From All The Year Round.

be very disagreeable to us to see Europe me under an obligation to write rather going to war just now. We can stave off sooner than I intended; and if I was not to this war by taking new, vague, indefinitely seize the very first opportunity that offered large obligations for the future, which we to return you thanks after the reception of hope we may be never called upon, and in so considerable a present, I should be guilty our hearts we have never seriously resolved, of such a piece of insensibility and ingratito fulfil. We ourselves should object serious- tude as the very stones (to allude to the ly even to repeating again the words of ob- dialect of Heaven) would become vocal, and ligation, which have now lost so much force rise up and upbraid me; especially as a few through the violations of their pledges by all grateful expressions may be so easily uttered the parties to the treaties of 1814 and 1815; without any expense obtained, and the least to renew, formally, those obligations would that can be rendered to any person by be in itself a fresh obligation. But not only whom a favour is bestowed.

No one is to renew but to add to them obligations of more ready to acknowledge a benefit, nor, a very formidable nature, seems to us a pol- perhaps, less able to make a retaliation, than icy of the most alarming kind. And the myself. I have it in my heart to do as Minister who takes these obligations in our much, and in my power to do as little, as name is the Minister on whom we have all any man living ; bowever, as far as the efso long depended for refusing the sanction ficacy and value of thankful and affectionof England to the policy of vague, and dan- ate expressions extend, I am free to do the gerous because vague, interventions. uttermost, and if it was possible for a sheet of

paper to contain, on the one hand, and if it was not altogether unnecessary on the other, I would give you as many thanks as the clothes contain threads.

I thank you, dear sir, for the handsome GENUINE LETTER OF THANKS. and very valuable black coat, I thank you

for the genteel blue coat, I thank you for The following epistle, for the genuine- the neat cloth breeches, I thank you for the ness of which we have authority to vouch, pieces you have sent to repair them with, I bears no date, but is known to have been thank you for the beautiful wig, I thank written about the year 1770.

you for paying the carriage of the whole; I It is an interesting, because authentic, shall further add that, by the present you evidence of the social position of the “ Par- have animated and heightened my affeccon” in a bygone day; who was hat in tions, which your former hospitable behavhand to his patron; who thought it in no iour had before enkindled. Shall I tell you wise derogatory to his cloth to dine in the Iconstantly and fervently pray for servants’ hall, to pay court to the house am daily forming a thousand wishes for keeper, and make love to my lady's “wo- your present and future welfare ? Dear sir, man,” or even to marry her, with my lady's I need only say you have won my heart by countenance and approval. A social posi- yonr favours; Í bless God for what you tion admirably described by MACAULAY. have done for me, and am surely to con

As concerns the letter itself, the mingled clude from this instance of your bounty that simplicity and servility of the good man, you will be a great friend to me and my its author, his gratitude for favours con- family. Dear sir, I thank you, and again I ferred, and his keen eye towards benefits thank you. On Saturday last I received to come, his presentation of his family, after your parcel. Immediately I had my hair the fashion of modern mendicants of a lower cut off, that I might have the honour on the class, his prolixity and tautology (frightful- Sabbath to appear in your wig ; and being ly suggestive of the sermons under which desirous to wear the black coat once, for such of his parishioners as understood Eng- your sake, went to the meeting in it. My lish — they were, probably, few, for he was body was never so genteelly arrayed since it a Welsh parson

groaned on Sundays), came out of the hands of its Creator; the these points, and other humourons touches clothes fitted me well, and looked gracefully of character self-disclosed, make the letter

upon me.

Dear sir, I thank you, and again very curious and droll.

Was proud to tell Mr. Ashworth what a Reverend and Worthy, Indulgent and present you had sent me; Mr. Ashworth Compassionate, Bounteous and very Valu- seemed quite pleased. Indeed, if anybody able Sir.

who had seen me in my ragged and dirty The present you have sent me bas laid apparel two years ago, had seen me last

you, and

I'thank you.

