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THE Patentees have great pleasnre in introducing the ECONOMIC GAS BURNER to the notice of the gas consuming public, and feel confident it will be found to po^css advantages that cannot be claimed for any other gas burner in present use. This invention may also be called an Anti-pressure Gas Burner, being found to resist a pressure varying from 1$ in. to 2£ in., and giving a light more than double that of the common tulip burner with the same consumption of gas.

In answer to any inquiry which might be made as to how this greatly superior light can be produced from the aame quantity of gus, it might be said—by niore completely consuming the carbon in the gas.

It is well known that pure hydrogen gas possesses in itself but a very feeble illuminating property. It is to the

presence of carbon, and its proper union with the oxygen of the atmosphere during the process of combustion, that the

illuminating property is due. The Patentees flatter themselves that they have succeeded with their Burner in making

the gas escape in a more favourable state for tho reception of its proper quantity of oxygen, and thus more completely

converting the carbon into carbonic acid, by which a better light is obtained, and the black deposition of carbon or soot

is avoided. The purity of the light thus produced, it may confidently be asserted, will prove a blessing to all in point

of health. It may be said further, in recommending this burner to the public, that it is simple and neat in its

construction, easy to clean, not liable to corrode, and being made of brass is likely to last for many years.

Nos. 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, Batwing, and Nos. 1 and 2 Tulip, -is. 6<1. per dozen.

Nos. 3 and 4 Tulip, 5s. Gd. per dozen.

One sent through the post on the receipt of Seven Postage Stamps.

TESTIMONIALS.

Messrs. Oldflcld and Dixon, Sultaire, Juno 14th, 18;>9.

Gentlemen—We have now a considerable number of your Patent Gas Burners in use, and believe there is a great saving over the old burners, but to what extent we cannot saw—We are, gentlemen, yours truly

TITUS SALT, SONS, & Co.

Messrs. Oldfield and Dixon, Low Mill, Keighley, June 16th, 1*59.

Gentlemen—We have great pleasure in being able to speak very favourably of your Patent Gas Burners, and think the following statement will sufficiently prove an economy in the consumption of gas. About the 20th December last, wc placed your No. 2 burners in the shed, and No. 1 burners in the upper rooms of the mill, where tho gas had attained a little extra pressure. Previous to the above date we were making jras from five retorts, but since wc have been able to dispense with the use of two. We would add that though this gives evidence of a great saving, an equal recommendation rests in the fact of the light produced being of a superior brilliancy and softness.—Yours very respectfully, J. & J. CRAVEN & Co.

Messrs. Oldfield and Dixon, Primrose Mill, Embsny, near Skipton, June 20th, 1859.

Gentlemen—We are glad to report favourably of your Patent Gas Burner, but regret we cannot give you a fair statement of the saving per cent., as we had them put on irregularly some weeks after we had begun to light up. We have usually consumed forty tons of coal for gas; this season we have from six to seven tons on hand, and have made the gas required with one retort—previously wc were compelled to use two. We consider the brilliancy of the light and the purity of the atmosphere, through the gas being properly consumed, an attainment quite equal to the economy in fuel.—We are, gentlemen, yours respectfully, KOBINSON & WILKINSON.

Messrs. Oldfield and Dixon, Carletou, near Skipton, July 8th, 1859.

Gentlemen—We applied your Patent Gas Burner to all our lights in the beginning of last winter; it prave us great Kfitisfuction, and we calculate tile saving of gas about 20 per cent., besides a much superior light to the old burner.— Yours respectfully, WM. & JNO. SLINGSBY.

Messrs. Oldflcld and Dixon, Fullnge Mill, Burnley, July 12th, 1859.

Gentlemen—You have succeeded in inventing an ingeniously contrived Gas Burner, to "the illuminating and economising efficiency of which wc have pleasure in adding our testimony.—Yours very trulv,

JOHN HUKTLKY & SON.

D. HULETT & CO.,

55 and 56 HIGH HOLBORN, LONDON, Patentees and Manufacturers of the only good Mercurial Gas Regulator,

In-vitjs the attention of Gas Companies and the Trade generally to their Improved GAS-METERS, which they -warrant equal to any in Quality, Workmanship, and Simplicity of Construction, and the only Meters from which Gas cannot ho obtained without being duly registered.

Manufacturers of

GAS qpANDELIEB3, OLA89 LUSTEEs, HALL LANTEBNS, VE8TIBCLES, BBACKETS, PENDANTS;

Double Cone, Albert, Shadowless, and every description of Burner, Union Jets, Batswings, &o.;

IMPROVED FULL-WAY CARTER'S VALVES (much approved of);

GAS-STOVES, and every article connected with Gas-Apparatus.

CAST AND WHOTJGHT-IRON PIPE, BLACK AND GALVANISED. COPPER, TIN, BRASS,

AND COMPOSITION TUBING.

