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“ If not as once Thou cam'st
In true humanity,
Come yet as guest within the breast
That burns to follow Thee. – that is in the true poetic spirit of Isaiah “ Within our heart of hearts crying that “every valley shall be exalted, In nearest nearness be ; and every mountain and hill shall be brought Set up thy throne within
thise own : low.”
Go, Lord; we follow Thee. The least impressive of these hymns is the second pair of hymns for morning and even- Poetry could scarcely blend more closely ing, as the first pair are among the finest, if with faith than in these beautiful verses, not the finest of all. There is a limp about which rise almost steadily towards the simthe rhythm of the second pair which breaks (ple and yet sublime prayer with which it the train of thought and feeling. Perhaps concludes, the finest of all the hymns is that which expresses so powerfully our modern difficulties
"Set up thy throne within thine own," in finding Christ. We cannot resist the pleasure of extracting this perfect expres- — a prayer in which the poetic imagination sion of the new belief which prays that its approaches“ in nearest nearness to the own unbelief may be helped :
spirit of true worship.
From the London Review,
at the beginning of a word generally implies
strength and fixity, str force and effect, th GOOD OLD SAXON.
a violent degree of motion, wr oblqiuity or
distortion, sw a gentle agitation, cl adhésion WAEN Johnson was drawing nigh his or tenacity, sp expansion or dissipation, sixtieth year, and was actively giving the and sl a kind of silent fall
. Perhaps he weight of his great name to the practice of bad not reasoned much about it, perhaps Latinizing English to the utmost, a poor he had never analyzed the relations beboy in Bristol, who lived in a garret, and tween the sound and the sense in the old often ransacked the muniment room of St. words he adopted, but poetic instinct led Mary Redcliff's Church, composed a variety him to conclusions similar to those at which of poems, of which the extraordinary vigour Mr. Mathew Browne has arrived, and exwas not discovered till, amid the pangs of plained in his essay on vowel-music. In hunger, he had put an end to his dreary the English of Chaucer and Rowley," life. They passed under the name of the force of vowels and consonants too was Rowley and were alleged to have been writ- more concentrated than the English of ten by an old poet of the age of Edward III. Johnson. The public began to see this They breathed the very spirit and lan- fact when the Ayrshire bard piped so guage of Chaucer; and from the time they sweetly, bụt it has taken a century to open came into notice, a reaction in English their eyes to it thoroughly. There was a phraseology began. Our best writers had strong analogy between broad Scotch and for a long while been departing from the Chaucer's tough and racy dialect. As far genius of the lauguage. The classical as it guided taste at all, it led in a direction style had succeeded to that of the drama- opposed to bombast and pedantic diction, tists of Elizabeth's reign. The original Elision was a sharp pruning knife, and tendency of English was towards words of lopped off a heap of redundant syllables. of one syllable ; but under Shaftesbury, George Ellis, who had assisted Canning Bolingbroke, and Chatham, it tended and Frere in the Anti-Jacobin combined a strongly towards words of many syllables. critical spirit with great knowledge of old It was growing weaker when it was authors. While Addington was premier, thought to be gaining strength. It was he published his third edition of Specimens more sonorous, but less pregnant with of the Early English Poets.
Then came sense; more smooth, but less fibrous. bis Specimens of Early English Romances Faith was called “fidelity,” drying was in Verse, which with the former work, exsiccation," quivering was “ tremulous- drew the attention of literary men to the ness." The process of the ancients was simple and vigorous language in which inverted. They, in their rough Saxon Anglo-Saxon bards sung the exploits of way, used to clip off the end of borrowed King Arthur, and Anglo-Nermans the fiery words, and
the first syllable, especially adventures of King Richard in Palestine. in words that began with a vowel. They About the same time William Godwin dropped the weaker consonants, and re- wrote his Life of Chaucer, and Todd that tained the stronger, thus boiling the word of Spenser, with a glossary to belp the down as it were, and reducing it to an es- readers of the “Faerie Queene.”. “ Childe
From excorlico they got "scratch,” Harold” appeared a few years later, and from Hispania “Spain,” from exscorio was in the outset a partial 'imitation of the "scour.” The poems of Chatterton pointed language of Spenser. The “ Good Night” the way back to this earlier mode. He also of the first canto was suggested by a saw by intuition how great was the agree- similar poem in the “Border Minstrelsy ment between the sound and sense in the edited by Scott. Thus one writer unconnative words of our tongue, and how much sciously followed another's lead; and the poetry would lose in point, and music, if its retrograde movement in this instance was wild rill-like flow were turned into chan- really one in advance. Mr. Evans's “ Colnels cut by the art of pedants. Monosylla- lection of Old Ballads” was intended as a bles such as jar, twine, plash, twist, curl, supplement to Percy's “Reliques of Ancrack, crush, and the like, appeared to him cient English Poetry,” and both of these to express better than even the compounds works brought ballads into notice which of other languages the action signified, to were remarkable for the great simplicity of imitate it to the ear when spoken, and to their style, and almost exclusive use of make a picture of it to the age when written. monosyllables. Walter Scott compares He believed, like Dr. Wallis, that in our them to “ the grotesque carving on a Goth“northern guttural” (as Byron calls it), st|ic niche.” They made us acquainted, too,
with many comic and rustic romances of are crowded with Saxon words. It is so the Middle Ages, which would otherwise with the description of Queen Mab in have been lost. The constant reading in “ Romeo and Juliet," with that of Cleopatra church of the old translation of the Scrip- on the river Cydnus, and Wolsey's farewell tures has aided materially in keeping alive to his greatness. It is so with “Ye Marithe taste for pure English as distinguished ners of England,” the best of Burns's songs from Latinized English ; and the growing and Moore's melodies, and with “ Mariana popularity of Shakespeare has been both a of the Moated Grange.”
