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their sons,

is once more very imminent, and Europe to the Cretan insurgents who demand has finally abandoned the attempt to main- union with Greece ; it will probably be the tain "integrity" of Turkey. Russia pro- arrangement forced upon Thessaly and tests that she wants no acquisitions, France Epirus if the patriotic brigands of those anxiously denies any intention of coercing provinces can keep up anarchy long enough the Sultan, Lord Derby declares that it is to interest the West. Every tenant is to no duty of England to accelerate the fall of live without landlord till we know who is the Porte, but the result of all these assur- strong engugh to enforce his claim to the ance is by no means reassuring to the succession! Christian Europe is to be made Turks. The powers engaged in the Crimean free of every Turk excepting the Sultan. War have either avowedly or tacitly adopt- For the tenants

, this new

policy, though ed a new policy, and that the one which, of short perhaps of their aspirations, is at all others, the Sultan has most to dread, the worst endurable. They declare - truly policy of allowing the Turks to be ruined as we believe, but truly or falsely is not without immediately redistributing Turkey. just now the question — that the Lord of Up to the death of Lord Palmerston the the Manor is a villain whom civilization doctrine of the British Government was will not endure, who levies rent by pillage, tbat Turkey must be upheld until some and exacts service by torture, who steals other power, Greek or Roumanian, or even their daughters, circumci Federal, showed itself competent to succeed breaks all contracts, and considers the free ber. To the last day of his career the late exercise of their religion an unpardonable Premier either believed, or said he believed, offence. Well, the new policy frees them that Turkey was improving; but he would, of him. He can demand a quit-rent and we imagine, have held to his policy, in spite arrest the transfer of their farms, but where of proof that Turkey was decaying, would the system has been established that is have asserted boldly that the interests of all he can do. They may not be able durEurope as a whole demanded that the am- ing the uncertainty of ownership to carry putation of the gangrened limb should be out the improvements they desire to postponed as long as possible. In his judg- drain, and build, and educate, and form ment the only alternatives were to keep alliances, but they are at least exempt from the sick man alive by stimulants or to com- violence, safe in their homes, released from mence at once a deadly struggle for his in- extortionate demands, able to protect their heritance. A third alternative has now daughters and to worship as they please, been discovered, and ever since his death a and that moderate instalment of happiness. policy based upon that has been gaining is for the present much. The tooth reconsistency and form. It is possible to let mains rotten, but at least the pangs are the sick man die, yet consider him alive, gone. Nor is the new policy very hard and leave his immense estates without any upon the Lord of the Manor himself. He final distribution. Let the tenantry stay on has been tried, condemned, and sentenced without landlord, paying only some mode- by the opinion of civilization any time in rate quit-rent, until it is convenient to the last hundred years, and anything short fight out the great suit. In other words, if of immediate death by the sword is for bim any province in European Turkey finds the an undeserved mercy. What are the crimes Sultan insupportable, let it revolt; and if of the Bourbons or the Hapsburgs compared it wins, let it obtain self-government, sub- with those of the Turk ? If he can hold ject only to a nominal suzerainty, which his own till the legal executioner, the pubmay be terminated at the fitting hour. If lic opinion of Europe, is ready, well and the process is repeated often enough the good; if not, death by exhaustion is less Turks will gradually cease to rule, without painful than death upon the block. But “ Turkey as a political expression being we do not wonder that politicians look with formally declared dead. This idea, which much doubt and some alarm upon the reis officially promulgated by Prince Gort- sult of the new system upon Europe. The schakoff, is not repudiated by Lord Stanley, tenants, be it observed, are not given their and is, though not unrese

eservedly, accepted copyholds ; they have to take them each by by the Emperor Napoleon. It has already each, may fail, and can only succeed by exbeen acted upon in the Principalities, where citing an agrarian insurrection. Is disorder the “ Hospodar,” Charles of Hohenzollern, of that kind in one estate quite safe as reis really an hereditary Sovereign; it is the gards the rest ? May not one of those who policy for which Prince Michael of Servia claim the inheritance ally himself prematuis at this moment organizing a grand levy rely with the tenants ? In the event of a of troops ; it is the compromise suggested general quarrel, may not one “ heir” seize

