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as far as any reasonable argument is to be deduced from it, proves that justification does not take place on earth, either at the time of believing or acting upon that belief, (if it does not take place at either of those times, when can it take place on earth ?) on the contrary, we see God specially justified Abraham, at a distance of time after he had faith, and had acted upon that faith ; from whence it most clearly appears justification on earth was not general, either upon having faith or obedience, otherwise there would have been no occasion for God's special justification; and if it does not take place at either of those times, it must be difficult to shew by Scripture any other time, that it can take place on earth generally. The case of David, the man after God's own heart, who undoubtedly had faith, will be observed upon as a conclusive case under the head Texts of Scripture, to shew justification does not take place in this life, that by his own words he was not justified in this life.
the special statement was unnecessary.
A particular case stated to shew a general rule must be differently stated from one stated as a special case.
TEXTS OF SCRIPTURE QUOTED TO PROVE JUSTIFICATION
MUST TAKE PLACE AT THE DAY OF JUDGMENT.
Job xiii. 18. “BEHOLD now, I have ordered my cause, I know that I shall be justified.”
Psalm cxliii. 1. “Hear my prayer, O Lord, give ear to my supplications : in thy faithfulness answer me, and in thy righteousness.”
Ibid. cxliii. 2. “And enter not into judgment with thy servant; for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.”
Rom. ii. 13. “ For not the hearers of the law are just before God, but the doers of the law shall be justified.”
Ibid. ii. 20. “ Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight : for by the law is the knowledge of sin.”
Ibid. iii. 30. “Seeing it is one God which shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith.”
Gal. ii. 16. “Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.”
Gal. ii. 17. “But if while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves are also found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin ? God forbid.”
Ibid. iii. 11. “But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.”
Col. i. 21. “And you, that were some time alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled.”
Ibid. i. 22. “In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable, and unreproveable in his sight.”
Ibid. i. 23. “ If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the Gospel which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister."
Heb. üi. 6. “But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence, and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end."
Ibid. jii. 14. “ For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end.
Gal. v. 5. “For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.”
Heb. x. 36. “For ye have need of patience, that after ye have done the will of God ye might receive the promise."
Ibid. x. 38. “ Now the just shall live by faith: but if any man draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him.”
Ibid. xii. 23. “To the general assembly and church of the first born, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect.” Matt. xii. 36. “But I
every idle word that men shall speak they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.”
Ibid. xii. 37. “For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy word, thou shalt be condemned.
In the first text quoted we find, that the good and holy Job said, “I have ordered my cause," that is, he had done all that was necessary to obtain justification, and he asserts, “ I know that I shall be justified !” From his words it only appears, that he was not then justified, it cannot be collected from them when he expected to be justified, but it may be justly concluded he had done all that was required to effect his justifica
tion at a future time; which shews that justification does not take place at the time the justifying acts are done, and nothing further can with any certainty be inferred from his words.
In the 1st and 2nd verses of the cxliiid Psalm we find the man after God's own heart in deep supplication to the Great Dispenser of all mercies, praying that he would not enter into judgment with him; which must be understood, that he would not bring forward his sins against him to punishment, but graciously pardon them: by the second verse these three certain facts are proved; the first, no act man can do will justify him; the second, that all men must look to their heavenly Father for pardon of their sins; and the third, that the pardon of sins or justification must take place at the day of judgment. The words speak these three facts so plain, that any elucidation of their meaning seems almost superfluous; but a short explanation of them cannot be deemed improper; the first fact is drawn from the words, “in thy sight shall no man living be justified;" that is, by, or from his own act, and this is confirmed from the words of Christ himself, who says,
shall have done all those things which are commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants, we have done that which was our duty to do a.” The second fact
Luke xvii. 10,