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intellect; no enthusiasm and impetuosity of feeling; there was niothing in his mental character to dazzle or even to surprise. Whatever of usefulness and of consequent reputation he attained to, it was the result of an unreserved and patient devotion of a plain intelligence and a single heart to some great, yet well defined, and withal, practicable objects. Objects, to achieve which, indeed, demanded great labour; but were of such intrinsic and immeasurable worth, that, being once seriously resolved upon, appeared of augmented importance the niore intimately they were contemplated, and the more resolutely they were grappled with; and wbich threw out attractions the more irresistible and absorbing, in proportion to the vigour and the intensity with wbich they were pursued. No one who knew him, will contend that his talents were of the brilliant and attractive cast. He had no genius, no imagination. He had nothing of the sentimental, the tasteful, the speculative, or the curious, in his constitution. He had no endowments and inclinations such as vividly and pleasurably excite the soul to put forth its energies in wbat may gratify the less thinking, and secure the admiration of the less devout, while it leaves the things which are truly great and useful unattempted. He had no help, therefore, from that warmth of feeling, that sensible glow of the spirits, partly animal and partly mental, that fervour and fire, to which painters and poets are so deeply indebted, and without which a thousand theorists and zealots in philosophy, and morals, and religion, would scarcely have been known to have had an intellectual existence, beyond what was needful to keep them out of fire and water.' To this want of excitation from the passions may be justly referred those very frequent and biter upbraidings of himself, for his conceived inactivity, and his want of zeal and fervour. He has often been heard to say, 'I think no man living ever felt inertia to so great a degree as I do.' He was every way a man of principle, not of impulse.

* I need scarcely observe, as the intelligent reader will have anticipated the remark, that the leading characteristics of Dr. Carey were his decision, his patient, persevering constancy, and his simplicity. A more decisive character, as to the main ohjects 10 which his life was consecrated, the page of history has seldom recorded. There was in the constitution of Dr. Carey's mind nothing dubitating, no painful vacillation : not a fraction of his strength, therefore, ever seemed to be applied to objects not distinctly relevant to some selected, specific, and sovereign purpose He could clearly discern and firmly grasp, and well define to others, whatever fixed his attention and invited his pursuit; and could then follow it up with inexhaustible patience and untiring diligence. The force of his character in these respects was seen in the earliest developments of his mental powers. It was the case when at school, under the tuition of his father, that he never failed to master what ever came before him, and would have time always to spare to help the younger and unsuccessful boys. My grandfather, who was singularly averse to the practice of eulogizing the members of his own family, never hesitated to bear testimony to the assiduity, good conduct, and proficiency of his son William. In his voluntary juvenile engagements, he was always in earnest, was persevering, and adventurous. His strong desire to collect subjects in every branch of natural history, he conceived from his very childhood; and in gratifying it, he would spare no pains, nor shun any danger, however imminent. He has told me, that if there was a tree, the height and difficulty of climbing wbich daunted the courage of all besides, he would be sure to feel provoked to the attempt. Endeavouring to effect his purpose upon one such occasion, he failed and came to the ground : but notwithstanding the peril, and the bruises he incurred, the first thing he did when he was able to leave his home, was to climb that same tree and take that identical nest.pp. 614–617.

• We should have been glad to have touched some other points of interest which will be found in the volume, the remarks, for instance, on the demoniacs of India, on the influence of English literature in that country, and on missionary companionship and correspondence: but we must conclude, by expressing our favourable opinion of the memoir, for we are not disposed to minor criticisms. When we have seen any material reason for differing from the sentiments of the writer we have candidly expressed our dissent; but our points of separation are few, the result possibly of our own infirmities and prejudices, while our points of contact and communion are numberless, the product, we trust, of kindred principles, and the prelude to an eternal harmony.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Memoirs und Select Remains of the Rev. Thomas Rawson Taylor, late Classical

Tutor at Airedule College, Yorkshire. By W. S Mathews. 12mo. Westley

and Davis, London. Sermons preached in Howard Street Chupel, Sheffield. By Thomas Rawson Taylor.

