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have been disposed of in Europe and America; and about 15,000 of his Hebrew Lexicons. The present work is a translation of the Lericon Manuale Hebraicum et Chaldaicum in V. T. Libros, Lips. 1833, which contains the results of the most recent researches of the author, and exhibits, in many instances, a return to sounder views of Biblical exegesis. To those who have profited by Gibbs’ translation of the smaller manual, this translation of Dr. Robinson will be cordially welcomed; but so far from satisfying their desires, will only make them more impatient for the forthcoming Hebrew Lexicon of Dr. Lee of Cambridge, and the splendid quarto Thesaurus of Gesenius, of which the two first numbers are already published.

CRITICAL NOTICES.

Reflections on the Genealogy of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, as recorded

by St. Matthew and St. Luke. By Daniel Benham. London: Cochrane,

1836. 4to. pp. 100. The object of this splendid volume is to elucidate from the genealogies of the Old Testament the tables of our Lord's descent, as given in the New. It accordingly contains an exhibition of what the author considers to be the genealogical laws of the Hebrews, and is only a specimen of a large work upon the subject, for which it would appear ample preparations have been made. Mr. Benham having completed Concordances of all the proper names in the Hebrew Bible, the LXX, the Greek New Testament, and Josephus, which, with notes made in their progress, occupy five large folio, and three octavo volumes. Pref. vi. If his unwearied labours should result in clearing up any difficulties which still attach to sacred genealogy, notwithstanding all that has been written upon it, we shall sincerely rejoice; but we greatly fear he will meet with few who will catch the fire of his zeal, and con amore encounter the task of analyzing, interpreting, and combining the Hebrew names to be found in the ancient registers. Not even all the facility presented by various readings, will tempt many to hunt in a forest which promises so little in return. The view here given of the genealogical table in Luke is peculiar. Mr. B. considers it as exhibiting three pedigrees, and endeavours to show that the object of the evangelist in giving a separate pedigree of Jesus, was to declare that he was not the son of Joseph in blood, but of Mary alone, while at the same time he points to the fact, that he was through marriage of his mother with Joseph, a son of Joseph. We cannot agree with the author in the opinion that appended to words when used as proper names is significant of female descent; that by has a reference to sacerdotal order; or that 10 indicates a connexion with regal dignity. 1970 is decidedly a contracted form of the adorable name Jehovah. All Hebrew scholars of any note are agreed on the point.

The Church in Danger. An Address to the Members of the Established Church,

and also to the other inhahitants of the British Empire ; on the present condition of public affairs, with regard to Church und State Connerion. With some remarks on a Pamphlet, entitled The Church Reviewed," by Pacifi

cator. London, 1836. This is a very singular production. Whether it be written by a friend to the Established Church, or by a foe : whether it be penned in jest or sober seriousness we pretend not to say. We are inclined to think, however, that it comes from the conviction of the judgment, and not from the play of fancy, and that all the author has written he has put down in the simplicity and the sincerity of his heart. The title of the Pamphlet would naturally lead to the expectation that it will be caught at by all the secular adherents of the Church of England, whether clerical or lay. We think we see some pluralist, or some Noble Lord, with ten or fifteen livings in his gift, or the Trustees of the late Rev. C. Simeon's Church Property, seizing the Pamphlet, and devouring the first few pages with a sort of indiscriminate ravenousness, which has respect not to quality but to quantity--no taste, only mere appetite; until at length some most unsavoury morsel checks the eagerness of the craving desire, and compels them to ask of what the spiced dish really consists. Such a morsel as this perhaps,

“ Sir Robert Peel, the Duke of Wellington, and Lurd Lyndhurst, though the heads of a party supposed to be friendly to the Established Church, are scarcely more fit to possess such a power (the power of appointing Bishops to their Sees) than Lords Melbourne, Brougham, or John Russell; they have shown themselves equally ready on various occasions to confer church preferments on court parasites or political apostates. There are doubtless many persons who remember the eloquent letters written by Dr. Philpots to Mr. Canning, against the Roman Catholic claims; but no sooner did Dr. Philpots show himself inclined to support the views of the Wellington Cabinet on this subject, than he was forthwith provided with a Bishopric by the apostate Ministers,' as they were denominated by that very consistent paper the Morning Post, which now lauds them to the skies. Again, the living of St. Margaret's, Westminster, was conferred by Sir Robert Peel last year, on the Rev. II. Milman, because his politics were Conservative, although as the author of a work called " The Religion of Socrates, he had manifested the utmost heterodoxy on points of religious doctrine."

