RULE 2.-When the given quantity consists of, or 4, divide the price by 2, or 4; when, divide by 2, and that quotient by 2, which add to the previous product. 25 ells of holland, at 3s. 41d. per ell. 74 cwt. of Malaga raisins, at 21s. 6d....... 7. 15. 10 6 barrels of herrings, at 75s. 7d. ......... 24.11. 3 3 ..755. 15. 3 35 cwt. double-refined sugar, at 95s. 6d. 169. 10. 154 cwt. of tobacco, at 97s. 10d. .118.12. 7 5 117 gallons of arrack, at 12s. 6d.......... 73. 5. 85 cwt. of cheese, at 27s. 8d........................... 29 lb. of fine hyson tea, at 22s. 9d....... 33. 5. 51 17 yards of superfine scarlet, at 23s. 6d... 20. 17. 37 yards of brocaded silk, at 12s. 4d. 56 cwt. of sugar, at 58s. 7d. 96 cwt. of currants, at 55s. 6d. .... 11 23. 2. 6 ..166. 4. 74 ...267. 15. 9 45 lb. of Belladine silk, at 18s. 6d......... 42. 6. 4 What sum of money must be divided amongst 18 men, so that each man may receive £14. 6s. 8d.? Ans. £258. Os. 9d. A privateer of 250 men took a prize, which amounted to £125. 15s. 6d. for each man: what was the value of the prize? Ans. £31,443. 15s. What is the difference between six dozen dozen and half a dozen dozen: and what is their sum and product? Ans. 792 diff. 936 sum, 62208 product. What difference is there between twice eight and fifty, and twice fifty-eight, and what is their product? Ans. 50 diff. 7656 product. There are two numbers, the greater of them is 37 times 45, and their difference 19 times 4. Required their sum and product? Ans. 3254 sum, 2645685 product. If a person has 10s. 73d. per day, how much is that per annum? Ans. £194. 5s. 8 d. The sum of two numbers is 360, the less of them 144; what is their product, and the square of their difference? Ans. 31104 product, 5184 square of diff. In an army consisting of 187 squadrons of horse, each 157 men, 207 battalions, each 560 men, how many effective soldiers, supposing that in seven hospitals there are 473 sick? Ans. 144806. What sum did that gentleman receive in dowry with his wife, whose fortune was her wedding suit: her petticoat having two rows of furbelows, each furbelow 87 quills, and in each quill 21 guineas? Ans. £3836. 14s. A merchant had £19118 to begin trade with: for 5 years together he cleared £1086 a year; the next 4 years he made good £2715. 10s. 6d. a year; but the last 3 years he was in trade, had the misfortune to lose, one year with another, £475. 4s. 6d. a year: what was he worth at 12 years' end? Ans. £33984. 8s. 6d. Having purchased the following foreign coins, viz. 75 pistoles at 17s. 6d. each, 48 dollars at 4s. 6d. each, and 127 ducats at 3s. 4d. each, for which I presented a draft for 300 guineas, what change am I to receive? Ans. £217. 8s. 2d. Went to market with £5, and bought 8 lb. of mutton at 9 d. per lb., 37 lb. of beef at 74d. per lb., a quarter of lamb for 13s. 9d., veal 13 lb. at 1s. 44d. per lb., spent in vegetables 2s. 9§d., and in fruit 4s. 7d.; what change Sought I to have remaining? Ans. £1. 11s. 6d. D IVISION teaches to divide any sum of several denominations by a given quantity, or into a stipulated number of equal parts, in manner following: Divide the number of the highest denomination stated by the divisor, and set down the quotient; if there be any remainder, reduce it to the next lower denomination, add to it the number pertaining, and divide as before. Set down also this quotient, reduce its remainder in like manner, and so proceed through all the denominations stated. |