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grcctf. Redectner under the, burden and, sufferings, for the sins cj others-, and to the case also of every convinced sinner.' p. 127.
Now, let any attentive reader peruse the psalm in question, and apply one verse of it, if he can to Jesus Christ. Did He need mercyt fiardon, cleansing ? Had he been stained. with " blood-guiltiness?" The doctrine of imputation, scripturally understood, can never account for language like this. It should ever be remembered that though the effects of guilt and innocence are, transferable, that is—though a sjnner may be treated as righteous and one that is innocent, may for wise purposes, be regarded as though he were guilty,—yetjguilt and innocence, in themselves, cannot be transferred. When Christ gave himself an offering for sinners, he was still 'the just-—dying for the unjust.'
On this ground we conscientiously object against such evangelisation df the Psalms, as Dr. Baker commends, and to which he seems inordinately attached. The volume before up, we conceive, will never approve itself to the taste of those readers, who consult propriety and reason, as well as a devotional fancy, in. their interpretation of scripture. We haye no d( ubt that .nany Passages in, this woik, will impart real satisfaction, to serious minds, and aid them in expressing the best feelings of their hearts. But those who wish to tinderstand the psalms, will be glad to exchange the verbose and par raphrastic explanations of Dr. Baker, for comprehensive vjews. and sound criticism.
Art. XI. Ode an the. present State of Europe. By T. G, Lace. 4tO, pp. 28. Price 2s. 6d. Liverpool printed. Cadell and Dayies, 18U. *
]T has been recently asserted in a popular journal, that there is no point in which our age differs*more from that which preceded it, than in the apparent apathy of our poets to the events that are pasting over them;—and this their indifference is grievously deplored as marking a decay of public spirit. It may admit of some dispute we think, whether the fact is not stated rather too roundly: but it is still more questionable whether even if true, there is any good reason to lament it. It is obvious to remark, how very few of the projects for uniting poetry and politics have succeeded—even in the hands of superior genius. In point of taste, therefore, the alledged infrequency of these awkward coalitions should, one would think, be a matter of congratulation rather than regret. And there is just as little occasion for impugning the patriotism of the age. If the poets are apathetic, there is at least no dearth of prose declamation: nor has there been any remarkable falling off in the circulation of newspapers. "While the expression of national sentiment is as loud and general as it ever was, it really looks a little affected to sigh after extemporaneous, flights of bad poetry.
In making this last remark, we mean no disparagement to Mr. Lace,—whose ode, on the contrary, we regard as considerably superior to the general run of similar performances. Several pf his topics, indeed, are a good * deal worn—and he has put an absurd speech into the nv uth of Bonaparte. But he discovers an agreeable facility, and has produced a poem, on the whole, rather pleasing than otherwise- As a favourable spacimen of hj^ manner,, we jive the following extract.
'•Oh mournful change! States, tjhat e'erwhij?
Bask'd in the noon of Fortune's smile,
O'er whiom, for ages, Freedom held
—-Immortal guard! her eacred shield,——
Low, low are hud. Oh, land of Tell,
Among thy cragi^s, the troublous yell
That blanches, every cheek with fearj
Invades from far the startle I ear.
Yes still may bloom thy lovely vales;
Thy groves still woo the vernal gales;
Still may thy pinrs exult to throw'
Their broad arms o'er the depths below;
Thy landscape's charms reflected rest
Most sweetly on the lake's smooth breast;
And stiil the traveller love to climb
Thy magic heights, arid range sublime
O'er trackless wastes and solitudes,
Where everlasting silence broods;;
But when, lost land, shall Freedom's reign
Cheer thy romantic haunts again?'
Art. XIf. Lectures on the Elements of Algebra: designed for the Us? of the Students of the East India College, and such other young Persons as may be desirous of making themselves thoroughly acquainted witlf the First Principles pf that Science. Second Edition. By the- Rev. B. Bridge, A. M. Fellow of St. Peter's College, Cambridge, and Professor, of Mathematics in the East India College. 8vo. pp. xii. 266. Price 7a. Cadeil and Davies. 1811.
