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their most earnest and anxious desire is the continuance of that dominion over America which has rendered that extensive continent a colony of Cadiz rather than of Spain. Without the means of benefiting by this dominion, without power to enforce submission, and without disposition to conciliate, they still entertain the expectation, that twelve millions of nien beyond the Atlantic will yield that obedience to Spain, now Spain is included within this confined nook, which they unwillingly paid when she was in the plenitude of her power.' p. 389.
It was scarcely to have been expected, that those gallant saviours of this city, who, under the conduct of Albuquerque, have preserved it from destruction, should have been the first to feel the effects of the jealousy of the two ruling bodies. They arrived here almost destitute of clothing, and though repeated applications have been made to the Junta to supply them with what their pressing necessities demand, they are still in nearly the same want as when they first arrived ; whilst the Junta have seven hundred pieces of cloth adapted for their use, but which are withheld till it is settled whether the Regency or the Junta are to have the controul over the finances; and if they should fall-to the disposal of the Regency, the Junta expect to gain a profit by selling the cloth to that body. After this single fact, which may be depended on, no reliance can be placed, no hope can be entertained, that such a heretogeneous mixture of authority as now exists within this city, will be able to adopt any great or enlarged system of policy, either with regard to what remains unsubdued of Spain, or what is also of importance, to the different provinces of America.' pp. 390, 1.
Our author's last letter is dated on board the Persian sloop of war, Motherbank, March, 1810, and contains, with a slight annonce of the welcomed arrival of the British and Portuguese troops at Cadiz, a few particulars of the voyage home. Subjoined is a postscript, in which, after expressing his sanguine hopes of the ultimate success of the patriotic cause, he exposes at some length the gross miscondnct of the Spanish government, or rather the Cadiz faction, with regard to the American colonies ;-and an Appendix, containing some official papers; the Itinerary of Antoninus in the South of Spain, and a report of the Spanish populations, (including the islands in the Mediterranean,) in 1803, abstracted from « Censo de Frutos y Manufacturas de Espana." The volume is embellished with thirteen engravings, the greater part of which represent public edifices. We are not favoured with the names of either draughtsman or engraver ;-- nor is it specified whether any of the plates are enlarged from little insignificant Spanish pic.. tures. · Having followed our author so closely in his escursion, our concluding remarks must be brief. It would be idle to pretend that this work is not chargeable with several faults. There are two very obvious ones, ---an overminute. ness in setting dowi petty incidents, and an unlucky propensity to discuss subjects generaliter The author, in some places, really writes as if he were exploring, for
the first time, some unbeard of, and scarcely accessible region, instead of describing a country, with the customs and manners of which most educated Englishmen are familiar. Of the other habit it is unnecessary to say any thing here, as we have more than once had occasion to mourn over it in our preceding strictures. We may, perhaps, be allowed to complain of another thing, the very unconnected manner, we mean, in which Mr. Jacob's paragraphs succeed each other, one inevitable consequence of which is, that his readers are perpe. tually at fault for his track, and sometimes find it a matter of no sinall difficulty to keep their attention from growing weary in the chace. Our author, moreover, has by no means succeeded so well as we could wish, in dovetailing his English interpolations ;-nor can we refrain from just hinting a doubt, whether he has not been seduced to publish his correspondence too ambitiously. At the same time we are very far from intending to undervalue his performance. It contains, as our readers must have already perceived from the foregoing extracts, many instructive and several amusing pasages; and, on the whole, takes a very respectable rank among the class of publications to which it belongs.
Art. IX. The Jews provoked to Jealousy, a Sermon, preached on Wed.
nesday, June 5th, 1811, at the Church of the united Parishes of St. Antholin and John the Baptist, Watling-street. By the Rer. Charles Simeon, M.A. Fellow of King's College, Cambridge, 8vo. pp. 35.