D. HTJLETT'S IMPROVED SERVICE CLEANSER,

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ARTESIAN WELLS, BORING TOOLS, PUMPS, Ac. Engineers, Architects, Surveyors, Builders or others requiring a good supply of Water may have anv quantityprocured by W. Speller, 14 York-street Blackfnars'-road, London, where may be hod any quantity of Tools for Sinking or Boring, from 2 to 20 inches diameter, and from 100 to 2,000 feet depth; also Men an d Tools to bore for Railroads, Minerals, &c, in any part o f the world. Boring Tools and suitable Pipes for cxportatation, with full instructions for their use.

Builders, Contractors, Brickmakers, Barge and Ship Builders, and others, can be supplied with Wrought or Cast Iron Pumps, Double or Single, for excavation of Deep Wells, from 3 to 14 inches in the bore, and from 6 to 130 feet in length, to work by hand or Steam Power.

Het- Water Apparatus for Conservatories, &c, on the most economical and improved principles.

Also Manufactory for Captain John Grant's much improved Cooking Apparatus. (44)

G~LADSTONE & Co., CONTRACTOR
and ENGINEERS.
2 John-Street, Minories, London, B.C.,
Are prepared to ESTIMATE FOR and CONSTRUCT
BRIDGES, PIERS, JETTIES, &c, in Iron, Wood, or
Stone. Also to supply Cranes, Girders, Turntables, and
"Plal

Railway Work and Plant generally.

(199)

YORKSHIRE TYRE & AXLE WORKS,
ROTHERUAM.
LOCOMOTIVE TYRE-BAttS of every description for
Engines, Carriages, and Railway Waggon Wheels.

STEEL-IRON for Springs. MERCHANT ond other Irons manufactured. WM. F. IIOYLE, Proprietor. (278

TO SHIPBUILDERS.

TRON SHIPS may be rendered FIRE-
X PROOF if internally fitted with Fibrous Slab in lieu of
Deal.

Extract from a letter of tho Captain of the Royal Bride

Steamer, trading between Bristol and Melbourne :—"25th

May, 1859.—From my experience of the last nine months

in all climates, 1 have no hesitation in saying there is no

kiud of lining I know of equal to your Fibrous Slab for

Iron Ships.—Yours, &c. (Signed), Alex. Newland."

PATENT WOOD OR FIBROUS SLAB COMPANY,

(Limited)

15 Wellington-street North, Strand, London, W.C.

]____ («0|

IMMIGRATION TO NEW YORK. CANADA, li AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND, EAST INDIES, CAPE OF GOOD HOPE, Sec. All Classes of Passengers booked throughout in the Finest Steam and Sailing Packets. Full Particulars in our circulars for 1859, maybe had gratU on application to F. S. Gbav and Co., 54 King William Street, City, and 6 Tower Hill, London; and at 35 Bath Street, Liverpool. (187)

FUEL AND STEAM ECONOMY — Apply to Mr. Lee Stevens, C.E., 1 Fish-Btreethill, E.C. 243>

rpHE ADVERTISER is desirous of an

A Engagement as CLERK in a Patent and Designs
Office. Having devoted some years to such a Business,
and from an extensive acquaintance with Inventors and
Inventions, he is qualified .to prepare all papers, titles, and
ordinarv Specifications pertaining to Provisional and Com-
plete Protection, and to discharge the duties of a Patent
Agent in the absence of the Principal.
Address—" Tnuno," Post-office, Birmingham. (327)

/^ONDYS PATENT FLUID, or NATURAL

V^ DISINFECTANT,'

Not only Dcodcriz.cs but Disinfects t'rfcctly, and Destroys For EVER the cause of infection.

Is not poisonous, as it may be used to purify water. Evolves no noxious or unpleasant gas. Cannot be mis.aken for any other fluid, thereby preventing death and disease; and is therefore the best, safest, cheapest, and most pleasant disinfectant ever introduced.

This fluid has been examined and reported upon by the Board of Health, all the most eminent Men and Chemist! of the day, in all coses in the most satisfactory manne possible. u _ .. ,

The Public are recommended to use this Fluid, properl, diluted with water, frequently and habitually in larders, sculleries, dairies, musty cakes, sick rooms, close places, &c, as it has numerous advantages, and can be used with, certain immediate success and perfect safety.

for clearing out Mains, Services, and Interior Fittings—60s. net.

80TLE'8 PATENT SILVEEBD GLASS COMBINATION BKFLECTOBS AND OUTSIDE LANTERNS.

Solo Manufacturers of CHURCH & MANN'S PHOTOMETER.
Large Pattern Books, with every description of Gas-Fittings, Chandeliers, &c, with complete Book of Pricee, 12s.

Sold in Quart Bottles, 4s.; Tints, 2s.; Half-pints, Is.; and in bulk, 10s. per Gallon.

Free to Railway on receipt of Order or Stamps. (2»

RUSTON, PROCTOR, AND CO.,

LINCOLN; AND RENNET WHARF, 67 UPPER THAMES STREET, LONDON; AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERS AND MILLWRIGHTS.

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purchased for Steam Ploughing ran also be used for any other operation the Farmer may wish. They are all made to move themselves by Steam from field to field, or place to ;>'«ce, requiring but one or two horses in the shafts to steer them. The Ploughs are so constructed as to lie adjusted to any width of Furrow, and they can also be used as a Suhsoiler, Trenching Plough,

and Scarifier.

