atives and the civil and military leaders “ Effort without one's self, and still more speak in such language, in such a crisis, is within, is more necessary in proportion as a great country, and, I add, a great Chris- we grow old than in youth. I compare tian country. I know not if the eye of man in this world to a traveller, who walks, God, in looking down upon this earth, on without ceasing, to a region more and could find there, in the times in which we more cold, and who is obliged to move quicklive, a spectacle more worthy of him. er as he advances'farther. The great malady All this, some will say, does not rise above of the soul is coldness, and in order to coma vague and incomplete Christianity ; a bat this fearful evil, it is necessary, not only Christianity too nearly allied to deism, like to keep up a lively movement of the mind that of Washington. That may be true, by labor, but still more, by contact with his bui, as the Bishop of Orleans said, we are fellow-creatures and with the affairs of this still very far from it in Europe. All world. It is especially in old age, that we vague and incomplete as it may be, it seems are no longer permitted to live upon what that the most scrupulous and exacting Cath- we have already acquired; but it is necessaolics can still admire and envy it, since ry that we should exert ourselves to acquire Pope Pius IX. has not disdained to contrib- more, and, instead of resting in ideas in ute to the monument of Washington. which we should find ourselves, become

If it is just to apply to politics the rule laid buried in sleep, place ourselves in constant down by our Lord for the spiritual life:“ By contact, and in struggle with the ideas that their fruits ye shall know them,” I think we adopt, and with those that are suggested we can look, without too much anxiety, at by the state of society and the opinions of the future of the United States; and of all the time.” * All this is true, not only nations, who, placed in the same conditions, of old people, but of old parties, of old can follow in the same path. The state of opinions, and old creeds. Ours is the oldest society which produced a Lincoln, and oth- in the world. It is her august privilege, it ers like him, is a good tree, - an excellent is also her glory and her strength. But, in tree, whose fruits cause no envy in the pro- order that this strength, applied to public ducts of any monarchy or of any aristoc-j and social life, should not fail nor waste itracy. I know


well that there are oth- self in vaip cbimeras, it is necessary to imer fruits more harsh and less savory, but merse it, without ceasing, in the living wathese are sufficient to authorize the confi- ters of the time in which God has brought dence and hope that I feel, and with which us into life, in the current of the emotions, we should inspire all those who make a of the legitimate aspirations of those whom point of having, not only their bones, as God has given us for brothers. Let us Lacordaire says, but their heart and their (profit then, by what the Almighty has caused memory, on the side of virtue. Let us turn us to witness of this great triumph of liberour thoughts from everything which in the ty, of justice, and of the gospel; of this Old World carries us away, by a too natural j great defeat of evil, of selfishness, of tyranpropensity, to discouragement, to debase-ny. Let us thank him for having given to ment, and to apathy; and let us seek be- Christian America, sufficient strength and yond the Atlantic to inhale the breath of a virtue to keep so gloriously the promise. better future. Those who, like myself, Let us adore his kindness, which has spared have grown gray in the faith of the future of us the shame and the grief of seeing misliberty, and of the necessity of its alliance erably abortive this great hope of modern with religion, ought without ceasing to re-humanity.

CA. DE MONTALEMBERT. call the beautiful words of Tocqueville to Madame Swetchine.

* Letter of Feb. 2, 1857.

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TRANSLATION FROM VAPEREAU'S DIC- Being re-elected to the Legislative Assembly by the TIONNAIRE DES CONTEMPORAINES, department of Doubs, and, at the same time, by that

of the Cotes-du-Nord, M. de Montalembert showed CHARLES-FORBES, Count de Montalembert, is a

still more strongly his lofty personality. Excited Publicist and a French statesman. His father, Marc by the rival eloquence of M. Victor Hugo, who beRéne, was a peer of France. X. de Moutalembert came, as it were, his natural adversary, he displayed who has varied much in the application and the sig: there a remarkable talent as an orator. At the nificance of his principles, has always declared him- beginning of 1851, at the epoch of the first recrimiself Catholic and Liberal. At his first appearance, nations of the Assembly against the President of the he accepted that alliance of Catholicism and Democ- Republic, he often separated himself from his party, racy of which Lammenais was the apostle, and was in order to take up the President's defence, by de. counted amongst the first writers in the journal claring that he was neither his counsellor nor his L'Avenir. Beginning from that time a sort of cru- confidant, but his witness, and by protesting sade against the University, he opened on the 2d