Sabbath so decently clothed in your things, / proached artificial or dead hair in its qualitics, would have been apt to think me the reality was then polished with a little oil, and the proof one of Ovid's Metamorphoses, there being cess was complete. But chemistry has now so striking a difference between my past and enabled the artisans of hair to move a stage my present appearance. Dear sir, I thank onwards; to add a dye in the place of the ab you, and again I thank you. To conclude, head into a kind of coloured mop. It comes

stracted natural colour, and to convert the dear sir, you say in your last letter, “ I have to pass thus : the head is washed with an alkasent you some clothes, if you will not retuse line solution, and dried near the fire; this part them." Dear sir, what do you mean ? I am of the process occupies an hour. The manipsurprised at your expression. If you had ulator then brushes through the hair the dre, sent me an old pair of shoes or stockings, I an acid solution of varying strength, and the should have been obliged and very thankful exhausted and dry hair is made to absorb this for them, much more so for a present so Auid by the aid of hot tongs and hot plates of large and rich as yours, the value of which metal, This latter part of the process demands I so well know, and I am persuaded they for our informant, the lady operated upon, re

care and skill, and time also it would appear ; were never yours for ten pounds. Dear sir, ports that the whole proceeding occupied seven if at any time you have an old garment to hours and a half

. But at last came the result, spare, hat or anything else, I shall receive it not the end, but the beginning of the end. with thanks, and my family enjoy the bene- When the lady rose from the operating chair, fit of it. What follows I am ashamed to she was charmed by the vision of a pale gold write, yet must own that your present would chevelure, her natural colour being a dark bave been more complete if you had obliged brown.; and she went to her home in perfect me with a waistcoat along with it, having delight. But in a very few hours the vision not one proper to wear with the coats you low, and then to a deep yolk of egg yellow that

began to change, first to a bright orange-yelhave sent me, they being so valuable, and fit me so well, it would be a pity to break another operation was to be gone through,

was perfectly hideous. To correct this evil, them for that. I have nothing to add but another seven hours and a half of tedious and an expression of the sincerest and most pre- painful manipulation ; and this time, like the vailing concern for your real happiness, last, with a similar result, — first the golden and am, dear Sir, what I shall always be sheen of the rising sun; but, as evening ad. proud to call myself, and my wife and boys vanced, a deep saffron and red tint like the with me, your highly benefited and greatly setting sun portending a coming storm; or, obliged and humble Servants,

rather, like the elfin locks of the demons of a John & Mary, Thomas & John Butt. pantomime. The lady's disappointinent and

be more easily imagined than

described ; she was advised that nothing more P.S. The hand, spelling, and composing could be done ; that, if she disapproved of her am sensible, is wretched, time being short, present appearance, her head must be shaved ; matter great, tackle bad and obliged to write and she submitted to the necessity and to the in haste.

consequent annoyance of wearing a wig. The As I bave bad my hair cut off, and at a proceeding we are now discussing is called the loss for a cap, if you have one to dispose of, 'instantaneous' process, and we have styled it either silk or velvet, shall be very glad of an operation, having in our mind a surgical

undertaking; the suffering was so severe, says our informant, that she was obliged to scream with pain, the burning was so intense that she walked about the room in a frantic state ; and sal volatile was administered to keep up her

strength. More than a week after this grave GOLDEN HAIR. – Mr. Erasmus Wilson, in operation she came to us to be relieved of inhis new Journal of Cutaneous Medicines and Dis- Aammation of the scalp, and the effects of a sutases of the Skin, is eloquent on the Dangers perfic al gangrenous burn. She complained of of Dyeing the Hair.” Art,” he tells us, " is a feeling of lethargy, and feared that some progressive; a few years back, when the ma- poisonous matter might have been absorbed nia for altering the shade of colour of the hair through the scalp into the system; and it was first broke out, ladies were content with wash-clear that her nervous system had undergone a ing their heads with an alkaline solution, soda serious shock, and that she had escaped by a or potash, until a considerable portion of the very narrow margin from an attack of decolouring matter was removed, and with it, of ranged function of the liver verging on jalo. course, much of the freshness and silky beauty dice. On the sixteenth day after the operation of the hair. This bleached hair, which ap- | the gangrenous burn remained unhealed.

vexation may


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No. 1202. Fourth Series, No. 63. 15 June, 1867.