« Enoch Arden," cause and effect of the tendency in ques- though a poem of two thousand lines, contion. Of all treasures of proverbial wisdom tains scarcely a word that is not of Saxon expressed in racy language, these two are origin. Barry Cornwall, in speaking of the richest and most common among us. Charles Lamb, says:- “ Without doubt, They have ably, if not adequately, counter- his taste on several matters was peculiar; acted the undue and exclusive attention for instance, there were a few obsolete which was long given to Latin and Gecek words, such as arride, agnize, burgeon, &c., in our public schools and universities. which he fancied, and chose to rescue from There were always some, sixty or seventy oblivion.” In this he did well. It would years ago, who, like Mr Windham in the have been strange if the man of all others House of Commons, ran counter to the most deeply versed in old English writers classical rage, and preferred old pronuncia- had adopted none of their expressions as tions to new, and the pure Saxon idiom well as their ideas. Carlyle has done us of our language,” as Lord Brougham calls it, good service in this respect. His prose reto the long-winded refinements then cur- sembles poetry in that it is the concentrated rent in St. Stephen's. Thus when some essence of language. Thought is condensed phrase of his provoked a smile or an at- on his page, as light is by a burning-glass. tack, as if he had fallen into its use un- His words are pictures — composite, Gerawares, Windham would exclaim, “Why, man-like. He is peculiar, always an origiI said it a purpose !” Ben Jonson, who nal, full of old Gothic phrases and quaint was a notable scholar, censurerl the archaisms terms, always firing straight at the mark. of Spenser; and Pope, the most Gallican and always hitting it. Take him where of our poets, said, “ Spenser himself affects you will, in every sentence you shall find the obsolete ;” but, as Mr. Willmott very the German and the Norman, the Latin justly observes, “ The old words of the poet, and Saxon element, richly represented. like the foreign accent of a sweet voice, It is a beautiful kaleidoscope, varying at give a charm to the tone, without, in any every turn. He is a word-king, a magician large degree, obscuring the sense.” of language; inimitable — alone.
As the present century advanced, the re- Affectation of every sort should, of course, tura up the stream to the sources of our be avoided. It may be indulged in revivlanguage became more decided. In pro-ing old English as well as in quickening portion as the age grew practical, fine dead Latin. Our language, like our conwriting, which is usually mere declamation, stitution, is composite ; and in strengthenlost its charms. The racy style — curt, ing one branch of it we must be careful not pointed, and suggestive rose in value. to weaken another. As to obsolete terms, Science and thought make people exact, we may but recall a few exiles, and we seland much business makes them brief- dom dare do even this without adducing spoken. The love of historic truth, and the some precedent for the adoption. Fossil hatred of shams of every sort, bas helped remains are highly valuable, and often or. us to speak less vaguely, and to write with namental; yet fossils, after all, can fill but more substance and strength. Dean Swift a small place in the well-arranged cabinet. acted on the principle that no Saxon word Perhaps it may be well to give a few examong us should be allowed to become ob- amples, not from the “ Morte Arthur" solete; and Dean Hoare, in our own day, Sir Robert Ayton, not from Wither or has expressed a strong conviction that the George Herbert, but from writers of our writers and speakers who please us most own time, of the happy use of Saxon words, are those whose style is the most Saxon in giving to compositions, as old china gives its character; and he believes, with good to a room, an antiquated air, and making reason, that this remark is especially true them vigorous as the gnarled oak and the of poetry. Certainly, those passages in tough, tortuous, olive-tree. The two first our poets which are most popular among us shall be in prose :
“ This game went on for better than a week,
From the Examiner, till the foolish beast (a young ass on the Icads of Christ's Hospital), not able to fare well but Thomas Shillitoe, the Quaker Missionary he must needs cry roast meat — happier than and Temperance Pioneer. By William Caligula's minion, could he have kept his own Tallack, Author of Peter Bedford, the counsel, but foolisher, alas, than any of his