12mo. A Funeral Address delivered at the Interment of Thomas Rawson Taylor. By the

Rev. Walter Scott, of Airedale College. It is very affecting to see those who are distinguished by superior talent and eminent piety, cut off in the morning of life. Those who have wept over the memoirs of Gilpin, Durant, and Spencer, will find the same chords of sympathy touched by the perusal of these deeply interesting volumes.

T. R. Taylor displayed even in his boyhood, those intellectual powers and amiable dispositions, which gave a promise of future excellence; but his judicious father very properly repressed the son's wish to enter the sacred ministry, till unequivocal and satisfactory evidences proved that he had experienced a change of heart, and was become a subject of personal piety. We think this part of the narrative, particularly worthy the attention of those parents, who are ardently longing to see their sons engaged in the service of the sanctuary. After Mr Taylor had entered upon his theological studies in Airedale College, though his mind was usually serene and cheerful, he had those conflicts and doubts at times, which few escape whom God designs to bless as agents, in carrying on his work. An extract from a letter, written January 1828, ingeniously opens the state of his heart,

“ I am this morning, in body tolerably well at present, I wish I could say the same in reference to my state of Christian experience. Of late I have been hard beset with temptations, and have lost much of the calm pleasure which in past days I have found in religion. I have often lately in the depth of my study, been led to question most seriously whether or not I have ever been the subject of a change of heart; or whether all that I have felt, and all that I have done as a Christian, in past times, has not been the result of circumstances and novelty. I have prayed that my heart might be changed, but alas ! I have found but little pleasure in prayer. Still, however, I am here-still I have my Bible before me -still I can be sure that God is here, and can listen to the feeblest breathings of a broken spirit; and I cannot, while I write these things, I cannot despair.”

He commenced his ministerial labours at Howard Street Chapel, Sheffield, under very encouraging circumstances. The people were strongly attached to him, his preaching was highly acceptable, and many were deeply impressed by his discourses; but scarcely had he been settled a month among them, before his health became impaired. The career which opened with so fair a promise of extensive usefulness, was but of short continuance. In less than two years, he sent a letter to the church, tendering his resignation. From this touching document, we shall select one extract.

“ Oh! when I am no longer your spiritual overseer and instructor, think of the truths which I once laboured to instil into your minds. Sometimes speak to each other of what I preached, feebly I know, and imperfectly, but yet with deep and affectionate concern for your profit. Short has been the period, and small the quantity, in which I have been permitted to scatter in your hearts, the good seed of the kingdom. Do you my dear people, (I call you so for the last time,) enter into and follow up my labours, so that I may not die without seeing some fruit, much more abundant, than any which has yet appeared amongst you. My work in connexion with you is done ; and its record is even now ready for judgment. But you may yet call to mind, and yet reduce to practice, what you heard from my lips in past days. And thus my remembered instructions may exert an influence upon your character, greater and more decidedly beneficial, than did any of my teachings, when they were first uttered and heard."

After resigning the pastoral charge at Sheffield, his health was so far recovered, that he consented to take the office of classical tutor in Airedale College, 1834. But here too his course, though brilliant and propitious, was brief and transient. His health soon began to decline, and as he gradually sunk under consumption, the triumphs of grace shone out with more and more lustre to the last hour.

When near the close of his race, he said, “ What a glorious place heaven will be! To dwell for ever with Christ! And if I am interested in his salvation, which I trust I am, and prepared and made meet for heaven, which I trust his gracious spirit is effecting, I shall go there and enter heaven with all its joys! And what is more delightful still, heaven will not be a place of rest and enjoyment merely, but I shall be actively employed in serving God, holding some important station, and showing forth my gratitude to him.” At evening tide, it was light the sweet and solemn light of peace and cheerfulness and resignation. To one of his sisters sitting by, he said, “This does not seem like dying, does it ? to be able to sit up to eat and drink, and to be so comfortable. My passage to the tomb is indeed easy.” At another time he said, “ It is the Lord ; let him do what seemeth him good. I have promises and declarations continually ringing in my ears, such as these ;- He is able to save to the uttermost. Him that cometh I will in no wise cast out. The gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.'” When no longer able to speak, he gave signs by every smile and morement, that all was peace and joy within.

