denied that he even understood to whom or locked themselves with helpless pleading, to what his questions referred. But on Sir turning round bis strong and strenuous Douglas saying

“ Beware what you do! wrist. The pale face slowly floated, as it -the detective who has traced you is now were, 'underneath his, and looked' with at Glenrossie Castle ; – the gentleman you dreadful appeal into his eyes. have robbed, has probably by this time “You were right,” she murmured,“ that landed in England ; — if you are indeed the night on the hills; but I did not know it person they are seeking, denial is perfectly then — I did not feel it then. I have been hopeless” - his tone changed; he stood as deceived. But let him go! Oh, let him one transfixed; he trembled from head to go!” foot; and after a faint attempt at bravado, And Alice — impassive Alice — laid her dropped on his knees and besought mercy ! white cheek on the panting heart of her

“I have had many excuses, a hard lot to proud soldier-brother and moaned, with the contend with,” he stammered out. “ You long low moan of a wounded animal. would not surely give me up to justice, Sir “Take my horse and begone, wretched Douglas ! For God's sake consider!— give man!” at length broke forth from the lips me time - give me means of escape: I will of Sir Douglas. And as James Frere yet surrender all to you — give me a chance for endeavoured to mutter sentences of excuse the future! I bave been starved - hunted and explanation, and above all to assure down— persecuted: let me fly — all is here Sir Douglas that he would find “every fracin this very house that belonged to that tion of property correct, including trifles he man; – I never intended to appropriate it! had ventured to present to his kind patronThe things were under my charge — in my ess that morning” — the kind patroness cabin.

proceeded to “speed the parting guest" by “ Sir Douglas, Sir Douglas, let me es- the bitter words, “ Don't dirty my name by cape !” continued he, with increasing vehe- setting it between your thieves' teeth, man ! mence, as the stern contempt visible on the Get to one of your dog-kennels of hiding, soldier’s brow became more and more evi- out of the sight of honest folk. And the dent. “I will repent — reform! Oh God! sooner the gallows is lifted, on which you Consider

- is my wife!” can hang, the better for all concerned. Sir Douglas started, as if he had been That's


dictum !” shot Alice crept round to him, pale as a “ Ah! whom shall we trust!” groaned corpse.

Sir Douglas, as the sound of the horse's “Let him go, BROTHER !” was all she hoofs violently galloping past Clochnaben said ; but she clung to Sir Douglas's arm, towers, smote on his ear, and his half-sister as if it were the arm of the executioner Alice sank shivering in his tender embraces. raised to strike.

“ Whom shall we trust if that man is a liar, The soft slender hands locked and un-I a hypocrite, and an assassin!”


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- your sister

PIETY AND PROPERTY. — An eye to rcal | but a comfortable home may be depended on. picty is often found accompanying an eyo to Address, including carto, M. P., &c.real property ; and a regard for Christian character is not seldom united with a sharp look out

Doubtless, preference will be given to a pretty for cash. Else we should not sce so frequently face as well as to a pretty property; or the appliadvertisements like this :

cant would not be asked to send her carte.

Indeed, we fancy the advertisement should have A Christian gentleman wishes to meet with been headed “ Matrimonial, and we believe A LADY of decided piety, to keep his house. the “ Christian Gentleman ” would not be found Preference will be given to one having a little particular in the matter of the piety, if the prop. property of her own, as no salary can be given, erty of the lady were placed beyond all doubt.

- Punch,



No one

From the London Review, 2 Mar.

of the weakness of its former nominal head,

it has become united because one of its THE NORTH GERMAN CONFEDERATION. States has acquired a decisive preponder

