No. 1204. Fourth Series, No. 65. 29 June, 1867.






1. “Ecce Homo :A Sketch

Christian Observer, 1 This article has nothing to do with the book

so named. It is very good. 2. Old Sir Douglas. Part 13

Hon. Mrs. Norton,

819 3. American Literature

Saturday Review,
Gayarre's Philip II., 830. Sheridan in Lee's Last Campaign, 831. 'Battle Fields of

Virginia, 831. Three Years in Field Hospitals, 832. Character and Characteristic
Men, by E. P. Whipple, 832. Historical Memoirs of the Society of Friends, 833.

Koights Templars of Pennsylvania, 833. Our Artist in Peru, 833. 4. Beauty and the Beast. By Miss Thackeray.

Cornhill Magazine,

833 5. The League of Peace

: London Review,


POETRY: A Dream of Summer, 802. To Charles Lamb, 802. O I'm a Good Old Rebel, 802.

Lay of the Little Wife, 817. Ye Working-Men of England, 829.

Index and Table of Contents of Vol. 93.


TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. FOR EIGHT DOLLARS, remitted directly to the Publishers, the Living Age will be punctually forwarded for a year, free of postage. But we do not prepay postage on less than a year; nor where we have to pay a commission for forwarding the money.

Price of the First Series, in Cloth, 36 volumes, 90 dollars.



80 The Complete work


220 Any Volume Bound, 3 dollars; Unbound, 2 dollars. The sets, or volumes, will be sent at the

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BLAND as the morting breath of June

The southwest breezes play ; And, through its haze, the winter noon

Seems warm as summer's day. The snow-plumed Angel of the North

Has dropped his icy spear; Again the mossy earth looks forth,

Again the streams gush clear.

A Chant to the Wild Western Melody,




The fox his hill-side cell forsakes,

The muskrat leaves his nook, The blue bird in the meadow brakes

Is singing with the brook. “ Bear up, 0, Mother Nature ! cry,

Bird, breeze, and streamlet free, “Our winter voices prophesy

Of summer days to thee !"

O I'm a good old Rebel,

Now that's just what I am :
For this “Fair Land of Freedom"

I do not care at all ;
I'm glad I fit against it -

I only wish we'd won –
And I don't want no pardon

For anything I've done.

So, in those winters of the soul,

By bitter blasts and drear, O'erswept from memory's frozen pole,

Will sunny days appear. Reviving Hope and Faith, they show

The soull'its living powers, And how beneath the winter's snow

Lie germs of summer flowers !

I hates the Constitution,

This Great Republic, too; I hates tho Freedmen's Buro,

In uniforms of blue; I bates the nasty eagle,

With all his brags and fuss The lyin', thievin' Yankees,

I hates 'em wuss and wuss.

I hates the Yankee nation,

And everything they do;
I hates the Declaration

Of Independance, too;
I hates the glorious Union -

'Tis dripping with our blood I hates the striped banner :

I fit it all I could.

The Night is Mother of the Day,

The winter of the Spring, And ever apon old Decay

The greenest mosses cling. Behind the cloud the starlight lurks,

Through showers the sunbeams fall; For God, who loveth all His works,

Has left his Hope with all.

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I followed old Mass' Robert

For four year, near about; Got wounded in three places,

And starved at Pint Lookout; I cotch the roomatism

A campin' in the snow; But I killed a chance o' Yankees

I'd like to kill some mo'.



Three hundred thousand Yankees

Is stiff in Southern dust; We got three hundred thousand

Before they conquered us : They died of Southern fever,

And Southern steel and shot: I wish they was three million

Instead of what we got.

TAEE I would think one of the many wise ;

Who in Eliza's time sat eminent.
To our now world, his Purgatory, sent

To teach us what true English poets prize. Pasquilant froth and foreign galliardize

Are none of thine ; but, when of gay intent, Thou usest staid old English merriment,

Mannerly mirth, which no one dare despise. The scoffs and girds of our poor critic rout

Must move thy pity, as amidst their mime,

Monk of Truth's Order, from thy memories Thou dost updraw sublime simplicities, Grand thoughts that never can be wearied

out, Showing the unreality of Time.