Spitalfields Philanthropist,' &c. S. W. species in the fables waxing fat, and kicking,
Partridge. in the fulness of bread, one unlucky minute would needs proclaim his good fortune to the world below; and laying out his simple throat,
THOMAS SHILLITOE is said in the first blew such a ram’s-horn blast as, toppling down page of this book to have“ lived a life of wonthe walls of his own Jericho, set concealment derful energy as a univeral philanthropist, any longer at defiance.” – ("Essays of Elia.”) and as a Christian minister of almost apostolic
“ In the evening I went with the lasses to the activity ; ” which reminds one of a criticisin banks of Ouse, and scattered on the dimpling upon Cowley's · Davideis,' that while Hostream, as is their wont at the lamh-ale a thous-mer simply opened the • Tiad' by saying and odorous Aowers, — new-born roses, sweet- that he was aboat to tell of the wrath of williams, and yellow-coxcombs, the small-Aowered lady’s-slipper, the prince's-feather, and the Achilles, whom he calls barely Achilles, son clastered bell-flower, the sweet basil (the saucy of Peleus, and never praises except by the wenches smiled when they furnished me witń relation of his actions, Cowley put all his a bunch thereof), and a great store of midsum- hero in the opening, where he is set down mer daisies.
When with due observance I as the best poet and the best king. Thomthrew on the water a handful of these golden- as Shillitoe, we are told, however, at the tufted and silver-crowned flowerets, I thought close of the first chapter, was not perfect. of Master Chaucer's lines.
The great | He was s osten impetuous and irritable, store of winsome and graciously.named flowers sometimes obstinate, occasionally uncharitaused that day set me to plan a fair garden, ble, and always more or less nervous and wherein cach mouth should yield in its turn to
- Twice,” he records, “I was the altar of our secret chapel a pure incense of nature's own furnishing." (" Constance Sher- confined to my bed by the sudden sight of a wood.")
mouse." But he was very like the apostles
about the legs; which is more than can be And now for an example or two in said for a bishop when he has his gaiters
The Evangelists repeatedly, allude to the “A draggled mawkin, thou, That tends her bristled gruuters in the sludge," journcy on foot of that sacred band, foremosi - ("The Princess.")
amongst whom was their Divine Lord and Leader. And when, on other occasions, they
went forth two and iwo, they received the com“Fled like a glittering rivulet to the tarn : mand that they should take nothing for their
And down the shingly scaur he plunged.”. journey save a staff only,” inasmuch as those (“ Elaine.”)
who received the blessing of their services were
to supply all needful wants; and when this re“ Whereat Geraiot flashed into sudden spleen ;
turn was not accorded, the further command A thousand pips cat up your sparrow-hawki was "Shake off the dust under your feet for a
In the Acts of the Tits, wrens, and all winged nothing, peck him testimony against them.” dead !
Apostles also there are allusions to the general Ye think that the rustle cackle of your bourg pedestrian movements of the Apostles. Of The murmur of the world! What is it to Pbilip, for instance, it is recorded that he
towards the Ethiopian noble, who riding homeme ? O wretched set of sparrows, one and all,
wards in bis chariot, was reading the Who pipe of nothing but of sparrow-hawks ! Isaiah. Other modes of travel were, doubtless, Speak, if you
be not like the rest hawk mad, always permissable and often preferable. Never. Where can I get me harbourage for the theless, for various reasons, the Apostolic mis
sionaries night?” – (“Enid.")
appear to have usually chosen the independence and freedom of walking. Thus of
Paul we read that when he had the option of “How say you, reader' they are the proceeding from Troas to Assos by ship with words of Charles Lamb “ do not these his companions, or on land without them. he verses smack of the rough magnanimity of chose the later course, “minding himself to go the old English vein ?
afoot” (Acts xx. 13), Probably the quiet op. portunity thus afforded for meditation and se. cret prayer, was the deciding motive in the lat. ter instance.
