nary heftic. The remedy I allude to is the earth bath. The first account I niet with of this practice was in the leained Baron Van Swieten's Commentaries *. on Boerbaave, where he tells us, from the information of a person of credit, that in some parts of Spain they have a method of curing the phthifis pulmonalis by the use of an earth bath; and he quotes the celebrated Solano de Luquc inconfirmation of this pradlice. Soiano speaks of the ban os de tierra, or earth-baths, as a very old and comnion remedy in Grenada, and some parts of Andalusia, in cases of hectic fever and contump, tion; and relates several instances of their good effects in his own practice. The method he adopted on these occasions was as fol. lows; he chose a spot of ground in which no plants had been fywn, and there he made a hole large and deep enough to admit the patient up to his chin. The interstices of the pit were then carefully filled

up with the fresh niould, so that the earth might every where come in contact with the patient's body. In this situation the pa. tient was suffered' to temain till he began to fhiver or felt himself Oneaty; and during the whole process, Solano occafionally administered food, or some cordial medicine. The patient was then taken out, and after being wrapped in a linen cloth, was placed upon a mattrafs, and two hours afterwards his whole body was rubbed with an ointment compofed of the leaves of the folanum nigrum and Hog's lard. He obleryes, that a new pit must be made every time the operation is repeated, and advises the use of these baths only from the end of May to the end of October. Dr. Fouq quct, an ingenious French Physician, with whom I had the plea, fure of being personally acquainted at Montpellier, where he has the care of the military hospital, has tried this remedy in two cases, In one, a confirmed phthifis, he was unsuccessful; but the remedy had not a fair trial. The patient, a man thirty years of age, had been for several months afflicted with cough, hetic fever, and proute colliquative fweats, He was first put into the earth in the month of June; but foon complained of an uneasy oppresfion af his stomach, and was removed at the end of seven minutes. The fecond time he was able to remain in it half an hour, and when taken out w's treated in the way prescribed by Solano. In this manner the baths were repeated five times, and the patient was evidently relieved; but having conceived a dislike to he process, he refulet to submit to any further trials, and died some months afrerwards. In the second case he was more fortunate : the parient, a girl eleven years of age, had been for three months trou. bld with a cough brought on by the mealles, which was at length afiend:d with a purulent expectoration, hectic fever, and night fwears, She began the ufc of the earth bath in August, and repeated it eight times in the fpace of twenty days. At the end of that time the ferer and difpofition to sweat had entirely ceased, uud by the use of the common remedies the patient was perfectly restored. I have lately been informed that a physician ac Warsaw has likewi e prescribed the earth bath with good success in cases of heetic fever." The Spaniards confine it entirely to such cases; but in lone other parts of the world we find a similar method employed an a rimedy for other diseases, and particularly for the scurvy. Dr. . Priestley observes *, that'the Indians, he has been told, have a Custoin of burying their patients, labouring under putrid diseases, up to the chin in freth mouls, which is also known to take off the fætor fiom fic ih meat beginning to put ify. The rancidity of a han may likewise be corrected, by burying it for a few hours in the earth. The efficacy of this

* Tom. IV.

restored. themselves

, remedy in the sea-scurvy has frequently been experienced by the crews of our East India fhips. Mo, James Skene of Curlitor-street, a man of experience in his protellion, and who was for several years furgeon to an East Indiaman, in a conversation I had with him lately on this subject, informed me, that in the year 1761, when the tip touched at St. Helena, leveral of the feamen being afficted with the scurvy, and some of thein in a high degree, the captain recommended the digging of holes in the earth, so that the patients might fit with their legs and thighs surrounded with freth mould; observing at the same time, that if they made the holes deep enough to sake them in up to the chin, they would recover ebe fatter. This remedy appeared: new 10 Mr. Shene, but the captain and others of the ship's officers spoke of it as a very old practice. Several of the patienis readily adopied it, and by persevering in it only a few days were perfectly recovered.