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his opportunity to take too much, to the tion to delay their interference. We canprejudice of all the rest ? Russia, for ex- not see Egynt pass to any power but ourample, is always more or less distrusted, selves, the "Romanoffs cannot submit to a and if France and Germany were at war, Christian massacre, Austria cannot see the might not Russia, in alliance with the mouths of the Danube pass into powerful Greek Christians, seize the manor-house hands, France will not give up her initself -- seat herself permanently in Con- fluence in Syria. Any one of the powers stanople? Russia, which raises subscrip- would fight sooner than permit any one of tions for the Cretans, and declines to “in- these calamities, and with the Eastern fluence” Servia, and talks so very strongly Question once aroused they are all possible about disinterestedness, — not the best together. recognized quality of Russia,

seems very

No wonder, then, that politicians are much inclined, if she only dared, to make alarmed, that French papers teem with her sympathy concrete, and if France were speculations, that awkward questions are fully engaged upon the Rhine she would asked in Parliament, that Governments dare. Or might not two or more claimants usually as secret as the Inquisition publish combine, and so oust the third of his right- long despatches. The new policy, however ful or unrighteous expectations ? Suppose wise, involves the chance of a general war,

it is not our supposition - France and that is, of the greatest calamity which Russia were to combine, for France and could befall civilization, and alarm is only

Austria ? Or suppose the tenantry to de- wisdom. But we do not quite see why clare for one or other of them. Would England should feel this alarm in any pot the suit come on immediately, to the especial degree. So long as she held herhorror of all persons interested either in self ready to defend, at all hazards, the economy orin general peace and good-will? “ integrity of the Ottoman Empire," any Revolution once fairly on foot in Turkey, movement in Eastern Europe was alarmno politician, however experienced, can ing; but if that policy is abandoned, as we assign it any limits, can be certain, for ex- understand from Lord Derby's speech it is ample, that the Russians may not force abandoned, we have but one pressing intheir Government into a crusade, or the terest to watch the independence of Turks compel the Caliph to declare war Egypt. So long as that is not menaced, upon Infidels at large. The Czar is popu- either directly by France or indirectly by larly supposed to be always intriguing in the course of events, we may, if we please, Constantinople, but those who know Russia abstain entirely from the hurlyburly, leave say that in threatening the Turks he rather Greece to carry out her own projects, or obeys than drives the popular will. The witness unmoved the extinction of the Mussulmans,on the other hand, are supposed authority of the Porte. Whether it will to be weak, but a Turk fairly driven to ever be wise to stand so completely aside, the wall is one of the most dangerous be- whether we could, for example, remain ings in existence - will fight on without a quiescent while Russians besieged Constanchance of success, and die as calmly as tinople, is another matter, but our policy is only an Asiatic can. It is with the greatest freed from a long-standing engagement to difficuly that the Sultan has been induced maintain Turkey. We are, for the first to keep the peace towards Greece, and if time since 1856, free to choose our own line he once thought his honour involved he in Turkish affairs, an immense change, and might unfurl the green flag, and compel in our belief also an immense gain. The Europe to consent to his immediate ex- possession or the independence of Egypt is pulsion. In any one of these contingencies, worth, to England, a great war, the intega Russian advance, a Mussulman outbreak, rity of Turkey is not worth an additional an alliance between two of the Great Pow- farthing to the income-tax, and the recent ers to settle the Eastern question, general' negotiations have placed us in this most war might be a question of hours. Four satisfactory position. We are as free as at least of the Five Great Powers are too ever to fight for that which is worth having, deeply interested to allow any considera- no longer bound to fight for that which is tions of prudence, or expense, or prepara-' not worth preserving.

