hoped for : The Doctrine of the Second Advent, as embodied in the Standards of the Church of England. By Viscount Mandeville, M. P. London: Darling. 12mo. 'The Dreadful Requisition, or a Treatise on the Righteousness of God in punishing the Neglect of Souts. By the Rev. Charles Stovel. London : Jackson and Walford. 18mo. .