Those who read with attention this biographical sketch, will be pleased with the Remains, both in verse and prose, which constitute nearly half the volume. Had Mr. Taylor devoted his time to the muses, he might have risen to distinction as a poet, but his energies were directed to a far higher object.

The sermons, though not marked by any thing original or splendid in composition, are valuable as pointed and earnest appeals to the conscience and the heart. While the congregation to which they were delivered, will doubtless esteem them a precious legacy; others may read them with much benefit. We earnestly recommend these volumes to the young in general, and particularly to the students in our theological seminaries. Oh! that many who are preparing for the sacred work of the ministry at home, or the field of missionary labour abroad, may catch the mantle of Thomas Rawson Taylor, and after a longer season of diligence and devotedness in the service of Christ, leave similar testimonies to embalm their memory!

A Letter to Dr. Hancock, from the Children of a deceased Minister of the Society

of Friends, on the Doctrine of Justification by Faith in Christ Crucified. Pub

lished by a Member of that Society, 12mo. pp. 48. Hamilton & Co. London, 1836. A Rational Appeal addressed to the Friends, or Quakers of Great Britain, on the

present critical state of their religious Society; with some preliminary remarks, intended chiefly for those who do not belong to that Sect. 8vo. pp. 52. Efling

ham Wilson. London, 1836. These two pamphlets are essentially different in their spirit and design. The letter to Dr. Hancock is a beautiful delineation of the distress through which many pass, who are prevented, by perverted views of the religion of the New

Testament, from enjoying the peace of the gospel : and of the joy and consolation they experience when the darkness of mysticism is dispersed, and the true light shines into the heart. That such individuals should refuse any longer to be bound by the fetters of an unscriptural system is not surprising; the cause of astonishment is, that so many of the advocates of scriptural distribution, and freedom of conscience, should concur in imposing on their fellow-worshippers the dogmas and prescriptions of the creed of quakerism. The sect has quite as much need of reformation here as any established church that exists; and until they gain clearer ideas on the subject of liberty of conscience, they ought to act with more deference towards a church with which they in effect symbolize most egregiously. They are not the men of the Thirty-nine Articles; but they ought not to forget that they are the men of the “ Book of Extracts," or as it is now called the “ Rules of Discipline."

The “ rational appeal," takes a correct view of their glaring inconsistency; and though we fear, from some expressions in his pamphlet, the author is not very scriptural in his sentiments, he is, so far as religious freedom is concerned, using the expression in its most enlarged sense, perfectly correct. In the agitation now going on among the Society of Friends, these two severe publications will not fail to produce a degree of effect. There is a remarkable disagreement among the great body of the Friends. They are split into parties; and though like the members and ministers of the established church, they all pass under one name, it is a name which does not designate ; a quaker may be a Socinian, even a deist; he may be an Arminian, a Calvinist; he may with Crewdson regard the Bible as the grand criterion, or he may with Hickes's followers hold it, when compared with the inward light, in comparative contempt, and yet be a quaker. Let him only adopt a certain mode of address, wear a peculiar garb, attend the meetings of the body, abstain from gross acts of immorality, and avoid baptism and the sacramental table, and with these poor peucliarities, he entitles himself to be classed with a religious body, separate, and totally distinct, as far as these points are concerned, from the whole Christian world. There must be something wrong here, and not a few of the sect are beginning to discover it, and to long for a change. But we abstain, as we shall have more to say on the errors of the system, when we notice the “ friendly letters of Dr. Wardlaw to the Society of Friends," which we hope to do in an early number.