I can't take up my musket

And fight 'em now no more, But I aint a going to love 'em,

Now that is sarten sure; And I don't want no pardon,

For what I was and am: I won't be reconstructed ;

And I don't care a d-n,








From the Christian Observer. read. And so began and ended my ac

quaintance with that volume, until I took it “ ECCE HOMO:" A SKETCH.

up again a day or two since, merely to verify the above quotation from the Preface.

Did I, in so putting it from me, act unCHURCH.

justly or arbitrarily? I think not. I be

lieve that I merely followed the course usuAs I am about to make some remarks on ally taken among men; by placing, the a volume lately published, bearing the above inquiry, Who Christ was ? before, and not title, it may be as well to state at the outset, after, the inquiry, What Cbrist said ? It that I have not read a single page of that seems to me that, in ordinary life, we all work. Hence what I have to say can be no seek to learn who the speaker is, before we review, or criticism, or reply; and as to begin to listen to him. competition or rivalry, that of course will be If I have a dispute with a powerful neighwholly out of the question, — between a vol- bour, which seems likely to lead to serious ume, prepared, I suppose, with much care consequences, and suddenly receive a visit and thought; and a magazine-paper, thrown from a stranger, who proffers his good offioff in the course of a few hours.

ces as a mediator, discusses terms, and even But if I had anyth to say with refer- makes proposals, my first inquiry is, Who is ence to that work, why did I not make my- the person who thus interposes between us ? self acquainted with it? A few words of Till I can learn this, I can hardly attend to explanation will convey my answer to this what he says. I want to understand his question.

motives ; I want to know what authority he When the book alluded to appeared, for has to offer terms. Until I can get an anthe first few weeks it did not fall in my way. swer to these questions, I can scarcely bring

I But not very long after its publication, I met myself to listen to anything he utters. with a review of it in the High Church news- A courteous and accomplished stranger paper, the Guardian, in which it was praised obtains an interview with the Prime Miniswith no common praise. Soon after this, the ter, and states to him that he is the bearer leading Dissenters' journal, the British Quar- of a private and important communication terly Review,“ hailed the work with gratitude from a great continental sovereign. His and reverence; "and the North British Re- appearance and manners may be very much view, founded by Dr. Chalmers, as the organ in his favour; but most assuredly the Minisof the Free Church of Scotland, “expressed ter, if he listens to him at all, will, in the hearty delight” at the appearance of a book very first instance, claim to have the most which “ treated the Christian faith in a tru- entire satisfaction as to his real character, ly Christian spirit.” This unusual concur- and as to his credentials. And if the visitrence of approval, from three very different or should express a desire to postpone this quarters, excited my attention; and hap- point until a future occasion, the reply pening to meet with the work about that would certainly be, “ No, the question of time, I took it up with a half-formed inten- who you are, and with what authority you tion of reading it. But, glancing at the Pre- are invested, is the very first point to be face, I was startled by one or two expres- entered upon. Until these matters are sions on which my eye fell, such as - No placed beyond a doubt, it is impossible for theological questions are here discussed. me to hear, or to utter, a single word.” Christ, as the creator of modern theology I see that the writer, in a second Preface, and religion, will make the subject of anoth- admits the general accuracy of the remark, er volume ; which, however, the author does that "half the truth is commonly a lie; ” not hope to publish for some time to come.” but endeavours to turn aside its application These words acted with a repelling force. to the present case, on the ground that he " What !” I mentally exclaimed, a serious bas avowed the fragmentary character of inquiry as to the Incarnate Theos, from his production, has offered it merely as which all Theology is excluded ! — is not an instalment, and has promised to comthat a strange idea.” And the contents of plete his view of the subject on some future the book, I found, consisted of discussions occasion. I admit that this is something as to the words of Christ, while the prelimi- like an answer; but I do not think that it nary question, “Who Christ was ? ” was is a complete or satisfactory answer to the postponed to some future occasion. This objection. mode of proceeding seemed to me so utterly From the days of Solomon's Judgment unreasonable, that I closed the book at once down to the present time, it has been seen as one which it could not be worth while to l' again and again, that there are numberless


