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REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.

437 troversy upon the subject of regenera- effect of the Spirit's work is itself spition. “I would wish, generally, to ritual, and implies a new nature: but restrict the term [Regeneration] to the alas ! this regeneration, which is “a baptismal privileges; and considering being born of water," though it is them as comprehending, not only an supposed to offer “ a degree of spiexternal admission into the visible ritual aid," leaves the subject of it church—not only a covenanted title to free to refuse and perish: for nothing the pardon and grace of the gospel - is more dangerous we are told, than but even a degree of spiritual aid, to consider “ all the individuals of a vouchsafed and ready to offer itself to baptized (or regenerated) congregation our acceptance or rejection at the as converted !dawn of reason-I would recommend Upou the following topic, however, a reference to these privileges in our we are happy in being able to express discourses, as talents which the hearer a more unqualified approbation of his should have so improved as to bear in- Lordship's (lirections: “ Exalt the Saterest, as seed wbich should have viour before those whose consciences sprung up and produced fruit.?' must bear a contrary testimony, as the

After speaking, however, thus highly God whom they have hitherto neglec(but we humbly conceive obscurely) of ted .... Exalt him in all his offices the privileges of baptismal regenera- of Prophet, Priest, and King ; in all tion, he proiests, in the most solemn his manifestations of love, in all bis manner, “ against that most serious exhibitions of power.”—“. After the error, (which she says] has arisen pro- model of St. Paul, determine not to bably from exalting too highly the just know any thing among your people, view of baptismal regeneration) of con- save Jesus Christ and him crucified.” templating all the individuals of a bap- And we perfectly concur with Bishop tized congregation, as converted-as Ryder, when he says-" It was such having all once known the truth, preaching which, proceeding from the and entered upon the right path, lips of Cranmer, Latimer, Ridley, &c. though some may have wandered from dispelled the darkness of popery, and it, and others may have made little erected our church on its ruins.” progress,” &c. “This erroneous view," His Lordship proceeds to recomsays the bishop, “ strikes at the root mend a second sermon in the evening of all useful and effectual preaching service; the extending the education Ministerial addresses founded upon it, of the poor; and the support of Sosoothe and delude the people into a cieties for religious charity. On the false peace; they do but half open the last of these topies, the Society for wound in the conscience of the sin- promoting Christian Knowledge, and ner; they act as a dull and clouded the British and Foreigu Bible society, mirror, and exhibit but a most imper- are both introduced; be recommends fect representation of what he is, and peace and union between them, so far what he ought to be; ot' what must be as their coustitutions will permit, as done for him, and in him ; they lull to having one common object in view; sleep any conscientious misgivings in yet expresses bis opinion, that whero the inal of worldly decency and repu- the contracted means of a parochial tation; they make many a Pharisee, minister will enable him to subscribo and produce on many a death-bed, a to one society only, “ he should chuse vain, self-righteous case, which must that which would enable him to prosoon be changed into self-condemna- vide the Liturgy as well as the Bible tion and death eternal."

for his own people,” i. e. the Society We certainly rejoice in this faithful for promoting Christian knowledge! testimony to the truth, so far as it goes, On the whole, we think this chargo and regret that the limits of our Re- creditable to the piety of its author, view do not permit us to transcribe and sincerely wish that all the ministhe whole passage: but if the Re- ters of his diocese, and of every other generation, of which his lordship in England, may preach and live acspeaks, does not imply a conversion cording to tlic rules he has recomof the heart to God, as is evident from mended. the above statement; it cannot be that which our Lord describes as the Reflections on the Authorized Version key to his kingdom; for “ that which of the Holy Scriptures, intended to is born of the Spirit is spirit:" 1. c. the shew its Defects, and the Necessity of

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attempting to improve it, with a Spe- Quaker, and the other by a divine of cimen of such an Attempt. By B. the Romish communion." But neither Boothroyd, Editor of the Biblia He- the translation of Anthony Purver, braica, fc. 4to.