" The celebrated Dr. Lind, in his Treatise on the Scurvy, speaks of this remedy, and the two joltances he gives of its being adopted are very friking. In the annexed note + the reader will


* Directions for impregnating water with fixed air. + have read and heard many relations of men supposed to be dying of this malady (the scurvy) who were said to have been per,

fectly recovered by being carried on fhore to feed on the grass, to ! smell the earth, and by such like means. These relations are not

altogether destitute of truth; the following may be depended upon : " In the year 1961, when the English fleet lay at Belleille, on the coast of France, the men in his Majesty's ships were preserved from the scurvy by the feasonable supplies of greens sent from England. But the seamen in the transports had not this benefit: hence they be: came in general very much afficted with the scurvy. Many of those unfortunate persons, labouring under this severe evil, and utterly deftitute of proper remedies, were carried on shore, and after being

stript of their cloaths, were buried in a pit dug in the earth (the head ! being left above the ground) their bodies were covered over with the

earth, and permitted to remain thus interred for several hours, until a large and profuse sweat ensued. After undergoing this operation, many who had been carried on men's shoulders to these pits, were of


find the whole of what this respectable writer has said on the sub. ject. These accounts corroborate the following one, which wis. related to Dr. Fouquet by the captain of a French Eat Indiaman..? This gentleman having had a great number of his people affected with the scuivy, touched at Ascension Island, wish the hopes of finding the ufual relief from a turtle diet, but unfortunately they were, through some accident, unable to procure the necessary fupply. In this dilemma the captain, who had seen the good et. fets of earth baths in fcorbutie cases, recommended a trial of ihen to his fick men. Fresh pits were accordingly dug every day for this purpose, and the parients were so foon made sensible of the great relief afforded by this method, that they remained in the earth several hours at a time, and in the course of a very few days tound themselves well.

“ Solano, who is fond of philofophizing in his writings, is of opinion, that the earth applied in this way abforbs the morbid taint from the fystem; but does it not seemn more probable that the eftluvia of the earth, by being absorbed and carried into the cir. culation, correas the morbid state of the fluids, and thus are equally ufeful in the fea fcurvy and in the pulmonary hectic? That the earth when moistened does emit a grateful odour is a fact generally known; and Baglivi long ago gave his teftimony in favour of the grateful effects of the effuvia of fresh earth. He ascribes these good etfects to the nitre it contains *.

“ Upon the whole, I cannot help expreffing my wishes, that a trial of wis remedy, may be made during the warm months in this country. It is a vulgar practice in some parts of Britain to follow • themselves able to walk to their boats ; and what was very extraor

dinary, two of them who had been quite disabled by this difease, re• covered so perfect a state of health, that they soon after embarked for • the West Indies, quite recovered and in good spirits, without once

tafting any green vegetables.' The Doctor then adds the following by way of note to the above passage: • This is said to have been a common practice among the Buccaneers in the West Indies, when

their men were afflicted with the scurvy ; which brings to my re• membrance the following relation given me by a friend.

• One day hunting in Newfoundland, he discovered what appeared • to him at a distance to be a number of graves, with a man's head fixed • to each. Struck with the novelty of the fight he went to the place, • where he was farther furprized to find the men alive; they informed .. him they belonged to a fhip which lay in the road; and that having, • been reduced to unspeakable misery by the scurvy, they were thus inI terred in order to obtain a cure, Was not the climate of Newfound. • land too cold for this operation !' Treatise on the Scarvy, 3d edit. page 533

* • Certè terra vulgaris eft plena nitro, et recens effoffa ac odorata recreat fpiritus, & sedat effervescentias morbpfas noftrorum fluidorum, & ad longæyitatem odorata juvat,'


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the plough, and to place children in the newly turned furrow as a remedy in consumptions ; and it has been sell observed by a celebrated writer, that there is often some good reason for very old and long-continued practices; though it is frequently a long time before it is discovered, and the rationale of them satisfactorily exe plained."

We cannot conclude our account of this performance, without carnestly recommending it to the notice of the medical reader as a work replete with new and important practi, cal observations, which must certainly be of great use in the prevention and cure of pulmonary complaints.


To the London Reviewers. Gentlemen, Your continual avowed impartiality, will, I suppose, induce you to insert the following remonstrance.

There is no doubt, but you desire and intend to preserve a confifteney of principle and sentiment throughout your whole work; and therefore it may be reasonably expected, that you will solve any objection that may be apparently made against you, on account of a fuppofed inconsistency.