For further particulars, Illustrated Catalogues, and Prices, apply to

JOHN FOWLER, JUN., 28 CORNHILL. LONDON, E.G.

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C. S. and Co.'s PORTABLE STF.AM ENGINES are adapted for every .•mrpose to which steam-power can bo . pplicd. When intended for winding, •hry arc fitted with reversible link * ction and winding gear. They arc cagyif' emoT.il, as maybe seen by tie engraving, and can be set to work immediately on arrival.

C. S. ami Co. are now doing an extensive foreign and colonial business, nnd arc prepared to send off engines and machinery of the before-mentioned Kinds in a few days from the date of order. They would also call attention to tlic important reiluctinn I'm prices made for the new year.

For Exportation.—The above can be obtained through British Merchants, Shippers, and Colonial Agents. (23)

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RICHARD GARRETT AND SONS,

LEISTON WORKS. SAXMUNDHAM, SUFFOLK,

Bpi? respectfully to call attention to their

NEWLY-INVENTED "FIXED" AND "PORTABLE" COMBINED FINISHING
THRASHING, AND DRESSING MACHINES.

rpHESE MACHINES have been but recently introduced, and arc adapted for preparing all

L kind* nf Grain quite tit for market, in a thoroughly efficient manner. The points ill which these new Machines more particularly excel may be [stated as follows:

1st. Their compactness; being fully one-third less in size and bulk than the ordinary Machines hitherto in use for the same purpose.

2nd. The (Treat reduction in the number of wearing part*. In these Improved Machines more than one-half the spindles, pulley*, bearings, and driving belts required for the ordinary Machines arc dispensed with.

3rd. The novel arrangement by which the Dressing Apparatus is" instantlv varied, while the Machine is at work to suit all kinds and conditions of (Train.

4th. The very important saving in the cost of keeping the Machines in working order, consequent o-i the great reduction in the number of wearing parts.

N-B.—Catalogues in English, French, or German can be obtained i Uke, on application being made to n. G. & SONS, at

LEISTON WORKS, SAXMUNDHAM, SUFFOLK, «H)

13ICHARD BAIRD, GENERAL COM

-LV MISSION AGENT, and CONTRACTOR for «lldc,. cnpuom of RAILWAY PLANT and STORES 13 DOCK-STREET. DUNDEE. (<*

CHADBURN BROTHERS' PATENT METALLIC STEAM GAUGES.

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(Registered for transmission abroad.)

[EDITED BY R. A. BROOMAN AND E. J. REED.]

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LONDON: FKIDAY EVENING, SEPTEMBEE 16, 1859.

PRINCIPAL CONTENTS. Lkadkb.: PAOB

The Great Eastern 177

The Accident on Board the Great Eastern 179

Ho* to Make a Kiflc Barrel 180

Institution of Mechanical Engineers 181

The British Association ■ 183

On the Earth's Internal Temperature, and the Thickness of its Solid Crust 18J

The New Calcutta Mint 184

Laubereau's Patent Air Engines 185

Court's Patent Gas-burners 185

The Cort Case 18G

The Loss of Life by the Wreck of the Alma 186

The Armstrong Gun 187

Converting Cast-iron Guns into Breech-loaders 187

Onr Weekly Gossip 187

Abridged Specifications of Patents 187

Provisional Protections '.....* 191

Patent Applied for with Complete Specification 192

Notices of Intention to Proceed with Patents 192

List of Sealed Patents 192

Patents on which the Third Tear's Stamp Duty has

been paid 192

List of Specifications, &c 192

List of Miscellaneous Tenders Invited and Engagements open 192

Prices Current of Metals 192

ROYAL POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTION. Patron, H.R.H. the PRINCE CONSORT.

■Mr. Gkorob Buckland, every Evening, at Quarter past Eight, in his highly-successful NEW LECTURE and MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT.

■SPLENDID SERIES of DISSOLVING VIEWS.—Scenes in ITALY, FRANCE, AUSTRIA, on the RHINE, &c.

CHEMICAL LECTURE by Mr. E.V. Gardner, Professor of Chemistry, "POISONS and their ANTIDOTES."

LECTURE by Mr. Kiso, "The PHENOMENA of "VISION : The HUMAN EYE as an OPTICAL INSTRUMENT;" (341)

rriHE CENTRAL TRAINING SCHOOL

JL OF ART, at South Kensington, for Male and Female Students, and METROPOLITAN SCHOOLS OF ART, at 37 Gower-Strcct, for Female Classen only, and at Spitalflclds, Crispin-street; Finsbury, William-street, Wilmington-square; St. Thomas • Charterhouse, Goswell-street; Rotherhithe, Grammar-school, Deptford-road; St. Martin's-in-the-Flelds, Castle-street, Long-acre; Lambeth, St. Mary's, Princes-road '. Hampstcad, Dispensary-building; Christchurch, St. George'e-in-the-East, Cannon-street, will re-open on the 3rd of October.