"THESE Lectures are rather privileged. It is seldom that a book treating of any department of mathematical science, reaches a nev( edition in so short a period after its fiist publication. We congratulate Mr Bridge on the success of his. labours.: and think it due to hi$ candour as well as his ingenuity, to remark on the present occasion^ that he has adopted our hint of publishing this work in a mor? convenient shape, and at a very reasonable price; while he has, at th$ same time, rendered it more correct and more worthy of general encourage?* went. The present edition contains an additional lecture, on urili-, mited and Diophantine problems, and the most useful, properties of> numbers—the investigation of tiie binomiai theorem—Lacroix's approximation to the Logarithm of any small numbcr-r-and exponential equations. We hope tiiis ing nious author wiii not be long before he completes his Lectures on Algebra, by publishing the volume,, which is to contain "the general theory ol equations, the summatjp.H "and management of series, and the application of AJgecra te "Geometry."
Art. XIII. The Philanthrofiht, to be continued every three months. No8. I. II. III. Price 2s. 6d. each. Longman and Co. Darton and Co W. Phillips. 1810, 1811.
TT is a deviation from our ordinary plan to notice a periodical vork; but we think it justified, in this instance, by the objects and general tendency of the publication. The design of it is stated to be, • to encourage benevolent feelings, and shew how they may be most beneficially exerted, particularly by pointing out to those who occupy the middle and superior ranks in society, the results of such endeavours as have prov ed successful in alleviating the miseries of man, and improving his moral character.' It includes details of various charitable institutions both at home and abroad, espec:a!ly those for the education of the poor; and devotes a particular attention to the subject of the slave-trade, the civilization of Africa, and the North American Indians, the economy of prisons, and the punishment of death. The work is said to be conducted by a scientific and most respectable individual of the Society of Friends. In expressing our general good opinion of it, we wish to hint the propriety of abstaining from the introduction of peculiar and sectarian notions, either by way of dogmatical assertion or covert insinuation, as likely to impede rather than promote its avowed and leading purposes.
Art. XIV. Somerset, a Poem. By F. Webbe. 4to. pp. 42. Bentley. 1811.
IN attempting to give his description of the county of Somerset 'a poetical cast,' we do not think Mr. Webbe has been remarkably "successful. He seems, in the first place, to have too much confidence in proper names, Thus in the compass of the first forty lines we are brought acquainted with Italia, Parthenope, Valclusa, Petrarch, Philomela, Maro, Hermes, Somerset, Valdarno, Pomona, Paradise, Eromeo, Ceres Vertumnus, Albion, Colchis, Phryxus, Boeotia, Phasis, Jason, Greece, Iolchos, Britain, Iberia, and Somerset again,—to say nothing of that classtof words, which the grammarians call gentilltia ; as Mantuan, Arcadian, Dorian, Ammonian, Thessnhan, Icenian, &c. Now, though we readily grant, that these and similar vocables are of excellent service to the poet in making up thepioper complement of syllables, yet We cannot say much in prise of what they effect when pl.iyed off against his readers. They may be compared, we think, to certain military companies, notorious for their fierce appearance on parade: or if that comparison should be thought too favourable to l'alsuff'8 regiment of ragamuffins, which might in vain attempt to cut through the enemy, and storm the fortress, but would do well enough to receive the first fire, and fill up the ditch.
Another point in which Mr. W. seems to be mistaken is, that in order to be ' poetical,' it is necessary to be obscure. There may be some doubt whether Pride would know what to make of the order atp 5.
•Vail, pride, to beasts; thy pageantry's their gift.' The poem, again, aboun s in inversions. « Rays of no virtue his dark night of mind ever illura'd.'—This sentence, lDdeed, may be forgtv.en because it is predicated of Bonaparte: but the same apology cannot be offered for such phrases as,.
* The flocks man c'othe, &c.
Atp 39. occur the following curious lines,'
« He the great centre is ; and from him flow
It may sound sinful <r, after this free exposure *f Mr. W.'s poetical deli quencies, to say, that in several parts of his poem we have been reminded of the flowing and harmonious cadences of Akenside. Such, however, is the case, and we will add that there are a few short passages interspersed which appeared to us, on a cu1sory perusal, to rise considerably abov? the dead level of vulgar poetry. Such, perhaps, is the following reflection on the 'sacrilegious' violation of a monument, erected by the late Ear of Chatham to the memory of Sir W. Pynsent 1 he last line, however, is obscure and feebie.