A Narrative of Missionary Enterprizes in the South Sea Islands; with Remarks

upon the Natural History of the Islands, Origin, Languuges, Traditions, and Usages of the Inhabitants, by John Williams, of the London Missionary So

ciety. Illustrated with Engravings on Wood, by G. Burter. 8vo. pp. xviii. 592. We have only time to announce the pubiication of this bandsome and deeply interesting volume. Those who, in different parts of the United Kingdom, have heard Mr. Williams narrate his personal adventures, and the triumphs of civili. zation through the iufluence of Christianity in the South Sea Islands, will, we feel persuaded, read this volume with unusual pleasure, and to those who are ignorant of missionary operations we beg to recommend it as furnishing an impressive illustration of the social as well as spiritual blessings which the christian religion secures. We shall take an early opportunity of giving our readers a more detailed account of the entertaining and instructive contents of this beautiful volume.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

WORKS IN THE PRESS, OR IN PROGRESS. A Third Edition of Dr. Pye Smith's Scripture Testimony to the Messiah, in 3 vols. 8vo. This work, which has been out of print a considerable time, has undergone a careful revision by the Author, with the addition of much new matter, which the Publishers believe will be found to increase its usefulness.

The Life of the Rev. Wm. Newman, D.D. more than forty years Pastor of the Baptist Church at Old Ford, Middlesex ; First President and Theological Tutor of the Academical Institution at Stepney. By George Pritchard.

THE EDITOR'S TABLE.

Scriptural Views of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Creator, Upholder, and Redeemer of the World ; or Looking unto Jesus. By John Fitzgerald, M. A.London : Burns. 12mo. Price 8s. 1835.

An Exposition of the Old and New Testament; wherein each Chapter is summed up in its Contents; the sacred Text inserted at large; each Paragraph reduced to its proper Heads; the Sense given, and largely illustrated; with practical Remarks and Observations. By Matthew Henry, late Minister of the Gospel. A new Edition, carefully revised and corrected, in 6 vols. Old Testament, Vol. II.-London : Joseph Ogle and Co. 1837. Imp. 8vo.

A Discourse on the complete Restoration of Man, morally and physically considered. By Daniel Chapman.- London : Hamilton and Co. 1837. 8vo. Price 10s. 60.

Arithmetic, illustrated by Wood-cuts, by which System the Principles of Calculation may be acquired as an Amusement. Invented and arranged by Arthur Parsey.- London : Longman, Rees, and Co. 1837. 12mo.

Some Account of the Life of the Rev. F. A. A. Gonthier, Minister of the Gospel at Nismes and in Switzerland; from the French of his Nephews, L. and C. Vulliemin : with a Preface, by the Rev. C. B. Tayler, M.A.-Religious Tract Society. 1837. 12mo.

First Thoughts on the Soul: Part 1. the Gospel. Third Edition.- London : Burns. 1835. 12mo. Price 1s. 6d.

Missionary Record : West Indies. — London: Religious Tract Society. 18mo.

The Christian Earnest. By T. Parry.-Torquay: Published by E. Cochran. 1836. 12mo.

What is Truth? The Question answered in eight Discourses, delivered at St. James's Chapel, Marylebone, by the Rev. T. White, M.A. To which is added, by request, a Sermon on the Preparation of the Stones for Solomon's Temple.- London : Burns. 1836. 12mo.

“Looking unto Jesus :" a Text for every Day in the Year.-London : Burns. 1835. 32mo.

The Monk of Crimies. By Mrs. Sherwood, Author of " The Nun." London : Darton and Son. 12mo.

Two Sermons : on the Nature of the Godhead; the Sinner his own Destroyer. By a Clergyman of the Church of England.- London : Burns. 1836. 12mo.

Inclination and Duty at variance. By the Author of the Military Blacksmith.-- Burns. 1835. 18mo.

The Word of God concerning all who are in Trouble or Affliction. By the Rev. J. W. Brooks. – Burns. Price 3d. • A Word for the Sabbath, being a Letter on the Religious Observance of the Lord's Day. By a Clergyman. Burns. 1835. 12mo. 2d.

A Dissertation, showing in what respects the Miracles of Christ typify the Doctrines of Christianity. By C. R. Alford.-London : Simpkin and Co. 1837. 12mo.

Henderson's Scripture Lessons.- Part VI. Price 6d.

The general Concert for Prayer for the Holy Spirit, improved in three Lectures. By the Rev. James Haldane Stewart, M. A.–1837. London,

Converse with God in Solitude. By Richard Baxter: abridged by B. Fawcett.

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