Application for admission, prospectuses, or any other in* formation, to be made at the Schools in each district, and at South Kensington.

By authority of - The Committee of Council on Education. (325)

MACHINERY of all Kinds DRAWN and ENGRAVED onWOOD, with the greatest accuracy of detail and Artistic Effect, by

L. WALMSLEY,
2 Walbrook-buildings, City, E.C.

Artists sent to all parts of the United Kingdom, if required. ,. . . (343)

JW. CLARE, C.E., Inventor of the Patent • Steam Engine, Boiler, and Furnace, whereby onefourth is saved in the first cost of construction. Only three pounds of the cheapest coal is amply sufficient to generate each .horse power of steam required; and the escape of black "smoke is entirely prevented. Also of the Patent Railway Break, and Instant Communicator between Driver and Guard, whereby a powerful retarding influence can be applied to every carrlttgc throughout a Train, sufficient to stop it while at any' speed, in 100 yards if necessary. For further plans, &c, apply at 2 Surrey-square, Old Kent Rood, 6.K. (344)

RANSOME'S PATENT IMPERISHABLE SILICEOUS STONE. — Chimney-Pieces, Ballustrades, Capitals, Trusses, Terminals, Fountains, Vases, Monuments, &c, of great beauty, at the most reasonable prices.

For Particulars, Specimens, Illustrations, and Agencies, apply to Mr. Frederick Ransome, Whitehall Wharf, Cannon-row, Westminster; or Patent Stone Works, Ipswich. A Liberal Discount allowed to the Trade or to Shippers, (147)

T?OR DRIVING MACHINERY, MILLS,

TO SHIPBUILDERS, SHIPOWNERS, CAPTAINS, &c.

THE ANCHOR COMMITTEE AFFIRM •'JROTMAN'S PATENT ANCHOR" to be superior to all others, possessing Thirty-Five Per Cent, more Holding Power than cither Porter's or Roger's, and equivalent in all respects to ordinary Anchors of 28 per cent, greater weight.

"This appeared to the Committee of vast importance to the Shipping Interests, &c."

(Vide their Official Report, 1853, " On the relative merits of different descriptions of Anchors," sanctioned and approved by the Admiralty.)

THE ANCHOR COMMITTEE

Nominated by the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty "to investigate and determine the relative merits of Anchors," in compliance with a requisition from the principal Shipowners, Underwriters, &c, of the United Kingdom.

Rear-Admiral the Hon. Sir M. Stopford, K.C.B., Chairman.

Capt. Superintendent Charles Hope, R.N., Her Majesty's Dockyard, Sheeraess.

Captain George Rodney Munday, R.N., Her Majesty's Ship " Nile."

Jonathan Aylen, Esq., R.N., Master Attendant, II'r Majesty's Dockyard, Sheerness.

James Tonkin, Esq., Master, R.N., Her Majesty's Ship "Waterloo," 120 guns.

William Schaw Lindsay, Esq., M.P., &c, &c.

Duncan Dunbar, Esq., Chairman of General Shipowners' Society; Do. Mercantile Marine Board, London. Member of the Committee of " Lloyd's Register " of Shipping, &c.

Anthony Ridley, Esq., Vice-Chairman of Mercantile Marine Board; Member of the Committee of "Lloyd's Register" of Shipping, &c.

v/ini.tm Drew, Esq., Member of the Mercantile Marine Board; Member of the Committee of "Lloyd's Register" of Shipping, &c.

William Phillips, Esq., Member of tho Committee of "Lloyd's Register'* of Shipping; General Shipowners' Society, Arc.

George Marshall, Esq., Member of the Committee of "Lloyd's Register" of Shipping; General Shipowners* Society, &c.

THE INTERNATIONAL JURY AT PARIS Also awarded this Invention the First Class Medal, 1855.

Licensed Makers of Trotman's Improved Anchors :— Messrs. Hawks, Crawshay, and Sons. Newcastle-on-Tyne,

,, John Abbott and} Co., Park Works, Gateshead, Durham,

„ J. and E, Lumsden, Strand Iron Works, Sunderland,

„ N. Hingley and Sons, Cradley and Nctlicrton Iron Works,

„ Proctor and Taylor, Mil bank Forge, Hartlepool,

„ Henry Wood and Co., Goree Piazzas, Liverpool,

„ Wood Brothers, Chester, Wolverhampton, and Stourbridge, •

„ R. Wight and Sons, Iron Works, Sunderland and Seaham.

„ Tow and Fawcns, 49 Lr. Shadwcll, London, and North Shields,

„ John Gilbert, Cradley Heath, Staffordshire.

Depots,

GEORGE WOOD & CO., 14 Fore-at, Limehouse, London,

and at 4 Goree Piazza, Liverpool.

JOHN TROTMAN, PATENTEE, 42 CORNHILL, LONDON.

Pnnt, FOUEPENCE.
Bt Post 6d.

-L &c—INDIA-RUBBER BANDS, improved make, to
resist moist and dry heat, of any length, width, and thick-
ness. Prices and instructions for use on applioation.

