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No. 1197. Fourth Series, No. 58. 11 May, 1867.
323 352 353 361 364
1. Taxes on Sixteen Thousand Articles
N. Y. Evening Post, 2. The Victory of the North. By Count de Montalembert
Le 3. Count de Montalembert.
Dictionnaire des contemporaines, 4. Charles Lamb: Gleanings after his Biographers Macmillan's Magazine, 5. Gallios
Saturday Review, 6. Mr. Darwin at the Antipodes
Spectator, 7. More about the Queen's English. By the Dean of Canterbury
Good Words, 8. The Starling. By Norman Macleod, D.D. : 9. Burton's History of Scotland
Saturday Review, 10. The Diamond Necklace . 11. Gang Labour in the Fen Country
Economist, 12. The Magnolia. By Dr. T. W. Parsons
367 381 401 408 412 414
POETRY: A Child's Trade in Bethnal Green, 416. Society in Japan, 416.
SHORT ARTICLES : Ladies Parliament, 400. Books in Russia, 415. New Editions of Poets,
HOW TO RAISE A REVENUE. The article from the N. Y. Evening Post, upon Mr. Atkinson's striking pamphlet, deserves the attention of Members of Congress, and of all
who vote for them. Spreading the taxation over thousands of articles, which in many cases do not pay the cost of collection, is entirely opposed to the experience of Great Britain. Sir Robert
Peel struck off his list of taxa. bles all but some leading articles which yielded much revenue, thus avoiding unprofitable friction, and saving to the public at large very much more than was given up by the government. We now know that excessive taxation is not necessary, and ought to learn from experience a simpler system of revenue. Let all persons who suffer from the high price of necessaries of life, nid in making this reform, and work besides for a reduction of national bank notes, as the best way of reducing our redundant currency,
We give in this number of The Living Age, a translation of Count de Montalembert': “ Victory of the North,” which many persons have wished to see in English. If any of our readers think it takes up too much room, we pray them to notice that we have added thirty pages to the number, so that it costs shem nothing. 'A memoir of the author is appended.
“Out of CAARITY,” 75 cents, and “Tue VICTORY OF THE Nortu,” 25 cents, will be
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From the N.Y. Evening Post. gross receipts of railroads, canals, lotteries, tele
graph companies, &c., tea, coffee, sugar, spices, TAXES ON SIXTEEN THOUSAND spirits and wines, fermented liquors, tobacco,
and manufactures of silk - amounted to $260,
000,000, of which $80,000,000 was in gold. Our tax system is now felt by the people to be so oppressive as to be exhausting to industry: need to raise only another $50,000,000 to com
Count this for only $250,000,000, and we It interferes in every part of every business; it raises prices unnecessarily, by taxing products plete the sum required; and this Mr. Atkinson at successive stages of their manufacture ; it in- proposes to raise by a low tariff - strictly laid terferes with production and with sale, disables for revenue — to be lowered as the wealth and us from competing in foreign markets with consumption of the country increases. other nations; and has already almost extermin
Under this system, our whole home manufacated several of our most useful and important
tures could be at once relieved of the internal industries, and driven millions of capital out of such a compass that it would no longer veta
revenue tax; our tariff would be reduced within the country, because it can be more profitably tiously and wastefully interfere with commerce ; employed in Canada and elsewhere than at home.
our tax system would be simplified at a blow, Suppose that we could raise all the money would revive and increase.
and industry and commerce, now prostrate, we need without all this oppression, injury, and loss? Would not that be one of the greatest
We commend Mr. Atkinson's pamphlet to boons possible to be conferred on the Ainerican members of Congress and politicians. It depeople? Few men will deny this; but the serves their attention. The people are already most will refuse to believe that it can be done: I grumbling at the monstrous tax system which yet it is quite possible, as the Evening Post them relief. If the present Congress, at its
The last Congress refused has asserted again and again. Mr. Edward Atkinson, of Boston, shows in a pamphlet, on the people will demand to know the reason
next session, does not move in this direction, the Collection of Revenue,” * which he has just published, how it can be done ; and we cannot
why. do a better service to the public than to make a themselves a powerful and industrious body
The manufacturers of this country have shown statement of the facts he gives, and recommend the pamphlet itself to all who feel the burden of for the futherance of their peculiar interests. taxation, and desire to have it eased.