From the Examiner 9 March,

are our cause.' Not less emphatic is the

language of the Journal de St. Petersburg. DARK CLOUDS OVER EUROPE. It directs attention to the immediate

evils which may be the effect of Turkey HOWEVER disposed to regard sinister ru- continuing the oppression of the Christian mours and predictions of approaching ca- people of the East

. The Russian official lamities and « last woes in the light in journal also contains some despatches of which alone they should generally be re- Prince Gortzchakoff to the Russian Minisgarded - as the idle dreams of diseased im- ter in London, which break off with a reo aginations there are occasionally precur- ommendation that Crete should be made insors of portentous events, which no amount dependent under the suzerainty of the of phlegmatism or scepticism can wholly Porte; and this comes accompanied with a ignore. We believe that we are just now report that the Russian soldiers on furlough arrived at one of those critical periods in have received orders to join their regiments, the history of Europe, when there are and that a Russian force is to be moved onmistakable signs of that general disturb- towards the Turkish frontiers in the course ance which has been long foretold, and of next month. which may really come upon us if the wis- Again, we learn from the Memorial dom of statesman and Governments be un- Diplomatique, that an expedition is preparequal to the occasion. It is notorious that ing against Turkey, from the Italian shores for some years past the political ties, wheth- of the Adriatic, to be led by Garibaldians, er of sympathy or interest, which bound the if not by Garibaldi himself; and, from Governments of Europe in something like a another quarter, it is stated that the electofederal system, have been relaxed; and, as ral agitation in Italy, which has produced a consequence, that events of the greatest an unusual degree of excitement, is not importance and significance have been left foreign to the Eastern question, - having very much to be decided by chance and the been got up for the purpose of driving the current of events. That such a condition Ricasoli Ministry from power and detaching of the States of Europe may have postponed Italy from her Prussian connexion. In a general war up to the present period may Berlin, Herr von Bismarck has made an be true; but that it could have any other urgent appeal to the members of the new effect than to lead to ultimate confusion, no North German Parliament, to agree to the one who believes that reflection and fore- constitution before the 18th of next August, sight were given for the avoidance of dan- within which period, by the convention of ger and ruin can for a moment doubt. Berlin of the 18th August, 1866, the more

As the result of this laissez-fairė laissez- enlarged confederation with the States of passer system, what do we see ? That no South Germany may be effected; whilst at man would buy the peace of Europe at six Vienna, there is unbounded joy at the remonths purchase. The opinion is becom- newed attachment of Hungary to the moning universal that the general tranquillity archy, and the vigorous steps taken by the cannot be preserved beyond that time. Diet of Pesth in carrying out the Imperial The same language is heard in the Ministe- wishes. We may mention, as among the rial Globe of London and the official jour- signs of the times, a report, to which an nals of St Petersburg and Moscow. It excited imagination only could give origin, must be a chaotic state of the world when a that Queen Victoria recommended the Grand Duke of Russia drinks a toast to the King of the Belgians to become a member revolutionists of Crete, and Garibaldi has of the German Confederation, with a view left his island home to preach up and orga- of securing Belgium against the supposed pize an expedition in their favour. It had designs of the Emperor of the French. been almost sworn, says the organ of Sir When we find at our own doors, under a Stafford Northcote, that we were to remain Constitutional system where men undoubt

year, but we now doubt edly possess a large amount of freedom, the whether it will be possible to prevent war torch of civil war spattering and smoking; from breaking out before the year expires. although it will not take light, we may well A great war, it adds, is but a question of bring together the signs of the ominous time. The Moscow Gazelle is more precise times which appear to be impending over in its utterances. “ The solution of the Europe. In all probability the thunder will Eastern question ”it declares to be “a mat- burst in the East, but who can contemplate ter of necessity. The critical day ap- the mixture of races, nationalities and proaches rapidly. The events which are creeds, which overspreads the whole of that preparing in the Peninsula of the Balkán part of Europe with the hope that if once

this

at peace

7

heard there, its roll will not be echoed afarowings," and has even taken the pains of off ?