JAMES LYNE HANCOCK,
Vulcanised India-Rubber Works, Goswell-mews, and

8 Goswell-road, London, E.C. (2&6)

(249)

MALLET'S PATENT BUCKLED
PLATES.—MR. ROBERT MALLET, C.E., In-
ventor and Patentee of these Plates (now being laid for the
Floor of the New Bridge, Westminster, and applicable to
Bridge, Wharf, and Fire-proof flooring, and to a variety of
other important purposes) gives notice that he has with-
drawn from this date all Licences whatsoever to manufac-
ture or vend his Patent Plates, and taken the management
of the Patent exclusively into his own hands. Applications
for the Plates to be made* to the Patentee, who has arranged
for their prompt supply, at his offices, 11 Bridge-street,
Westminster, S.W., and 07 Capcl-strect, Dublin.

18th May, 1859. , . . . (264

TO ENGINEERS, ARCHITECTS, PATENT
AGENTS, &c.

PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE HIGHEST CLASS
and of an v size, taken and_ reproduced at a most
moderate rate of charge. Reproductions of faultless accu-
racy, of Machinery, Models, Drawings, &e. Orders at-
tended to in town and country. Estimates forwarded.
SPENCER, READ, & Co., 4 Agar-street, Strand. W.G. (90

HART & SON. MALLEABLE IRON-
FOUNDERS, 4 Vine-street, York-road, Lambeth,.
Orders for Malleable Iron Castings executed within a
week. (77)

TO WIRE ROPE MAKERS.—ARCHIBALD
SMITH is now prepared to GRANT LICENCES for
the use of his PATENT ROPE MACHINERY, guaranteed
to work at six times the speed of any other, and to save
upwards of fifty per cent, in the cost of making. It is used
by the most eminent makers, and was also in the manufac-
ture of tho Atlantic Cable.—Apply to 69 Princes-street.
Leicester-square, W. (198)

KENNINGTON AGRICULTURAL AND CHEMICAL COLLEGE, Lower Keiinington-lane, near London.

Principal—J. C. NESBIT, F.G.S., F.C.S., &o. Youths intending to become Farmers, Land Stewards, Chemical and Manure Manufacturers, or Managers of Mining Property, will find the course of instruction in tho College such as "to fully qualify them for their respective pursuits. The term for Senior and Junior Students may bo known on application to the Principal.

Analytical And Assay Dei'artsixkt.
Analyses and Assays of every description are promptly
and accurately executed in the Laboratories of the
College. (820)

TO PARENTS AND GUARDIANS.—
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.—There is a Va-
cancy in one of the largest Establishments in the North of
England for Half-a-Dozen Young Gentlemen as Appren-
tices. They would have the opportunity of a thorough
insight, theoretical and practical, into the construction of
steam engines and general machinery, the manufacture of
forged and roller iron of every description, smithed work.
Iron and brass founding, mechanical drawing, agricultural
Implements, carpentry, joinery, railway material of all
sorts, &c.

Premium in each case £150. The right would be reserved of declining to treat with any one who might in any respect be deemed unsuitable.

Address, early, by letter only, H. B., Mxchanics* MaOazini: Office, 166 Fleet-street, London. (310)

fO RAILWAY COMPANIES, CONTRACTORS,
AND OTHERS.

GEORGE NEIGHBOUR and SONS,
OIL MERCHANTS,
Particularly invite attention to their PATENT ARG AND
LAMP OIL, for Railway Roof and Signal Lamps; alsoto
their EXTRA-REFINED ENGINE OIL, for Locomotive
and Machine purposes. Prices forwarded on application.

127 HIGH HOLBORN, LONDON, W.C.

Agent at MANCHESTER—E. 8. ROGERS, 88 Cannon
Street. (281)

INVENTORS, ENGINEERS, AND OTHER8.

AN Engineer of much Experience can give Assistance in Practically Arranging Inventions, contriving Machinery, Preparing Drawings Tracings, &o.

Address, M. E., 9 Parliament-street, Westminster. (304)

AGENTS FOR ALL THE LEADING IMPLEMENT
MANUFACTURERS.

WILLIAM DRAY and COMPANY, Agri-
cultural and General Engineers, &c, Adelaide
Place. London Bridge, invite attention to their new Central
Premises, close to London Bridge, where may be seen their
celebrated Champion Reaper, Chaff Engines,' Oat Bruisers,
Post Mills, Pumps, Weighing Machines, Corn Binns, their
Patent Self-Adjusting Scythe, Garden Engines, Handsome
Garden Seats, Lawn Mowers (every make), Flower Stands,
and Garden Tools of all descriptions.

Note.—Descriptive Catalogues of any particular class of
Implements forwarded post free upon application. (318)

TO RAILWAY COMPANIES, ENGINEERS, MILL-
OWNERS, &c., &c.

THE PATENT PLUMBAGO CRUCIBLE
COMPANY draw the attention of all Owners of Ma-
chinery to their fine POWDERED PURE FLOUR
PLUMBAGO, which they can confidently recommend for
Anti-friction purposes, being an impalpable powder, and
warranted perfectlv free from grit and any impurity.