ance, and has been boldly and skilfully The first session of the North German pushed forward to the front by a statesman Parliament has been opened at Berlin, with equally remarkable for audacity in conceivall due form and solemnity, by the King of ing great plans, and for skill in conducting Prussia. No one can deny the greatness of them to a successful issue. Still, Count Bisthe occasion ; nor is it easy to place an ex- marck could have done nothing had he not aggerated estimate upon the importance of been the representative of a strong national the changes which it signalizes, or of that feeling; or bad he sought to impose an orstill more complete development of German ganization upon the country, rather than to unity of which it is in all probability the assist her in 'gaining one adapted to her starting point. At this time last year Ger- wants and congenial to her wishes. No one many was broken up into petty States, each can approve many of his measures. independent within its own borders, each can regard with satisfaction the tortuous affording an opening to foreign intrigue, paths through which he has too often pursued each contributing, through the ambition or his way. But he is, after all, entitled to the the mutual jealousy of their rulers, to the sort of indulgence which we always grant weakness rather than to the strength of the to the founders of empires; and above all to common Fatherland. It is true, that those who build them upon the solid bases amongst the people there was a deep of national desires and of the natural fitness yearning for unity, a strong sense that Ger- of things. If Germany had not desired many had not the position in Europe to unity, the battle of Sadowa might have which her importance entitled her, an inti- added a few provinces to Prussia, but it mate conviction that she had neither the would not have placed her at the head of strength for offence or defence which prop- a North German Confederation. In the erly belonged to her numerous, brave, and fact that he has been able to overcome secpatriotic population. But there appeared tional jealousies, the opposition of the minor little or no prospect of their aspirations sovereigns, and the other obstacles which being realized. Their country was bound always impede the reorganization of a great fast in the net which had been woven round country, lies the best justification for the her by the events of centuries, and which course which Count Bismarck has pursued. the Congress of Vienna had perceptibly The meeting of the North German Parliatightened. Every successive attempt to ment is not only the fruit but the sanction create a nation out of a congeries of petty of his policy., kingdoms and principalities had failed; and It is difficult to read without some slight although most people who thought at all incredulity the assurance of King William, about the matter felt convinced that the that he would have been equally ready to Germans would, sooner or later, work their become a subordinate member of the new way to the desired goal, few would have Confederation as to take and assume its ventured a twelvemonth ago to predict that headship, had circumstances called him to the year 1866 would not pass away before the foriner instead of the latter position. the foundations had been laid of a new and We do not believe in the readiness of any we trust a powerful German empire. We monarch to consent to a limitation of his need not dwell upon the series of events by independent authority, and it is tolerably which this consummation has been brought well known that there was no great eagerabout. The King of Prussia, in his inaugu- ness for self-sacrifice amongst the princes ral address to the new Parliament, piously whose devotion to the general welfare his refers the result to the direct interposition Majesty is pleased to acknowledge in terms of Providence, which has led Germany to which the real facts of the case impart towards the object desired by her people somewhat of an ironical character. There through paths which were neither chosen is more truth, and also a more important nor foreseen. But although we are ready meaning in the following paragraph of the to believe that his Majesty has been, to a address, in which the King dwells upon great extent, an unconscious instrument in the difficulties that have been encountered the transactions which have made him in obtaining the assent of so many different every inch an emperor, we do not believe Governments to the draft of a Federal Conthat Count Bismarck has been equally stitution, and urges this as a reason why the taken by surprise. The truth is, that as new Parliament should not hastily disturb Germany became divided in consequence the arrangements that have been arrived at.

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There is no doubt that the Constitution, as | ter will prevail. In the Federal Parlianow settled, is far from perfect. It is ment itself, Count Bismarck, so far as we drawn up rather on Conservative than on can now venture to anticipate, will have it Liberal lines. It is not intended to give pretty much his own way. The real danger the popular will the free play that many to the scheme lies at a subsequent stage, people wish, and that is to some extent de- when is is submitted to the local Parliaments sirable. It is, in fact, founded rather on of the different States. the idea of consolidating a powerful State If there were no other motive which under the guidance of a strong chief, than should induce the members of these assemof developing the liberties of the people blies to “strain a point " rather than reject who are subject to it. But we cannot help the constitution, a very strong inducement agreeing with the King, when he remarks, to adopt such a course would be supplied by " that the point of supreme importance at the consideration, that the sooner Northern present is not to neglect the favourable mo- Germany assumes a definite, and something ment for laying the foundations of the like a permament form, the sooner can steps building; its more perfect completion can be taken to enter into closer relations with then sately remain intrusted to the subse- the Southern States. Although the King quent combined co-operation of the Ger- uses very guarded language on this point, it man sovereigns and races.” There is an is plain that he or rather Count Bismarck, amount of truth in this which the German has not relinquished the idea of bringing the Liberals, who are discontented with the whole of Germany into one confederation, provisions of the Constitution, would do under the leadership of Prussia. All that well to lay to heart. If the Assembly re- is at present spoken of is the formation of fuses to assent to the draft which it will be the Zollverein, the common promotion of their first duty to consider, or if the landtags trade, and a combined guarantee for the of the disserent States to which it must in security of German territory. But we can time be submitted should take that course, easily understand that if so much is uttered the whole scheme of a North German Par- a good deal is left unsaid, in deference to liament would be in danger of shipwreck. the susceptibilities of at least one foreign na