nor that of Dr. Geddes, gave satisThe Holy Scriptures, in their ori- faction to the public. Some excelginal languages, were given by in- lencies they may possess, but many spiration of God, and therefore they and great are their defects. Mr. must be perfect, like their divine Au- Boothroyd, who has already given a thor. But their translation into any very respectable specimen of his learuother language being the work of ing and industry, in his new edition imperfect men, however good and of the Biblia Hebræica, just completed, learned, will necessarily partake of presents himself again to the world, that imperfection which belongs to all as a new labourer in this sacred field. human performances and things. On In his present publication, he first the general excellencies of the pre- gives a short account of the ancient sent Authorized Version of the Holy and the English versions of the Holy Scriptures, there can be but one opi- Scriptures. He next presents us with nion among learned men. When it the sentiments of some distinguished is recollected that upwards of two divines and critics on the Authorized centuries have elapsed since it was Version, who have expressed their undertaken, and when all the disad- conviction of the necessity of a new vantages under which the translators translation. He then proceeds to aslaboured are taken into consideration, sign a variety of 'Reasons' for his it must be pronounced to be a work own attempt of the work, which are of great merit. But that this transla- as follow: 1. The common version tion is as accurate and perfect as it was made from imperfect and erromight be rendered, by the accumu- neous Hebrew and Greek texts; of lated advantages that now present this assertion he brings forward several themselves, will not be asserted by proofs. 2. The authorized version adany one who is duly qualified to form mits of great and essential improvea judgment on the subject. Many ment, in respect to propriety of lanlearned men have not scrupled to guage and grammatical accuracy; of publish their decided opinions, that which a very long list of instances are the present translation admits of nu- given. 3. The authorized version admerous and very important improve- mits of the greatest improvement in ments. Upwards of a century ago, a accuracy of interpretation ; many paswork was published, entitled “ An sages being brought forward in conEssay for a New Translation of the firmation. 4. The authorized version Bible; wherein is shewn, from reason, abounds with literal renderings of and the authority of the best com- figurative terms, which it is impossible mentators, interpreters, and critics, for a common reader to understand, that there is a necessity of a new and which are frequently improper in translation.” Since that time, many our language ; many instances of others, equally qualified for an exami- which are produced. 5. The authonation of the subject, have expressed rized version is often ambiguous and the same conviction, and recom- obscure, from the translators having mended a new translation to the pro- either not understood, or not having per anthorities. It will be sufficient attended to, that peculiar manner in to mention the names of Lowth, which thể tenses and conjugations of Blayney, Horsley, Newcome, Durell, Hebrew verbs are used; some exand Marsh. Many have been the at- amples of which make the remark tempts to favour the world with New more plain. 6. A good version of the and Improved Translations of par- scriptures ought to convey, as much ticular Books and Portions of the Old as possible, the spirit and manner of Testament, and several versions of the original, in which Mr. B. consithe New Testament have been given. ders the authorised version as deIt is, however, rather remarkable, fective, and proposes some emendathat, as far as we recollect, there have been only two attempts, of late years, Rev. Julius Bate translated and pubtowards a new translation of the whole lished the Pentateuch, and, some other parts Bible. And it is equally remarkable, of the Old Testament, on the Hutchinsonian that one of these attempts was by a plan, but was not encouraged to proceed.

REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS.

439 tion. While the new translator assigns his learned readers; yet we cannot these reasons for his own attempt, at help wishing that more attention had the same time he proposes to himself been paid to correctness in printing a due regard to the common version, the prospectus. aud wishes to govern himself by the We have observed also proposals of rules which Archbishop Newcome has another New Translation of the Scripproposed, which he considers as pro- tures, by a Mr. Bellamy, author of per and important. To the • Reflec- Opbion ; but the specimen we have tious' are annexed, Proposals for pub seen is too concise to warrant an Jishing, by subscription, an Improved opinion, and we believe his plan has Version of the Holy Scriptures, from been materially altered. corrected texts of ihe originals, with notes, critical, explanatory, and practical, designed for the use of families. The Errors of the Church of Rome: a Two specimens of the work are given, Sermon, before the West York Assofrom ihe books of Genesis and Job,

ciation, at Sheffield. By Js. Bennett, intended to shiew the author's design. of Rotherham. 8vo. 1s. Mr. B. properly observes, that “ ihe The text, which serves as a very public have a right to know what are appropriate motto to this discourse, is the theological opinions of the author 2 T'bess. ij. 3, 5, 7, 11. in which the of this attempt. Though he has learnt apostle forcwarns the primitive Christo call no man Master, but freely to tians of the rise of the “ man of sin," follow that sense of the sacred scrip- with his “ mystery of iniquity." In tures which he conceives the original harmony with the best commentators, most naturally suggests, yet he owns, the preacher considers the passage as that, in his general views, he most a prediction of the corrupt principles entirely agrees with the theological and practices of the Church of Rome. sentiments of that great and good These corruptions he classes under mau, Philip Doddridge.”