• Relentless Time leans on his fatal scythe,
Mr. Webbe ought to have made a good deal more of the worthies of Somerset He "has, however, discovered a laudable anxiety for his reader's information, in referring them for an account of two gentlemen of this county—Bacon and Locke—to the Biographia Britannica.
Art. XV. An Essay to explain the Cause of the Princifial Phanomtna of Nature. By J ilamstead, E?q. Captain in the Royal Navy. 8vo. pp. xtv. 44. Price 28. 6d, itetfiand Co. 18H.
/"APT A IN Hamstead writes like a very amiable and rather ingenious man; but in the pamphvt before U3 he has <a ly misemployed his ingenuity. He informs us he has 'boldly ventared on a world un\ known-.' and so indeed it would seem; for he has made some most singular discoveries, —such as—that cold has an effect on the atmosphere si ,.ilar Io that of gravity or pressure—that the density of a body is the quantity of matter it contains—that terrestrial gravity arises from an elastic effort of the se hereal medium to sustain the earth;— that God cannot exist: in a physical vacuum—that the planets move in a universal plenum—that the power of Dfity is this universal plenum of wiiich the Deity is the centre or fulcrum point. We exhort Captain Hamstead not to persist in such speculations. The tendency of the philosophical i-art of them is to absurdity—of the religious to Spifloshm • and our author is capable of undertaking something that would l.-ad nim to wiutiy different results. We advise him to p'eaent the wo Id with something more immediately in the line of hit prole sion; persuaded that he would then furnish us with some opportunity for commendation.
Art. XVI. Commerce as it was, is, and ought to be. Svo. pp. 59. Price 2s. Richardson. 181-1.
A SUBJECT is never worse off, that when a man of dull intellects and inordinate vanity, takes upon him to discuss it metaphysically. The lucubrations of this writer may be judged of from the following specimen.
• Currency, value, labour, use, and exchange, are different parts of the will of man. The will of man is inconvertible, commodities are convertible. Commodities may exist without the will of man, but the will of man is necessary to currency. Currency being identified ih the will of man, commodities representing currency should be identified in commodities.' &c.
The pamphlet is very modestly dedicated to the Prime Minister of Great Britain!
Art. XVII. Poetical Essay on the existing State of Things. By a Gentleman of the University of Oxford, for assisting to maintain in Prison Mr. Peter Finnerty, imprisoned for a libel. 4to. pp. 20. Price Is. 6d. Crosby and Co. 1811.
IF this Gentleman has not yet taken his degrees, we think he stands a fair chance of being * plucked.' Out of respect to the benevolence of his intentions, we shall say nothing of the title page: but we do think he would have done wisely to conceal his residence, befcre he permitted himself to eulogize Sir Francis in such a rhapsody as the following.—
« Thou taintless emanation from the'sky!
Thou purest spark of fires that never die !...
No sculptured marble shall be raised to thee,
The hearts of England will thy memoirs be!'
Art. XVIII. The Harmony of Religion and Civil Polity. A Sermon* preached in the Parish Church of St. Dunstan's in the West, London, March 20, 1811, being the Day appointed for a general Fast. By Richard Lloyd, A. M. Vicar. Third Edition, 8vo. pp. 94. Price 2s. Platchard, Seeley, Highley. 1811.
TyiR. Lloyd takes, for his text, two out of four exhortations con1 x tained in 1 Pet. ii. 17; "Fear God. Honour the King." He dwells ' the longer on the first clause,' « because the last is founded upon it.' For our part, we cannot perceive that the last precept derives any peculiar authority from its position; for, if so, we must also conclude that the command to 'fear God,' is founded on the preceding clause, 'love the brotherhood.' After discussing the first topic, or the fear of God, with considerable success, the worthy preacher goes on to enfbrce the duty of loyalty. In considering the origin of government, he discards, with Paley, the idea of an original compact;and then gives a brief view and a zealous eulogium of the English constitution. He afterwards inculcates, at some length, the duties of obedience, reverence, submission, &c. &c. to the constituted authorities. The good sense, the Christian principles, and manly eloquence of this sermon have given us pleasure. But we cannot profess ourselves friendly to political harangues from the pulpit,