against one of the blindest and least justified April, 1831, with MM. de Coux and Lacordaire, a ingratitudes of this time.” His last grand struggle school called Ecole libre, which brought them before against M. Victor Hugo took place in June, 1851, at the police court. During the trial, having become a

the time of the bill for the revision of the Constipeer of France by the death of his father, he claimed tution. the high jurisdiction of the Chamber of which he

At the time of the coup d'état of the 2d Decemwas a member, and was finally tried and condemned ber, M. de Montalembert protested against the imto pay a fine of one hundred pounds. His speech prisonment of the Deputies. Nevertheless he took in defence, pronounced from such a tribune, may be part with the second deliberative commission, considered as his debut in the political career.

and was elected to the Corps Legislatif by the deThe condemnation of Lammenais in the Roman partment of Doubs, in 1852. He there represented, court, led M. de Montalembert back to the most almost alone, the opposition. In 1854, upon the severe orthodoxy, and he devoted himself to occasion of a confidential letter written by him to studies on the middle ages, whose influences upon

M. Dupin, published against his will in the Belgian him have been decisive. His famous life of St. Eliza. journals and hawked about Paris, the Assembly beth of Hungary dates from 1836. In 1842 he com- ordered a prosecution against him, which terminated bated, to the utmost, the bill of M. Villemain, on the in an ordinance of non licu. In the last elections of occasion of the discussion in the Chamber of Peers 1857, M. de Montalembert, beaten – notwithstandrespecting the relations of the Church and the State; ing all his efforts — by the candidate of the governhe published his Manifeste ('atholique; and, in the ment, has, from that time, been withdrawn entirely following year, the Union of Church and State; from public life. then returned the following year, to deliver in the

Aristocrat and Liberal, admirer of English insti. Chainber of Peers his three speeches upon “ The tutions, and devoted to the traditions of the Court Liberty of the Church,” “The Liberty of Teach of Rome, equally absolute and radical in the most ing," and “The Liberty of the Monastio Orders." opposite theories, M. de Montalembert has a phase In this last speech, he openly defended the Society of his own in the midst of contemporary politics, of Jesus. As another result of his liberal princi- and has more than one kind of influence. Chief of ples, he maintained the cause of oppressed nation- a small fraction of distinguished men whom he bas alities. In a speech upon Political Radicalism, he baptized with the militant name of Catholic party, prophesied the Republic three months from date: it he declares himself at the saine time a passionate anticipated that time.

worshipper of liberty. But, confounding it with a M. de Montalembert seemed to rally frankly to certain concession of individual freedom which is the new state of things, and offered his services to nothing less than privilege, he places its golden age the democracy in a manifesto. He presented him. in the middle age, in the epoch of Evêques self at the elections of the Constituent Assembly, in Seigneurs. This commingling of principles, more or the department of the Doubs, where his family had less reconcilable, has at least allowed him to ex. great estates; was elected, the lust on the list, by press successively the most contrary opinions, withtwenty-two thousand votes, and took his seat on

out appearing in contradiction with himself; but, the extreme right. As a member of the Electoral with the majority, and, nothwithstanding his Committee of the Rue de Poitiers, he generally rupture with L'Univers, his name is now, as it has voted with the moderate party. However, he de- long been, the symbol of political and clerical clared himself with the left against the re-establish authority carried to its highest expression. ment of giving bonds by the journals, and against

As an orator, at once brilliant and full of unction, the maintenance of a state of' siege during the dis. M. de Montalembert has made himself known; as a cussion of the Constitution; was opposed to the ad. writer, by works which have earned for him, at the mission of Louis Bonaparte; and refused to approve French Academy, the chair formerly of Droz, Feb, of the Constitution as a whole. But, at the end of 5, 1852. His discourse, the ideas of which M. the session, he subordinated singularly one of his Guizot, who was appointed to reply to him, was two principles, liberty, to the other, authority; sup- eager to adopt as his own, was a very spirited ported, in a remarkable specch, the bill for restrict. attack against the conquests of 1789, and, in general, ing the press, presented by M. Dufause; and gave against the Revolution. his unqualified adhesion to the expedition to Rome



