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verbs are used in speaking of the Board. “ The Board is aware, the Board have," &c. Some objection lies against this phrase, page 230, “Another indication of the class now being presented,” &c. Governmental, page 59, is stated by Pickering to be an Americanism.
21.—The Infirmities of Genius, illustrated by referring the
Anomalies in the literary character to the Habits and
By R. R. Madden, Esq., author of Travels in Turkey, fc. In two volumes. Philadelphia : Carey, Lea & Blanchard. 1833. pp. 210, 202.
These are very amusing and instructive volumes on the following subjects: The effects of literary habits, advantages of literary pursuits, abuses of literary pursuits, the nervous energy, influence of studious habits, precocious talents, longevity of literary men, the last moments of literary men, and the improvidence of literary men. Very copious illustrations are supplied from the lives of scholars and men of genius of all descriptions. The books will forin a very good supplement to the works of D’Israeli. The reader will occasionally observe opinions with which he ought not to coincide. On the 16th page of the first volume, Mr. Madden speaks of the indiscretions of the poet Shelley ; a man, who was expelled from Oxford, who was an associate of Hunt and Byron, and who, after a divorce from his wife, married a daughter of the renowned Mary Woolstonecraft. There are other opinions advanced in the book which seem to us deserving of reprehension. The author goes into an elaborate argument to show that Cowper's maladies were caused by religious enthusiasm, and he quotes with approbation the sentiment of Hayley, that we ought to pray to be preserved alike from a neglect of religion and from giving too earnest attention to it, one extreme being about as common and as deplorable as the other. Our readers need not be informed how totally such an idea is at variance with reason and with fact. Still, Dr. Madden —we presume he is a physician-brings forward many important truths, and exhibits a considerable share of candor and fairness.
The mistakes in the printing are numerous. Vol. i. pp. 6873, are the following : -Herchell, Linaeus, Cowle, Spencer, Condorset, Kalmes, Vatel, and Salmatius.
United States. The new theological seminary in Connecticut, is to be established at East Windsor. Rev. Dr. Tyler, of Portland, is to be president and professor of theology. A considerable amount of funds has been subscribed.-Rev. John Wheeler has been inaugurated president of the university of Vermont, and Rev. Rufus Babcock, jr. former pastor of a Baptist church in Salem, Mass. president of Waterville college, Maine. We were mistaken in our last number, in stating that the Rev. George Bush had been appointed professor of theology in Dartmouth college. He remains connected with the New York university.- Rev. E. A. Park, of Braintree, Mass. has been appointed professor of moral philosophy and Hebrew, in Amherst college.Rev. Benjamin Labarce, of Tennessee, a graduate of Dartmouth college, has been chosen president of the Western Reserve college, in place of Rev. Charles B. Storrs, deceased. Mr. N. L. Folsom, of the Lane seminary, Ohio, has been named as professor of theology, in place of Rev. B. Green, resigned; and Mr. A. Newton, tutor in Yale college, professor of mathematics and natural philosophy, in room of Mr. E. Wright, jr. resigned.The Morrison college, of the Transylvania university, Lexington, Kentucky, founded by the liberality of Col. Morrison, who gave $20,000 to the institution, has lately been dedicated. At the same time, Rev. B. 0. Peers was inaugurated president of the university.—Messrs. Vethake, Mulligan, and Torrey, have resigned their professorships in the university of New York, in consequence of some misunderstanding with the chancellor.-A national Anti-slavery Society has lately been formed in Philadelphia, of which Arthur Tappan is president, William Lloyd Garrison and Elizur Wright, jr. secretaries.- Professor Hitchcock's view of the geology, mineralogy, &c. of Massachusetts, is now completed, and has just been issued from the press of the Messrs. Adams, of Amherst.-Key and Biddle of Philadelphia, have in press biographical sketches of a large number of celebrated Indian chiefs, by Col. T. L. McKenney, accompanied by 120 engravings, executed from the paintings of the gallery of Indian portraits in Washington. The whole work will be finished in a superior manner. The design is highly commended by Mr. P. S. Duponceau, and Mr. Jared Sparks.—Prof. Vethake is about to establish in Philadelphia, a new quarterly periodical, to be called the United States Review.-A Memoir of the Rev. E. Cornelius has just been published in Boston. A Sabbath school edition of the same memoir is in a course of preparation, to be in part compiled from original materials.
Great Britain. Of the three universities where the episcopal clergy obtain their degrees, Dublin is the only one in which any attempt at a professional education for
divinity students is seriously made. At Oxford and Cambridge, the university qualifications for holy orders may be attained by going through some forms, of which residence is indeed one, but which are not calculated to enforce the acquisition of any theological information; while at Dublin, the minimum knowledge of divinity necessary for obtaining the university testimonial is far from being contemptible. The divinity school consists of the regius professorship, a lecture-ship founded by archbishop King, and five assistants. Every student must attend a course of lectures on the thirty-nine articles, and also archbishop King's lecturer, whose lectures will be connected with the last year of the undergraduate course.