copying out the former novel so as to lull We give up as perfectly hopeless the the quick suspicion of his new publishers attempt to unravel the policy of any of the into blind security. What may be the mogreat Powers in respect to the Eastern rality of such a course we cannot inquire. question except, perhaps, that of Russia, The probability is that Mr. Wills is liable to which seems to contemplate the possession an action. But neither Miss Braddon nor of Constantinople with a persistency and Mrs. Henry Wood can be accused of atfirmness of hope that in itself does so much tempting to gull their publishers or the pub for its own realization. The common say- lic. * Mrs. Henry Wood writes quite openly ing in Paris is not now après moi le deluge, to say that she sees no harm in calling an but nprès l'exposition vous verrez. Never since old novel a new one. Why should she not 1815 was the general peace of Europe in so publish “ Lady Adelaide's Oath" in Engcritical a position. We should rejoice to land after having published it aš.“ The see the Cabinets of the great Powers at Castle's Heir" in America ? What can it work to conduct and render barmless the matter to the English public whether the political electricity with which the atmos- book is new or old? If she brings out her phere is charged”; but should the storm work at Philadelphia five years before it burst, we can only lament the blindness of appears in England, she simply professes to rulers, and hope that whatever is, is right. write for an American public. Owing to

The discussion which took place last night the copyright laws, that edition cannot be in the House of Lords at once exhibits the imported into Great Britain. Owing to the absence of anything like a settled and defi- price charged for three-volume novels, the pite policy, even amongst gentlemen hold- English edition will not have a sale in ing the same general views on politics, with America. The only thing to be said is, that respect to the Eastern question, and the this species of traffic in literature does not imminent danger that appears to be now look very clean, and that an author who brooding over that portion of Europe. makes two separate bargains for the same

work, can only avoid the blame attaching to sharp practices by bargaining openly and above-board, instead of blinding the reader by letting years elapse, and the bookseller by changing the title.

So much romance attaches to the novels LADY CAROLINE-LASCELLES & CO. (UNLIM. of “ Lady Caroline Lascelles” that we must ITED.)

not deal with them in a hard, practical

spirit. In the first place there is something The way in which some of our popular touching in the thought of a titled lady novelists transact the business of literature appealing to an audience of maid-servants. has of late been curiously illustrated. It If Lady Caroline put pen to paper, one appears, by evidence of various kinds, that would rather expect her to have a number Miss Braddon has been writing sensational of the Court Journal to herself, and to have novels, compared with which her own ac- that number printed expressly for her on knowledged works are tame, and has been the thickest creamlaid paper, with virgin publishing them in a half-penny journal un- type which should never be used again. der the name of Lady Caroline Lascelles. Or should this be too highflown, she would At the very time that Mrs. Henry Wood's write for one of the most aristocratic of the publisher has been indignantly disavowing old monthlies, such a one as lies on the another publisher's Mrs. Wood, we learn drawing-room tables of the old-established that another Mrs. Henry Wood has appeared clubs, and is never profaned by a reader. in America. The novels which enjoyed such Such condescension as that of ber writing a circulation in England have been tried the “Black Band” or “Diavola

is too beforehand on a Transatlantic public, and much for us to realize. But when she vouchhave then recrossed the ocean with a differ- safes to deal with American publishers for ent title, and some slight disguise in the early sheets, and to throw aside the mask shape of grammar. Emboldened by these of fashion which is so lightly worn, our examples, another novelist has ventured still wonder is at an end. We can hardly be further, and lias given a new birth to a work astonished at Miss Braddon assuming a new that blushed unseen seven years ago. Mr. disguise or instructing the world by means W. G. Wills has adapted the name of “ The of a new channel. Her title has no doubt Love that Kills” to his “ Life's Foresbad-I been conferred by her Belgruvu, which,

From the London Review.

