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not is too honest a man to hear our secrets.'| his guest for the last news from Versailles. The conversation thus interrupted, Beug- W bat news ?' replied Maury,' where do not was sent home in Madame de Lamotte's you live then ? There is news which ascarriage, accompanied by the tall young tounds all Paris. The Cardinal de Rohan, lady, whom he dropped on his way at the High Almoner of France, was arrested last Rue de Ciéry. That young lady was Made-|Tuesday, on Assumption Day, in his poninoiselle Oliva, who had personated the tifical robes, at the door of the King's closQueen in the scene when she gave a rose to et.' 'Is the cause of so violent a measure the Cardinal in the bosquet de Versailles. known ?' Not exactly; but they say it The trick had been played that very even is about a Diamond Necklace he was to ing, and by this strange accident Beugnot bave bought for the Queen, and did not had supped with the actors. From that mo- buy. It is strange for such a trifle that ment the mystification of the Cardinal was they should have arrested the High Almocomplete, and the Diamond Necklace was ner of France.' in the grasp of the gang.
We continue the story in M. Beugnot's Strangely enough, after the extraordi- words: nary success of the plot, the Lamottes not only did not leave the country with their
"No sooner had this news reached my cars, plunder, but they had the folly and audaci- than I looked at Madame de Lamotte, who had ty to return to Bar-sur-Aube, where they tionless face hung over her plate. After the
droped her napkin, whilst her pale and mowere well known, to exhibit it.
They first effort, she sprang up and rushed out of openly displayed enormous wealth. Wag- the room. One of the Abbot's attendants folgons loaded with splendid furniture came lowed her, and I shortly rejoined her. She had down from Paris. Two complete services already ordered her carriage and we started toof plate glittered on the sideboard. They gether. Perhaps I was wrong to come away even exhibited a casket of diamonds of so abruptly,” said she, “especially in presence
“Not the least. Your great value, and a multitude of costly arti- of the Abbè Maury.” cles of jewelry. All this was set down to the relations with the Cardinal are known, and al
most avowed. infatuation of the Cardinal, but it created
His life may be in danger; distrust, and in the better houses of the your part is to anticipate the letters, the
couriers, the news. But what is the cause of province Madame de Lamotte was in very his arrest ?" "I can't conceive, unless it bo indifferent repute.
some trick of Cagliostro's. The Cardinal is She still succeeded, however, in pushing infatuated with that man, though I have never herself into society, and on the 17th of ceased to warn him.” Very well : but what
"All Caglios August 1785 she was even received by the is this affair of the necklace? Duc de Penthièvre at his seat at Châtauvilain; house. Are you sure he has not compromised
“But you received the fellow at your with honours only paid to persons
“Not at all. I am sorry I left the rank. Beugnot was staying at that moment at the Abbey de Clairvaux, with Dom supper., But there is nothing that fellow will
"Madame de Lamotte,” rejoined I, Rocourt the Abbot, a very strange succes
have already said more than I care to sor of St. Bernard; the Abbè Maury was hear; but I still offer to render you a last serto preach next day the annual commemo- vice. It is now ten o'clock. Your husband can ration of that great saint at the monastery. join you in an hour with your valuables. You Dom Rocourt was so good-looking that can reach Châlons to-night, whence you may when he was presented at Versailles, the gain the coast, and get a boat for ten louis to Queen called out,' Ab! le beau moine !' carry you to England.” “Nonsense,” she reand he was in other respects a well-ap- plied, I have nothing to do with this affair.”
At least," I added, after a silence of half an pointed gentleman, having 400,000 francs
hour, as soon as you get home, burn every a year, and never travelling without four
paper which might compromise the Cardinal. horses and an outrider. With this gay ab- You owe that to his honour and to your own bot, in his abbey, Madame de Lamotte, on safety.” To this she assented, and on arriving her way back from Châteauvilain, came to at her apartment we at once opened a great dine, and in her avowed character of the box of sandal-wood filled with papers of every mistress of a Prince of the Church, she size and every colour. I asked her whether seems to have thought she had a claim to they contained any bank notes, and on her anfigure at its ceremonies. This the Abbot swering in the negative, I proposed to throw
the whole into the fire. This she refused to do, declined, but he invited her to
and insisted on our going through all the pa. to this same supper arrived fresh from Paris
Then it was that I saw what rayages the the preacher of the morrow's feast. They delirium of love, rendered more intense by the sit down at once to table, and the Abbot, delirium of ambition, had wrought in this unimpatient of .news from Court, challenges happy man. It is fortunate for the memory of
the Cardinal that those letters were destroyed, vincial town !'exclaimed the Marchioness though they would have formed a strange page _no, M. de Périgord; paysanne tant in the history of human passions. But what qu'on voudra, bourgeoise jamais !". The must that age have been in which a Prince of
whole country took up arms.