thiree general heads---DISCIPLINE--Having given a general view of the DOCTRINE---and WORSHIP. contents of Mr. B.'s publication, we Under the article of Discipline, it is recommend it to the farther examina- maintained that the Roman church tion of our readers, and particularly has erred most seriously, by annihilatof the more learned among them. We ing the rights of the Christian people, are, oursclves, pleased with the manner inventing new offices, setting up a and spirit in wbich the author writes, human head of the church, demandand apprehend that he possesses many ing submission to human anthority in of the requisite talents for such a matters of religion, forming an adulwork. We consider the attempt, in- terous connexion with the State, and deed, too great for any single indi- establishing a dreadful tyranny over vidual, however learned and laborious. the souls of men, Her doctrinal errors The concentrated labours of an host are stated to consist, in adding tradiof the most learned biblical scholars tions and human writings to the inof our country might be demanded, to spired Scriptures, representing baptism produce such a translation as would as regeneration, converting the Lord's be deemed satisfactory. What is now Supper into the sacrifice of the mass, proposcil is laudable, and deserves confounding justification with sanctiencouragement. We doubt not his fication, asserting human works to be labours will shed much light on many moritorious of eternal life, teaching passages of the Holy Scriptures, which the still more presumptuous notion of in our present version are involved in supererogation, forbidding to marry, obscurity. The specimens which he and inculcating the fiction of purgahas given are creditable to his learn- tory. To her worship it is objected, ing and piety. We sincerely hope that it contains many ceremonies of that his life and health may be spared heathen origin, that much of it is offor the execution of the work, and fered to creatures, that much of it is that it may meet with due encourage- mere will-worship, and that it is perment. We do not think it necessary formed in an unknown tongue. This to sabject this prospectus to the or- corrupt system, it is eontended, is esdeal of public criticism, though we sentially and awfully opposed to truth, ürt persuaded the author will be gra- to charity, and 10 holiness. lified by the private observations of These particulars Mr. B. has dis

. cussed with the brevity to which the including the various publications of limits of a single sermon would neces- Mr. Colquhoun and other individuals, sarily confine him. But from the ex- and the highly importaut Reports of tent of the syllabus, our readers must various Committees of the House of not conclude the discourse to be a dry Commons. skeleton of topics in dispute between The Lecture commences with a Papists and Protes ants: they will view of the population and income of here find, condensed within a small the country, and some remarks on its compass, a considerable portion of very unequal distribution among the scriptural argument and illustration different classes of Society. But the It resembles not so much the bare extreme misery of the lowest classes outline of a large portrait, as a minia- is ascribed, in great part, to vice, idieture picture drawn to the life by the ness, and want of education. Here a hand of a master. Tliat the picture picture of Mendicity is drawn, which displays no more beanty, is not the is truly frightful. London beggars fault of the artist, whose business alone are said to amount to 15,000,' was to delineate a faithful likeness, 9,000 of which are children, the delineqnally distant from caricature and quents among whom have of late been from battery. Time was, when we alarmingly numerous; and a great prolittle expected to see a period in portion of these (mark it, reader, mark which sueh a discourse would be so it, parents !) are ascertained to be outseasonable as it seems to be at present. door apprentices!! Recent events, in more than one na- The cause of these evils is then tion of Europe, loudly call upon those traced, and found to originate in ignowho love “ the simplicity that is in rance, idleness, and intemperance. Christ,” to “ stand fast in the liberty The number of females in the kingdom wherewith Christ hath made them at large, who exist by prostitution, is free," and to renew and continue their calculated at 100,000, one-half of protest against the reviving absurdi- whom infest the metropolis : the effect ties, impieties, and cruelties of anti- of such a host of female demons let christ. Impressions like these appear loose upon the public may be more to have produced the sermon before easily conceived than expressed.--us, which we trust will obtain the ex- Other sources of evil are considered tensive circulation it deserves, espe- the extent of credit, perjury, smug'cially as it is printed at so moderate gling, gambling, tippling, dram-drinka price,

ing, &c. The evils of war are pointed

out, and a table is given, describing Means of improving the Condition of the rise and progress of British wars,

the Poor in Morals and Happiness, and of the national debt, which they considered in a Lecture, delivered at have produced, amounting to 943 milthe Minor Institute, &c. By Thos. lions! Williams. 810. 2s,

The author next proceeds to recomThis is a most seasonable pro- nierd means for the amelioration of the duction, for, to adopt the motto of the state of the poor, which are, 1. Their author in his title-page, “ Our duty employment and support; and, 2. The to the poor is a personal service, en- enlightening of their minds, and the joined by the highest authority, and education of their children, of which cannot be compiuted; it is a work in the different means are stated. In addivrbich no man has a right to be idle.tion to these, the Pulpit and the Press The present wexainpled state of are considered as the great engines misery among the lower classes of of national reform. For the efficacy society certainly calls for the most of the former, Missions are appealed serious and close attention; and we to, and the circulation of the Scriprejoice in that combination of talent tures for the latter. Its farther appliuna xnevolence which has lately ap- cation to moral purposes is strongly peared in our comtry in their behalf. recommended, and many valuable The author deseives the thanks of the hints are suggested, wbich deserve public for bringing into a focus the in- consideration; but for these we must teresting but distressing intelligence refer to the pamphlet itself, which will collected from every quarter, and af- amply repay the reader's perusál, and fording is in bis pamphlet the con- we hope answer the benevolent views densed information of many volumes, of the writer.