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though valuable as a mode of communicat-cals. Nothing is more common than for one ing with the higher classes, is not sufficient man to begin a tale, for another to go on to exhaust her energies. Or it may be that with it, and a third to finish it, Stories she has found her former readers unwilling have been told of the novelist of a penny to follow her to the extremes of sensation- paper being engaged at a weekly salary, alism, and while with those readers she and receiving notice to quit while he was turns to high life, refined profligacy, and in the middle of a weekly instalment. One adaptation from the French, she uses balf- novelist tried to get the better of the propripenny journals as a safety-valve for the etor by killing off all his characters. He superfluous vapour. If this be the case, was resolved that his successor should not both classes of readers may think themselves inherit one of them, And he was curious lucky. Every one must admit that the to see how fresh characters could be created breathless romance of Miss Braddon's ear- in the middle of a story. With this view lier works was more fitted for servant-maids he collected all the dramatis personce in a than for cultivated readers. She disarmed ship, and blew up ship, characters and all much hostile criticism when she took a les at the end of the chapter. And having son from “Madame Bovary.” In the vio- done for them all, he wrote the “ to be conlence of some of her native characters and tinued in our next." with a clear conscience the endurance of others, she was always and some sense of triumph. But his suctouching the borders of the impossible ; cessor was equal to the task. A boat had and Lady Audley, walking several miles at put out from the shore under cover of the midnight to burn down a house and coming smoke with which the last chapter ended, down to breakfast as fresh as ever, was a and this boat, while bringing fresh characfigure worthy of Zillah the Destroyer or ters on the stage, was able to rescue some the White Witch of the Wampums. Yet of the old ones. Nor will this story seem

though on this point we speak with diffi- improbable to the readers of Mr. Sala's dence — we think Miss Braddon will be an “Quite Alone,” the first volume of which improvement on the authors of the last- was written by Mr. Sala himself in the named books. We have not indeed read company of his manuscript, while the seceither the “Black Bank” or “Diavola ond volume was written by Mr. Sala quite with the attention which their merits de alone and totally oblivious of what had gone mand. We are also sadly ignorant of the before, and the third was written by Mr. mass of fiction bestowed on the world by Andrew Halliday. We see no reason why Mr. G. W. M. Reynolds and the novelists of this joint-stock principle should not be the London Journal ; but we feel confident carried out to its full extent. If one man that Miss Braddon will beat them. Whether can begin a novel and leave it to be finished she writes under her own name or under by another, why cannot several men begin on that of a lady of fashion, in her own style or various parts of a novel, let some skilful in a mixture of other styles, she is unap- editor join the parts together, and put the proachable, and she must be unsurpassed. name of Lady Caronne Lascelles to the

Our only fear is, whether Miss Braddon's whole ? Too many cooks spoil the broth, share in these mysterious novels is confined but many cooks are needed for the complex to the loan of another person's name. Mr. work of a grand dinner. There is one for Maxwell's letter, which is to appear in the the made dishes and another for the pastry; Atheneum, gives some hint of this as being the arrangement of the dessert is confided the solution. What if the novels' are writ- to one, while another is absorbed in the ten by a joint-stock company, and Miss concoction of sauces. So we might have Braddon's sole contribution to them is a the several elements of a sensational novel license to suggest that she is Lady Caroline worked out independently of each other. A Lascelles ? This would be nothing new in woman might write the love scenes. 'A literature. In France the great Dumas has man could put in the law. The inevitable put his name op scores of title-pages on the detective might be intrusted to “ Waters.” strength of a few corrections. "Miss Brad- The grand marriage could be described by don, we believe, "edits” Belgravia on this a late curate of St. George's. The secret principle. It may be objected that though marriage, which was to vitiate the grand it is easy for one man to do work when one, could be told by an ex-blacksmith of another gets the credit, it is not so easy for Gretna. The prophet of a sporting paper a great number to combine in order to write would look to the hunting scenes and the one person's novels. But this objection steeplechase. Or perhaps it would be a merely shows that the people making it are good arrangement, as these novels are apt ignorant of the principle of penny periodi- to turn on breaches of the commandments,

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