Mr. W. in his criticism on Mr. Gurdon's Distinguishing Grạces of the Christian Character, whilst he feems by his expressions, entirely to rejcct, and strongly to oppose, any special influence of grace on the mind or heart of man, fays, (in the September Review of this year, page. 181.) What can be the metit, or demcrit of an act, if such acts-be influenced -by any power; and supposes, that this. would ' rob the Creator of his Juftice.' But have the London Rea Reviewers forgot, that in the entrance upon their work, they more than once openly professed to have adınitted, nay, adopted, the sentiments of the late able Mr. Jonathan Edwards of New England, contained in: his capital work of Free-Will; in which the merit and demerit of such actions are most clearly pointed out and proved, the justice of the Almighty, in this case, evidently and strongly vindicated, and the free

agency of man, notwithstanding a divine influence, accurately explained and folidly illustrated ? It must be observed, I do not mean to infinuate, that the London Reviewers adopted all that great man's sentiments, but those contained in that volume.

As to the influence of grace, have these gentlemen forgot, that. their colleague, Mr. E. in his Review of the Reverend Mr. Abthorp's.. Letters on the Prevelance of Christianity (in the April Review of latt. year 1778, p. 280.) has most publickly maintained the doctrine of inspiration, influence, or grace ? Permit me to recall his words to your? mind. We are astonished, indeed, (says he) at the forgetfulness of the clergy of the established church, who, at their ordination, fo. lemnly acknowledge such inspiration, and even profefs to be under the atual infuence of such grace, yet ! so often set both entirely afide.co make a display of human learning ?? In that very page. Mr. Abthorp is. particulary censured for this.

With respect to ordinary and extraordinary inspiration, the terms are only used, by those who really understand the subject on which they write, to distinguish the aclual influence of grace experienced in all ages by obedient believers, ‘renewed in the spirit of their mind,' from that higher and peculiar inspiration, which the prophets and the apostles received in their times to convey to mankind the immediate Re: velation of Heaven. At the same time, it must be confessed, that that ordinary inspiration (the word being used only for distinction's fake) is, in a found sense, ' an extraordinary influence on the mind of

This implies no contradi&ion, when thus explained. Every good metaphysician (and your late Editor was a moft eminent one) muft. instantly see this.

You will decm it proper, gentlemen, I apprehend, to clear up the supposed inconsistency here alledged.

I am, with all proper regard, gentlemen,

your obedient humble fervant. Cornwall, Nov. 15, 1979.

S. F. The Answer. SIR, In consequence of your letter being fent me, I think myfelf called upon to make the following answer and for these reasons to throw off the imputation of our present Editor's inconsistency with which you , have fo indirectly charged him, and to add fome further reasons why I rejeet that ordinary, extraordinary influence on our minds, termed and allowed by fanatics not Metaphyficians -INSPIRATION.

Inconsistency is rather an harsh accusation, and what no one, who rcfpected himfelf, would voluntarily fall into. I, therefore, have to observe, in an affair of such delicacy, fuch an imputation ought never to be hazarded on merc presumption. That yours is prefump. tive your own expreffion implies it seeming inconsistency.”,

But not to regard your own expression, I beg leave to cast entirely afide the aspersion.

I never knew till now, that a man could be inconfiftent, unless it were with himself. Had our prefent Editor, been that of the Review you allude to, I should have joined in some part--not the whole of your charge : for, then, it would have admitted of great alleviation.

I think it an abuse of cominon fenfe to enter into a discussion of what is so obviously incontestible as what I advanced in my criticism on Mr. Gurdun's Distinguishing Graces--that the doctrine of inspiration undorimined the reat effence of Chriftianity-Free agency, which conftituted the goodness or badness of every act, whether civil, political, or religious, '*

However, as you appear fo well acquainted with the fupporters of this incongruous doctrine, and may therefore, be desirous to cater the Hfts of argument in its favour; as a preparative, I have to requests you will anfwer all those questions asked in my Observations on Gura don. If they are answered to my fatisfaction, I will, without further .contention, yield you the palm : if otherwise, you may be assured of Maving my reasons for the contrary.

See Review of last September, page 181. 3


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