49. The following books may be consulted :

Wilson's Chemistry. (Chambers' Educational Course.)
Fownes's Manual of Chemistry. (Churchill.)
Professor Miller's Elements of Chemistry.

IV. PHYSIOLOGY. 50. The general principles of Animal Physiology. Practical Application of to health, and the wants of daily life. 51. The following books are recommended :

Carpenter's Manual. (Churchill.)
Agassiz and Gould's Physiology.

V. BOTANY. 52. Structural and Systematic Botany. The leading principles of Vegetable Physiology and the Classification of Plants. A practical knowledge of the common Garden Plants will be required. 53. The following text-books may be used :

Lindley's School Botany. (Longmans.)
Henfrey's Rudiments of Botany. (Van Voorst.)

VI. AGRICULTURE. 54. The theory of Agriculture, and such a general knowledge of Farm Practice, and of the Management of Live Stock as must, to-some extent, have been obtained in the field. Candidates will be examined in the structure and constituent elements of Farm Plants, as to the nature and constituents of different Soils, and the comparative values of Artificial and Natural Manures. 55. The following books are recommended :

Lowe's Elements of Practical Agriculture. (Longmans.)
Johnston's Agricultural Chemistry. (Blackwood & Sons.)
Morton's Cyclopedia of Agriculture. (Blackie & Son.)
Stephens' Book of the Farm. (Blackwood & Sons.)

VII. POLITICAL AND SOCIAL ECONOMY. 56. Stuart Mill's Principles of Political Economy. The Phenomena of Industrial Life. Edited by the

Dean of Hereford. (Groombridge.)

Whateley's Lectures on Political Economy. (Parker.)
Dr. E. R. Humphrey's Manual of Political Science.



DESCRIPTIVE GEOGRAPHY. 57. General Geography, with special knowledge of that of the British Empire and its Dependencies; particularly of British India. Candidates will be required to draw from memory Maps of given countries, on blank forms furnished with meridian lines and parallels of latitude, and to lay down the position of the mountain-chains, the courses of the principal rivers, and the chief towns. 58. The following text-book may be consulted :W. Hughes’ Manual of Geography. 2 vols. (Long


PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY, including GEOLOGY. 59. Candidates will be examined as to their knowledge of the constitution of the Earth's crust, and of Fossils, animal and vegetable; of Climate, and the Laws by which it is regulated; of Winds; the Ocean, its Tides and Currents; of Volcanoes, and Earthquakes; of the application of geological knowledge to practical or commercial purposes. 60. The following text-books are recommended:

Mrs. Somerville's Physical Geography. 2 vols. (Murray.)
Guyot's Earth and Man. (Parker.)
Page’s Introductory Text-book to Geology. (Blackwood

& Son.)
Page's Advanced Text-book. (Ditto.)
School Physical Atlas. (Keith Johnston, or National



61. A general knowledge of the outlines of English History. A special knowledge of English History from 1688 to 1783. 62. Knight's English History.

Hallam's Constitutional History. (Murray.)
Creasy's Constitutional History. (Bentley.)


63. Candidates may take up for Examination any two, but not more than two, of the Authors in the following list:

Chaucer's Prologue to the Canterbury Tales.
Spenser's Faëry Queen; first Book.
Shakespeare. Lear, Hamlet, Othello.
Bacon. Novum Organon; first Book.
Milton. Paradise Lost; last Six Books. Mask of

Pope. Essay on Man.
Burke's Essays.
Wordsworth’s Excursion.
Butler's Analogy-Preface to Sermons, and the Three

Sermons on Human Nature. (Edited by Dr. Whewell.)


64. To end of Punic Wars, or from that date to the Death

of Augustus Cæsar.
Liddell's History of Rome.
Schmitz’s Roman History. (Walton 8. Maberly.)
Cicero's Orations against Catiline, and the First Book of

the Æneid of Virgil.

XII. FRENCH. 65. Pascal. Lettres Provinciales. (Didot.)

Racine. Britannicus. (Bell & Daldy.) Molière. Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme. (Bell & Daldy.) Boileau. Le Lutrin. (Didot.) C. Delavigne. Louis XI. Guizot. Histoire de la Civilisation en Europe. Candidates may take up any two, but not more than two,

of the above Works. French History - Sketches of the Reigns of Clovis,

Charlemagne, Charles VII., Francis I., Henry IV., and Louis XVI.





66. Kugler's Geschichte Friederich des Grossen;

Schiller's Maria Stuart.


67. Examinations will be held in two distinct kinds of Drawing-Freehand Drawing and Mechanical Drawing.

68. I. FREEHAND DRAWING.—In Freehand Drawing the Candidate will be required to show a practical knowledge of the principles usually applied to the drawing in outline from nature and artificial objects, such as Geometric Models, Foliage, Flowers, Fruit, Furniture, &c.; also from the human form. He will further be tested as to his ability to apply his skill in drawing natural objects to the purposes of ornamentation and design in Manufactures.

69. II. MECHANICAL OR GEOMETRICAL DRAWING.-In drawing of this kind, a knowledge of which is directly applicable to Carpentry, Iron-work, Pattern-making, Machinery, &c. the Candidate will be required to draw, with the use of instruments, &c., geometrical forms in perspective, with plans and sections of machinery, and to solve some problems in practical Geometry. He will also be required to show that he understands the principles of orthogonal projection, and of drawing different kinds of curves and spiral lines geometrically. 70. The following books may be consulted :Rudimentary Art Instruction. Freehand Outline, part I.

Freehand Outline, part II. (Bell & Daldy.)
Butler Williams's Treatise on Geometrical Drawing and

Perspective. (Parker.)
Drawing. Vol. II. (Chambers' Educational Course.)
Binns’ Mechanical Drawing. (Spon, London.)

For the Examiners' Reports and Lists of Prizes, and Certificates awarded at the Examinations in London and Huddersfield in 1857, see Journal of the Society of Arts, No. 240, Vol. V. p. 457 to p. 461 ; and, No. 245, Vol. V. p. 520 to

p. 524.

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