From Macmillan's Magazine. being fairly said of the last " Life of Lamb.;'

and we shall consequently do our best to steer clear of it. An inaccurate account is

there given, however, singularly enough, of The life of Lamb is a subject which many the origin of the friendship between Miss have attempted, and in which no one, as it Lamb and one of her most intimate and valaseems to us, has been very happy. We do ed friends, Miss Sarah Stoddart, who afiernot get at the man in any of these pen-and-wards became the wife of William Hazlitt. ink paintings; and that is precisely what The fact is that Miss Lamb and Miss Stoddart we should wish to get at. They are as un- had become acquainted some time before satisfactory as his portraits, which are all the year 1803, and tbat in that year the two unlike one another, and none of them very ladies were in active and affectionate corlike the original. All that has been done respondence. Lamb had met Miss Stodhitherto in this direction has helped, more dart's brother, Dr. Stoddart, at Godwin's and or less, to swell the stock of materials, with at William Hazlitt's elder brother's in Great which somebody hercafter will have to do Russell Street; and in this way the friendhis best. We must be thankful to Mr. Bar- ship must have sprung up. Miss Stoddart ry Cornwall for his “ Recollections; and and William Hazlitt were not married till the late Mr. Justice Talfourd laid the world 1808; and in the intervening five years under obligations, to a certain extent, by(1803–1808) a series of letters passed bethe “Memorials” which he gave to it of tween the future Mrs. Hazlitt and Miss his friend. But neither of these books Lamb, of which a few have been preserved. realizes our conception of what a Life of They are those written by Miss Lamb. Lamb ought to be. Miss Lamb, in an un- Miss Stoddart's letters seem to have perpublished letter to a correspondent, speaks ished. of their — her's and ber brother's whal-we- The existing remains of this correspondo existence. There is want of a volume dence supply perhaps the most ample and yet, which should describe that for us, which valuable information that we have upon the should paint the Lambs' fireside, and pres- domestic and fireside life of the Lambs ; ent to us a view, or even glimpses, of those they are equally admirable, whether we two, as they were and moved, even at the look at them as pictures or as compositions ; hazard of a little pre-Raphaelitish detail. and heretofore they have been passed over

The Lambs, we apprehend, were not gen- in complete silence, for the simple reason teel people in the severely conventional ac- that they have never been printed, and still ceptation of the term; and it is to be added remain in private hands. They do not, of that the times in which they lived were, course, tell us all that we might like to know, unhappily for them or happily for us, not but they tell us much, and they suggest to quite such genteel times as we find ourselves us much. Nor should it be forgotten that cast in. This delightful and accomplished the years they illustrate are years for which couple had not only poor and humble ante- a biographer is likely to feel grateful by an cedents, but at the outset and for some accession of light. long while after, their own circumstances In September, 1803, Miss Stoddart was

poor and humble; and there were cer- fluctuating between one of two gentlemen tain old-world notions, archaic ways, in which who were paying her attentions, and to both they were born ; and with these they grew of whom she appears to have extended a up and died. A fearful domestic tragedy certain share of encouragement. She took bad darkened their youth, and coloured ail Mary Lamb entirely into confidence, and their aiter-life : there was insanity in the reported to her from time to time how her blooil; and, one day, the mother féll by the love-affairs sped. Now it was Mr. daughter's hand. Thenceforth, the brother who was in the ascendant, and at another, and sister liver to each other, one and indi- Mr. Somebody else. Miss Lamb took occavisible; and the bond, which was knit in sion to tell her correspondent candidly that sorrow, was severed only by death. she could not enter so completely into her

This is, so far, old ground, and these are feelings as she would have wished, for that fimiliar facts. It seemed desirable to pur- her ways were not Miss Stoddart's exactly. sue the beaten rout to a certain distance, But there was one point in which Miss and then, if we could, to strike into a fresh Lamb found serious fault with Miss Stodtrack or two.

dart, and it was the want of confidence she It would be an ungracious duty, from displayed towards her brother the doctor, which on more than one account we rather and Mrs. Stoddart, and her failure to acshrink, to point out all that is capable of quaint them with what she was about.