Partly for a similar reason, partly on eco- Thomas Sbillitoe's father was Librarian nomical grounds, and also probably from a love at Gray's Inn, from wbich office he retired of independent and free movement, Thomas in his old age upon a public-house, and beShillitoe very often performed his preaching came landlord of the Three Tuns' at Is journeys on foot. He was characteristically a pedestrian itiner. lington, when Islington was a village and
His memoranda abounds in such records the Angle was a rural tavern. Thomas beas the following: -“After meeting I walked came a Quaker against the wish of his to Castleton, ten miles; had a comfortable parents, and was patronised by a Quaker meeting with a few Friends there next morning. lady who promoted him from his place of In the afternoon walked to Whitby, fourteen grocer's apprentice to a clerkship in a Quamiles over a dreary moor. Afterwards I walk- ker banking house. It grieved him to see ed to Russell Dale, and next day to Helmsley; his employers “ going with a multitude to in the afternoon to Bilsdale. Next day walked do evil” So he left the bank and put him. about thirty-two miles to Knaresborough, and
self apprentice to a shoemaker. “The Alnext day to Rawden. I walked to Lothersdale, about twenty-two miles. The great quantity mighty Care-taker” prospered him afterof rain that has fallen of late has made travel wards at Tottenham in making shoes for ling on foot trying : I hope I may be preserved Quakers. He married, was frugal, and in the patience, apprehending it is the line of when his savings gave him a fixed income conduct I must pursuo when time will allow of of a hundred a year, though he then had a it. Next day wulked to Netherdale, about wife and five children, he forsook his last twenty-four miles."
and “devoted himself to the home and The continuity of Thomas Shillitoe's pedes- foreign service of his Lord in the churches.” trianism was sometimes extraordinary. Thus, Shortly afterwards a woman was found to in one week he mentions walking on a Satur: have left in her will a hundred pounds to day evening from Lancaster to Wyersdale ; on
Mr. Sbillitoe. the Suuday afternoon to Ray ; on the Monday
“ This was an acceptable twenty-six miles to Hawes ; on Tuesday twenty- and seasonable gift, which he gratefully ascight miles to Masham; on Wednesday twenty- cribed to the interposition of his Heavenly three miles to Leyburn ; on Thursday eight Father.” He went to Russia, Prussia and miles to Ayşgarth, and the same afternoon ten elsewhere, offering personal advice to monmiles over the moor to Reeth. On Friday he archs, and otherwise making himself useful. set out with a horse and chaise to return to He was a temperance apostle, and (p: 130) Hawes, but finding the dales were at the time would fancy himself a teapot for weeks flooded in many places owing to the recent heavy rains, he quitted the conveyance and re
together.” To this excellent man, before comienced walking, often coming to places he took his journey to heaven, Professor where the usual crossing by stepping-stones was Tholuck wrote that in his company he impracticable, and where he had to wade through “ tasted fully the sweetness of the presence the rushing streams. However, he reached of Christ.” Hawes safely, and, fortified by a good dinner, boldy struck over the fells to Brigflatts, whence
Damp Walls. An Ipswich correspondent on Saturday he walked to Kendall, and reached Lancaster in the evening. Such was a week's effected a complete care from damp exuding
In reply to ‘M. L. F.,' I have just work of this zealous and simple-hearted evan- from a brick wall
, upon which no plaster, much gelist!
less would adhere, on account of its hav. Repeatedly, he proceeded on foot by rapid ing been soveral times saturated with sea water. stages across England at a similar pace to the I have done so by using Italian plaster. If Yorkshire journey just described. same year (1807) he walked from Liverpool to your correspondent will try it, I feel certain be
would meet with equal success. The cost is Warrington, thence to Macclesfield, on a Sat- but little more than that of Portland
cement, urday, a journey of twenty-three miles. On the Sabbath morning he walked thirteen miles
be papered upon forty-eight hours to Leek, and held a meeting there. He started after being used, without any risk of damp or
discolouration." again on foot on Monday, and performed twenty-nine miles to Derby; then the next day Cat's Milk M. Commaille, who strongly another thirty miles to Leicester; on Wednes- recommends the employment of cat's milk, day walked twenty-nine miles to Northampton. states, observes the Lancet, that it has the fol“ The day proving wet, travelling became more lowing composition. One litre contains : difficult; but now drawing so near home oper- butter, 33.33 grammes; casein, 31:17 grammes ; ated as a spur to do my best.” On Thursday lactalbumen, 59.64 grammes ; lactoprotein, 4:67 he accomplished twenty-three miles to Woburn, grammes ; lactose and organic acids, 49:11 and on Friday walked the remaining thirty-nine grammes ; ash, 5.85 grammes ; making a total milos, which brought him safe back to his of 183.77 grammes. The cat from which the family.
milk was taken had been fed on flesh exclusively.