Prussia will preserve her ascendancy by tion. And yet, as his Majesty justly obmeans of the treaties which she has extorted serves, there is no legitimate reason why from the smaller States, but there will be no any Power should regard with jealousy the common assembly in which the people are rise of that German Empire-stretching represented, and through the medium of from the Alps to the Baltic – which is the which the nation may eventually attain not inevitable, and probably not the very disonly a more complete union, but a larger tant consummation of recent events. The measure of freedom. The great thing is to direction of the German mind is peaceful. get a Federal assembly representing not There is no wish for the conquest of any the princes, but the people, fairly to work. territory inhabited by foreign races, now It may be imperfectly constituted; it may that Denmark has been successfully deeven for a time tend rather to the strength- spoiled of Slesvig: The inclination of the ening of authority than the growth of free- people is industrial rather than warlike, dom. But it must furnish an invaluable and their motto is very much like that of our basis of operations, and in the long run it own volunteers, “ defence, and not defiance.” must be amenable to the liheral feeling and Of course, if any other nation still bankers the intelligence of the country. It will be after German soil, and still nourishes any far better to wait a while for the final crown- desire to acquire so called natural bounding of the edifice than to risk the loss of aries, we can well understand that it may that which has been accomplished by look with disfavour upon a consolidation attempting (as some of the Liberals are and a common organization which will once said to intend) to obtain the adoption of for all defeat the realization of its designs. the Democratic charter of 1848. If they But, in truth, those designs if they be were successful, the only result would be in- entertained are even now quite hopefinite confusion and an indefinite postpone-less. The North German Confederation ment of the ultimate end they have in ought to be able to defend their own fronview; because, although the assembly might tiers against all comers, and even if they vote, it could not establish such a constitu- are not, it is certain that at the first cannon tion without the consent of the several Gov- shot that was fired on the Rhine, their felernments, and this would certainly not be low-countrymen south of the Maine would given. There is, however, no reason to ex- rush to their assistance. Still it is desirable pect that counsels of so extreme a charac- for many reasons, both of internal organiza



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tion and of external defence, that the com- and make such explorations as might be plete unification of the country should be found practicable in the direction of the carried out as soon as possible. The soon- North Pole. The United States Governer a commencement is made by the conclu- ment manifested no inclination to equip an sion of arrangements upon those points to expedition for the above purposes, and Dr. which the King referred in his speech, the Hayes was therefore under the necessity of better for all parties. For our own part we appealing to his countrymen to contribute cordially re-echo the prayer with which the funds for the enterprise. These were at King concluded his address. We have no length forthcoming, and, in the early part other wish and no other interest than that of 1860, Dr. Hayes found himself master of Germany should be free, united, and power- a schooner of 133 tons burden, with a crew fal — that she should fully realize " the of fourteen persons. The second in comdream of centuries, the yearning and striv- mand was Mr. A. Sonntag, who threw up a ing of the latest generations." Upon the Government appointment of Associateprudence, the wisdom, and above all, the Director of the Dudley Astronomical Obmoderation of the deputies now assembled servatory to accompany Dr. Hayes. The at Berlin, the speedy fulfilment of the na- small craft was efficiently equipped, and tional aspirations mainly depends. We nothing was wanting to make the expedihope that they will not prove unworthy of tion successful, except auxiliary steam-powthe trust reposed in them; and that they er, now found to be absolutely necessary will not, in grasping at a shadow, lose the for efficient Arctic exploration. substance which is within their reach.

The expedition left Boston on the 6th of July, 1860, and returned to that port in October, 1861. The story of this last Arctic enterprise is most stirring, and it is well for

Dr. Hayes's literary venture that this is From the Athenæum.

the for it must be conceded that the

great number of works on Arctic voyages The Open Polar Sea: a Narrative of a Voy- has somewhat dulled the edge of curiosity

age of Discovery towards the North Pole, with which they were formerly received by in the Schooner - United States.” By Dr. the public. But a spell of fascination will I. I. Hayes. (Low & Co.)

ever cling to the narrative of brave and

adventurous travel, and Dr. Hayes's heroWHEN we parted from Dr. Hayes on the ism and endurance are of no common oroccasion of reviewing his · Arctic Boat der. Journey' in this journal (May, 1860) we After a not unprosperous voyage, the felt sure that, unless barred by circum- explorers reached Upernavik on the 12th stances beyond his control, we should meet of August, obtained six Esquimaux interhim again in the same waters. “On revient preters, hunters and dog-drivers, with a toujours à ses premiers amours,” applies fine team of dogs, and then resumed their with peculiar force to adventurers; and way north. The schooner battled gallantly those wbo love the excitement of wild with the middle ice, dodging enormous travel, with its attendant perils, are gene- icebergs which continually threatened to rally found eager and ready to set forth crush her. One of these icy monsters was again, even when the blood is no longer upwards of three-quarters of a mile long, young, in quest of adventures by flood and nearly of the same breadth, and 315 feet field. So it was with poor Franklin, who, above the water. It was calculated to conhaving early imbibed a passion for the sea, tain twenty-seven thousand million cubic eagerly seized the opportunity of passing feet, and to weigh two thousand million from the — to him dull monotony of life tons. Difficulties now increased daily, and at home to the dangers and hardships of besides those arising from icebergs and the Arctic exploration.

pack-ice, a current from the north set True to his early love, Dr. Hayes had no strongly against them, and the hours, if not sooner returned from his adventurous voy: minutes, of the schooner seemed numbered. age, which, as will be remembered, involved - Off Cape Hatherton,” says Dr. Hayes, his little party and himself in extraordinary perils, than he commenced organizing