Price 18. 6d. Black and Co. 1811. Art. X. Apostolic Benevolence towards the Jews, recommended for Imi
tation, a Sermon, on Wednesday, June 5th, 1811, at the Jews Chapel Church-street, Spitalfields. By Edward Williams, D. D. 8vo. pp. 29. Price 18. 68. Black and Co. 1811. THERE is no plan, for the relief of human misery, or the melioration
of human character, devised by the wisdom or benevolence of good men, which has not appeared liable to considerable obstructions,and to which the indolent or the interested have not been able to give an air of imprac. tibility. It would, indeed, be foolish and absurd not to reckon upon very serious difficulties, where the struggle is to be with the ignorance or corruption of man, with his secular interest, or exorbitant passions. But if the object is the conversion of the soul, and its'final happiness, we should be stimulated to strenuous exertion by a little probability of success; a probability which we are to estimate by what zeal and diligence have effected in former times, and the measure of the divine influence we have reason to ex. pect will attend our prayers and exertions, rather than by the difficulties, which the heartless and corrupt may oppose to our schemes. Certainly, where the objects of our benevolence are in the most necessitous and dangerous condition, there it should put forth the best sustained and most vigorous efforts.
To those who attempt to mend the hearts of men without regard to the divine interference, perhaps the Jews would appear the last persons on
whom it would be worth while to bestow their labour. But all things being possible with God, and it being so obvious, in Scripture, that there is mercy in reserve for that unhappy people, the Society for the Diffusion of Christianity among them, must appear to true Christians a reasonable and a charitable institution, and they must read with profit the able discourses before us in favour of it."
The first, Mr. Simeon founds on the prediction of Moses, Deut. xxxii. 21. In explaining this prediction, which is the first part of the sermon, Mr. Simeon represents the provocation which the Jews gave to God,
8 consisting in their frequent relapses into idolatry; but especially in their rejection of the Messiah, and the provocation that they received from God in the Babylonish captivity, and more particularly in the substitution of the Gentiles to be his church in their stead. From the fulfilment of this prediction, he says, we may learn to adore God's mysterious providence,
to be afraid of provoking him,-and to concur with him in his kind intentions toward the Jews.
In the second, by Dr. Williams, the hearty, enlightened, active, disin. terested, and persevering benevolence, which Paul discovered for the final salvation of his countrymen; notwithstanding the obstacles it met with -in the prejudices of their education-their zeal and jealousy for their own religion - ignorance of the evangelical way of salvation, and aversion to it-religious pride and self-sufficiency-errors respecting the Messiah-supposed incompatibility between the religion of Moses and that of Christ-minds inured to unauthorized modes of seeking the favour of God, and enslaved by the fear of man; is proposed for our imitation. In following this example toward the Jews of the present day, it is incumbent upon us to be tolerant-sympathetic attentive, especially to their spiritual welfare-devout-and zealous..
Both these sermons are appropriate, earnest, and evangelical. Mr. Simeon's is the more argumentacive and eloquent-Dr. Williams's the more practical and benignant. We should add an extract from each of them, but we believe few of our readers will defraud themselves of the pleasure and advantage that the perusal of the whole will afford. Art XI. Literary Recreations ; or moral, historical, and religious essays;
by Henry Card, A. M. Longman and Co. 1811. THE dedication to this flimsy book is dated from Margate ; and the sub
sequent contents are just of that weak and vapid quality that a literary lounger at a watering place might be expected 10 compose when overtaken by the yawning fit. The author is, however, of a very different opinion. He takes it for granted that his judicious and much esteemed friends' have not been able to find more weighty causes for objection' than the original adoption of an inappropriate title. In order, too, the more effectually to accommodate the student who may be anxious to avail himself of the rich stores contained in this standard classic, this invaluable work of reference, Mr. Card has been at the trouble of compiling a satisfactory index.
We regret our inability to coincide with this gentleman in his high estimate of his book. On the contrary, we really think him much mistaken, if he imagine that there is either difficulty or merit in throwing too gether a quantity of common place quotations and remarks ;-and in this volume there is little more. We question, indeed, if there be a single citation that has not been frequently made, or a single observation that has the slightest claim to novelty, unless, perhaps, it be the grave proposal, that
none should receive pensions for their diplomatic services, but those whose merits in that department were publicly acknowledged by our enemies.' Truly it would be a new as well as amusing sight, to see a British envoy a candidate for hostile approbation, and at his audience of leave, soliciting from the ministers of a foreign court, a certificate of good behaviour ! Although Mr. Card, however, has no chance of escaping the trunk-maker or the pastry cook by the depth and originality of his researches, he seems at least, determined to make himself conspicuous by his bigotted and persecuting spirit. He is an humble follower of the Barrister in his enmity to “ Evangelical dissenters,” and he also imitates him, either from criminal ignorance or malignant design, in: attributing to the whole the doctrines and discipline, the sentiments and practices, only of a part. Art. XII. Sketches of Irish History, &c. 8vo. pp. 110. Price 3s. 6d.