cases in which two halves are far from being The subject, viewed in its breadth and equal to the whole. And certainly, when length, is the highest and noblest that the engaged in the portraiture of character, to human intellect can search into. If hanexamine certain parts of a man's life now, dled in a suitable spirit, with bumility and intending to consider the remainder a year reverence, it must have a tendency to eleor two hence, is not a course which com- vate and expand the mind, and to bring inmends itself to the judgment. A biogra- to action the best affections of the soul. pher might, if he liked, offer us a life of And in this way, I would fain hope, some George ill. considered as a private gentle- solid benefit may arise, even from a discusman, purposely omitting all reference to his sion which many good men feared would be acts or words as a reigning sovereign. Or, perilous and harmful. a memoir of the Duke of Wellington, excluding all his military career, and regarding

The wellknown words, “Ecce Homo," him merely as a statesman. But what carry the mind back to a time when, and a would be the result? Merely the painting place wherein, was transacted the greatest of two imaginary portraits ; the presenting event that ever occurred on this earth. To to the mental gaze two men who never had understand its momentous character, and any existence; two fictions of the imagina- its bearing on the destinies of the human tion. No judicious student of history would race, let us endeavour to deal with it in the attach the slightest value to such produc- spirit of an impartial and uninformed intions. The fruit of all the artist's labour quirer. I will ask myself, How should I would only be the depicting of two men who have regarded this transaction had I been never really lived upon this earth.

an educated Greek, Egyptian, or Asiatic, There is, I believe, only one way of arriv- visiting Judea at that time. I propose to ing at a satisfactory conclusion in any such abstract myself, for a time, from all the inquiry. First, collect

, with sedulous care, ideas acquired in past years, and prepare to all the facts of the case. Then, when you examine the question, de novo, as one who are certain that nothing has been omitted, has everything to learn respecting it. begin to arrange, and distr:bute, and set in In the city of Jerusalem, then, in the order; giving to every fact and every word month of April, in the year 4034 of the its proper place and due value. Thus, by earth's present history, the Roman goverdegrees, certain premises will be thoroughly nor, Pontius Pilate, brings forth a bleeding established, from which inevitable conclu- prisoner, whom he has just ordered to be sions will follow. But if the inquirer begins scourged, and, standing in front of the Hall by saying, "We will exclude from our of Judgment, says to the raging multitude, present view half the facts of the case, and Behold the Man!” He tells them further will reserve them for some future investiga- that he has found no fault in him. But tion,” he will assuredly get, not a truth, or a they, incited by the priests, demand that the reality, but a mere fancy portrait.

prisoner shall instantly be crucified. And These reasons for having disregarded the when the governor demands why he should book for all these months past, may be be so punished, their reply is, “Whosoever deemed valid or invalid ; - I only state maketh himself a king speaketh against Cæthem as having had influence with me. sar.” Pilate acquits the prisoner of this Such as they are, they created in my mind, charge of treason; but, yielding to the at the outset, an utter carelessness about a clamour of the people, he, at last, gives the book concerning which other men were dis- order, that he shall be crucified. puting. I neither read the work itself, nor In fact, this charge of treasonable designs any of the numerous reviews of it. Only was a mere pretext. Searching into the within the last few days have other state of mind of the Jews and their rulers, thoughts arisen. I have fancied that it I discover, that they entertained such a might be possible, and useful, not only to hatred of the Roman dominion, that if a express an opinion that the author had man, clothed, as this person appears to have gone to work in a wrong way; but also to been, with superhuman powers, had really attempt a sketch, a mere outline, of how, in raised the standard of insurrection, the very i my view, the subject ought to be handled. men who now cry “Crucify him!” would For the composition of such a work as I have been foremost among his most enthusicould wish to see written, I have neither astic followers. I find, on looking a little the leisure nor the requisite ability. But it further, that while they alleged treason seems an easier task to indicate, to mark against him before Pilate, their more sincere out roughly, a line of inquiry which some accusation, in the council of the high-priest, one of greater powers may perhaps take. I was, that he had spoken blasphemy, telling