London contains seven large hospitals, which, arranged according to their localities from east to west, are the London, Guy's, St. Bartholomew's, the Middlesex, St. Thomas's, the Westminster, and St George's. There are, besides, the hospital of the London university, now erecting, and the London fever hospital. There are also numerous dispensaries, affording opportunities for attendance on medical practice. The terms vary but little. The charge for attendance at the St. George's and St. James's dispensary, is for medical practice, Ł6. 6s for fifteen months, and for surgical, £2. 2s for one year. To five of the seven hospitals first named, medical schools are attached, in which lectures on the theory and practice of medicine, materia medica, surgery, anatomy, midwifery, chemistry, botany, and medical jurisprudence, are delivered. Many diseases have long been explained, it is stated, on the principles of phrenology, at St. Thomas's hospital, the London university, and at the London fever hospital.-In 1732, the revenue of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, was about £6,000; the number of its members 460, and the issue of its publications 16,000. In 1832, the revenue was £60,000, the members 15,000, and its publications 1,750,000.—The number of publicans in England and Wales, convicted for permitting disorderly conduct in their houses, or for keeping them open at improper hours, in the year ending April 1, 1833, was 1,795; the number of beer-house keepers, convicted of like offences, was 3,559.—In 1833, the number of his majesty's ships and vessels in commission, was five first rates, 2,910 men; two second rates, 844 men; four third rates, 2,358 men; five fourth rates, 2,255 men; ten fifth rates, 2,799 men; fourteen sixth rates, 2,409 men; thirty-five sloops, 3,685 men; thirty-three yachts, &c. 1,593 men; thirteen steam vessels, 464 men; and twenty-six packets, 754 Spain. A professorship of taurics or bull fighting, has been recently established at the university of Seville. The salary of the chief professor has been fixed at 12,000 reals a year, and that of the next in rank at 8,000. For the support of this academy, every town in the kingdom, where bull-fights are enacted, is to contribute an annual sum of 120 reals.
The total amount of wages for the men and officers, 22,500 in number, was £687,375. Pay of able seamen is £1. 14s per lunar month.—The number of men in the British army at the same period was 100,790.—The number of imperial gallons of British and Irish spirits, which paid the home consumption duty in 1832, was 20,778,558; being a decrease on the preceding year of 1,066,850 gallons. The number of Methodist preachers in England, in 1833, was 900; members, 279,170. In Ireland, preachers, 143; members, 45,786. The total number of preachers in the world, is 3,504; of members, 914,131.-There has recently been erected on the highest turret of the observatory at Greenwich, an apparatus by which naval captains, chronometer-makers, and all persons within sight of the apparatus, may know the instant when the sun passes the meridian at Greenwich.
Etaly. Rome contains 60 district schools, which are directed by laymen, and attended by about 2,000 pupils, who are admitted on a monthly payment, varying from two to four shillings. There are also seven parochial schools with 500, and seven other schools, conducted by the regular clergy, with 2,000 children, all of whom are taught gratuitously. The sum which the Papal treasury applied to the purposes of public education in 1531, including a grant to the museum and fine arts, was about £27,500. The Florence periodical, the Antologia, one of the best Italian journals, has been stopped by order of the Tuscan government.
Germany. The present number of students in the university of Tubingen, is 822. Many of them are said to have been implicated in the late disturbances at Frankfort. Parents have avowedly been discouraged from sending their sons to Heidelberg, a school in which politics takes the lead of learning and science. There is not a single state in Germany without its orphan asylum.
Bohemia There is no part of the Austrian dominions in which more has been done for the education of the people at large, than Bohemia. That of the lower and middling classes is provided for by 2,500 Roman Catholic, 36 protestant, and 21 Jewish schools; amongst these are 42 high schools, besides a parent high school at Prague. By an average taken for the three years, 1824, 1825, 1826, it appears that Bohemia contained 470,207 children of a teachable age, out of whom 426,115 actually attended school.
This empire is divided into seven university districts, each of which contains a greater or less number of provinces. A curator superintends every branch of education in these districts, aud the whole of these functionaries are under the control of the minister of public instruction. Each district has its own university ; every province in the district has one, and some times, more than one gymnasium attached to it, and as many communal schools as there are subdivisions in it. Besides these, there are many elementary parochial schools. The seven districts and their universities are as follows:
900 310 612 320 100 310 470
The number of professors in these seven universities amounts to 300. The gymnasia are 64 in number. The communal schools, when the number is complete, will amount to 511. The whole number of newspapers published in this gigantic empire does not exceed 63. They are in twelve languages.
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
United States. The Congress of the United States assembled at Washington on the second day of December last. The message of the president gives a rapid view of the foreign and domestic relations of the country. It is a document of no great pretensions in a literary view, and is inferior to some of its predecessors. It will be regarded, however, with great interest, both at home and abroad, as an exposition of the real condition of the country, and of the feelings which actuate the government in respect to foreign powers. The negotiations with France, Spain, Portugal and Denmark, for indemnification on account of spoliations on our commerce in the last war, are in successful progress, though in France some delay has been occasioned, from a neglect on the part of the French chambers to make the requisite appropriations.—The question with respect to the North Eastern Boundary is still pending. A proposal has been made to the British government, to establish, in conformity with the resolution of the Senate of the United States, the line designated by the treaty of