441

REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS. Prefixed to the Lecture, a brief ac- respectable Association at whose recount is given of the Minor Institute, quest it is printed, as we think it cal(66, Chiswell Street,) where it was culated to be useful. delivered; of which we shall only

We are requested by the Rev. Mr.

w remark, that if this and some other Lectures which have come under our

Slatterie, of Chatham, to state, that notice may be considered as tair spe

the Sermon lately published, occacimens, we are inclined to think it »

sioned by the calamity that took place will merit a more dignified title.

at Rochester Bridge, was printed,

not only without his consent, but conThe Advantages of Early Piety dis- trary to his urgent request. We beplayed, in a Memoir of Mr. J. Cle

lieve he is greatly mortified at seeing ment, Surgeon, fc. By J. Hooper,

his name atlixed to so very imperfect

pel, a publication. M.A. 2d edit. 12mo. 28 6d.

OF this Memoir a favonrable re- LITERARY NOTICES. port was given in our number for June Rey. Mr. Jeary's Sermons will be 1813, p. 217. We are induced to hope ready for the Subscribers in the course that its commendable cheapness will of the present month. . carry it into a far greater number of In the press, and publishing by Sub. hands, and that many young men, scription, Gurnal and LiNA, or the especially of the medical profession, Hist. of two. African Children; to make 2 will be benefited by the perusál. vuls. in 12mo, with plates. (See nur Cover.)

In the press, and will be published this Unlimited Invitations in the Gospel winter, in 2 thick vols. 12mo. “QuesMinistry consistent with the Divine 119

* tions resolved in Divinity, History, and

& Literature,” hy the Rev. G.G. Scraggs, Decrees. A Sermon at Greenwich

en A.M. of Buckingham. Road Chapel, by W. Chapman, Svo. In a few days will appear, a Defence 1s. 6d. .

of Extempore Prayer and Calvinistic The author having premised, Preaching, by the Rev. G. Redford. 1. That man is the subject of divine The following gentlemen will convey decrees: 2. That we are blessed with to New York monthly, any Reports of a gospel ministry: and, 3. That that Religious or Benevolent Societies, Books, aninistry contains unlimited invita

ed in vita. Tracts, &c. viz.—Mr. H. Prust, Bristol, tions : endeavours to harmonize the

1. Dir. S. Hope, Liverpool: Mr. W. F.

• Lloyd, Mason's Hall, Basinghall Street, propositions, by showing that these invitations are given by the divine Author of those decrees, and must there

SELECT LIST. fore be consistent with them. We The Power of Faith exemplified in cannot follow Mr. C. through the pro- the Life and Writings of the late Isab. cess of his argument, which appears Graham, of New York. 8vo. 78. to us perfectly satisfactory; indeed, Six Essays on Religious Liberty, wit? were the divine decrees to interfere an Appendix. By 'T. Williams. 8vo. 6s. with our conduct, we must inspect Memoirs of Major Gen. A. Burn, 2d the book of fate to learn our duty. edit. 12m0. 58. 6d. But it is the revealed will of God

i Juvenile Anecdotes, by J. Bruce, 48 alone wbich we are to consult, and

Sermon at St. Laurence Jewry for the

4 Sunday School Society, by W. Marsh, leave the Divine Being to fulfil and

A.M. with the Report. 8vo. 1s. 6d. justify his own decrees. It is proper The loss of righteous and merciful Men to add, that the presentis rather a po- improved ; a Sermon, occasioned by the pular than metaphysical discourse, Death of R. Reynolds, Esq. of Bristol, and adapted to be generally useful. with a brief Memoir, by S. Lowell.

A Treatise on the Christian CoveChristian Churches the Hope and Jay nants, hy F. Deakin. 12me. 45.

of faithful Ministers. À Discourse 'The Sunday Lecturer, or 52 Sermons before the Association of the Suffolk addressed to Youth, selected and abridged Independent Churches. By Js. Sloper,

from Horne, Cooper, Jay, Doddridge,&c.

DY JS.Dioper, with Quest. for Exam. by A. Lee, 7s. Beccles. 8vo. 6d.

- Sunday School Teacher's Guide, by This disconrse is founded on 1 Thess. ii. 19, 20, and is printed at

J. A. James. 18mo. 2d ed. 28. 6id.

No. 4. (and last) of the Old Lady, or a low price, that it may circulate the happy effects resulting from atiendamong the pious poor.” We cheer- ing the Missionary Meeting, concluding fully add our sanction to that of the the Series for 1814, 15, and 16. XXIV.

3 M

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