“ the scene around us was as imposing as it an extensive scheme of Arctio search. The main features were to pass up Smith volcano, there is not in nature an exhibition

was alarming. Except the earthiquake and Sound, complete the survey of the north of force comparable with that of the ice-fields coasts of Greenland and Grennell Land, 1 of the Arctic Seas. They close together, when

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driven by the wind or by currents against the | Dr. Hayes made an exploratory journey land or other resisting object, with the pressure over the great Mer de Glace glacier which of millions of moving tons, and the crash and joins that of Humbolt. This was a formid, noise and confusion are truly terrific. were now in the midst of one of the most fallen to 34o below zero ; and a fierce

We able undertaking; the temperature had thrilling of these exhibitions of Polar dynam: storm prevailed. In the teeth of this the ics, and we become uncomfortably conscious that the schooner was to become a sort of party travelled seventy miles over the ice dynamometer. Vast ridges were thrown up at an altitude of 5,000 feet above the level wherever the floes came together, to be sub- of the sea, and in the midst of a vast frozen merged again when the pressure was exerted sahara immeasurable to the buman eye. in another quarter; and over the sea around Yet under these difficulties Dr. Hayes succases reached an altitude of not less than sixty urements which, having been repeated in us these pulsating lines of uplift, which in some ceeded in taking angles and various measfeet, --- higher than our mast-head, — told of July, 1861, showed that the rate of prothe strength and power of the enemy which was threatening us. We had worked ourselves gress of this tremendous glacier is upwards into a triangular space formed by the contact of a hundred teet daily. Thus what is true of three fields. At first there was plenty of of the Alpine valleys is true, also, of those room to turn round, though no chance to in Greenland. A great frozen flood is pourescape. We were nicely docked, and inly ing continuously down the west slopes of hoped that we were safe; but the corners of the Greenland continent, the law of supthe protecting floes were slowly crushed off, ply and waste being the same in both cases. the space narrowed little by little, and we listened to the crackling and crunching of the winter was diversified by a rise of tempera

The monotony of the long and dreary ice, and watched its progress with consternation. At length the ice touched the schooner, ture which set in early in November. "The and it appeared as if her destiny was sealed wind, says Dr. Hayes, writing on the 14th She groaned like a conscious thing in pain, and of this month, though blowing steadily for writhed and twisted as if to escape her adver- twenty-four hours from the north-east, is sary, trembling in every timber from truck to accompanied by remarkable warmth. The kelson. Her sides seemed to be giving way. thermometer, which had gone down to 40) Her deck timbers were bowed up, and the below zero, now marked 41°. 6 I have seams of the deck planks were opened. gave up for lost the little craft which had gal makes mischief with my theories, as facts

done with speculation. This temperature Tantly carried us through so many scenes of have heretofore done with theories of the peril; but her sides were solid and her ribs

wiser men." strong; and the ice on the port side, working

Of course this meteorological gradually under the bilge, at length, with a phenomenon favours the theory of an open jerk which sent us all reeling, lifted her out of polar sea, and filled Dr. Hayes with hope the water; and the floes, still pressing on and that he would soon navigate its waters,

A breaking, as they were crowded together, a vast far less pleasant incident was the breaking ridge was piling up beneath and around us ; out of an epidemic among the dogs. The and, as if with the elevating power of a thou- animals were attacked by the same disease sand jackscrews, we found ourselves going which has been prevalent for some years slowly up into the air."

among the dogs in South Greenland. Up

to the 1st of December, they remained in The schooner escaped, though not with perfect health ; but after that date they out being seriously damaged. Under more were seized by fatal illness, which manifavourable circumstances she was navigated fested itself by great restlessness, furious into Hartstene Bay, and made snug for the barking, and rushing violently to and fro, winter in a harbour to which Dr. Hayes as if in mortal dread of some imaginary has given the name of Port Foulke. The object from which they were endeavouring huge cliffs of the west coast of Greenland to fly. The terrible disease ran its course rose behind them, broken in places by in a few hours, and by it the expedition ravines in which the hunters found large was rendered nearly dogless. Under these herds of deer. In a single hour Dr. Hayes circumstances, which threatened to be fatal killed three, and men and dogs feasted on to the expedition, Mr. Sonntag undertook excellent venison. This abundant commis- to visit the Esquimaux on Northumberland Bariat was most encouraging, and tends Island for the purpose of procuring a fresh strongly to confirm the belief that the in- supply of these valuable animals. Unforterior of Greenland is favourable for the tunately, this oslicer perished in the atsupport of animal life. An observatory tempt, although the object of his journey was erected near the schooner; and when was successful. the daily routine work had been organized, Reinforced by dogs and Esquimaux, Dr.

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