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them that he was “the Son of the Blessed,” | ed ages before. In these cases, however, and that hereafter they should see him sit- there is generally an entire absence of both ting on the right hand of power, and coming parentage and authority for such a predicin the clouds of heaven. I see, therefore, tion. I want, therefore, to know whether that the enmity of the Jewish rulers arose any rational account can be given of this from his asserting his Divine character, bis expectation; and whether it can be traced Godhead, and his future appearance to to any respectable origin. judge the world; while their public charge The Jews reply, without hesitation, that against him before the governor was, that they have ancient books existing, some 500, he made or represented himself as a king, some 1000, and some 1500 years before the and so

spake against Cæsar.” In these days of Jesus and of Pontius Pilate, — all of facts I discover, then, enough to increase which books, in many passages, written at my desire to learn something more of his different times and by different writers, true character.

point to a coming Messiah, Deliverer, ReCarrying my inquiry a little further, I deemer, and Saviour. All these predicfidel that these same Jewish priests bad tions, they aver, were divine: were spoken been, for years past, expecting some such to, or impressed on the minds of, the wriperson, a teacher, ruler, and Saviour, to be ters of these books by God himself. And sent to them from heaven. This expected thus they maintain that the coming of a prophet, or Redeemer, was commonly spo- Christ, or anointed one, to save His people, ken of as “the Christ,” or Messiah," or was a prediction issuing from the throne of “the Anointed One.” The belief in the God. Let me look, then, with attention coming of such a person, about that time, into this matter. Is there really any ground was universal among the Jews; and when for believing that such a promise, or predicJohn, a preacher who preceded Christ, tion, among the Jews for many hundreds of began to excite attention, the priests sent years before the time of this person's'appearto him to inquire, “ Art thou that prophet? ing? I ask for the proofs of this fact, and

-art thou the Christ ? ” John also, when am referred to the following passages : he heard of Christ's wonderful works, sent It is recorded in the earliest writing of to him to ask, “ Art thou He that should their earliest prophet, Moses, that when the come ? ” But not among the Jews only did first man transgressed his Maker's comthis expectation prevail

. It had spread mandment, and fell from bis favour, (and even to the most learned and inquiring of this fall, I know, is recognized as a fact by the Greeks. And thus, in the Dialogues of many old writers who were not Jews), God, Plato, when Socrates sees Alcibiades on his in sentencing him to baniehment, did speak way to the temple of the gods, he raises the of a Seed of the woman who should braise question, whether men can really tell how the head of the serpent, the seducer. This to pray or what to pray for; and suggests, seems to me exceedingly vague, but it does at last, that it might be more prudent to assuredly point to some future strife besuspend the intended sacrifice till some one tween the powers of good and evil ; of commissioned from heaven should come to some descendant of Eve, who shall have a instruct us: to which his friend responds, contest with the Evil One. " And I think he will come, and that before After the lapse of several generations, I long." Not

among the Jews only, then, but am next pointed to Abraham, from whom even among the wi:est of the heathen, did the Jewish people descended.

To him, an expectation prevail about that time, that more than fifteen hundred years before the some one would soon appear, sent from days of Pilate and of Christ, God is recordheaven, to instruct men in the great ques. ed to have made a 'solemn promise, tion of their relations towards God.

thy seed shall all the nations of the earth This remarkable tact being placed be- be blessed.” The hope here lield out is yond a doubt, I desire next to learn some- still nebulous and cloudy; but an evident thing of its origin. How did such an ex- advance is made. A single family of manpectation as this obtain currency, not among kind is pointed out, and the patriarch is asthe ignorant multitude merely, but among sured that a blessing to all mankind shall the wisest and the best of both Jews and in some way proceed from the people, or Gentiles ? Its general prevalence is a strik- some, or some one, among the people, who ing and important fact; but standing alone, shall acknowledge him as their forefather it does not quite content me. Old prophe- and head. cies abound in all countries; and few great Nearly about the same period of the men or great events occur without our be- earth's bistory, appears another remarkable ing told that their coming had been predict- 1 person, an eastern prince, or great man,

6. In

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