They groan dolorously over the burden of interUnder our present revenue system, the num- have always had the opportunity to relieve
nal taxation they are compelled to bear. They ber of articles which pay internal revenue, themselves of special taxation according to a statement of Commissioner
- as we have Wells, is “not less than ten thousand !” and
often told them. Will they now, with these the number of articles on which a tariff is facts before them, join the people in an effort to levied amounts to six thousand !
simplify the tax system in such a manner that Consider what an enormous amount of cleri- home manufactures shall be relieved of special cal force alone is needed, besides spies and in
taxation ? formers, to collect taxes — - all of them heavy
The Southern people, who will, we hope, be on sixteen thousand different articles ! Consider represented in the next Congress, have in this what vexatious interference with production and a means of relieving themselves from the injuri
Let them consumption is involved in the collection by the ous and oppressive tax on cotton. government of taxes on sixteen thousand arti. make haste to reconstruct their State governcles ! Consider that each one of these sixteen ments, that they may help in Congress to thousand articles furnishes an occasion for an repeal this tax on their home industry. error and a chance for a bribe !
We may so adjust our burden of taxation And then consider this; With an economical that we shall scarcely feel it. Let the people administration of the government, we need the see to this ; let them instruct and command sum of three hundred millions per annum to their representatives in Congress that as soon pay all our expenses, including interest on the as they meet in December they shall take measdebt, and to pay a small part of the principal.
ures to perfect and adopt a system founded Now, Mr. Atkinson tells us that during the on just principles. Unless the people cominand last fiscal year the revenue, internal and exter- it, it will not be done, for all reform in this dinal, derived from the following eighteen arti- rection depends apon them. They have the cles — incomes, stamps, licenses, banks and summer and fall to talk with their representainsarance companies, legacies and successions, structed that before all else his constituents
tives; let every member of Congress be in**On the Collection of Revenue." By Edward want to be relieved of a burden which is totally Atkinson. Boston: A. Williams & Co.
unnecessary and fatally injurious.
Translated from Le Correspondant.
the creation of Belgium, came to honor the
youth of this age, to rejoice and strengthen THE VICTORY OF THE NORTH IN THE liberal hearts, and mark the steps of true UNITED STATES.
progress. Behold again, after too long an
interval, a happy victory. Behold, once at BY CTE. DE MONTALEMBERT, OF THE
least, evil conquered by good, forever triumphing in the service of right, and yield
ing us the unwonted and supreme enjoyDURING the last days of the debates up- ment of aiding in this world in the success on the address, an orator, forever illustrious, of a good cause effected by good means and charmed our minds and our hearts in plead- gained by honest men. ing the best of causes; whilst borne upon Let us, then, thank the God of armies for the wings of justice and of truth, he hov- this glory and this happiness. Let us thank ered 'over unaccustomed heights and bore him for this great victory that he has grantaloft with him bis'enchanted audience, ed for the consolation of the friends of jusnews happy and glorious above all other tice and of liberty ; for the everlasting contraversed seas, and brought to faithful souls, fusion of the varied and numberless classes gmitten with liberty, the pulsations of a joy of those who impose upon and oppress
their and of a consolation too long unknown. fellow-men by servitude as well as by cor
The immense mourning, which has im- ruption, by falsehood as well as by cupidity, pressed upon the triumph of the Northern by sedition as well as by tyranny. States a sacred character, could not change But already I hear the murmur of surthis joy. It must survive the consternation, prise, of displeasure, of protestation. Even the terror, that the assassination of Presi- in the Catholic camp, the cause of tho dent Lincoln has produced over all the uni- North has been, is still, unpopular. At the verse, - a victim sacrificed upon the altar of report of her victory, this shameful cry, victory and of the country, in the bosom of "The more's the shame !" related by the Monione of those catastrophes supremely tragical, teur * as uttered in the bosom of the Corps which crown certain causes and certain ex- Legislatif, it has perhaps escaped from more istences with an incomparable majesty, in than one breast, from more than one heart adding the mysterious grandeur of expia- accustomed to beat as ours for the cause we tion, and of an expiation unmerited, to the love and that we serve from the cradle. virtues and the glories that humanity es- Is it necessary, then, we are asked, must teems the most.