For ordinary polishing purposes it will be found superior to any Black Loads offered.

Price £27 10s. per ton, £1 10s. per cwt.; samples of 28 lbs. forwarded on receipt of 8s. Packages free.

Address—
THE PATENT PLUMBAGO CRUCIBLE COMPANY,
Battcrsea Works, London, S. W. (334)

THE JUDGES AWARDED the following PRIZES to Messi*. HORNSBY «nd SONS, at

CHESTER :—

FIRST rRIZK OF £25 FOR DF.ST PORTABLE STEAM ENGINE. TM„„_~- A

FIRST PRIZE OF £20 FOR BEST COMBINED THRASHING, SJIAKING, DRESSING, Mid

FINISHING MACHINE, being the highest award offered.
PRIZE OF £10 FOR FIXED STEAM ENGINE. . _ . _ _

FIRST PRIZE OF £5 FOR THE BEST CORN-DRESSING MACHINE, adapted for Rough Chaffing,

aa well as Finishing the Com for Market. ,

And FIVE "niGH COMMENDATIONS" for various other Machines, Including STEAM-
ENGINES, THRASHING MACHINES, and CAKE BREAKERS.

R. HORNSBT~AND SONS,

SPITTLEGATE IRON WORKS, GRANTHAM, LINCOLNSHIRE,

ENGLAND,

INVITE tlio attention of Agriculturists, Shippers, Merchants, find others, to their Improved
AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY, comprising—

PATENT PORTABLE STEAM-ENGINES, _ .

PATENT COMBINED MACHINES FOR THRASHING AND PERFECTLY DRESSING CORN

FOR MARKET AT ONE OPERATION,
IMPROVED CIRCULAR-SAW BENCHES,
CORN, SEED, AND MANURE DRILLS, OF ALL KINDS,
PATENT CORN-DRESSING MACHINES AND BLOWERS,
CHAFF CUTTER8, CAKE BREAKERS, PLOUGHS, ore, &c,
The pre-eminent excellence of which is fully attested by the numerous Prizes whloh have been awarded to them in the
United Kingdom, on the Continent of Europe, and in the Colonies, numbering in all about 200 Money Prizes, of £1,400
value, and 21 Gold, Silver, and 1 Bronze Medals, including the Great Council Medal at the Exhibition of the Industry
of All Nations, London, 1851 ; the Grand Medal of Honour at the Universal Exposition, Paris, 1S55 ; Three Gold Medals
at the Universal Agricultural Exposition, Paris, 1836; the Gold Medal of the Imperial Royal Agricultural Society of
Austria, Vienna, 1857; the Gold Medal of the Agricultural Society of Gers, Condom, 1857 j and the First Priae of the
Agricultural Society of Geolontr, Australia.

Illustrated Catalogues, with Prices of Engines and Thrashing Machines, greatly reduced for the present year, lent
Free by Post on application to

K. HORNSBY AND SONS,

SPITTLEGATE IRON WORKS, GRANTIIAM, LINCOLNSHIRE, ENGLAND.
Fon Expobtatio*.—Engines, Machinery, and Implements, specially adapted, may be had through all British

Merchants and Shipping Agents. (315)

STEAM CULTIVATION.

CHANDLER AND OLIVER

HAVE much pleasnre in being able to state that they are now prepared to execute orders for their
PATENT STEAM WINDING ENGINES AND PLOUGHS, for Cultivating Land by Steam.
The WINDING TACKLE can be fitted to Engines of any maker, and the Plough can be made to take any kind or
pparatus necessary for Cultivating the Soil, such as Scarriner Tines or Broad Shares, frc. Any Engine now used by
armors can be fitted with the Tackle. It is light and simple, and an ordinary Farm Labourer can work it.
"The Engine can bo used for Thrashing without taking the Ploughing Tackle off, not requiring more than three or
urhorses to take it from place to place.
Tliese Engines are very useful for Pile Driving or Drawing Ballast up inclined planes; at tho same time they can be
ased for Pumping. Farmers will find them most useful for all purposes.

Messrs. CHANDLER and OLIVER are prepared to receive order* for separate Windlassca, which are light and simple, and generally useful. %

For further Information apply to •

ROBERT CHANDLER, ENGINEER, BOW, NEAR LONDON,

Or Mr. OLIVER .Farmer, Hatfield, Herts.
IIXUSTBATED CATA10GUES Wltn PRICES, WILL B8 BEADY BHOETLT. (216)

THE RAILWAY CARRIAGE COMPANY,

OLDBURY, NEAR BIRMINGHAM.
LONDON OFFICE-34 QREAT GEORGE STREET, WESTMINSTER,

Manufacturers of every Description c.

RAILWAY PLANT AND IRONWORK.

NEW and SECOND-HAND RAILWAY WAGGONS always in Stock for SALE or HIRE.

(2rs)

TO STEAM

SHIP OWNERS, ENGINEERS, AND
OTHERS.'