VOL. v.


We are obliged to plunge a little in medias | that free communication of letters and opinres ; for the fact is that the correspondence ions, just as they arrive, as Charles and I begins abruptly and imperfectly, and the do, and which after all is the only groundearlier portions might be sought for in vain. work of true friendship.

The first article in the series is, in fact, “ Charles is very unwell ” of the 21st September, 1803, and here Miss It is clear ecough how this bears upon Stoddart is my dear. Sarah," and the re- the early and painful history of the Lambs ; lations are evidently most intimate and cor- and here we have, what we can get nowhere dial. There had been, we may be sure, else, Miss Lamb's own sentiments about her many previous interchanges of thoughts and mother and the family affairs, almost antegossip. Miss Lamb here says, in reference cedently to her brother's acquisition of a to Miss Stoddart's, in her opinion, most in- name. In 1804 — the same year in which judicious reserve:

Coleridge, it may be recollectéd, visited Dr. “One thing my advising spirit must say Stoldart at Malta the doctor's sister also - use as little secrecy as possible, and as went out on a visit; and she was in fact much as possible make a friend of your sis- there to receive Coleridge when he arrived. ter-in-law. You know I was not struck with There are two letiers from Miss Lamb to her at first sight, but upon your account I Miss Stoddart during this Maltese trip; bave watched and marked her very atten- and, if we add one more from Lamb bimself tively; and, while she was eating a bit of to Southey (only discovered quite recentcold mutton in our kitchen, we hail a seri- ly), we have before us the entire Lamb corous conversation. From the frankness of respondence for the year! What Miss her manner I am convinced she is a person Lamb says about her brother and herself, I could make a friend of, why should not and their common bome, in these two comyou? ..

munications, may therefore be worth copy“My father had a sister lived with us ing out. In the first (9th April, 1804), she of course lived with my mother, her sister- says: in-law; they were in their different ways

Charles bas lost the newspaper; but the best creatures in the world, but they set what we dreaded as an evil has proved a out wrong at first. They made each other great blessing, for we have both strangely miserable for full twenty years of their lives. recovered our health and spirits, since this My mother was a perfect gentlewoman; my bias happened, and I hope when I write next aunty as unlike a gentlewoman as you can I shall be able to tell you Charles has begun possibly imagine a good old woman to be ; something which will produce a little so that my dear mother (who, though you money, for it is not well to be very poor, do not know it, is always in my poor head which we certainly are at this present writand heart), used to distress and weary her ing. with incessant and unceasing attention and "Is a quiet evening in & Maltese drawpoliteness to gain her assection. The old ing-room as pleasant as those we have passwoman could not return this in kind, and ed in Mitre Court and Bell Yard?”. did not know what to make of it thought When the second letter was written, Coleit all deceit, and used to hate my mother eridge had arrived out, and his safety bad with a bitter hatred; which of course was been announced by Miss Stoddart. It must soon returned with interest; a little frank- consequently be referred to June, 1804. ness, and looking into each other's characters There had been a misunderstanding between at first, would have spared all this. . .. My Lamb and Miss Stoddart's mother about anut and my mother were wholly unlike you the postage of certain letters. It would be and your sister ; yet in some degree theirs a matter scarcely worth notice here, were it is tlie exact history of all sisters-in-law; not that Miss Lamb, in explaining it to her and you will sınile when I tell you I think correspondent, touches interestingly on the myself the only woman in the world who character of Charles : could live with a brother's wife, and make a My brother,” she writes, “has had a real friend of her — partly from early ob- letter from your mother, which has distressed servation of the unhappy example I have him sadly, about the postage of some letters just given you, and partly from a knack I being paid by my brother. Your silly brothknow I have of looking into people's real er, it seems, has informed your mother (I characters.

did not think your brother could have been " By secrecy I mean you both [Miss S. so silly) that Charles had grumbled at payand Dr. S.] want the habit of telling each ing the said postage. The fact was, just at other at the moment everything that hap- that time we were very poor, having lost the pens, where you go, and what you do Morning Post, and we were beginning to