we, then, truly rejoice and bless God for this Let us greet, then, with a satisfaction with-victory ? Answer without fear: Yes, we ont alloy, the happy victory which secures must. Yes, we should thank God because in the United States the triumph of the a great nation is raised again ; because she North over the South ; that is to say, of le- is purified forever from a hideous leprosy gitimate power over an inexcusable revolt, which served as a pretext and as an excusė of justice over iniquity, of truth over false- to all the enemies of liberty to disparage and hood, of liberty over slavery.
to defame ber; because she justifies now all It is well known that we are not accus- the hopes which reposerl upon her; because tomed to pay homage to victory, to applaud we had need of her; and because she is reconquerors. It is the first time that this has stored to us, repentant, triumphant, and occurred for more than thirty years; it is very saved. certain that we shall not abuse this novelty, Yes, we must thank God that the leprosy and that we shall not make it a custom. May of slavery has disappeared under the sword we be permitted, then, now to abandon our of the conquerors of Richmond, extirpated selves to a joy so rare in associating present forever from the only great Christian peoemotions with those days too quickly passed, ples who, except Spain,were still infected by in which the constitution of 1814, the freedom of Greece, the emancipation of the
* In its report given of the session of April 16. English Catholics, the conquest of Algeria, 1805.
it; because that great mart of men is closed, cause that those who first drew the sword, and that we shall never see again, upon the bave perished by the sword; because imglorious continent of North America, a hu- punity bas not been granted to the instigaman creature, made in the image of God, tors of an iniquitous revolt, of an impious put up at auction to be bid off, and aban. war; because this time, at least, audacity doned as prey, with his wife and children, and cunning did not suffice to make honest to all that is arbitrary, to cruel selfishness, people ridiculous; because the authors of to infamous lucre, to the vile passions of crime have been the victims of it; because one of his own kind.
in passing the Rubicon of law they have found Yes, we should thank God, because in re- upon the other shore defeat, death; because storing and purifying herself, America has that, having risked the fortunes of their justified, honored, glorified France and the country, with the temerity of an adventuFrench policy, her true policy, the old hon-i rer and the adroitness of a conspirator, alea est and courageous policy of our best times, i jacta est bas not profited them, and that in those that sent forth the chivalric and liberal this impious and bloody game they have not élite of our noblesse, upon the footsteps of succeeded. They have played and they La Fayette, to the camp of Washington; be-; have lost. Justice is done. cause, that there, at least, the generous devotion of our fathers will not have ended,
I. as elsewhere, in a bloody and cruel failure; Let us resume and persist. We do not because there results from it one crown allow ourselves to be blinded by the momenmore for Louis XVI., for the martyr king, tary dissatisfactions of the adversaries of for him who was among us the expiatory the American cause and of ours.
rs. We do victim of a great revolution, — victim all not believe them really converted or enthe more touching and more sacred, that, lightened. In proportion as the dazzling instead of disappearing as Lincoln in the light which has burst so suddenly upon midst of universal mourning, he was out- Europe, the taking of Richmond, followed raged before being immolated; that these by the tragic death of Lincoln, decreases ; outrages remain still; and for this reason as the clouds, inseparable from all viche carries our admiration and our pity to a tory and every human cause, appear point where there is none above it save the above the horizon, we shall hear again crucified Lord.
these invectives, these diatribes of which Yes, we must thank God, because in this the United States in general, of which the great and terrible struggle between servi- Northern States in particular, have been tude and liberty, it is liberty which has re- the object. Raillery and calumny will remained victorious, — liberty which, with us, sume their assault in order to reanimate is so much mingled with contempt, treason, that malevolence of opinion that we have and disorder, compromised and dishonored seen so skilfully, so learnedly, maintained by so many false friends and unworthy within and without. This perverse joy, so champions, required retribution, - and that often uttered by all the enemies of liberty, it should suddenly dazzle all eyes by its inesti- since they believed the fall of the great mable merit. Yes, it is necessary to thank republic possible, would again become noisy God, that from reports, well attested, victory and powerful at the first embarrassment, at has remained pure; because the good cause the first terror of our friends beyond the has neither been tarnished by any excess nor soiled by any crime; because that its Now all the world defends itself from advocates have not to blush for its soldiers, wishing, or ever having even wished, the nor these soldiers for their chiefs
, nor these preservation of slavery; but the arguments chiefs for their fortune, nor fortune herself and the interests favorable to slavery for having crowned mean cupidity or base have not ceased to maintain their empire. conspiracies.