We noticed, some months since, with approbation, the Pamphlet of Pacificator. The spirit of that production is excellent; and though the design (the union of the Orthodox Dissenters with the Established Church) appears to us impracticable, the feeblest effort to carry it into effect is not undeserving of praise. The author of the “ Church in Danger," takes a very different view of this project from that entertained by Pacificator. The author of the “ Church in Danger” has two or three objections to the union, which the better informed, and more liberal mind of Pacificator does not entertain. One of these objections is taken from the character of the Dissenters; another from the character of the Church; and a third from the inexpediency and uselessness of making any change in minor points to conciliate the Dissenters. Let us look at these objections. First, the character of the Dissenters. The author of the Pamphlet now before us seems to suppose that the great body of Dissenters are far from orthodox (p. 14). He is not the only member of the Established Church who supposes this. But he and his consupposers ought to be quite aware that suppositions are generally incorrect, and that the suppositions of religious or political alarmists, being the offspring of fear, have no higher claim to truth than any other figments of an excited imagination. We fear there are some who charge Dissenters with heterodoxy-particularly with Socinianism-who are well aware that such charges, when general, are totally groundless. Others there may be who are the mere tools of stronger and more wicked minds than their own, who repeat with accuracy and untiring iteration every thing, true, or false, which they are made the organs of putting in circulation. The Manchester Socinian Controversy would set these men right, would they but take the pains to peruse it with attention. It is true that the Socinian Dissenters have Meeting-houses; and in Yorkshire and Lancashire a considerable number; but what is the general amount of the congregations in these places? In the great majority of them a mere handful of people only are to be found; and out of one hundred it would be difficult to find three that numbered the attendants by hundreds. But what, on the other hand, is the state of the congregations among the great body of Dissenters, who hold the leading and fundamental truths of the Gospel, and among whom they are preached by men of different degrees of talent, and under circumstances varying from the most to the least favourable? Are not these chapels well attended, the greater number full, and very many crowded to excess? And this is the case not only in cities and large towns, but in many a country village and rural distriet-spots where Socinianism would never take root for an hour-where its miserable negations would produce no more effects on the scattered population, than a series of illsustained metaphysical propositions. We recollect hearing it once said by a witty native of the Sister Island, that if you wished to keep a thing a secret, there would be no better method than to have it published on the Sunday in some of the churches in Ireland. We need not add that this is peculiarly applicable to great numbers of old Presbyterian--now Socinian--chapels throughout England. And be it ever remembered that these, like the Church of England, and the Church of Geneva, had their creed and confession of faith, while the great body of orthodox Dissenters have none. Another objection to Pacificator's proposition is the character of the Establishment itself as an episcopal church. We agree with the writer of the pamphlet before us, that no consistent Dissenter can unite with an episcopal church in connexion with the state. Then the third objection—the uselessness of making concessions on minor points need not be dwelt on. If we object to the plan and construction of the whole edifice, it is not worth while to waste words on the proportion or position of a pilaster, a column, or a piece of cornice. We will only add, that the two pamphlets are signs of the times. Pacificator's is the production of a spiritual whig, his commentator's that of a spi. ritual radical; and yet both are in a church which is rich in spiritual tories. So much for uniformity.

Tke Honour attached to Eminent Picty and Usefulness A Sermon preuched at

Downing Street Meeting House, Cambridge, Sunday, November 20, 1836, on occasion of the death of the Rev. Charles Simeon, M.A., Senior Fellow of King's College. By Samuel Thodey. 8vo. pp. 50. Hamilton, Adams, and

Co. 1s. When a standard-bearer in the army of the living God is stricken by the shaft of death, it is seemly that those who have witnessed the veteran's career of usefulness through life, should join to do him honour at his grave.

It is, therefore, with great pleasure that we have read Mr. Thodey's beautiful sermon on the death of that devoted servant of Christ, the late venerable Mr. Simeon.