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practise a strict economy. My brother, Charles to write to your brother by the conwho never makes up his mind whether he veyance you mention ; but he is so unwell, will be a miser or a spendthrift, is at all I almost fear the fortnight will slip away times a strange mixture of both; of this before I can get him in the right vein. Infailing the even economy of your correct deed it has been sad and heavy times with brother's temper makes him an ill judge. us lately. When I am pretty well, his low The miserly part of Charles, at that time spirits throw me back again; and, when he smarting under his recent loss, then bappen- begins to get a little cheerful, then I do the ed to reign triumphant, and he would not same kind office for him. . write or let me write, as often as he wish- “Do not say anything, when you write, ed, because the postage cost two-and-four- of our low spirits; it will vex Charles. You pence; then came two or three of your poor would laugh, or you would cry, perhaps both, mother's letters almost together, and the to see us sit together, looking at each other two-and-fourpence he wished, but grudged, with long and rueful faces, and saying, How

pay for his own, he was forced to pay for do you do? and, How do you do ? and then hers. Charles is sadly fretted now, we fall a-crying, and say we will be better and knows not what to say to your mother. on the morrow. He says we are like toothI have made this long preamble about it to ache and his friend gum-boil, which, though induce you, if possible, to reinstate us in a kind of ease, is but an uneasy kind of ease, your mother's good graces. Say to her it a comfort of rather an uncomfortable sort. was a jest misunderstood ; tell her that “Do not, I conjure you, let her [Mrs. S.'s] Charles Lamb is not the shabby fellow she unhappy malady afflict you too deeply; I and her son took him for, but that he is speak from experience, and from the oppornow and then a little whimsical or so.” tunity I have had of much observation in

What has gone before is worth half a bi. such cases, that insane people, in the fancies ography of itself

. It is certainly an admir- they take into their heads, do not feel as able

passage, and Miss Lamb was as certain- one in a sane state of mind does.” ly an admirable letter-writer. The bottom Here Miss Lamb touches a delicate chord, of the sheet is occupied by a few lines from and in a subsequent letter (14th November, Charles himself:

1805), written after a recovery, she returns:

to the same ground; in this case, however, “ MY DEAR Miss STODDART, “ Long explicitly speaking of her own occasional live Queen Hoop – oop


000 and derangements. all the old merry phantoms.


“ Your kind heart will, I know, Mary has written so fully to you, that I even if you have been a little displeased, have nothing to add but that, in all the forgive me, when I assure you my spirits kindness she has expressed, and loving de- have been so much hurt by my last illness, sire to see you again, I bear my full part. that at times I hardly know what I do. Í. You will perhaps like to tear this half from do not mean to alarm you about myself, or the sheet, and give your brother only his strict to plead an excuse, but am very much other-due, the remainder. So I will just repay wise than you have always known me. I do your late kind letter with this short post- not think any one perceives me altered ;. script to hers. Come over here, and let us but I have lost all seli-confidence in my own all be merry again.

actions; and one cause of my low spirits is, 66 C. LAMB.” that I never feel satisfied with anything I

do. A perception of not being in a saneSo much for the letters of 1804. In one state perpetually haunts me.” of 1805, directed to Miss Stoddart at Salis- There is further allusion to this illness in bury, the writer starts with this characteris- a letter of November 18, 1805 : tic passage :

" I have just been reading “ I have made many attempts at writing over again your two long letters, and I per- to you, but it has always brought your trouceive they make me very envious. I have ble and my own so strongly into my mind taken a bran new pen anil put on my spec- that I have been obliged to leave off, and tacles, and am peering with all my might make Charles write for me. ... I have to see the lines in the paper, which the sight been for these few days in rather better of your even lines had well nigh tempted spirits, so that I begin almost to feel myself me to rule. I have, moreover, taken two once more a living creature, and to hope pinches of snuff extraordinary to clear my for happier times; and in that hope I inhead, which feels more cloudy than com- clude the prospect of once more seeing my

dear Sarah in peace and comfort. How " If I possibly can, I will prevail upon | did I wish for your presence to cheer my




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