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party, and the thoughts of it diverted me greatly. I had been a witness to many assignations of this kind; and I imagined this of his excellency and the female chevalier would be curious; but I was cruelly disappointed, and the day after this feast had like to have been the lait day of my life.'
New misfortunes happen which introduces him to the. famous monsieur De Beau Marchais, with whom, and Dr. Franklin we have the following dialogue :
" The next morning, before we were risen, Dr. Benjamin Franklin was announced, which obliged us to leave our bed immediately; where we had begun to entertain ourselves with new reflections. These two important personages had a very interest.ng conference together; it was as follows:
“ Dr. Franklin. It is absolutely necessary, my dear friend, that we should take more effectual measures, for hitherto we have done nothing; mean time the English get failors, build Tips, encrease their forces, and we are threatened with utter destruction, unless France resolves to give us the most powerful affiftance.
• Beau Marchais. I have faithfully performed all that I have promised you : and first, you hare the count d'Estaign's fleet in, America, by which that of admiral Byron is blocked up.
" Dr. Franklin. How can you make that out? It is Byron that blocks up D'Efaign.
“ Beau Marchais. How little do you understand of politics ! Know what I have just told you is a certain fact; ard before the end of the year you will find it to be so by the consequences.
• Dr. Franklin. Heaven grant I may !
• Beau Marchais. In a second place I promised you that a new fleet should cruise in your seas; that we would threaten the English with a descent upon their coasts: this will alarm them; their feet under the command of Hardy, will not dare to venture far. This is all you can desire.
“ Dr. Franklin. A fine beginning truly! and what will this. lead to?
166 Beau Marcbais. To maintain you in your own country : it will prevent the English from fending reinforcements to America; it will put you in a condition to reduce them by tamine, and to treat them as you have already treated Burgoyne.
6. Dr. Franklin. Heaven grant it! but, in my opinion, we Thould do better if, instead of a descent upon Ireland, we should send the troops now ready to embark, to Boston; and with such a reinforcement we might drive the English out of our country for
“ Beau Marchais, Well, we will think about it, provided you are reasonable. and that the Congress grants us what Sartine and I have so long been demanding.
“ Dr. Franklin. I have engaged my word for it; this ought to fatisfy you.
“ Beau Marchais. In the third place, I promised you I would oblige the king of Spain to declare open war against Great Britain ; and you
see I have kept my word : can you defire any thing more? só Dr. Franklin. But we agreed that count d'Orvillier's fleet should not join a division of the Spanish fleet, for that would do us more harm than good.
- Beau Marchais. My dear friend, you are very short fighted; it is easy to discover that you do not see an inch beyond your nose: I will talk to you no more on this subject; but pray tell me how do you like the king of France's justification of himself to all Europe ?
“ Dr. Franklin. I acknowledge that a bad cause cannot be better defended; but, in my opinion, it would have been wiser to have let it alone, because it will oblige the Englifn to answer, and they have so much to say
• Beau Marchais. Aye, but not with so much wit and elegance. “ Dr. Franklin. I think your head seems to itch
much have you been electrified ?
“ Beau Marchais. I amused myself a little yesterday evening in that way, and I have been indifposed all night.
66 Dr. Franklin. We must take care of that; you know I underderstand something of those matters; I could fhew you
fome curious things.
“ Beau Marchais. If you have an inclination, I will shew you this evening some things still more curious.
« Dr. Franklin. With all my heart. Where? and at what hour? • Beau Marchais. . I will call, and take you up at eight o'clock."
He then changes to a new master, who describes himself as passionately devoted to the study of the Belles Lettres in preference to the more profitable employment of a physician: he says,
6 Poetry and the theatres delighted me; I wrote a comedy ; in my judgment it was a masterpiece. I offered it to the French players, they refuled to receive it; I printed it, hoping that the public would be more discerning than the comedians. My perførmance appeared on the counters in the booksellers shops, but no, body bought it : can you guess the reason? It was because I had neglected to pay my respects to the reviewers, and had not presented them with copies. They did not mention ny play in their public cation, and so the town never heard of it.
6 Mean time my father perceiving that I had no inclination for his profession, was offended, and asked me positively, how I intended to gain a subsistence, fince I had no fortune to depend upon?
i I told him I was resolved to apply myself wholly to literature.''
In consequence of this resolution Monsieur L-g-t recommended him to go to London, saying,
" The fovereign of the English nation, may be compared to a man who firs alone at a table with a great many dogs at his feet; some of them are favourites, and to these hediftributes the bones from his plate. Others, and they are the greatest number, keep a con
rinual barking, sometimes at the master, sometimes at those he favours, in order to have part of the good cheer. The poor man not being able to drive them out, is obliged to hear their noise; or if he would silence them, it can only be done by throwing some bones under his table to them likewise.
“ The ministers," pursued L-g-t,“ are feldom able to keep their places long; do you, therefore, always engage with the party. that opposes them ; write for that party; they have not a French writer in their
you will be very acceptable to them: you will be sure of a tolerably pension immediately, which will be increased afterwards, if by the force of clamour and importunity they get the favourite ministers turned out, whose places they want to fill. By this method a man may make his fortune in England, although in France it would conduct him to the Bastile or Bistre."