Murray. 1811. THIS pamphlet is divided into several compartments. In the first, we
are presented with a rapid sketch of that part of the history of those measures which relate to trade. In the second, the author comments with great force on the sentiments of Mr. Newenham ; asserting That the evils which exist in this country have been occasioned by the misgovernment and pernicious policy pursued in relation to Ireland, for one hundred years ; and which the Union and the system resulting from that Union are daily mitigating and will ultimately remove.', A good deal of the same ground is gone over in the criticisins which follow,on Mr. Cobbett; and the pamphlet concludes with an eloquent defence of Catholic Eman. cipation. Altogether, this publication is written with tolerable fairness, and considerable ability. The style is spirited and eloquent, somewhat contaminated, it ma; be, by the affectation of fine writing, but clear, strong and rapid.
Art. XIII. Poems. By Elijah Barwell Impey, Esq. 8vo. pp. 300, Long
man and Co. 1811. THE principal merit to which this collection of poems can aspire is that -, of metrical polish and refinement. The articles of greatest length are « A Dramatic Poem," chiefly taken from Metastasio; and a very foolish “ Burletta." The remaining poems are, for the most part, vers de societé --the production, evidently, of an accomplished mind, and well adapted to gratify the circle of the author's friends, but which, from their nature, are but little calculated to interest the general reader. In the « Elegiac Poem,” however, there is much feeling and beautiful versification. We extract the following lines.
• Hard by with pendent shrubs and rocky steep,
A little island rises o'er the deep;
These from the deck with active leap to gain:
Art. XI. The Nature and Perpetuity of the Influences of the Holy Spirit, · a Sermon, delivered at a monthly Association of Congregational Mi
nisters and Churchies. By William Bengo. Collyer, D.D. 8vo. pp. iv. 64. Price 2s. Black, Parry, &c. 1811, THIS sermon, founded on John xiv. 16, 17. is judicious and scriptural. * Abating the Introduction, which is excessively elaborate, and has little to do with the subject, the discourse is intitled to much commen. dation. The first part embraces a series of reasonings on the personality of the Spirit, which Dr. C. attempts to prove from the language of Scripture, the names and operations ascribed to the Spirit, and the religious homage addressed to him. In the second general division of the discourse, he illustrates the nature of the influences of the Holy Spirit, and refers to his extraordinary and ordinary operations; under the latter of which he specifies the formation of character, its preservation and perfection, the graces produced by them, their progress, and their permanence. In addition to this enumeration, he adverts to the character of the Spirit given by our Lord in the text as the Spirit of truth, who instructs, guides, in*uences, and comforts his people. In the last place, the Doctor considers the perpetuity of divine influence, which he asserts to be a necessary de. duction from his previous principles, and confirmed by the explicit promise of the text. The discourse concludes with a striking remark on the resemblance between the sin against the Holy Ghost, and the crime of some modern professors who turn the doctrine of divine influence into ridicule. We think, upon the whole, the Doctor's learned note might as well have been omitted,
Art. XV. An Enquiry into the supposed increase of the influence of the · Crown, the present state of that influence, and the expediency of
a Parliamentary. Reform, By John Ranby, Esq. 8vo. pp. 72. Price
2s.6d. Baldwin, 1811. , ivo IN opposition to an assertion argued in the Speech of Lord Grey on I the state of the nation, and in the Edinburgh Review, for April 1810, Mr. Ranby undertakes to prove that the influence of the crown has not increased. We are disposed to believe, however, that his well intentioned efforts will have no other tendency than to render the obnoxious doctrine still less controvertible; and indeed can scarcely imagine, how any sensible man should have undertaken to occupy such weak and untenable ground, without in some measure perceiving the. instability of his standing. From many passages in the Review and