The fear of the Church would not hesitare to write and to sign letters to a woman, whom he knew so little,
brigands put a weapon into every man's which in our days no man with an atom of selt: hand. The manor-bouse was to be defendrespect could even read to the end ?
ed by a few rusty fowling-pieces. The I saw, too, in this box letters from Bohe- game was swept off the country. The fishmer and Bossange speaking of the necklace, and ponds were dragged in front of the château. of terms of payment; and threw all into the fire. The tiers-état, in the form of three or four The operation was a long one. When 'I left drunken peasants, assumed a sovereign juMadame de Lamotte her chamber was reeking risdiction over the roads. M. Beugnot witwith the smell of burnt paper and sealing-wax: nessed these scenes with vexation and reIt was then three in the morning. She promised gret, but he was returned to the Legislative to go to bed. But at four o'clock she was arrested, and at half-past four on her way to the Assembly as the Deputy of Bar-sur-Aube, Bastille.' (Vol. i. p. 86.)
and played his part in the abortive work of
that illustrious body. Lamotte, the husband, effected his
escape His participation in the legislative lato England, no orders having been given to bours of the Revolution did not, however, arrest him at the same time. The police, exempt him from its dangers. He had renindeed, showed an extraordinay want of dered himself obnoxious to the hatred of vigour in the whole affair. The arrest of the revolutionary party by moving the dethe Cardinal took place at noon on the 15th cree of accusation against Marat; and earof August. He at once denounced Madame ly in 1793 he learned that a warrant bad de Lamotte as the authoress of the plot. been issued for his apprehension. The only Yet it was not till the 18th that she was alternatives were imprisonment or flight. taken at Bar-sur-Aube; and, as the warrant With patriotic confidence he chose the forfor the apprehension of her husband was mer, and resolved to abide the worst. He sent down five days later, he had ample placed his money and his papers in the time to fly to England, and to carry off the hands of a couple of friends, who robbed diamonds which were the fruit of the rob- him; and putting • Epictetus, Marcus Aubery. *
relius,' and · Thomas a Kempis’in a bundle Our limits forbid us to dwell on the with a few clean shirts, he prepared for the sketches M. Beugnot has left us of the so- Conciergerie. At the moment of his seizciety of France at the outbreak of the Rev- ure he wished to add a volume of Tasso' olution ; yet they are extremely character- to his packet, but the title of Jerusalem
In spite of all the signs which Delivered' was regarded as suspicious. announced the coming storm, it was impos-Tout ce qui vient de Jérusalem ne sent sible for the country-gentleman to believe pas bon," said the ruffian who had him in it. Had not the King an army of 150,000 his power, and Tasso' was left behind. As men to maintain order ? What could per- he reached the entrance of the prison, the suade Dom Rocourt of Clairvaux that the long steps of the Palais de Justice were Abbey and the Rule of St. Bernard were crowded" like an amphitheatre with feroto be swept from the face of France ? cious wretches watching for the departure What could induce the great lady to be of the death-cart and the arrival of fresh lieve that she was of less consequence in victims. As he got down the wbole mass the vast medley of life than the daughter rose screaming, clapping, and vociferating of an apothecary? When the danger be- like cannibals. The hapless prisoner was came more apparent, Madame de Brionne, pelted with nameless filth, and he might many others of her rank, prepared to judge by his entry into the prison of what
The Bishop of Autun awaited bim on leaving it. (Talleyrand) remonstrated with her, and His first three nights were spent in a advised her to take refuge in some small dungeon with a murderer and a thief. It provincial town, where, if she lived quietly, was by mistake he was placed there, but no one would remark her. • A small pro- mistakes were common in the Conciergerie;
and perhaps the company of the worst * The husband, who was known under the criminals underground was less perilous strange name of M. Mustiphragasis in his later peare, died in Paris as late as the year 1831; but he than that of the political victims up-stairs. had fallen into such extreme indigence that he was Interest had, however, been made for him, in the receipt of the charitable relief bestowed upon and he was shortly transferred to the Inthe poorest members of the community - in fact, he literally died a pauper.
firmary, as the best part of the prison.
leave the country.