In consequence of this he sets out for England, and visits the Duke of Au- -b-gné, who informs him of the state of the English nation, and in confidence communicates the following letter : « Letter from the count de V- 8 ones, minister for foreign af.
fairs, to the duke d'A-gne at London. " As I neither can nor wish to do any thing without consulting you, my lord duke, I have sent you the plan formed by our committee, which we submit to your judgment, and intreat you to send us your observations upon
it as soon as possible. és As soon as we have made ourselves masters of the kingdoin, and have got the persons of the king and queen, and all the royal family in our hands, they are to be conducted, with all the honours due to their former dignity; to Saint Germain en Lay, where they will have such a court as their revenue will enable them to maintain ; and if they chuse to live in amity with the king our master, they will be received with diitinction at Versailles, and at any of his country residences.
66 The king our master will settle a revenue of two millions of livres upon them, which fall be duly paid every quarter.
" King George on his side, shall resign the electorate of Hanover to his son, the present prince of Wales, on those conditions: first, that this young prince shall renounce h:s principality of Wales, and never afterwards bear the title. Secondly, that he mall' reside constantly in France, and spend the revenue of his electorate there,
“King George's other male children, after abjuring the protestant religion, Tall all enter into the ecclesiastical Itate. The best bishopricks in France Mall be given them ; and the king our matter will engage to procure for each of them a cardinal's har.
" The daughters of the faid king George Mhall be married to the French princes; and the king our master will engage to give to each a portion of two millions of livers.
" These articles concluded in order to avoid all occasion for kedition and revolts, you are to be appointed viceroy of England, where a goverment purely monarchical shall be established, as best calculated for the happiness of the people.
“ To prevent the ill designs of your enemies, you shall be empowered to bring the present ministers to a trial for high treason against the people of England, and you fall hang them all up at Tyburn, amidst the Mouts and acclamations of all present at their execution.
“ All the taxes at present levied in England Mall be continued, till it shall please the king our master to relieve his subjects, by taking some of them off, except the duties upon French wines exported into England, it being reasonable that nations subject to the same monarch should enjoy the fruits of their respective countries.
***6 In order to maintain the authority of the king our master, and to secure him in the full possession of it, it must be your
firft care to fortify strongly the Tower of London, to cause forts to be built in it, and to put it in every respect upon the footing of the Bastile in Paris.
4 Lettres de cachet shall take place in England as in France, which you are to distribute as you please, according to particular exigencies, and with your usual prudence.
“ As to the article of - religion, it being clear that mankind believe no longer in the fuperititions of the former ages, all fects, therefore, shall be tolerated in England, with this distinction only, that such persons as are not members of the Roman church, shall be incapable of holding any employment in the ftate. Your grace, therefore, is entreated to give the first example of that submiffion to the will of him whose person you are to represent,
“ In order to destroy every idea of rebellion, to preserve the interior peace of the kingdom, and to prevent all diffentions and civil broils, there Mall be no more parliaments in England in the form of that sublisting at present ; but there shall be separate parliaments established in the several provinces of the kingdom, in which the employments shall be set to fale, as they are in the para liaments of France.
“ The buliness of these parliaments shall be to determine fuits at law between private persons, and register merely and fimply the declarations of the king upon the first requifition that shall be made.
If they think it necessary to make any remonftrances in be. half of the people, it must not be till after the ediệts have been registered ; and if they presume to act contrary to this order, they Mall be supprest, the purchale money for their employments Thall be confiscated for the king's use, and other parliaments fall be created, who will be more reasonable and more submissive.
" The viceroy shall appoint to all the posts, employments and governments, both civil and military ; provided however that the persons whom he lias nominated, shall procure his majesty's confirmation of his choice within six months afterwarus.
" That there may be no longer any animosity between the two nations, nor any apparent distinction paid to one more than the other, in the publick acts that Ihall be made in his majesty's name,
his file Mall be king of England, France and Navarre ; and the city of London, called his good city, as well as the city of Paris.
" There shall be a standing army of fifty thousand regular troops, exclusive of the militia, kept up in England; these troops are to be in readiness to march any where at the viceroy's first order, Such, my lord duke, are his majesty's designs, which we hope to carrry into execution immediately upon his being acknowledged fovereign of your country. It is your part to do every thing in. your power to hasten this event. You will receive by the same courier a letter from the king, filled, doubtless, with those expres. fions of esteem and affe&tion, which your services and your faithful attachment to his majesty fo juftly merit.
De V-G-ONES. On the whole this fiy of a new species has a happy talent for ridicule, which he has bestowed pretty plentifully on the present opposition.
I he Deserted City. A Poem. Printed for the Author, and
fold at No. 3. Chapter Court, St. Paul's, 4to. Is. 6d.
Some circumstances attendant on the efforts of genius to follow the line of an admired author, obliges us to consider more particularly the merit of "the poem before us. Prejudice in favour of an original is very apt to bias the judgment against the merit of an imitation. But it is the business of Reviewers to disperse the mift of prejudice, in order to difplay genius while they expose dulness.
When an author is fenfible of his own defects, and promises amendment, what better claim can he have for our indulgence ? Therefore, before we proceed, let us attend to his letter to us, which now lies on our desk, and is as follows:
To the Editor of the London Review.