How's Patent Steam Engine Counters, can be read at sight.

These Connten register the number of revolutions made by an engine or other mechanism. They may be used for ascertaining the duty of Pumping Engines and Water-wheels j the revolutions on board a steam-vessel; to calculate the slip of the propeller; and in a locomotive to test the slip of tho wheels.

How's Patent Salinometer, for Steam Boilers using Salt Water.

By these, the density of the water in the Boiler is at all times accurately shown, and a saving of boiler and fnel is
effected. They are adopted by the Admiralty, the Honorable Trinity Corporation, and others. Copies of Testimonials
ft-em Messrs. Penn, MessrB. Maudslay, and others, will be forwarded on application.

How's Engine-Room Telegraph, for communicating between Captain and Engineer.
Society of Arts Prize Medal, 1855.

la a Mechanical Telegraph, and by its peculiar construction, error or misunderstanding is rendered impossible. It new extensively adopted, and gives great satisfaction.

How's Patent'Fresh Water Apparatus for Ships' Use.

This apparatus is designed for the distillation of Fresh from Salt Water j and on long voyages, and where the supply of water is scanty, it will be found invaluable. Testimonials may be seen.

Patent Steam Pump and Fire-Engine for Ships' Use.

This Steam-pump occupies but a small space; works perfectly noiselessly, and throws an immense volume of water.
Am Illustrated Circular of Fresh Water Apparatus and Steam-pump combined, free on application.

How's Patent Machine for Cutting Bolts, Rods, Spindles, Wire, &c.

!!■»!« In tenatruotlon, inexpensive, occupies but little space, and will not easily get out of order. A ramphUt Iilwtrative of the above, sent free by poet, on application to

A. P. HOW, ENGINEER,

81 MARK LANE, LONDON. STEBT DESCRIPTION OF ENGINEER* TOOLS, ENGINE BOOM STORES, tee., <•».«., SUPPLIED

FARRAR'S
PATENT FOR MAKING STEEL,

In Three Hours in tho Crucible, without
Cementation.

For Licenses to use Process and further Particulars), apply to

THOS. VAUGHAN MORGAN, BATTERSEA WORKS, LONDON, S.W

(»13)

GREAT REDUCTION IN THE COST OF STEAM
POWER.

THE temperature of the products of burnt
fuel escaping into the Smoke-boxes of Locomotive
and Portable Engines is upwards of 800°. DUKCAJf,
GWYNNK. and C. WYE WILLIAM'S PATENT HEAT
DIFFUSERS, placed in the Tubes, will utilize about 4W
of the heat, convert it into an equivalent of working steam,
and reduce the temperature to about 35CP or 400°.

The Patentees are prepared to accept for Royalty a part of the value of the fuel saved by tho use of their simple appliances.

Every information may be had on application to the Manufacturers, GWYNNK & CO., Engineers, Essex-street Wharves, strand, W.C., London. (S4I)

BRASS AND COPPER TUBES.

TV/TUNTZ'S PATENT SOLID ROLLED

1VL BRASS AND COPPER TUBES, now extensively used on the principal Home and Foreign Railways, and for Marine Boilers by the Government and leading SteamPucket Companies, are cheaper and more durable than the ordinary tubes.

Address GEORGE RICHARDSON and CO.,

New Broad-street, E.C. {277

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ORIZONTAL HIGH-PRESSURE

STEAM ENGINES FOR SALE.

One of 8-horse power, 8in. cylinder, and lfiin. stroke.
One of 10-horse power, lOin. cylinder, and 24in. stroke.
Two of 12-horsc i>ower, 12in.crlinder, and 24in. stroke.
One of 14-horso power, 12in. cylinder, and 36in. stroke.
Two of 14-horse power, 14in. cylinder, and 24in. stroke.
One of 16-horse power, Min. cylinder, and 36ln. stroke.
Twoof 30-horsc power, 20in. cylinder, and 36in. stroke.

The above Engines arc quite new, of superior manufacture and finish, and are to be sold at very low prior*.

Apply to PAGE and CAMERON, 64 Old Broad-street, Loudon, E.C. (2M)

CRAWHALL AND CAMPBELL, MACHINE AND TOOL MAKERS,

AND MILLWRIGHTS,

ELLIOT WORKS, FINNIESTON,

GLASGOW.

Manufacturers of Engineers' Tools of every description, Screwing Apparatus of standard gauge, Boring Grabs, arc.

(Si-3)

I ENGINEERS' TOOLS FOR SALE—A J Superior SELF-ACTING SLIDE and SCREW-CUTTING LATHE, 7 in. centre and 7 ft. bed. A Ditto, 7 in. centre and 9 ft. bed. A PUNCHING and SHEARING MACHINE, for ?in. plates. Two Ditto for j in. plates, and Two Ditto for ?in. plates. VERTICAL DRILLING MACHINE; PILLAR unil BENCH DRILLS; HALEY'S and other LIFTING JACKS; RACnET BRACKS, 4c.