During more than seventeen years in the University town of Cambrdige Mr. Thodey has had many opportunities to mark the beneficial influence of the principles and example of that man of God, upon the hearts and characters of multitudes, and has enjoyed the pleasure of associating with him on those occasions, alas how few! when Churchmen and Dissenters can forget their differences, and meet as the common servants of one Master, to promote the knowledge of his word throughout the earth. Ile, therefore, selected a very appropriate text“ Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the Temple of my God, &c." Rev. ii. 12. To illustrate which he thought it necessary to consider-I. The high importance attached to a successful prosecution of the Christian course; and, II. The ample promises presented for our encouragement and support. Under this simple arrangement Mr. Thodey has embodied an able and eloquent discussion of the leading topics of the text, which he very successfully elucidate), and applies with much felicity and force to the life and death of Mr. Simeon.

The motives which induced him to make this reference are thus explained :

“As this subject has been obviously chosen in reference to our late revered friend Mr. Simeon, it may be expected that some brief notice would be taken of bis character and course. We should deem it peculiarly unbecoming to allow any party feelings to enter the mind at such a season as this, were we ever capable of indulging them in our religious exercises. The influence of such a man could not be confined within his own pale, and he might be considered, in many respects, as a species of public property,' set for the defence of the Gospel, for the benefit of the Church universal, rather than as the mere partisan of any division of it, though he was always considered, what he wished to be esteemed, VOL. I. N.S.

D D

a zealous Churchman. As Protestant Dissenters, and glorying in the religious principles we profess, we unfeignedly rejoice in the prevalence of Evangelical sentiments, wherever we find them, whether among other congregations of faithful men,' or in our own; and we consider Mr. Simeon to have been an honoured and successful instrument in the advocacy of those truths."

Mr. Thodey has supplied a very interesting biographical sketch of Mr. Simeon, which contains some striking facts relating to his early religious feelings which we have not observed elsewhere. It is due to our common Christianity that such instances of the communion of saints of different denominations should be recorded, and we are happy to observe these statements strengthened in a more extended memoir which appeared in a recent number of The Evangelical Magazine, and which, if we do not greatly mistake, has proceeded from the same able pen.

LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

WORKS IN THE PRESS, OR IN PROGRESS. Proofs and Illustrations of the Attributes of God, from the facts and laws of the Physical Universe, being the foundation of Natural and Revealed Religion. By the late John Maculloch, M.D. F.R.S., &c.

An Appeal in favour of Ecclesiastical Unity, to be sought by the gradual Approxiination of all Evangelical Protestants; with an Appendix, containing Essays and Extracts on important Theological Subjects. By George Balderston Kidd, Scarborough. This work embraces several of the topics to be treated in the Essay for which Sir C. E. Smith has announced his munificent prize. The greater part of the Appeal has been printed more than a year; and the Appendix, which is of considerable size, is now going through the press.

On the Nature, Constitution, Officers, Government, Discipline of a Christian Church ; Character of its Members; Objects at which they should aiin ; Duties which grow out of their relation &c. By G. Payne, LL.D., Exeter. This little work will support the principles of Congregationalism ; but it is intended to be rather explanatory and practical, than controversial.

THE EDITOR'S TABLE. The Sanctuary and the Oratory : or, Illustrations and Records of Devotional Duty, By the Rev. Thomas Milner, M.A. London : William Ball, 1837. 12mo.

The Christian Correspondent: Letters, private and confidential, by Eminent Persons of both sexes; exemplifying the Fruits of Holy Living, and the Blessedness of Holy Dying, with a preliminary Essay. By James Montgomery, Esq. In 3 vols. . London: Ball. 1837. 12mo.

An Exposition of the Prophet Ezekiel, with useful observations thereupon. Delivered in several Lectures, in London, by William Greenhill, M.A., Rector of Stepney, and Chaplain to the Dukes of York and Gloucester, and the Lady Henrietta Maria, A.D. 1650. Revised and corrected by James Sherman, Minister of Surrey Chapel. London: Holdsworth. 1837. imp. 8vo.

Quakerism Examined, in a reply to the Letter of Samuel Tuke. By John Wilkinson. London : Ward and Co. 1836. 12mo. 58.

Christian Theology for every Day in the Year: selected from 365 Authors, and systematically arranged, by Samuel Dunn. London: Tegg and Son, 1837. 12mo.

A Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. By Charles Hodge, Professor of Biblical Literature in the Theological Seminary at Princeton, America. London : Religious Tract Society. 1837. 12mo,

Christian Theology, by John Howe, M.A.; selected and systematically arranged, with a Life of the Author. By S. Dunn. London: Tegg and Son. 1836. 12mo 6s. 6d.

The Life of Alcuin, by Dr. Frederick Lorenz, Professor of History at the University of Halle. Translated from the German by Mary Slee. London: Hurst. 1837. 12mo. 6s.

On the Nature of Divine Agency in reference to the inspiration of the Scriptures; the mission of Christ; the formation of Christian virtues; and its practical bearings. By the Rev. Stephen Davies, B.C.L., late Fellow-commoner of Queen's College, Cambridge, and Curate of Bow Brickhill, Bucks. London: J. Hatchard and Son. 1836. 12mo. 4s.

Miscellaneous Sermons. By the late Rev. Hugh Stowell, Rector of Ballaugh, Isle of Man; author of the Life of Bishop Wilson, &c. London : Nisbet and Co. 1837. 12mo. 5s.

The Lives and Exploits of Banditti and Robbers in all parts of the World. By C. M'Farlane, Esq. Tegg and Son. 1837. 12mo. 5s.

Memoir of the Life and Christian Experience of S. Bagster, jun. By John Broad. London: Ward and Co. 1837. 12mo.

General Directions for a comfortable Walking with God. By R. Bolton, B.D. A.D. 1626. London : Tract Society. 1837 12mo.

Meditations in Sickness and Old Age. By Baptist W. Noel, M.A. London: Nisbet and Co. 1837. 12mo.

Contemplations and Devotional Reflections on the Prayers of the Church of England, as they are used and appointed for Morning and Evening Service. By T. Carpenter. London: T. Hurst. 1837. 28. 6d. 12mo.

Judgment and Mercy for Amicted Souls: or, Meditations, Soliloquies, and Prayers. By F. Quarles; to which is prefixed an account of his life and writings. London: Simpkin, Marshall, and Co. 1837. 12mo. 2s.

Life and Correspondence of the late Rev. Henry Belfrage, D.D., of Falkirk. By the Rev. John M-Kerron, Bridge of Teith, and the Rev. John M'Farlane, Kincardine. Edinburgh: W. Oliphant and Son. 1837. 8vo.

Syria, the Holy Land, Asia Minor, &c.; illustrated in a series of views drawn from nature. By W. H. Bartlett, W. Purser, &c.; with descriptions of the plates, by Johp Carne, Esq. London: Fisher, Son, and Co. Nos. 7, 8, 9, 10, 4 large Engravings each, 4to. 2s.

Scripture, an Appeal to the Senses; an occasional reflection. 1837. 12mo.

The Case of the Body of Protestant Dissenting Ministers of the Presbyterian Denomination, in relation to their withdrawment from the Independent and Baptist Boards, and the consequent dissolution of the general body of Protestant Dissenting Ministers of the Three Denominations, residing in and about the cities of London and Westminster; being an examination of, and reply to, the resolutions of the two boards, dated April 18, 1836. London: Smallfield and Son. 1837. 8vo.

Sorrow for the Dead regulated and restrained. A Sermon preached in Broadmead Meeting House, Bristol, December 25, 1836, occasioned by the Death of Samuel Sommers. By E. Steane. To which is annexed the Address delivered at the interment. By T. S. Crisp. London: Ward and Co. 8vo. 18.

A Word to the Wise: or, a temperate expostulation with Churchmen and Dissenters on the state of ecclesiastical affairs at the present crisis ; occasioned by the recent publications of Messrs. Sibree, Bannister, Pickering, and others. By a Nonconformist Rate-Payer. London: Smallfield and Son. 1837. 8vo.

Rabbi David Kimchi's Commentary upon the Prophecies of Zechariah. Translated from the Hebrew, with notes and observations on the passages relating to the Messiah, by the Rev. A. M'Caul, A.M. London: J. Duncan. 1837. 8vo.

The Works of Rev. David M‘Nicol, including Poetical Remains; 10 which are prefixed Memoirs of his Life and Writings. By the Rev. James Dixon. London : Tegg and Son. 1837. 8vo.

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