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land its national supremacy, and rendered fruitful all past national experience.
To ascertain the true order of events and not substitute one of his own, the student must adopt some such method as the one just pointed out. He must study the meaning of the great facts in history, endeavour to discover their relation to one another; and perhaps the most feasible method he can pursue, after mastering the great outlines and divisions of his subject, will be to examine the particular reigns of the most remarkable sovereigns, as here suggested.
For ordinary books he may be left to his own discretion; for reference he will find the following useful. For Constitutional History, Hallam's Middle Ages and the Constitutional History of England; for Historical Epochs and their connexion with Geography, Spruner's Atlas or Brewer's Atlas, or some similar works.
In conclusion though the Examiners have thrown out the foregoing suggestions, they by no means wish to bind any candidate to the method here pointed out. Much must be left to the constitution of every man's mind; and they will endeavour to test every candidate on his own merits, by the care, ability, and faithfulness with which he has worked out his line of study, and not by any preconceived notion of their own.
N. B. For the year 1857, the Examiners will require Candidates to show a fair knowledge of the general outlines of English History, throughout the periods specified in the foregoing report. For the special subject of Examination, they have determined on the Stuart Dynasty, from the commencement in 1605, to the Restoration in 1660.
ROMAN LITERATURE AND LATIN.
The Examiners in Latin and Roman Literature will examine in Cicero's orations against Catiline and in the first book of the Æneid of Virgil.
In Roman history they will examine to the end of the
Punic wars or from that date to the death of Augustus Cæsar. The usual text books on these subjects, such as the Histories of Keightley, W. Smith, Schmitz, and those in Gleig's series, will suffice.
FRENCH In the French Language and Literature the Examiner names the following works in which he will examine :-Pascal, Lettres Provinciales; Racine, Britannicus; Molière, le Bourgeois Gentilhomme; Boileau, le Lutrin; C. Delavigne, Louis XI.; Guizot, Histoire de la Civilisation en Europe.
Candidates may take up any two, but not more than two, of the above works, and must be ready to answer any grammatical, literary, or historical questions the text may suggest.
In French History the Examiner will require a sketch of the Reigns of Clovis, Charlemagne, Charles VII., Francis I., Henry IV. and Louis XVI.
GERMAN. The examiner in German gives the choice of two of the following works :
Schiller's Maria Stuart, Wallenstein (the three parts), and Geschichte des dreissigjährigen Krieges; Göthe's Egmont and Torquato Tasso; Kugler's Geschichte Friedrich des Grossen.
He would, at the same time, advise the learner to apply, as far as possible, to the study of any of these books the very judicious recommendations given in this paper by the Examiners in English literature.
Candidates for a first class certificate will be required to write an Essay on any portion of the works they may have selected, in good German. Those for a second or third class may give their answers in English; but they must be able to translate a piece of easy prose into German.
None need employ the German characters, unless they write them very legibly.
For principles of Freehand Drawing, students should read “ Rudimentary Art Instruction, for Artizans and others, and for schools ;” prepared at the request of the Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce. Freehand Outline, part I. Freehand Outline, part II. (Bell and Daldy).
With reference to Practical Drawing, directly applicable to Carpentry, Iron work, Pattern Making, Machinery, &c. the Examiners will require the Candidate to represent in outline the simple geometrical solids; their elevations, sections, plans and perspective according to the dictation of the Examiner. The following book may be consulted with advantage. Butler Williams' Treatise on Geometric Drawing and Perspective. (Parker, Strand, 1841.) Drawing, Vol. II. (Chambers' Educational Course.)
PRINTED BY C. WHITTINGHAM, TOOKS COURT, CHANCERY LANE.
Two Addresses delivered, the former, to the United Association of Schoolmasters ; the latter, to the Young Men attending the Evening Classes at
Crosby Hall, London.
JAMES BOOTH, LL.D. F.R.S.
TREASURER OF THE SOCIETY OF ARTS, AND CHAPLAIN
TO THE MARQUIS OF LANSDOWNE.
PUBLISHED BY THE SOCIETY OF ARTS.
PUBLISHERS TO THE SOCIETY.