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From the Quarterly Review. Under such imputations Mr. Du Chaillu

was unwilling to rest, and be resolved to A Journey to Ashango-Land and further confute his opponents by the logic of facts, Penetration into Equatorial Africa. By that is, by undertaking another journey into Paul B. Du Chaillu. London : 1867. the interior of Africa and furnishing himself

with materials to prove conclusively the WHEN Mr. Du Chaillu published, in 1861, substantial truth of his former narrative bis • Explorations in Equatorial Africa,' the It is impossible not to admire the courage book met, in several quarters, with an un- and enterprise he has shown, and we think favourable, not to say hostile reception. also that he deserves the highest credit for Some of his critics went so far as to assert the forgiving and generous tone in which be that the work was a fiction, and that the speaks of his assailants. He says in his author bad not travelled in the interior of Preface to the new work which we propose Africa at all. It is not necessary to confute to review, insinuations which nobody now pretends to believe; but we do not deny that the vol- Although hurt to the quick by these unfair ume was open to adverse criticism, and and ungenerous criticisms I cherished no malice that the narrative involved contradictions towards my detractors, for I knew the time which it was dificult to explain. There would come when the trath of all that was eswas a confusion of dates, and also a con-led would be made clear; I was consoled be

sential in the statements which had been disputfusion of journeys, which made it difficult sides by the support of many eminent men, to explain some points of the narrative, and who refused to believe that iny narrative and certainly the most was made of these dis- observations were deliberate falsehoods. Makcrepancies and mistakes. We who had ex- ing no pretensions 10 infallibilitv, any more amined Mr. Du Chaillu's original journals than other travellers, I was ready to acknowlnever doubted for a moment the main truth edge any mistake that I might have fallen into, of his narrative, although we saw that, ow

in the course of compiling my book from my

The only revenge I cherished ing to the manipulation of a literary band rough notes. in preparing bis book in America, his pub- journey into the same region, providing myself

was that of better preparing inyself for another lished work mixed together separate jour. | with instruments and apparatus wbich I did not neys, and betrayed a strangely involved possess on my first exploration, and thus being chronology. It was on these grounds that enabled to vindicate my former account by facts the maps

drawn up by Dr. Barth and Dr. not to be controverted! Petermann in 1862 moved all the positions of the places he had visited much nearer The result, as regards the establishment the coast than he had fixed them, so as to of Mr. Du Chaillu's character for veracity, reduce greatly the length of his routes. We has been most satisfactory; and we set so all know how the accounts of the gorilla high a value on the character of every man were discredited by those who had never an who labours to enlighten the world, as to opportunity of witnessing the animal's hab- deem this one gain not dearly purchased by its, as only one or two stuffed specimens the heavy losses and bitter disappointments bad reached the museums of Europe. Some in which Mr. Du Chaillu's second expediwriters asserted that Mr. Du Chaillu had tion has ended. never seen the animal alive, and that the Meanwhile Dr. Petermann had made the fpecimens be brought or sent to England amende honorable with regard to the position bad been purchased by him from natives on of the places which Mr. Du Chaillu had

Several naturalists declared that formerly visited ; for, in 1862, a French the habits he ascribed to the strange brute Government expedition, under Messrs. Ser--- such as that of beating its breast violent- val and Griffon Du Bellay, explored the

were contrary to all ex- Ogobai River, and not only proved the perience of the ape tribe, and incredible. truth of the traveller's general account of Mr. Du Chaillu was the first to make it, but showed that the Ashira Country was known to geographers the existence of the not far from the longitude which he had Fans, a cannibal tribe, who in recent times, assigned to it. * Dr. Petermann, on rehave

rapidly made their way from the inte- ceiving the French map, reconstructed his rior, urged by the thirst for trade and Euro- own as Mr. Du Chaillu had originally laid pean commodities, and have now actually

* In an article on Le Gabon in Le Tour du reached the coast. But their very existence Monde' (1865), p. 278, Dr. Griffon Du Bellay ways of was denied ; and the statement that some of Mr. Du Chaillu, ce que je puis affirmer, c'est que the native Áfrican barps had strings made son livre contient benucoup de detalls d'une parfaite

exactitude, et plus d'une peinture de meurs réelleof vegetable fibre was declared to be false.

ment prises sur le vif.'

of a browse that

the coast.

ly when enraged

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