Here the sick, the dying, and the dead the judgment will content them; but the police were thrown pell-mell on some thirty or will keep order.” “What,” said I, were forty wretched beds — no air, no ventila- you deceiving us by the tranquillity you tion, no cleanliness a brutal doctor
showed, and the confidence you expressed?" gave
No," replied Bailly, “but I was giving you twenty minutes once a day to forty patients,
an example of never despairing of the laws of and every form of outrage and suffering were heaped upon the miserable inmates of took a cup of chocolate, and afterwards two cups
your country." The next morning early he that den of horror. Yet here, and in an of pure coffee. I expressed surprise at his taking adjoining room, Beugnot found himself once the coffee upon the chocolate. “I took tho more in the presence of friends with whom chocolate," said Bailly, “because it is nourishhe had sat in the Legislative Assembly, and ing and soothing, but as I have a difficult pasas his imprisonment was, by a rare excep-sage to make, and I distrust my own temperation, prolonged for four months, he may be ment, I took the coffee in addition, because it said to have undergone the Reign of Terror excites and stimulates me, and I hope with this in the
diet I shall reach the end of my journey.” At crucible of human suffering. very
that moment his name was called, and for the last First came the Girondins. Seven of
time I embraced him. He wished me a happier them shared his room. At two in the fate, and thanked me for the interest I had morning, on the 2nd of November, the gaol-shown him.' (P. 199.) ers entered the cell with torches, to make an inventory of their scanty possessions and One of the next victims in this strange sweep these illustrious victims away to men, remarkable for the difference of their length in a recent Number of this Journal
. judgment and the scaffold. Amongst these group was Madame Roland, whose charac
ter and history we have delineated at some characters and the similarity of their fate, M. Beugnot's impressions of that remarka was Fauchet, the ex-Bishop of Calvados, ble woman correspond with singular preciswho retained his attachment to the Catholic ion with those we had received from the faith with the zeal of a martyr. Every re-perusal of her own Memoirs. There was day he read his breviary, a portion of Scrip- much of harshness and extravagance in ture, and a chapter of the Imitation of Je- her devotion to the ideal of antique Stoisus Christ.
But his favourite study was cism, and her revolutionary opinions were the Apocalypse, for in that he fancied that odious to Beugnot. But in spite of the unSt. John had predicted the Jacobin Club, favourable prepossessions with which he saw the reign of Robespierre, the “ noyades of her in that hall of Eblis
, the grace and dig. Carrier, and even the carmagnoles' of
nity with which she bore her misfortunes Barère. Gensonné and Brissot listened
and prepared to meet her doom were irrewith amazement to the fervour of his ha
sistible. rangues. Next came Bailly :
'The day Madame Roland was to take her
trial, Clavières sent me to her on some errand. "He entered the prison with a serenity worthy I would have refused, but Clavières insisted, of one of the lights of the age. No complaint, observing that an interview between her and no reproach, passed his lips in the six days on himself on that day might be injurious to both which he stood before that mock tribunal. He of them. I went therefore, and watching the gave his answers to the end with the same cool moment at which she left her room, I joined ness, precision, and dignity, though one's blood her as she passed. She waited at the bars till boils at the questions they put to him. No she was called. Her dress was careful; she doubt especial orders had been given to make wore a gown of white muslin, trimmed with him drink of that bitter cup drop by drop; for, blonde, and fastened round the waist by a sash in the prison, where he had formerly brought of black Velvet. Her hair was dressed; she the consolations of kindness and humanity, wore a light and simple bonnet, and her beauti
. when he stood at the height of fortune and of ful locks fell waving on her shoulders. Her fame, he was now treated with every refinement face seemed rather more animated than usual; of barbarity. When the hour came for his at- her colour was lovely, and she had a smile optendance before the Court, his name was called on her lips. With one hand she lifted the traio out first, and, as he approached, the gaolers of her gown, the other hand she surrendered to pushed him backwards and forwards, shrieking, the crowd of women who surrounded her to kiss 1. Tiens
- voilà Bailly ! à toi Bailly! prends it. Those amongst them who best knew what donc Bailly !” he meanwhile moving with grav. awaited her sobbed aloud, and commended her ity through this dance of cannibals.