Apply to PAGE and CAMERON, 04 Old Broad-st., E.C..
London. (MS)

NORTON'S GOSSAMER CARTRIDGES.
FOR MILITARY FIRE-ARMS.
These Cartridges are Manufactured by Mr. Jacts
Lef.tch, Gunmakcr, 08 Margaret-street, Kcgent-strret,
and by Daw, of Broad-street. Si'\

TO INVENTORS.

INDIA-RUBBER APPARATUS

OF EVERY KIND HADE TO ORDER.

L.J.LAVATER, INDIA-RUBBER MANUFACTURER, 441 Strand, London, W. (302

VULCANISED INDIA-RUBBER MACHINE BANDING ia Not Affected By Wet, Beat, on uou»; docs not stretch nor slip on the puller*. HOSES for BREWERIES, &c, will Not impart Taste, Hiitxl, or Colour: also for conductinp, or ptcam purposes. Wtvhcrs Valven, Sheets, Printing Blankets, &c, in Stock. Other Articles made to order. All Goods warranted to fUsd 30ir Fahrenheit.

N.B.—Sole Contractors to the Lorda Commissioners of the Admiralty.

DODGE and GIANDONATI (late Dodor, Bacok. and Co..

44 St. FauFa Churchyard, London, E.C. (2W)

[graphic]

§8

T.SUFFIELD AND CO.

Call the particular attention of

SHIP-OWNERS, SHIP-BUILDERS, AND COMMANDERS OF STEAM AND SAILING VESSELS,

to the Simple and Efficient Arrangements of their

PATENT PUMPS AND FIRE-ENGINES,

Both Fixed and Portable, with PATENT VALVES and other Improvements.

These Pumps are free from that liability to choke which is common to other Pumps, and their Working Parts are not susceptible of derangement either from wear or from being long out of use. They pass entirely through them, with ease, any substance that miy enter the Suction Pipes. The Novelties in these Pumps are their adaptation to the varied duties of Snips' Pumps; the facilities they afford for Cleansing the Suction Pipes, ar.d for Sounding or Examining the Valves; the readiness with which they may be used for Ventilating the Bilge, or for acting as a Syphon either for Watering the Ship, or for extinguishing Accidental Fires on board: the rapidity with which they can be converted into Fire Pumps, or be applied to the Washing of Decks; and their capability of Pumping from Several Compartments. Also, to their

MARINE ENGINE-ROOM TELEGRAPHS,

Which excelled all others in the recent scries of Trials in Her Majesty's Navy at Sheerness. These invaluable instruments have been supplied and sent to almost all parts of the world, and in no case has there been any complaint of their working.

Testimonials, bearing uniform evidence of the complete success of these Telegraphs, may be had upon application.

IMPROVED ENGINE-ROOM COUNTERS,

Suitable for testing the speed of all classes of machinery.
IMPROVED

HYDROMETERS, SALINOMETERS,

With Coolers and Dippers for same. Injection Tallow-Cocks, and various kinds ot Syringes.

IMPROVED MARINE DISTILLING APPARATUS,

Which will be found both Simple and Efficient for the Distillation of Fresh from Salt Water.

IMPROVED SHIPS' WATER-CLOSETS,

Made to act when placed either above or below the water level. These Closets arc simple, efficient, and mechanically arranged for their various

requirements, and are not liable to derangement.

IMPROVED STEAM COCKS, WATER GAUGES,

And all kinds of Steam Fittings of the very best quality. As a large Stock of every variety of this class of goods has been much ronght after, we trust the present one (especially considering it can be so readily examined in our new premises) will be fully appreciated and meet with the attention it deserves

GRADTOFF'S IMPROVED STEAM AND VACUUM GAUGES

(For which we are the sole appointed Agents) and which after having been tested for some time, are now patronised by the Lords of the Admiralty,

Besides IJor/BDON's and other Guagcs which are also supplied by us to order.

IMPROVED STEAM WHISTLES, LUBRICATORS, LAMPS, OIL FEEDERS,

And Stores of every description supplied on the shortest notice.

T. SUFFIELD & CO.

Being practical Brass Manufacturers, Copper Smiths, Plumbers, Engineers, and Gun Metal Steam Cock Makers, are in a position to undertake and carry out with very great dispatch and economy all orders entrusted to them. In PAINTING and DECORATIVE Work also, lengthened experience enables them to compete most successfully with others, and they are at all times most ready to furnish estimates for this class of work when required to do so. They also respectfully solicit the attention of STEAM SHIP BUILDERS and OWNERS to their Large and Varied STOCK of

ASSORTED STORES FOR MARINE PURPOSES.

They keep a Large Stock of Goods, of their oivn Manufacture and from the Best Makers, constantly on view; so that by a visit to their Works or Depot, much valuable time may be saved by Managers, Engineers, and other Gentlemen who may require such Stores, together with a further saving in the cost of the Articles.

IDIEIFOT, ±16 IFIEJISrOIHITJIR/aiB: S TIR,IE IE!'X', E.O.,

(OPPOSITE MAHK LANB.)

MANUFACTORY, 12 & 13 BERMONDSEY WALL, S.E.

LONDON. (16)

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