This has been no ordinary lesson, to see Yes, finally we must thank God because how from the first days of the breaking out the aggressors have been conquered; be of the conflict between the North and the
South the classifying of opinions has opera- | we shall not discover amongst the Catholics ted. I do not say, God forbid, that all the of the United States any champion of the friends of the South should be the enemies emancipation of the blacks, we have at of justice and liberty; still less do I say least the sinall consolation of being able to that all the partisans of the North should state that there has not come from their be taken for true and sincere lovers of lib- ranks any apology for American Slavery. erty. But I say that an instinct, involun- I object to recognize the sacerdotal charactary perhaps, all-powerful and invincible, ter in the author of a recent and anonyhas immediately ranged upon the side of mous work entitled, On Slavery in the Conthe slaveholders all the avowed or se- federale States, by a missionary.* If the aucret partisans of fanaticism or absolutism thor of this shameful book was really a in Europe, — I say that all the enemies, open priest, and if he was contented as he affirms or secret, political or theological, of liberty, to live amongst the American planters for have been for the South. It would be use- twenty-four years, to extol highly the utility less and puerile to deny that the United and the legitimacy of the slavery of the States count a certain number of adversa- blacks, in order to see even in their serviries amongst the Catholics, and notwithstand- tude the only possible barrier to their licening the prodigious and gratifying progress tiousness, the fact alone of such a perversion of Catholicism in that republic, a progress * of the moral sense and the sacerdotal conseen nowhere else since the first ages of the science, would constitute the most cruel Church. I shall abstain from fathoming the argument against the social aud religious causes of this unpopularity of America in régime of the slave country. general and of the American Abolition- But, independent of the question of slaists in particular. This investigation will very and even before this question had oclead me too far: I shall limit myself to the cupied the mind, there existed amongst too remark that men of my time have always large a number of Catholics an instinctive met upon their way an opinion falsely re- aversion against America, of which we might ligious and blindly conservative. It was so in perhaps trace the origin to the Count de 1821 with Turkey against Greece, in 1830 Maistre. This influence, it is known, upon with Holland against Belgium, in 1854 with the greatest as upon the less important quesRussia against Poland ; it is the same now tions, has been incontestably the most powwith the slaveholders of the South against erful upon all those which the Catholics of the Abolitionists of the North. The events the nineteenth century have left. This at first, then the sympathies of the mass of the great man, like many others, owes more of clergy and of the Catholics enlightened by his fame to his exaggerations than to his events, have inflicted, by this tendency, cruel great mind. His paradoxes have gained falsehoods and humiliating recantations upon more favor and a louder response than the the Eastern, the Belgic, and the Polish ques- genius and good sense, of which he has left tion. I am convinced that the same thing will upon most of his works the ineffaceable imhappen some day or other for the American press. question. But it is hard that it should There is too little known of the exquisite come often so slowly to the assistance of tenderness of his charming spirit, and still justice and of truth: if, with the exception less of the proud independence, the mind at of the learned and eloquent Dr. Brownson, the same time chivalric and liberal, the
luminous politics often far in advance, which * In 1774 in all the English colonies, afterwards his varied correspondence recently publishthe United States, there were only 19 priests. The ed, bas revealed. But he did not admire first bishop came there in 1790. In 1839, the church counted in the United States, the United States ; their origin and prog1 province, 16 dioceses, 18 bishops, 487 priests, 418 ress contradicted some of his most cherchurches. In 1849, 3 provinces, 30 dioceses, 26 bish ished theories ; he did wrong by transops, 1,000 priests, 966 churches, In 1859, 7 prov. inces, 45 dioceses, 2 vicariats,45 bishops,
2,108 priests, forming his repugnances into prophecies. 2,554 churches.
The fate of those is known that he uttered See besides the article of“ M.Rameau in the Corre. spondent" of January, 1865.
# Chez Dentu, 1885, in 8vo.