to Providence. No words can describe that The day before his death, Bailly anticipated picture. Madame Roland answered them all what was to happen, and spoke of it without with affectionate kindness; she did not promise emotion. "The public has been misled about them to return; she did not tell them she was me,” he said ; "I bope the simple execution of going to die; but the last words she spoke to
them were words of tender advice. She ex- tongue she might have been forgotten, but horted them to be united, to be brave, to hope, her language was so violent that Fouquier and to show the virtues which became their po- resolved to make an end of her. The insition. An old gaoler, named Fontenay, whose dictment which had previously been drawn good heart had resisted
for thirty years his harsh duties, cried as he opened the up against her was still used on her trial, gate. I acquitted myself of Clavières' errand;
and she was literally condemned for having she answered me briefly and with firmness. A conspired with la Veuve Çapet’ against phrase just begun was interrupted by the turn- the liberties of the people. Églé was proud key who summoned her into Court. At that of her indictment, but indignant at the designal, terrible for any one but herself, she testable lies it contained with reference to stopped, and taking me by the hand, she said, the Queen. • If they had sent me to the “Let us make it up, sir; the time is comc.” scaffold with her,' exclaimed the girl, they Raising her eyes to mine, she perceived I was would bave been preciously taken in.' struggling to repress my tears and was extremely affected. She seemed touched by my middle of the street, I would have thrown
• How so ?' said Beugnot.
Why, in the sympathy, and added but two words, “ Čourage! courage! (Vol. i. p. 200.)
myself at her feet, and neither the execu
tioner nor the devil should have removed The women's quarter in the Conciergerie me. On her trial she abused the Revoluexhibited, even more than that occupied by tionary Tribunal in set terms, and poor the men, all the varied emotions of that Églé was sent to the guillotine as an incorextraordinary time. A corridor was com- rigible aristocrat, like many a better woman. mon in the daytime to both sexes, and here While these and a multitude of other there was as much dressing, talking, flirting, similar scenes were passing around him, and love-making as in the salons of Paris. Beugnot himself had the good fortune not Most of the women contrived to change to be brought up for trial. The case against their dress three times a day, though in the bim was not very clear, and a letter written interval they had often to wash or mend by him to Lafayette some months before, the garment they were about to put on. which would infallibly have cost him his The tone of conversation was gay and ani- head, escaped the notice of his enemies. mated, and people seemed bent on proving Meanwhile his wife, who was in Paris and that though the Reign of Terror might im- at liberty, was unremitting in her exertions. prison and kill them, it could not make them She came to see him in the disguise of the dull or disagreeable. All ranks of society woman who washed his linen, and at last, were blended in this singular promenade, at the most critical moment of his life, she and it sometimes bappened tbat those who succeeded in obtaining his removal to La had sunk to the lowest grade in lite, rose Force, another prison reserved for persons again to dignity and honour at the near ap- less gravely compromised. Here he reproach of death. When the Duc du Chate- mained for some months longer, not without let was brought to this prison he was totally imminent peril; he was not liberated until unnerved by his position -- a rare instance after the fall of Robespierre on the 10th and moreover he was intoxicated. The Thermidor. next day he recovered his senses but not his composure, and stood bewailing himself at: this point a gap occurs in the fragthe bars of the women's chamber. A poor | ments that remain of M. Beugnot's Memoirs. girl of the town, named Églé, hardly twenty | We pass in a moment from the sanguinary years old, who had been sent to prison be-i gloom of the Reign of Terror in 1794, to cause she hated and denounced the Revolu- | the active and prosperous career of an Imtion, said to this disconsolate nobleman, .Fi- i perial Minister in 1808. After the 18th donc, Monsieur le Duc! are you crying ? Brumaire and the accession of the First know, Sir, that this is a place where those Consul, Beugnot was summoned by Lucien who have no name may gain one; and those Bonaparte, who knew him, to serve under who have a name ought to know how to the Home Department. He filled a prefecbear it.' The ruffian Chaumette had his ture and was named a Counsellor of State eye on this girl, and proposed that she should then an important post in the government; be tried at the same time as Marie Antoi- and upon the creation of the Kingdom of nette and sent to the scaffold on the same Westphalia he was selected to administer tumbril. But even the monsters of that its finances. He remained, however, but a day recoiled from this execrable insult; the short time at Cassel, and was soon afterQueen was executed alone ; and Églé was wards sent to Dusseldorf by Napoleon to orreserved for the next occasion. Three ganize and govern the Grand Duchy of Berg, months elapsed, and if she had held her which was eventually to be given to the son
of the King of Holland. In the lottery of same obsequiousness of the nobles, the same decrowns which was drawn from month to sire to win my favor and approval. We were month by the members and adherents of the still at that time under the spell of the peace of Imperial family, it was difficult to foresee in Tilsit. The invincibility of the Emperor was what quarter of Europe a man might serve
unshaken. I came from Paris, where I had or reign. The Grand Duke of Berg of one all the memorable deeds and marvels of his
spent my life at his Court, that is to say, amidst year became King of Naples the next, and reign. In the Council I had seen that genias Beugnot, who was waiting at Bayonne to at work which ruled the human intelligence. I rejoin Murat, suddenly found himself on his thought him born to be the true master of Forway to the Lower Rhine. Ere he started tune, and nothing appeared to me more natural be repaired to the Arch-Chancellor (Cam- than that the world should be at his feet. That bacérès) for his final instructions, which that seemed to me the future destiny of mankind. distinguished gastronomer delivered in the The country which fell to my lot augmented following terms : “My dear Beugnot, the this illusion. Germany, ever prone to the marEmperor settles the crowns as he pleases. the Emperor. That admiration was still com
vellous, was long in losing her admiration of All very well. The Grand Duke of Berg plete for the hero who had swept away the Prus. goes to Naples
— so much the better. But sian monarchy, the armies of Frederic, and the his Highness was in the habit of sending me legions of the successors of Peter the Great.' two dozen hams from his own duchy every (P. 313.) year. The hams I must have. Take your measures accordingly.' The hams were of These at least were M. Beugnot's own course punctually sent as long as the stabil- impressions; but we question whether the ity of the French Empire allowed of it. They sentiments of Germany towards Napoleon in were not only to be sent, but sent gratis. 1808 were not embittered by very different Cambacérès had secured an arrangement emotions. The members of a ruling race with Lavalette, the Postmaster-General, by are slow to understand, and dull to feel, that which every mail from different parts of the hidden hatred which lurks in the heart of a Empire brought a fresh tribute to the Arch- subject people. The French flattered themChancellor's table, and the fact that he paid selves that they were governing Germany, nothing for them appears to have given ad- until the war-cry of 1813 placed a musket ditional ze to these varied viands.
in the hand of every child of that enduring Talleyrand held a different language. He but avenging people. We readily believe referred to what had just taken place at that M. Beugnot did what he could to renBayonne in strong terms : Victories,' der the domination of France endurable to said he, cannot obliterate such actions as the Germans. He was proud of his little these, for they are base, fraudulent, and duchy. He embellished and improved the tricky. I can't tell you what the conse- city of Dusseldorf. Brought up to the law, quence will be, but you will see that they he respected the rights of the population; will never be forgiven him.'
and he had no tinge of that military spirit Dusseldorf was at that time the capital of which was the sorest curse of Imperial a small state of about a million inhabitants, France. which had been formed of the principality recently ceded by the House of Bavaria, 'I had an honest confidence in the importwith some additions from the territory of ance and stability of my position ; but my charGerman mediatised Princes, and the old acter preserved me from the excesses which ecclesiastical domains of Munster. Nothing might have excited the people against me. I could be more purely German, and the man- love to seek out whatever is honourable and ner in which these provinces had been torn good, and from the bottom of my heart I refrom their rightful sovereigns to form an but there, as at Cassel, I committed the fault
spected the inhabitants of the Grand Duchy; appendage to the French Empire was per- of treating lightly what is serious to the Gerfectly characteristic of the age. Count
of seeing everything with French eyes, Beugnot (for he had accepted that title) and, more than all, of giving way to my taste compares his own position to that of a Ró- for a joke. This last defect was that which was man pro-consul.
least forgiven, and I should have succeeded bet
ter if I had not given way to it.' It was in those days a position in Europe to be a Frenchman, and a great position to represent the Emperor of the French. Except of the Cabinet of Paris, with which he cor
But he was compelled by the exigencies that I could not with impunity have abused my powers, I was in Germany what the pro-con- responded, to drain the country of recruits suls of Rome had been of old. The same re- for the armies of France and of supplies spect, the same obedience of the population, the for their maintenance. On all occasions he